USS Tattnall (APD-19), Charleston, 1943

USS Tattnall (APD-19), Charleston, 1943

U.S. Destroyers: An Illustrated Design History, Norman Friedmann. Die standaardgeskiedenis van die ontwikkeling van Amerikaanse vernietigers, van die vroegste torpedobootvernietigers tot die naoorlogse vloot, en dek die massiewe klasse vernietigers wat vir beide Wêreldoorloë gebou is. Gee die leser 'n goeie begrip van die debatte wat elke klas vernietigers omring het en tot hul individuele kenmerke gelei het.


USS Tattnall (APD -19), Charleston, 1943 - Geskiedenis

Die volgende DE's, APD's, DER's en FFs was betrokke by aksie en/of beskadig terwyl hulle in diens was van die Amerikaanse vloot. Hierdie inligting is saamgestel uit verskillende boeke en internetbronne. E -pos gedetailleerde inligting aan die webmeester as u inligting wil insluit. Dit is 'n werk aan die gang en is nie bedoel om allesomvattend te wees nie.

1943

20 Januarie - Destroyer escort USS Brennan (DE -13) word in gebruik geneem op Mare Island, Kalifornië. Dit is die eerste skip van hierdie tipe wat in gebruik geneem is.

23 Desember-Die Japannese duikboot I-39 word deur die USS Griswold (DE-7) in die Solomons gesink.

1944

5 Februarie-Japannese duikboot (waarskynlik I-175, maar moontlik RO-37) word deur Charrette (DD-581) en USS Fair (DE-35) in die Marshall-eilande omsingel, 06 d. 48 'N., 168 d. 08 'E.

15 Februarie-USS Herbert C. Jones (DE-137) word beskadig deur 'n radiobeheerde bom in Anzio, Italië, 41 d. 27 'N., 12 d. 35 'E.

1 Maart-Die Duitse duikboot U-603 word deur die USS Bronstein (DE-189) in die noordelike Atlantiese gebied gesink, 48 dae gelede. 55 'N., 26 d. 10 'W.
Die Duitse duikboot U-709 word gesink deur USS Thomas (DE-102) en USS Bostwick (DE-103) in die Noord-Atlantiese gebied, 49 d. 10 'N., 26 d. 00 'W.

9 Maart-Destroyer Escort USS Leopold (DE-319) getorpedeer en gesink deur U-255 in die Atlantiese Oseaan, suid van Ysland. 171 mans het verloor.

13 Maart-In die noordelike Atlantiese gebied word die Duitse duikboot U-575 deur vliegtuie (VC-95) van USS Bogue (CVE-9), USS Hobson (DD-464), USS Haverfield (DE-393), Britse vliegtuie gesink en 'n Kanadese vaartuig.

16 Maart-Duitse duikboot U-801 word gesink deur vliegtuie (VC-6) van USS Block Island (CVE-21), die verwoester USS Corry (DD-463) en die verwoester-begeleier USS Bronstein (DE-189) wes van die Kaap Verde Eilande, 16 d. 42 'N., 30 d. 26 'W.

24 Maart-Die Japannese duikboot I-32 word gesink deur USS Manlove (DE-36) en die duikbootjager PC-1135, Marshall-eilande, 08 d. 30 'N., 170 d. 10 'E.

1 April - UGS 36 word aangeval deur Duitse medium- en torpedobomwerpers op benaderde posisie 36-45 d. N., 01-59.5 d. E. USS T omich (DE - 242) het die vyandelike vliegtuig, 'n Dornier 217, gesien en die vliegtuig met 40mm en 20mm geweervuur ​​neergeskiet.

7 April-Duitse duikboot U-856 word gesink deur USS Champlin (DD-601) en USS Huse (DE-145) in die noordelike Atlantiese Oseaan, 40 d. 18 'N., 62 d. 22 'W.

9 April-Duitse duikboot U-515 word gesink deur vliegtuie (VC-58) van die escort carrier USS Guadalcanal (CVE-60) en die verwoester-begeleiers USS Pillsbury (DE-133), USS Pope (DE-134), USS Flaherty ( DE-135) en USS Chatelain (DE-149) langs die eiland Madeira, 34 d. 35 'N., 19 d. 18 'W. Sien die foto's en aksiesverslae

11 April - USS Holder (DE -401) word beskadig deur duikboot -torpedo in die westelike Middellandse See, 37 d. 03 'N., 03 d. 58 'E. 17 man verloor.

16 April-Duitse duikboot U-550 word gesink deur USS Peterson (DE-152), USS Joyce (DE-317) en USS Gandy (DE-764) in die Noord-Atlantiese Oseaan, 40 d. 09 'N., 69 d. 44 'W. USS Gandy word beskadig terwyl hy opsetlik die U-boot stamp.

26 April-Die Japannese duikboot I-180 word deur die USS Gilmore (DE-18) in die noordelike Stille Oseaan gesink, 55 dae gelede. 10 'N., 155 d. 40 'W.
Die Duitse duikboot U-488 word gesink deur USS Frost (DE-144), USS Huse (DE-145), USS Barber (DE-161) en USS Snowden (DE-246) in die middel van die Atlantiese Oseaan, 17 d. 54 'N., 38 d. 05 'W.

3 Mei-USS Donnell (DE-56) word beskadig deur duikboot-torpedo van U-473 (voormalige krediet aan U-765), 450 myl suidwes van Cape Clear, Ierland. 29 bemanningslede KIA. Sien 'n foto
USS Menges (DE-320) word beskadig deur die U-371-torpedo by Bougie, Algerië, in die westelike Middellandse See. Aksieverslag, foto's, POW -ondervraging en meer.

4 Mei-Duitse duikboot U-371 word gesink deur USS Joseph E. Campbell (DE-70) en USS Pride (DE-323) en Britse en Franse oppervlakvaartuie in die westelike Middellandse See.
Lees die aksieverslag

5 Mei-USS Fechteler (DE-157) word gesink deur 'n U-967-torpedo 120 myl noordwes van Oran, Algerië, 36 d. 07 'N., 02 d. 40 'W. 29 bemanningslede verloor.

6 Mei- USS Buckley (DE-51) word beskadig deur haar opsetlike aanranding van U-66 in die middel van die Atlantiese Oseaan, 17 d. 17 'N., 32 d. 24 'W. Lees meer oor die aksie

13 Mei-Japannese duikboot RO-501 (oud-Duitse U-1224) word deur USS Francis M. Robinson (DE-220) in die middel van die Atlantiese Oseaan, 400 myl suid-suidwes van die Azore, gesink, 18 d. 08 'N., 33 d. 13 'W. Lees die verhaal op die Robinson -webwerf

19 Mei-Die Japannese duikboot I-16 word deur die USS Engeland (DE-635) in die gebied van die Salomonseilande gesink, 05 d. 10 'S., 158 d. 10 'E.

22 Mei-Die Japannese duikboot RO-106 word deur die USS Engeland (DE-635) gesink noord van die Bismarck-argipel.

23 Mei-Die Japannese duikboot RO-104 word deur die USS Engeland (DE-635) gesink noord van die Bismarck-argipel.

24 Mei-Die Japannese duikboot RO-116 word deur die USS Engeland (DE-635) gesink noord van die Bismarck-argipel.

26 Mei-Die Japannese duikboot RO-108 word deur die USS Engeland (DE-635) gesink noord van die Bismarck-argipel. Foto- en USN -dokumente

29 Mei-USS Barr (DE-576) word beskadig deur duikboot-torpedo van U-549, noordwes van die Kanariese Eilande, 32 d. 09 'N, 22 d. 15 'W.
Die Duitse duikboot U-549 word gesink deur USS Ahrens (DE-575) en die Amerikaanse Eugene E. Elmore (DE-686) noordwes van die Kanariese Eilande.

31 Mei-Japanse duikboot RO-105 word gesink deur USS Hazelwood (DD-531) en USS McCord (DD-534) en USS England (DE-635), USS George (DE-697) en USS Raby (DE-68) noord van die Bismarck -argipel.

4 Junie-Duitse duikboot U-505 word gevange geneem deur 'n jagter-moordenaarsgroep 150 myl van die kus van Rio de Oro, Afrika af. Die jagter-moordenaarsgroep, onder kaptein D.V. Gallery, bestaan ​​uit die escort carrier USS Guadalcanal (CVE-60, Captain Gallery) en 'n escort afdeling, onder Comdr. F.S. Hall, saamgestel uit verwoestersbegeleiers USS Pillsbury (DE-133, Lt. GW Casselman), USS Pope (DE-134, Lt. Comdr. EH Headland), USS Flaherty (DE-135, Lt. Comdr. M. Johnston), USS Chatelain (DE-149, Lt. Comdr. DS Knox) ​​en USS Jenks (DE-665, Lt. Comdr. JF Way)
Lees die volledige verhaal, aanhalings en bekyk foto's

6 Junie-Invasie van Normandië, die grootste amfibiese operasie in die vlootgeskiedenis, het ses DE's van CortDiv 19 deelgeneem-USS Amesbury (DE-66), USS Bates (DE-68/APD-47), USS Blessman (DE-69/APD -48), USS Rich (DE-695), USS Borum (DE-790) en USS Maloy (DE-791).

8 Junie - USS Rich (DE -695) word deur myne in die Normandië -gebied gesink, 49 d. 31 'N, 01 d. 10 'W. 90 man verloor.

10 Junie-Japanse duikboot RO-42 word deur die USS Bangust (DE-739) in die Marshalls gesink,
10 d. 05 'N, 168 d. 22 'E.

11 Junie-Duitse duikboot U-490 word gesink deur vliegtuie (VC-95) van die escort carrier USS Croatan (CVE-25) en die vernietiger van die USS Frost (DE-144), USS Huse (DE-145) en USS Inch ( DE-146) in die Noord-Atlantiese Oseaan. Sien die foto's en aksieverslae

16 Junie-Japanse duikboot RO-44 word deur die USS Burden R. Hastings (DE-19) in die Marshalls gesink, 11 d. 13 'N, 164 d. 15 'E., 110 myl oos van Eniwetok.

3 Julie-Duitse duikboot U-154 word deur USS Frost (DE-144) en USS Inch (DE-146) van Madiera afgesink.

4 Julie-Die Japannese duikboot I-10 word gesink deur USS David W. Taylor (DD-551) en USS Riddle (DE-185) in die Marianas, 105 myl oos NO van Saipan, 15 d. 26 'N, 147 d. 48 'E.

5 Julie-Duitse duikboot U-233 word gesink deur USS Thomas (DE-102) en USS Baker (DE-190) in die noordelike Atlantiese Oseaan. Sien die foto's en aksieverslae

14 Julie-Die Japannese duikboot I-6 word deur die USS William C. Miller (DE-259) in die Marianas gesink.
[Update 2006 - onlangse rekords dui aan dat I -6 verkeerd is. Die duikboot wat deur DE-259 gesink is, was moontlik I-55 of RO-48]

19 Julie-Japannese duikboot RO-48 word deur die USS Wyman (DE-38) in die sentrale Stille Oseaan gesink, 13 dae gelede. 01 'N, 151 d. 58 'E.
[Update 2006 - Daar is debat oor watter subgram deur Wyman gesink is. Sommige bronne sê nou dat RO-48 gesink is deur DE-259, soos hierbo opgemerk]

28 Julie-Die Japannese duikboot I-55 word gesink deur USS Wyman (DE-38) en USS Reynolds (DE-42) in die sentrale Stille Oseaan, 400 nm oos van Tinian, 14 d. 26 'N, 152 d. 16 'E.
[Hierdie inligting is wel of nie korrek nie. Sien die datums 14 en 19 Julie hierbo]

2 Augustus-USS Fiske (DE-143) word deur 'n U-804-torpedo in die noordelike Atlantiese Oseaan gesink. 33 mans KIA.

26 September-Die Japannese duikboot I- (?) Word deur die USS McCoy Reynolds (DE-440) noordoos van die Palau-eilande gesink.

30 September-Duitse duikboot U-1062 word deur die USS Fessenden (DE-142) in die middel van die Atlantiese Oseaan gesink.

3 Oktober-USS Shelton (DE-407) getorpedeer en gesink deur RO-41 van Seeadler Harbour, Admiralty Island. 13 mans het verloor.
Die Japannese duikboot I-177 word gesink deur USS Samuel S. Miles (DE-183) Noordwes van Palau, 07 d. 48 'N, 133 d. 28 'E. (1)

25 Oktober - Slag om die Leyte -golf. Die Japannese suidelike mag betree die Surigao -straat, waar dit aangeval en feitlik vernietig word deur agteradmiraal Oldendorf se slagmagskip, kruisers, vernietigers en motor -torpedobote (Slag van Surigao -straat). Intussen val die Japannese sentrummag, insluitend 4 slagskepe en 5 kruisers, wat gedurende die nag in die Filippynse see aangeval het, aanval op ses begeleiers en keurvaartuie onder bevel van agteradmiraal Sprague - taakeenheid 77.4.3's & quotTaffy Three & quot (Battle off Samar). Nadat hierdie ligte Amerikaanse mag ernstige skade aangerig het, tree die sentrummag terug sonder om die landingsoperasies in die Leyte -golfgebied te molesteer. Terselfdertyd vind en vervoer vliegtuie van die Derde Vloot die Japannese Noordelike Mag. Vier Japannese draers en ander vaartuie is gesink (Slag van Gape Engano). Amerikaanse vlootvaartuie wat tydens die geveg gesink is, sluit in die begeleier USS St. Lo (CVE-63) met 'n selfmoordvliegtuig, die begeleier USS Gambierbaai (CVE-73) deur 'n vlootgeweer, die vernietigers USS Hoel (DD-533) en USS Johnston ( DD-557) en die verwoester begelei USS Samuel B. Roberts (DE-413) deur navalgunfire en PT-493. Amerikaanse vlootvaartuie wat tydens die geveg beskadig is, sluit in die escort carriers USS Sangamon (CVE-26), USS Santee (CVE-29), USS White Plains (CVE-66), USS Kalinin Bay (CVE-68), USS Fanshaw Bay (CVE) -70) en USS Kitkunbaai (CVE-71) deur selfmoordvliegtuie en vlootgeweer die vernietiger USS Heerman (DD-523) deur seevuur en die verwoester begelei USS Richard M. Rowell (DE-403) en USS Dennis (DE- 405) deur vuurwapens en vuurwapens.

Op dieselfde datum sien USS Coolbaugh (DE-217), op die skerm van & quotTaffy One & quot, 'n periskoop-opwekking. I-26 werk in die gebied en LtCdr Nishiuchi berig dat hy vier vyandelike draers gesien het. Dit is die laaste boodskap wat die Japannese hoofkwartier van Nishiuchi ontvang het.

Twee torpedo's word uit die substraat gevuur en mis USS Petrofbaai (CVE-80) amper. Coolbaugh laat dieptekoste val en vuur krimpvarkies af tydens verskeie aanvalle op die subway oor die volgende 24 uur. Coolbaugh sluit weer by die taakeenheid aan. Die volgende oggend val USS Richard M. Rowell (DE-403) die sub.

Nishiuchi erken nie 'n boodskap van die Japannese hoofkwartier op 27 Oktober nie. Dit bly onduidelik watter DE I-26 gesink het.

28 Oktober-USS Eversole (DE-404) word deur I-45 torpedo in die Leyte-gebied gesink. 80 man verloor.
Later die dag het I-45 gesink deur die verwoester-begeleier USS Whitehurst (DE-634).

18 November-Japannese duikboot I- 41 gesink oos van Samar deur USS Lawrence C. Taylor (DE-415) en USS Melvin R. Nawman (DE-416) en Anzio (CVE-57) vliegtuie. Meer inligting

19 November- Die Japannese duikboot I- 3 7 word gesink deur USS Conklin (DE-439) en USS McCoy Reynolds (DE-440) noord van Palau, 08 d. 07 'N, 134 d. 16 'E. (2)

20 November - 'n Japannese Kaiten word deur die USS Rall (DE -304) in Ulithi -hawe gesink.
Meer inligting.

7 Desember-USS Liddle (DE-206 /APD-60) beskadig deur kamikaze by Leyte Golf,
10 d. 57 'N, 124 d. 35 'N. 40 bemanningslede KIA. Die eerste van hierdie tipe skip wat deur 'n kamikaze -aanval beskadig is.

18 Desember - 'n Tifoon oos van die Filippyne beskadig die Derde Vloot ernstig. Die vernietigers USS Hull (DD-350), USS Monaghan (DD-354) en USS Spence (DD-512) is gesink. Die ligte draers USS Cowpens (CVL-25), USS Monterey (CVL-26), USS Cabot (CVL-28) en USS San Jacinto (CVL-30) escort carriers USS Altamaha (CVE-18), USS Nehenta Bay ( CVE-74), USS Cape Esperance (CVE-88), en USS Kwajalein (CVE-98) ligkruiser USS Miami (CL-89) vernietigers USS Dewey (DD-349), USS Aylwin (DD-355), USS Buchanan (DD-484), USS Dyson (DD-572), USS Hickox (DD-673), USS Maddox (DD-731) en USS Benham (DD-796) vernietiger begelei USS Melvin R. Nawman (DE-416), Die USS Tabberer (DE-418) en USS Waterman (DE-740) se olievervaardiger USS Nantahala (AO-60) en die vlootboot USS Jicarilla (ATF-104) is beskadig.

20 Desember-USS Fogg (DE-57) word beskadig deur 'n duikboot-torpedo van U-870 in die oostelike Atlantiese Oseaan, 42 d. 02 'N., 19 d. 19 'W. 15 bemanningslede KIA.

1945

3 Januarie-USS Sargent Bay (CVE-83), verwoester-begeleier USS Robert F. Keller (DE-419) en mynlaag USS Monadnock (CM-9) word deur 'n botsing in die Filippyne beskadig.

5 Januarie - USS Stafford (DE -411) beskadig deur selfmoordvliegtuig in die Luzon -omgewing.
USS Edwin A. Howard (DE-346) word beskadig in 'n botsing met USS Leland E. Thomas (DE-420).

9 Januarie - USS Hodges (DE -231) word beskadig deur 'n selfmoordvliegtuig in die Filippyne.

10 Januarie - USS Leray Wilson (DE -414) beskadig deur selfmoordvliegtuig, gebied op die Filippyne.

12 Januarie-USS Richard W. Suesens (DE-342) en USS Gilligan (DE-508) word beskadig deur selfmoordvliegtuig in die Lingayengolf, 16 D. 20 'N, 120 D. 10' E.

1 Januarie-Die Japannese duikboot I-362 word deur die USS Fleming (DE-32), 320 myl noord-noordoos van Truk, gesink, 12 dae gelede. 08 'N., 154 d. 27 'E.
Meer inligting

16 Januarie-Duitse duikboot U-248 word gesink deur USS Otter (DE-210), USS Hubbard (DE-211), USS Hayter (DE-212) en USS Varian (DE-798) in die noordelike Atlantiese Oseaan, noord-noordoos van die Azore, 47 d. 43 'N., 26 d. 37 'W.

23 Januarie-Die Japannese duikboot I-48 word gesink deur USS Corbesier (DE-438), USS Conklin (DE-438) en USS Raby (DE-698) van Yap Island in die Caroline-eilande, 09 d. 45'N, 138 o. 20 'E. Die I-48 is gesink met haar bemanning van 122 man en vier vlieëniers. Nie een van die I-48 se katte is gelanseer nie.

1 Februarie-Onderzeeër RO-115 word na bewering deur die vernietigers USS Jenkins (DD-447), USS O'Bannon (DD-450) en USS Bell (DD-587) en USS Ulvert M. Moore (DE-442) gesink ) in die Filippyne. (3)

7 Februarie-Japanse duikboot RO-55 word deur USS Thomason (DE-203) in die Filippyne gesink, 15 d. 27 'N, 119 d. 25 'E.

11 Februarie-U-869 gesink in die Atlantiese Oseaan deur USS Howard D. Crow (DE-252). Lees die 2005 -verhaal oor hierdie gebeurtenis.

18 Februarie - USS Blessman (APD -69) beskadig deur 'n lugbom, 25 d. 05 'N, 141 d. 10 'E.

19 Februarie - USS Finnegan (DE -307) beskadig deur botsing, 22 d. 46 'N., 141 d. 19 'E., Iwo Jima area.

22 Februarie - USS Melvin R. Nawman (DE -416) word beskadig deur 'n botsing met LST 807 in die Iwo Jima -omgewing.

26 Februarie-Die Japannese duikboot I-370 word deur die USS Finnegan (DE-307) in die Vulkaaneilande gesink.

28 Februarie-Die Duitse duikboot U-869 word na bewering deur die USS Fowler (DE-222) en die Franse duikbootjager L'Indiscretoff van Marokko gesink. Dit het geblyk dat dit nie waar was nie. (4)

18 Maart-Duitse duikboot U-866 word gesink deur USS Menges (DE-320), USS Mosley (DE-321), USS Pride (DE-323) en USS Lowe (DE-325), suid van Nova Scotia, 43 d . 18 'N, 61 d. 8 'W.

25 Maart-Snel vervoer USS Gilmer (APD-11) beskadig deur selfmoordvliegtuig vernietiger begelei USS Sederstrom (DE-31) deur botsing en USS Knudsen (APD-11) deur horisontale bomwerper, alles in die Okinawa gebied.
USS Barry (APD-29) beskadig en USS Bates (APD-47) gesink deur Kamikaze-aanvalle by Okinawa, Ryukyu-eilande. 21 Bates -bemanningslede KIA.

26 Maart - USS Foreman (DE -633) beskadig deur selfmoordvliegtuig in die Okinawa -omgewing.

1 April - Marines en weermagte land op Okinawa, onder dekking van swaar vlootgeweervuur ​​en lugaanval. Die operasie is onder die algemene bevel van admiraal Raymond A. Spruance, bevelvoerder vyfde vloot saam met viseadmiraal Turner onder bevel van die gesamentlike ekspedisiemag en luitenant -generaal A. B. Buckner onder bevel van die grondtroepe. Weermagte word naby Legaspi in die suide van Luzon geland, onder die dekmantel van die weermagvliegtuie en vlootskote. Amerikaanse vlootvaartuie wat tydens die landings beskadig is, sluit in die USS Vammen (DE-644) deur myne.

2 April - USS Foreman (DE -633) beskadig deur duikbomwerper in die Okinawa -omgewing, 26 dae. 10 'N, 127 d. 11 'E.

6 April - Die eerste swaar aanval deur Japanse selfmoordvliegtuie word op Amerikaanse skepe in Okinawa gedoen. Hierdie aanvalle duur voort gedurende die Okinawa -veldtog. Snel vervoer USS Daniel T. Griffin (APD-38) beskadig deur botsing USS Witter (DE-636)-ses bemanningslede KIA-en USS Fieberling (DE-640) deur selfmoordvliegtuie.

7 April - Amerikaanse vlootvaartuie wat in die Okinawa -omgewing beskadig is, sluit in die USS Wesson (DE -184) deur 'n selfmoordvliegtuig.
USS Gustafson (DE-182) sink die Duitse duikboot U-857? off Cape Cod, Massachusettes, 42 d 22 'N, 69 d. 46 'W. (5)

9 April - USS Hopping (APD -151) beskadig deur strandbattery, 26 d. 15 'N, 127 d. 55 'E.

10 April - USS Manlove (DE -36) beskadig deur lugdraai by Kerama Retto, 26 d. 12 'N, 127 d. 20 'E. USS Samuel S. Miles (DE-183) beskadig deur selfmoordvliegtuig in die Okinawa-omgewing.

12 April-USS Riddle (DE-185), USS Rall (DE-304), USS Walter C. Wann (DE-412) en USS Whitehurst (DE-634), almal beskadig deur selfmoordvliegtuie in die Okinawa-omgewing. 42 Whitehurst -bemanningslede KIA.

13 April - USS Connolly (DE -305) word beskadig deur 'n selfmoordvliegtuig in die Okinawa -omgewing.

15 April-Duitse duikboot U-1235 gesink deur USS Frost (DE-144) en USS Stanton (DE-247), noord wes van die Azore, 47 dae. 54 'N, 30 d. 25 'W.

16 April - Amerikaanse vlootvaartuie wat in die Okinawa -omgewing beskadig is, sluit in die USS Bowers (DE -637) deur 'n selfmoordvliegtuig. Meer as 60 Bowers -bemanningslede van KIA.
Duitse duikbote U-880 gesink deur USS Frost (DE-144) en USS Stanton (DE-247) in die noordelike Atlantiese Oseaan, noord-noordwes van die Azore, 47 d. 53 'N, 30 d. 26 'W.

19 April-Duitse duikboot U-548 (voorheen geïdentifiseer as U-879) word deur die USS Buckley (DE-51) en USS Reuben James (DE-153) in die noordelike Atlantiese Oseaan gesink. (5)

22 April-Duitse duikboot U-518 word gesink deur USS Carter (DE-112) en USS Neal A. Scott (DE-769) wes, suid van die Azore, 43 d. 26 'N, 38 d. 23 'W.

24 April-USS Frederick C. Davis (DE-136) word deur 'n duikboot-torpedo van U-546, 570 myl oos van Cape Race, Newfoundland, gesink, 43 d. 52 'N, 40 d. 15 'W. 115 man verloor. Haar verlies word dieselfde dag gewreek wanneer U-546 deur USS Pillsbury (DE-133), USS Flaherty (DE-135), USS Chatelain (DE-149), USS Neunzer (DE-150), USS Hubbard (DE) gesink word -211), USS Keith (DE-241), USS Janssen (DE-396) en USS Varian (DE-798) in die noordelike Atlantiese Oseaan, 43 d, 53 'N., 40 d. 7 'W.

25 April-RO-109 gesink deur USS Horace A. Bass (DE-691/APD-124), Okinawa-omgewing.

27 April-USS Engeland (DE-635) en USS Rathburne (APD-25) (APD-25) beskadig deur selfmoordvliegtuie buite Okinawa.

30 April - Duitse duikboot U -857? of U-879? (voorheen geïdentifiseer as U-548) word gesink deur USS Thomas (DE-102), USS Bostwick (DE-103) en USS Coffman (DE-191) en fregat USS Natchez (PF-2) van Virginia-kaap, 36 d. 34 'N., 74 d 00' W. (5)

6 Mei - Die laaste twee u -boot sinkings voor die Duitse oorgawe.
Die Duitse duikboot U-853 word gesink deur USS Atherton (DE-169) en die fregat USS Moberly (PF-63) naby Cape Cod, Massachusettes. Lees die storie en bekyk foto's. Dit was die laaste u-boot wat in Amerikaanse waters gesink het en die eerste sedert die oorlog van 1812.
U-881 word gesink deur USS Farquhar (DE-139) in die noordelike Atlantiese Oseaan, 43 d. 18 'N, 47 d. 44 'W. Dit word opgemerk as die laaste u-boot wat in die Atlantiese Oseaan sink, slegs ure voor die Duitse oorgawe.

9 Mei-USS Oberrender (DE-344) en USS England (DE-635) word deur selfmoordvliegtuie in die Okinawa-omgewing beskadig. Nege mans aan boord van Oberrender en 37 Engelse bemanningslede van KIA.

11 Mei-USS Vance (DE-387) aanvaar saam met USS Durant (DE-389) die oorgawe van U-873, die eerste Duitse duikboot wat oorgegee het.

12 Mei-U-1228 oorgegee aan USS Neal A. Scott (DE-769). 12 bemanningslede van Scott klim op U-1228 en vang 28 van die bemanning van die U-boot vas, insluitend die kaptein.

13 Mei - USS Bright (DE -747) beskadig deur selfmoordvliegtuig in die Okinawa -omgewing, 26 d. 21 'N., 127 d. 17 'E.

16 Mei-U-234 oorgegee aan USS Forsyth USCG bygestaan ​​deur USS Sutton (DE-771) naby Portsmouth, New Hampshire.
Die aangewese U-boot, U-873, is afgelewer by Portsmouth, New Hampshire, deur die 21 USS VANCE (DE-387) bemanningslede wat haar stuur oorgeneem het ná die gevangenskap op 11 Mei.

19 Mei - USS Vammen (DE -655) word beskadig deur 'n botsing in die Okinawa -omgewing.

20 Mei-USS John C. Butler (DE-339), USS Chase (APD-54) en USS Register (APD-92) word beskadig deur selfmoordvliegtuie en USS Tattnall (APD-19) deur 'n horisontale bomwerper, alles in die Okinawa gebied.

24 Mei - Vliegtuie in die Okinawa -omgewing deur USS William C. Cole (DE -641) 26 d. 45 'N., 127 d. 52 'E., USS Sims (APD-50) 26 d. 00 'N., 127 00' E., USS O'Neill (DE-188) 26 d. 20 'N., 127 d. 43 'E. en USS Barry (APD-29) 26 d. 30 'N., 127 d. 00 'E.
[sommige bronne noem die datum 18 Mei as die datum van skade van USS Sims)

25 Mei - USS Bates (APD -47) ernstig beskadig deur selfmoordvliegtuie, 2 myl suid van Ie Shima, Okinawa, 26 d. 41 'N, 127 d. 47 'E. 21 bemanningslede KIA.
Ook Okinawa-kamikazes beskadig USS Roper (APD-20), 26 d. 34 'N, 127 d. 36 'E.

27 Mei-USS Gilligan (DE-508) word beskadig deur 'n vliegtuigtorpedo en USS Loy (APD-56) en USS Rednour (APD-102) word beskadig deur selfmoordvliegtuie, almal in die Okinawa-omgewing. 3 Loy -bemanningslede KIA.

29 Mei - USS Tatum (APD -81), beskadig buite Okinawa deur selfmoordvliegtuig, 26 d. 40 'N., 127 d. 50 'E.

5 Junie - 'n Tifoon in die Okinawa -omgewing, Ryukyu -eilande, beskadig Amerikaanse vlootvaartuie erg. Vaartuie wat deur die tifoon beskadig is, sluit in USS Donaldson (DE-44), USS Conklin (DE-439) en USS Hilbert (DE-742).

9 Junie - USS Gendreau (DE -639) word beskadig deur kusweergewere in die Okinawa -omgewing.

15 Junie - USS O'Flaherty (DE -340) word beskadig deur 'n botsing in die Okinawa -omgewing.

21 Junie - USS Halloran (DE -305) word beskadig deur 'n selfmoordvliegtuig in die Okinawa -omgewing.

24 Junie - USS Neuendorf (DE -200) word beskadig deur 'n botsing in die Filippyne.

16 Julie-Japannese duikboot (waarskynlik I-13) word met vliegtuie (VC-13) van die escort carrier USS Anzio (CVE-57) en deur USS Lawrence C. Taylor (DE-415), oos van Japan, gesink.
[* Nota* DE-415 was die laaste DE wat 'n Japannese duikboot tydens die Tweede Wêreldoorlog gesink het]

24 Julie-USS Underhill (DE-682) het katastrofiese skade opgedoen deur 'n torpedo (Kaiten-duikboot), I-53, buite Luzon, P. I., 19 d. 20 'N, 126 d. 42 'E. Underhill ontplof in die helfte. 1 12 lede was KIA. Die agterste gedeelte van Underhill bly bo water en is later die dag deur Amerikaanse oorlogskepe gesink.

30 Julie-'n Paar minute na middernag is die USS Indianapolis (CA-35) deur die Japannese duikboot I-58 noordoos van Leyte, 12 d. 02 'N, 134 d., 48' E. Van 2 tot 8 Augustus is oorlewendes gered. Skepe wat deelgeneem het aan die redding was USS Bassett (APD-73), het 148 mans gered, USS Cecil J. Doyle (DE-368), 94 mans gered, USS Dufilho (DE-423), 1 man gered, USS Ringness (APD100) , 39 mans gered, USS Register (APD-92) gered 12 mans en USS Alvin C. Cockrell (DE-366) en USS French (DE-367).

3 Augustus -USS Earl V. Johnson (DE -70) word beskadig deur 'n ontploffing in die Filippynse See.

9 Augustus - USS Johnnie Hutchins (DE -360) het 'n nes Japannese duikbote ondergekom terwyl hy tussen die Ryukyus en die Filippyne werk. Sy vernietig een met 'n blitsige vuurwapen, 20 d. 20 'N, 126 d. 57 'E., en nog een met diepteladings, 20 d. 15 'N, 126 d. 56 'E. Agt myl weg, 20 d. 20 & quot N, 126 d. 57 'E, 'n lopie is uitgevoer op 'n derde met 'n waarskynlike insinking.


Diensgeskiedenis [wysig | wysig bron]

Na proewe aan die kus van New England, Tattnall vaar na die oostelike Middellandse See. Sy het op 27 Julie in Konstantinopel aangekom en vir byna 'n jaar lank in Turkse waters gewerk. Gedurende daardie tyd het sy ook hawens in Egipte, Griekeland, Rusland en Sirië besoek om passasiers en pos te vervoer. In Junie 1920 begin die vernietiger met haar terugreis na die Verenigde State. Tydens die reis huis toe, is sy op 17 Julie 1920 aangewys as DD-125 toe die vloot die alfanumeriese stelsel van 125 benamings aangeneem het. Sy stop by hawens in Italië en Frankryk voordat sy op 22 Julie die hawe van New York binnegaan. Na opknapping, Tattnall op see geneem om by die Stille Oseaan -vloot aan te sluit. Na hawe -oproepe langs die suidelike kus van die Verenigde State en by hawens in Kuba, Nicaragua, Mexiko en die Panamakanaalsone, bereik sy San Diego op 17 Desember. Die oorlogskip het langs die kus van Kalifornië opereer tot 15 Junie 1922, toe sy uit diens gestel is en in die reservaat in San Diego geplaas is.

Op 1 Mei 1930 het Tattnall is weer in gebruik geneem, bevelvoerder A. M. R. Allen in bevel. Die oorlogskip het saam met die Slagmag langs die weskus gedien tot 1931. Teen 1 Julie van daardie jaar is sy na die ooskus oorgeplaas vir diens by die Scouting Force Destroyers as 'n eenheid van Destroyer Division ه.

'N Jaar later, Tattnall Die aktiwiteit daarvan is beperk deur haar toewysing aan die roterende reservaat. Op 1 Januarie 1934 het die vernietiger 'n meer aktiewe rol in die Vloot hervat toe sy 'n jaar diens by die Scouting Force Training Squadron begin het. Na nog 'n tydperk van relatiewe onaktiwiteit in die roterende reservaat, het sy laat in 1935 weer by die opleidingseskader aangesluit. Gedurende die laaste deel van 1937 is die Training Detachment, United States Fleet, gestig en Tattnall en die ander eenhede van die Scouting Force Training Squadron het by die nuwe organisasie aangesluit. Die vernietiger het haar opleiding tot November 1938 voortgesit.

Tweede Wêreldoorlog [wysig | wysig bron]

Op die 17 November 1938 het sy en J. Fred Talbott verlig Dallas en Babbitt as eenhede van die Spesiale Diens -eskader. Tattnall was in die Canal Zone gevestig totdat die eskader op 17 September 1940 ontbind is. Die oorlogskip het egter voortgegaan om in die Golf van Mexiko en die Karibiese See uit haar tuishawe in Panama te werk. Nadat die Verenigde State die Tweede Wêreldoorlog betree het, Tattnall het sy langs die konvooie in haar bedryfsgebied begin begelei, gereeld deur die Windward Passage tussen Kuba en Hispaniola, 'n gevaarlike gebied tydens die hoogtepunt van die Caribbean U-boat blitz. Alhoewel sy baie sonarkontakte en diepte -aanval aanvalle gemaak het, Tattnall geregistreer geen bevestigde dood nie.

Vroeg in Julie 1943 het die vernietiger haar laaste Karibiese konvooi noord van die Windward Passage na Charleston, Suid -Carolina, begelei. Sy het op die 10de aangekom, begin omskakel na 'n spoedvervoer by die vlootwerf en is herontwerp APD-19 op 24 Julie. Op 6 September 1943, die dag na die 25ste herdenking van haar bekendstelling, Tattnall voltooide omskakeling. Sy het haar rondvaart in die middel van September voltooi. Na herstelwerk en veranderings aan die einde van September, het die hoëspoedvervoer met amfibiese opleiding begin-eers in Cove Point, Maryland, en later in Fort Pierce, Florida.

In April 1944 het Tattnall is aangewys as die vlagskip van Transport Division (TransDiv) 13, die enigste hoëspoedvervoersafdeling in die Atlantiese teater. Op 13 April vertrek sy saam met die ooskus na Oran, Algerië Roper, Barry, Greene, en Osmond Ingram. TransDiv 13 het einde April by die 8ste vloot aangesluit, en Tattnall verhuis na Corsica om te oefen vir haar eerste opdrag, die vang van die Elba- en Pianosa -eilande in die Tyrreense See. Voor die inval en tydens haar opleidingstydperk, Tattnall 'n beroep op 'n landing naby Civitavecchia, Italië, noord van Rome, gemaak om Duitse versterkings na die suide te trek om die Amerikaanse magte wat by Monte Cassino deurbreek, na Rome terug te keer. Die klug het blykbaar gewerk. Die versterkings het Monte Cassino nooit bereik nie, en die volgende dag het die Duitse radio 'n geallieerde inval noord van Rome aangekondig.

Op 17 Junie het die inval troepe aan wal gegaan op Elba en Pianosa. Tattnall Die bote het onder masjiengeweervuur ​​beland, maar geen ernstige skade opgedoen nie. Na die landings in die Tyrreense See, het die hoëspoedvervoer begin met konvooi tussen Italiaanse, Siciliaanse en Noord-Afrikaanse hawens. Na die plig hervat sy amfibiese operasies, hierdie keer met lede van die Amerikaanse-Kanadese eerste spesiale diensmag. Hulle missie was om die sterk versterkte Hyeres -eilande, net oos van Toulon, te vang en vas te hou tydens die belangrikste landings tydens die inval in die suide van Frankryk. Op 15 Augustus het die vyf skepe van TransDiv 13 vinnig 1600 troepe aan wal gelê en die eilande is binne drie dae beveilig. Gedurende die volgende twee weke, Tattnall en haar suster vervoer versterkings en voorrade na Suid -Frankryk en vervoer geallieerde gewonde en Duitse krygsgevangenes. Vir die res van die jaar het die hoëspoedvervoer konvooie tussen hawens in die Middellandse See begelei.

Tattnall keer op 21 Desember na Norfolk terug na die Verenigde State en begin 'n maand lange beskikbaarheidsperiode voordat hulle na die Stille Oseaan reis. Sy het op 31 Januarie 1945 van Hampton Roads aan die gang gekom. Nadat sy vroeg in Februarie deur die Panamakanaal gegaan het en by San Diego, Pearl Harbor, Eniwetok en Ulithi gestop het, bereik die vinnige vervoer op 19 April die Okinawa -gebied.

Die hoëspoedvervoer het tot die einde van die maand in die Ryukyus gebly. Gedurende daardie tyd het sy wag gestaan ​​op verskeie van die skermstasies wat rondom Okinawa omring het om die eenhede van die vloot te beskerm teen aanvalle deur kamikazes. Tattnall in die dae voor die nag van 29 April en 30 April verskeie kere op vyandelike vliegtuie afgevuur.

Drie rooi waarskuwings voor 0200 het nie tot vyandelike aanvalle gelei nie. Omstreeks 0215 het bogies egter vanuit die weste begin toemaak. 'N Tweemotorige vliegtuig kruis Tattnall Agter die agterkant van ongeveer 3 000 meter, en haar 40   mm -geweerspanne het losgebrand. Die aanvaller het teruggetrek na haar stuurboordkwartier met een motor aan die brand, net om sy aanval te hernu. Hierdie keer het haar kanonniers die werk waarmee hulle op die eerste pas begin het, voltooi, en dit het in die see neergestort. Kort daarna het a kamikaze nader die oorlogskip van stuurboord. Tattnall, haar enjins teen volle spoed, het hard na die hawe gedraai om die aanvaller te ontduik. Dit spat naby haar stuurboog. Puin reën op Tattnall en steek haar bo die waterlyn deur, maar sy het nie ongevalle of ernstige skade opgedoen nie.

Die volgende dag, Tattnall vertrek uit Okinawa en vertrek na die Mariana -eilande en begeleiding van die konvooi. Sy het op 3 Mei by Saipan aangekom en op 20ste met 'n konvooi na Okinawa teruggekeer. Die oorlogskip hervat diensplig, maar het nie meer optrede ondergaan soos dié van die nag van 29 April en 30 April nie. Vir seker, haar bemanning het lang horlosies gestaan ​​en was op 25 Mei 18 uur aaneen by die algemene kwartaal. Op daai dag, Barry en Roper getref is kamikazes. Barry het later gesink, en Roper is na 'n agterste gebied gestuur vir herstelwerk.

Vroeg in Junie, Tattnall is beveel om by die Filippynse Seegrens diens aan te meld. Sy stop op 13 Junie by Saipan en bereik Leyte op die 17de. Deur die einde van die oorlog en vir amper 'n maand daarna het sy patrollies in die Filippyne uitgevoer en konvooie na Ulithi en Hollandia begelei. Op 13 September, Tattnall teruggegaan na die Verenigde State. Na stop by Eniwetok en Pearl Harbor, het die vinnige vervoer op 30 Oktober in San Francisco aangekom.

Van daar af is sy noordwaarts na die Puget Sound Navy Yard gestuur en deur die kommandant, 13th Naval District, ingestel. Tattnall is op 17 Desember 1945 by Puget Sound ontmantel. Haar naam is op 8 Januarie 1946 uit die vlootlys geskrap. Sy is op 17 Oktober 1946 aan die Pacific Metal Salvage Company, van Seattle, Washington verkoop en geskrap. Her hull was towed to Royston, British Columbia and beached as part of a breakwater, parts of her hull are still visible in 2009. Ώ] :24


USS Tattnall (APD-19), Charleston, 1943 - History

Charles Lawrence Class High Speed Transport

1,400 Tons (light)
1,740 Tons (standard)
306' x 37' x 9' 6"
3 x 3" guns
1 x 1.1" gun
8 x 20mm
3 x 21" torpedo tubes
1 x hedgehog mortar
8 x K-gun depth charge
2 x depth charge tracks

Wartime History
Between February 11, 1944 until June 29, 1944 Liddle escorted convoys on three round trips across the North Atlantic from New York to Wales, Gibraltar and Tunisia. Returning to New York, she was converted to a Charles Lawrence class high speed transport. On July 5, 1944 reclassified as APD-60. On September 22, 1944 departed New York and steamed to the Pacific.

On November 4, 1944 arrived at Hollandia and joined the 7th Fleet, departing on November 17 to screen a supply convoy bound for Leyte Gulf, arriving on November 24 and immediately began more escort duty, escorting an LST formation to Palau then returned to Leyte on November 29, 1944.

On December 6, 1944 at Leyte Liddle embarked 141 U.S. Army soldiers from the 77th Division and departed Leyte Gulf bound for Ormoc Bay. On December 7, 1944 landed her troops at Ormoc Bay then in the middle morning during the Battle of Ormoc Bay, came under attack by Japanese kamikaze aircraft. Gunners aboard Liddle claimed five shot down. At 9:45am kamikaze aircraft hit USS Ward APD-16 and USS Mahan DD-364.

At 11:30am, Liddle was hit by a kamikaze aircraft that hit the bridge killing thirty-eight (eight officers including the captain plus 26 enlisted men including Ens Nathan Q. F. Piccirilli). Despite the damage, Liddle was able to maintain speed and stayed in the destroyer formation. That evening, other destroyers in the formation aided Liddle with lights to navigate to Leyte Gulf.

Afterwards, temporary repairs were made by salvage layer Silver Bell at Leyte Gulf then Liddle departed for San Francisco arriving January 16, 1945. While she was being refitted, a sign on her quarterdeck read: "This Ship Lost 38 officers and men. She is Anxious to Get Back Into Action." By February 22, 1945 Liddle was repaired and returned to the Pacific to rejoined her destroyer division.

Between March 29, 1945 until June 5, 1945 Liddle escorted convoys and conducted training. On July 1, 1945 she then transported Australian Army soldiers to Borneo. On June 10, 1945 landed her troops at Balikpapan. On July 1, 1945 landed troops at Brunei Bay.

Afterwards, Liddle trained for the proposed invasion of Japan. After the Japanese surrender. Liddle transported equipment to Korea through mine-infested waters of the East China Sea and Yellow Sea. On October 5, 1945 evacuated Prisoners Of War (POWs) from Dairen. On October 25, 1945 arrived at Taku near Tientsin (Tianjin) and became the port director ship.

Postwar
On November 23, departed Taku for the United States arriving in New York on January 1, 1946. Two days later departed for Green Cove Springs, Florida, where she was decommissioned on June 18, 1946 and entered the Atlantic Reserve Fleet.

Decommissioned June 18, 1946. Recommissioned October 27, 1950. Decommissioned February 2, 1959, Recommissioned November 29, 1961. Decommissioned March 18, 1967. Stricken April 5, 1967. On June 25, 1967 sold to North American Smelting Company and scraped.

Memorials
The crew members Killed In Action (KIA) on December 7, 1944 were returned to the United States for burial.

Ens Nathan Q. F. Piccirilli is buried at Woodlawn Cemetery in Bronx, NY at Myosotis Plot, section 83. Next to his grave is a statue of a man in grief with an inscription that reads: "n Memory of Our Only Beloved Son Ensign Nathan Q. F. Piccirilli Who Made The Supreme Sacrifice For His County at The Battle Of Ormac Bay, Philippines Islands On December 7, 1944".

Verwysings
Navy History and Heritage Command - Beans, Bullets, and Black Oil page 268
"Shortly afterward another high-speed transport, the Liddle, was struck by a plane which crashed the bridge, killing 8 officers, including the captain, and 26 enlisted men. The Liddle was able to maintain full power and stayed in the formation, though the rescue tug ATR-31, with salvage and firefighting teams aboard, was ordered to stand by. Next victim was the destroyer Lamson. A single-engine fighter came in low and fast, crashed her superstructure just below the bridge, and killed 2 officers and 19 men. After her fires were controlled, she was towed to port by the ATR-31. By nightfall the attacks had ceased and the formation proceeded toward Leyte Gulf, the Liddle assisted by neighboring ships with hooded lights to help her control the Lamson, towed by ATR-31, followed astern. The net layer Silver Bell was able to make temporary repairs to the Liddle, while the fleet tug Quapaw and the salvage vessel Cable aided the Lamson. Both ships eventually went to west-coast ports for completion of repairs."
Navy History and Heritage Command - Antiaircraft Action Summary COMINCH P-009 pages 2-7, 5-5
NavSource - USS Liddle (APD-60) / USS Liddle (DE-206)
FindAGrave - Nathan Piccirilli buried at Woodlawn Cemetery (grave photos)
Freeing the Angel from the Stone a Guide to Piccirilli Sculpture in New York City (2008) by Jerry Koffler and Eleanor Koffler pages related to Nathan Piccirilli grave at Woodlawn Cemetery

Contribute Information
Are you a relative or associated with any person mentioned?
Do you have photos or additional information to add?


Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships

Roper (DD-147) was laid down on 19 March 1918 by William Cramp & Sons, Philadelphia, Pa., launched 17 August 1918, sponsored by Mrs. Jesse M. Roper widow of Lieutenant Commander Roper, and commissioned on 15 February 1919, Commander Abram Claude in command

Following shakedown off the New England coast, Roper sailed east in mid June 1919 and, after stops at Ponta Delgada, Gibraltar, and Malta, anchored in the Bosporus on 5 July. For the next month she supported Peace Commission and Relief Committee work in the Black Sea area, carrying mail and passengers to and from Constantinople, Novorossisk Batum, Samsun, and Trebizond. On 20 August the destroyer returned to the United States, at New York, only to sail again 6 days later. At the end of the month she transited the Panama Canal and moved north to San Diego.

Roper remained on the west coast until July 1921. On the 23d, she departed San Francisco for duty on the Asiatic Station. Arriving at Cavite on 24 August, she remained in the Philippines into December. She then moved into Chinese waters and, into the summer, operated primarily from Hong Kong and Chefoo. On 25 August 1922, she headed back to California. Routed via Nagasaki, Midway, and Pearl Harbor she arrived at San Francisco on 13 October. Two days later she shifted to San Pedro, thence, proceeded to San Diego where she was decommissioned on 14 December 1922 and berthed with the Pacific Reserve Fleet.

Recommissioned On 18 March 1930, Roper resumed operations in the Pacific. Operating primarily in the southern California area, in active and rotating reserve squadrons, for the next 7 years, she deployed to Panama, to Hawaii and to the Caribbean for fleet problems and maneuvers fin 1931 1933, 1935, and 1936. During January and February of the latter year, she also moved north for operations in Alaskan waters.

In February 1937, Roper departed California and, after transiting the Panama Canal, joined the Atlantic Fleet. For the remainder of the year, through 1938 and into 1939, she conducted exercises primarily off the mid-Atlantic seaboard and, during part of each year, in the Caribbean. In November 1939, after the outbreak of World War II in Europe, she shifted from Norfolk to Key West, whence she patrolled the Yucatan Channel and the Florida Straits. In December she returned to Norfolk. In January 1940, she moved south again, to Charleston and in March she headed north for duty on the New England Patrol.

Through the prewar "Neutrality Patrol" period, Roper continued to range the waters off the east and gulf coasts. Off Cape Cod on 7 December 1941, she returned to Norfolk for an abbreviated availability at mid-month, then steamed to Argentia. In early February 1942, she completed a convoy escort run to Londonderry, then, in March, returned to the Norfolk area for patrol and escort duty. A month later, on the night of 13-14 April, she made contact with a surfaced German U-boat off the coast of North Carolina. The ensuing chase ended with the sinking of U-85, a unit of the 7th U-boat Flotilla.

At the end of May, Roper began a series of coastwise escort runs, from Key West to New York, which took her into 1943. In February of that year, she shifted to Caribbean-Mediterranean convoy work and remained on that duty until October when she entered the Charleston Navy Yard for conversion to a high-speed transport.

Reclassified APD-20 on 20 October 1943, Roper departed Charleston in late November and trained in the Chesapeake Bay area and off the Florida coast into the new year, 1944. On 13 April she steamed east and at the end of the month joined the 8th Fleet at Oran, Algeria. A unit of Transport Division 13, assigned to support the offensive in Italy, Roper landed units of the French Army on Pianosa on 17 June and into July, plied between Oran and Naples and operates along the western coast of the embattled peninsula. In August she shifted her attention to southern France. On the 15th she arrived off that coast as part of the "Sitka" Force and landed troops on Levant Island. On 5 September she returned to Italy resumed runs between Naples and Oran, and, in early December departed the latter port for Hampton Roads.

Arriving at Norfolk on the 21st, Roper sailed again on 29 January 1945. On transiting the Panama Canal, she reported to the Pacific Fleet, and, after stops in California and Hawaii moved into the Marianas. On 11 May she departed Guam for the Ryukyus. Arriving in Nakagusuku Wan on the 22d, she circled to the Hagushi anchorage the same day. Three days later, while on screening station off that transport area she was hit by a kamikaze.

Ordered back to the United States to complete repairs, she departed the Ryukyus on 6 June and reached San Pedro a month later. In August she shifted to Mare Island, but with the cessation of hostilities repair work was halted. Decommissioned on 15 September 1945, Roper's name was struck from the Navy list on 11 October 1945 and her hulk was sold to the Lerner Co., Oakland, Calif. Removed in June 1946, it was scrapped the following December.


West Virginia Obituary and Death Notice Archive

James T. 'Jimmy' Deem

James Todd 'Jimmy' Deem, 66, of Davisville, received the greatest gift of all on December 25, 2008 when he went home to be with his Lord and Savior at The Willows Health Care of Parkersburg.

He was born December 31, 1941 in Wood Co., a son of the late James and Mary Linger Deem. He was retired from Ames Co. after 38 years of service as a truck driver. He loved playing the guitar and the piano and enjoyed playing gospel, bluegrass and county music. He enjoyed playing golf and spending time with his family. He was a member of Davisville Community Chapel.

James is survived by his wife, Barbara Mae (Peck) Deem one daughter, Barbie (Jeff) Cottrell two sons, Bobby (April) Deem of Houston, TX and Barry (Beth) Deem of Washington, WV three brothers, Bill Deem of Parkersburg, Bud Deem of Smithville, WV and Barry Deem of Washington, WV and six grandchildren.

In addition to his parents, he was preceded in death by one daughter, Bonnie Deem and one brother, Benny Deem.

Funeral service will be held on Monday, December 29, at 11:00 a.m. at Lambert-Tatman Funeral Home, 2333 Pike St., south Parkersburg with Pastor Ray Seabaugh and Rev. Joe Renforth officiating. Interment will follow at Evergreen South Cemetery. Family will receive friends from 2:00 - 4:00 and 6:00 - 8:00 p.m. on Sunday, December 28 at the funeral home.

Elizabeth Ann Drain

Elizabeth Ann Drain, 86, of Parkersburg, passed away at her residence on December 21, 2008.

She was born August 29, 1922, a daughter of the late Clarence and Estelle Johnson Smith. She was a homemaker and attended Pleasant View Baptist Church.

Elizabeth is survived by three daughters, Polly (Stan) Kracher of Palmdale, CA, Nancy (Jim) Hinman of Fresno, CA and Mary E. Durkee of Dixon, TN three sons, Edward (Sharon) Drain and Doug Drain, both of Parkersburg, and Kenneth (Maura) Drain of Arcadia, CA one brother, Kermit Smith of Parkersburg 15 grandchildren 18 great-grandchildren and three great-great-grandchildren.

In addition to her parents, she was preceded in death by her husband of 60 years, Marion E. Drain, in July, 2000 one brother, Donald Smith and two sisters, Madlyn Smith and Marilyn Carther.

Funeral services will be Wednesday, Dec. 24, at 9:30 a.m. at Lambert-Tatman Funeral Home, Pike St., south Parkersburg with Pastor Loyd Winans and Pastor Jerry Caplinger officiating. Family will receive friends from 2:00 - 4:00 and 6:00 - 8:00 p.m. on Tuesday, Dec. 23, at the funeral home. Burial will be at Mt. Pleasant Cemetery at a later date.

Virginia Dare Brooks Carney

Virginia Dare Brooks Carney, 90, a long time resident of Vienna, W.Va., currently residing at Cedar Grove Personal Care, passed away December 20, 2008 at Camden Clark Memorial Hospital.

She was born June 25, 1918 in Jackson County, W.Va., a daughter of the late O.A. and Geneva Kessell Brooks. Virginia was retired from the Vienna Public Library. She was an avid reader and loved playing scrabble. She was a member of the Vienna Senior Citizens Association and the Womens Democrat Club. She was a graduate of Ripley High School and also a member of St. Johns United Methodist Church, Vienna.

She is survived by three daughters, Sharon Goodwin and husband Ronald of Vienna, W.Va., Colleen Gumm and husband Derrell of Parkersburg, W.Va., and Carole Anderson of LeMoyne PA six grandchildren, Kelly Legg of Bowling Green OH, Kara Stauffer of Vienna, W.Va., Joel Anderson of Lykens PA, Bruce Anderson of Lancaster PA, Eric Gumm of Parkersburg, W.Va., and Andrea Moore of Vienna, W.Va. and six great-grandchildren.

In addition to her parents, she was preceded in death by her husband, Howard R. Carney in 1986 three brothers and one sister.

Funeral services will be held 11:00 a.m. Monday, December 22, 2008, at Lambert-Tatman Funeral Home, 3005 Grand Central Ave., Vienna, W.Va., with Reverend Earle Arthur officiating. Interment will follow in the Fairplains Cemetery, Jackson Co., W.Va. The family will receive friends from 10:00 a.m. until time of services on Monday, at the funeral home. Memorial contributions may be made to the Vienna Public Library, 2300 River Rd., Vienna, WV, 26105.

Lottie "Lucy" Thomas

Lottie Lucinda 'Lucy' Thomas, 93, of Watkinsville, GA, passed away December 16, 2008 at St. Mary's Hospital in Athens, GA.

She was born March 23, 1915 in Ohio, a daughter of the late Reuben Al and Artie Mae Hoffman Rickard. She was a wife and mother who enjoyed crocheting, reading, sewing and her family. She taught ceramics, baked and traveled extensively. She was a Methodist by faith.

Lottie is survived by two sons, Gary K. (Rebecca) Thomas of Demerest, GA, and Monte R. (Carol) Thomas of Watkinsville, GA two daughters, Sharon Derski of Disputana, VA and Judy (Hunter) Earhart of Stuart Draft, VA one brother, James (Marie) Rickard of Albany, OH one brother-in-law, Kenneth Thomas of south Parkersburg ten grandchildren 5 great-great grandchildren and a host of nieces, nephews and cousins.

In addition to her parents, she was preceded in death by her husband of 57 years, Carl 'Ray' Thomas in 1997, son-in-law, John Derski, seven sisters and three brothers.

Funeral service will be held at 10:00 AM on Saturday, December 20, at Lambert-Tatman Funeral Home, 2333 Pike St., south Parkersburg with the Pastor Rick Brown officiating. Interment will follow at Evergreen South Cemetery. Family will receive friends from 6:00 - 8:00 PM on Friday, Dec. 19 at the funeral home.

Susan L. Wiggins

Susan L. Wiggins, 67, of Parkersburg, passed away Dec. 14, 2008 at St. Francis Hospital in Charleston, WV.

She was born July 25, 1941 in Indiana and was employed at Public Debt for over 35 years. She enjoyed working with the deaf, doing tax preparation for others, spending time with her grandchildren and reading.

Susan is survived by two daughters, Ellen Payne and her partner, Jerry Nutter of Walker, WV and Evelyn L Casto and her husband Dan of Ravenswood, WV one son, Matthew Wiggins of Parkersburg one sister, Nancy Rimer of Oklahoma two brothers one nephew, Glen Rimer of Dallas, TX two grandchildren, Lacey Reynolds Payne and John Aaron Payne.

She was preceded in death her husband, John R. Wiggins, in 2006.

At Susan's request, cremation services have been entrusted to Lambert-Tatman Funeral Home, 2333 Pike St., Parkersburg. A memorial service to celebrate Susan's life will be held on Saturday, Jan. 10, 2009 at1:00 PM at the funeral home with Pastor Todd Hill officiating. Family will receive friends from noon to 1 PM prior to the service.

Memorials may be made to St. Joseph's CVICU Heart Unit, 1824 Murdoch Ave., Parkersburg, WV 26101 or The American Cancer Society, 3901 Briscoe Run Rd, Parkersburg, WV 26104 or to the family c/o Ellen Payne, 887 Wright Rd, Walker, WV 26180.

Carolyn Summers

Carolyn Summers, 82, of Belpre, Ohio passed away on Dec. 14, 2008, at Marietta Memorial Hospital.

She was born July 6, 1926, in Syracuse, Kan., a daughter of the late George Russell and Alta Schroll.

Carolyn was owner and operator of her own beauty shop in Kansas and enjoyed rock collecting. She was a lifetime member of Ladies Auxiliary of the Veteran of Foreign Wars.

She is survived by her husband, Keith A. Summers two daughters, Phyllis Harmon of Sunbury, N.C., and Marcia Reid of Trenton, Mo. three sisters, Phyllis (Kenneth) Feaster of Kansas City, Mo., Eleanor Cole of Wichita, Kan., and Saxon McClelland of Seattle, Wash. five grandchildren, Karen (Tom) Harding of Ridgeway, Mo., Kimberly Cottrell of Trenton, Mo., Bernard N. Harmon Jr. of Virginia Beach, Va., Susan Harmon of Harrisonburg, Va., and Justin Harmon of Sunbury, N.C. three great-grandchildren eight great-great-grandchildren and several nieces and nephews.

In addition to her parents, she was preceded in death by one great-grandson, Quinlan Cottrell.

Cremation arrangements have been entrusted to Lambert-Tatman Funeral Home,

Shirley Jean Wingrove

Shirley Jean Wingrove, 65, of Belpre, Ohio passed away Sunday, Dec. 14, 2008, at her residence.

She was born July 30, 1943, in Belpre, OHio a daughter of the late Jess and Stella Keith Bonar.

She was a homemaker and retired from Belpre Kroger after 25 years of service. She enjoyed tractor pulling, was a member of the National Tractor Puller's Association and the Ohio State Tractor Pullers. Shirley enjoyed NASCAR and reading.

She is survived by her husband, Carroll Lee Wingrove, whom she married June 1, 1962 one daughter, Pam Davis and husband, Keith, of Stockport, Ohio one son, Carroll Lee Wingrove Jr. and, wife, Diane of Belpre, Ohio three grandchildren, Leeann Davis and Justin and Jessica Wingrove and one brother, Albert Bonar of Belpre, Ohio.

In addition to her parents she was preceded in death by one brother, Delbert Bonar.

Funeral services will be 11:00 a.m. Wednesday, Dec. 17, 2008 at Lambert-Tatman Funeral Home 1305 Washington Blvd. Belpre, Ohio with Pastor Sam Edgell officiating. Burial will be at the Veto Cemetery at Veto, Ohio. The family will receive friends from 2:00 p.m. to 4:00 p.m. and 6:00 p.m. to 8:00 p.m. today at the funeral home.

Homer C. Whited

Homer C. Whited, 92, of Vienna, W.Va., went home to his Lord Dec. 14, 2008 at Camden Clark Hospital.

He was born in Jackson County, W.Va., a son of the late Wells Wellington and Corda Mae Baker Whited. He was retired from Union Carbide with 36 years of service enjoyed hunting, fishing, camping and golf. He served with the Civilian Conservation Corps from April 1934 until April of 1936 at both Camp North Fork in Petersburg, W.Va. and Camp Little Fork, in Sugar Grove, W.Va. During WW II he served with the US Navy aboard the cargo vessel USS Tattnall from April of 1943 until April of 1946. His ship was part of the European Theater sailing off the coast of North Africa.

Homer is survived by seven children, Jerry Whited (Pat) of Havre de Grace, Md., David Whited (Darelene) of Parkersburg, W.Va., Richard Whited (Sue) of Washington, W.Va., Mila Combs (David) of Reedsville, Pa., Jean Goodwin (Carl) of Vienna, W.Va., Randy Whited and friend Helen McCray of Vienna, W.Va. and Priscilla Whited and companion Mitch Stockdale of Vienna, W.Va. one foster son, Jay Balser of Elizabeth, W.Va. one sister, Lucille Reed of Parkersburg, W.Va. one brother, Howard Whited of Vienna, W.Va. 16 grandchildren and 12 great-grandchildren.

In addition to his parents, he was preceded in death by his first wife, Armeda Enoch Whited of 39 years second wife, Vivian Spencer Whited of 19 years one daughter, Charlene K. King one grandson, Bryan M. Whited and one brother, Harry Whited.

Funeral services will be 11:00 a.m. Thursday, Dec. 18, 2008 at Lambert-Tatman Funeral Home, 3005 Grand Central Ave., Vienna, W.Va. with Rev. H. Earle Arthur and Rev. Norman Butler officiating. Entombment will follow in Sunset Memorial Gardens with military graveside rites by American Legion Post 1. Friends may call from 2:00 p.m. to 4:00 p.m. and 7:00 p.m. to 9:00 p.m. Wednesday at the funeral home and one hour prior to services Thursday.

Memorial contribution may be made to Housecalls Hospice, Camden-Clark Memorial Hospital Foundation, or the St. John United Methodist Church.

Phyllis Mae Connolly

Phyllis Mae Connolly, 61, of Davisville, W.Va., passed away on Dec. 14, 2008, at her residence.

She was born Jan. 31, 1947, a daughter of the late Davis Blair Buzzard Sr. and Genevieve Cross Buzzard in Wood County, W.Va. She was a homemaker and enjoyed cooking, sewing and making crafts. She was a graduate of Parkersburg High School and a member of Pleasant Valley Baptist Church, Dallison, W.Va., where she was the church treasurer.

She is survived by her husband, Roy E. Connolly Jr. one son, Stacey L. Connolly and his wife, Lynn, of Vienna, W.Va. one sister, Debbie Duley two brothers, David Blair "Bud" Buzzard Jr. of Davisville, W.Va. and Michael Blackwood of Korea and one granddaughter, Gillian Connolly of Vienna, W.Va.

Funeral services will be 11:00 a.m. Wednesday, Dec. 17, 2008 at Lambert-Tatman Funeral Home 2333 Pike St. Parkersburg, W.Va. with the Rev. Basil Barr officiating. Interment will follow at Sunset Memory Gardens. Family will receive friends from 2:00 p.m. to 4:00 p.m. and 6:00 p.m. to 8:00 p.m. today at the funeral home.

Clara "Lucille" Miller

Clara "Lucille" Miller, 88, of Parkersburg, W.Va., passed away Dec. 14, 2008 at Eagle Pointe.

She was born Nov. 5, 1920, in Wayne County, Tenn., a daughter of the late Benjamin and Bessie Osburn Hughes.

She was a homemaker and loved spending time with her grandchildren. She was a member of the South Parkersburg Baptist Church and worked in the nursery.

She is survived by her husband of 66 years, Troy L. Miller two sons, Troy L. Miller Jr. and his wife, Anita, of Vienna, W.Va. and Gordon M. Miller and his wife, Leslie, of Parkersburg, W.Va. four grandchildren, Angela Harper and Trina Poling, both of Parkersburg, W.Va., Carissa Miller of Vienna, W.Va., and Vanessa Miller of Chapel Hill, N.C. and two great-grandchildren, Cyan and Jade Poling of Parkersburg, W.Va.

In addition to her parents, she was preceded in death by one brother and one sister.

Funeral services will be 1:00 p.m. Wednesday, Dec. 17, 2008 at Lambert-Tatman Funeral Home, 2333 Pike St. Parkersburg, W.Va. with Pastor Joe Busch officiating. Interment will follow at Sunset Memory Gardens. Family will receive friends from 2J:00 p.m. to 4:00 p.m. and 6:00 p.m. to 8:00 p.m. today at the funeral home.

Karen Sue Simpson

Karen Sue Simpson, 57, of Walker, W.Va., died Dec. 13, 2008, at St. Joseph's Hospital.

She was born Sept. 11, 1951 in Wood County, W.Va., the daughter of Joseph Swearingen and the late Ruth Galloway Swearingen.

She is survived by her father her children, Grace Ridenour of Indiana, Eltina Hughes of Indiana, Kathy Starcher, Mary Brand, Billie-Lee Simpson, and William Simpson all of Parkersburg, W.Va. and 12 grandchildren.

She was preceded in death by her mother.

Private family burial will be at the Oddfellows Cemetery, Walker, W.Va. Arrangements have been entrusted to the Lambert-Tatman Funeral Home, 400 Green St., Parkersburg.

Barbara G. Sawyer

Barbara G. Sawyer, 59, of Parkersburg, W.Va, passed away Dec. 13, 2008, at Selby General Hospital in Marietta.

She was born in Oakland, Calif., a daughter of the late Albert and Jane Hill Hart. She worked as a retail clerk for JoAnn Fabric, was a seamstress for over 20 years, a certified Natural Health Professional, and attended the Star in the Messianic East Jewish Congregation in Canton, Ohio.

Barbara is survived by her husband, Rickard L. Sawyer one son, Aaron P. Sawyer of Dayton, Ohio two sisters, Margaret "Peggy" Scott and Carol Downing, both of Lincoln, Neb. one brother, William "Bill" Hart of Clayton, Calif. and two grandchildren, Joshua and Elizabeth Sawyer.

Memorial services will be 7:00 p.m. Wednesday, Dec. 17, 2008 at Lambert-Tatman Funeral Home, 400 Green St., Parkersburg, with Messianic Pastor Michael Oyler officiating. The family will receive friends the hour prior to services at the funeral home.

Susan Ferris

Susan Ferris, 57, of Vienna, passed away December 9, 2008, at Ruby Memorial Hospital in Morgantown, WV.

She was born November 14, 1951, a daughter of Mary Adkins Fisher and the late Buhl Fisher. She retired from Verizon in 2003 after 27 years of service and was a loving wife, mother and grandmother.

In addition to her mother, she is survived by her husband, Greg Ferris, one daughter Michelle and her husband, Jim Mahoney one son, Brad Ashenfelter three grandchildren, Tiffany, James (Ryan) and Alexis Mahoney one sister Cindie and her husband, Parker Lee one niece, Kiera and her husband, Brandon Midkiff one nephew, Christopher Lee.

At Susan's request, cremation services have been entrusted to the Lambert-Tatman Funeral Home, 3005 Grand Central Ave., Vienna. A memorial service to celebrate Susan's life will be at a later date at the convenience of the family.

West Virginia Obituary and Death Notice Archive is maintained by GenLookups with WebBBS 5.12 .


Mục lục

Roper được đặt lườn vào ngày 19 tháng 3 năm 1918 tại xưởng tàu của hãng William Cramp & Sons ở Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Nó được hạ thủy vào ngày 17 tháng 8 năm 1918, được đỡ đầu bởi bà Jesse M. Roper, vợ góa Thiếu tá Roper, và được đưa ra hoạt động vào ngày 15 tháng 2 năm 1919 dưới quyền chỉ huy của Hạm trưởng, Trung tá Hải quân Abram Claude. [2]

Giai đoạn giữa hai cuộc thế chiến Sửa đổi

Sau khi chạy thử máy tại vùng biển ngoài khơi New England, Roper lên đường đi Châu Âu vào giữa tháng 6 năm 1919, và sau các chặng dừng tại Ponta Delgada, Gibraltar và Malta, đã thả neo tại Bosporus vào ngày 5 tháng 7. Trong tháng tiếp theo, nó hỗ trợ cho hoạt động của Ủy ban Hòa bình tại Hắc Hải, vận chuyển hành khách và thư tín giữa Constantinople, Novorossisk, Batum, Samsun và Trebizond. Vào ngày 20 tháng 8, nó lên đường quay trở về Hoa Kỳ, về đến New York nhưng lại lên đường sáu ngày sau đó. Cuối tháng đó, nó băng qua kênh đào Panama và đi đến San Diego, California. [2]

Roper ở lại vùng bờ Tây cho đến tháng 7 năm 1921. Vào ngày 23 tháng 7, nó khởi hành từ San Francisco để nhận nhiệm vụ tại Hạm đội Á Châu. Đi đến Cavite thuộc quần đảo Philippine vào ngày 24 tháng 8, nó ở lại khu vực Philippines cho đến tháng 12 rồi di chuyển đến vùng biển Trung Quốc và hoạt động chủ yếu từ Hong Kong và Yên Đài suốt mùa Hè. Vào ngày 25 tháng 8 năm 1922, nó lên đường quay trở về Hoa Kỳ, đi ngang qua Nagasaki, Midway và Trân Châu Cảng và về đến San Francisco vào ngày 13 tháng 10. Hai ngày sau, nó chuyển sang San Pedro, California, rồi tiếp tục đi đến San Diego, nơi nó được cho xuất biên chế vào ngày 14 tháng 12 năm 1922 và neo đậu cùng Hạm đội Dự bị Thái Bình Dương. [2]

Roper được cho nhập biên chế trở lại vào ngày 18 tháng 3 năm 1930 tại khu vực Thái Bình Dương. Nó hoạt động chủ yếu tại vùng Nam California trong các hải đội hiện dịch và dự bị luân phiên trong bảy năm tiếp theo được bố trí đến Panama, Hawaii và vùng biển Caribe cho các cuộc cơ động tập trận hạm đội vào các năm 1931, 1933, 1935 và 1936. Nó còn tham gia các hoạt động tại vùng biển Alaska vào tháng 1 và tháng 2 năm 1936. [2]

Vào tháng 2 năm 1937, Roper rời California, và sau khi băng qua kênh đào Panama, gia nhập Hạm đội Đại Tây Dương. Trong thời gian còn lại của năm và cho đến năm 1939, nó tiến hành các cuộc thực tập chủ yếu tại khu vực giữa Đại Tây Dương, và hàng năm tại vùng biển Caribe. Vào tháng 11 năm 1939, sau khi Chiến tranh Thế giới thứ hai nổ ra tại châu Âu, nó chuyển từ Norfolk, Virginia đến Key West, Florida, nơi nó tuần tra tại eo biển Yucatan và eo biển Florida. Đến tháng 12, nó quay trở lại Norfolk rồi đến tháng 1 năm 1940 nó lại di chuyển về phía Nam, đến Charleston, South Carolina, vào tháng 3, nó đi lên phía Bắc làm nhiệm vụ tuần tra tại khu vực New England. [2]

Thế Chiến II Sửa đổi

Trong giai đoạn Tuần tra Trung lập trước chiến tranh, Roper hoạt động khắp vùng biển ngoài khơi bờ Đông và vùng vịnh Mexico. Có mặt ngoài khơi mũi Cod vào ngày 7 tháng 12 năm 1941, khi chiến tranh nổ ra tại Thái Bình Dương, nó quay trở về Norfolk cho một đợt đai tu ngắn vào giữa tháng, rồi đi đến Argentia, Newfoundland. Vào đầu tháng 2 năm 1942, nó hoàn tất một chuyến hộ tống vận tải đến Londonderry Port, rồi vào tháng 3 quay trở về Norfolk cho nhiệm vụ tuần tra và hộ tống. Một tháng sau, trong đêm 13/14 tháng 4, nó phát hiện một tàu ngầm U-boat trên mặt nước ngoài khơi bờ biển North Carolina. Cuộc săn đuổi tiếp theo đã đưa đến việc đánh chìm bằng hải pháo chiếc U-85, một đơn vị thuộc Chi hạm đội U-boat 7. [2]

Tác giả Helmut Schmoeckel, nguyên chỉ huy tàu ngầm U-802, trong một quyển sách năm 2002 đã cho rằng việc Roper không cứu vớt thủy thủ đoàn của chiếc U-85 sau khi họ bỏ tàu và tiếp tục thả mìn sâu nhắm vào U-85 là một tội ác chiến tranh. [3] Căn cứ theo báo cáo hoạt động, cuộc tấn công diễn ra sau nữa đêm giờ địa phương sau khi Roper tiếp cận để nhận diện một mục tiêu không rõ (U-85) và suýt trúng một quả ngư lôi trước khi nổ súng. Vị sĩ quan chỉ huy đã trì hoãn việc cứu vớt cho đến khi trời sáng, và sau khi có sự hỗ trợ trên không của một thủy phi cơ PBY Catalina và một khí cầu do mối e ngại tấn công của một chiếc U-boat thứ hai. [4] Không có hình thức kỷ luật nào cho thủy thủ đoàn của Roper và 29 thủy thủ U-85 tử trận được chôn cất với nghi thức quân sự tại Nghĩa trang Quốc gia Hampton. [5] Hạm trưởng Roper, Thiếu tá Hải quân Hamilton W. Howe, được tặng thưởng huân chương Chữ thập Hải quân do chiến công đánh chìm tàu ngầm này [6] và nghỉ hưu năm 1956 ở cấp bậc Chuẩn đô đốc. [7]

Vào ngày 29 tháng 4, Roper cứu vớt 14 người sống sót từ chiếc tàu buôn Anh MV Empire Drum bị chiếc U-136 phóng ngư lôi đánh chìm năm ngày trước đó. Đến ngày 1 tháng 5, nó cứu vớt thêm 13 người sống sót khác từ Empire Drum. Họ được đưa lên bờ tại Norfolk, Virginia vào ngày hôm đó. [8] Vào cuối tháng 5, Roper bắt đầu một loạt các chuyến hộ tống dọc bờ biển trải rộng từ Key West đến New York, kéo dài đến năm 1943. Sang tháng 2 năm đó, nó chuyển sang nhiệm vụ hộ tống tuyến biển Caribe - Địa Trung Hải, và tiếp tục vai trò này cho đến tháng 10, khi nó đi vào Xưởng hải quân Charleston để cải biến thành một tàu vận chuyển cao tốc. [2]

Được xếp lại lớp với ký hiệu lườn mới APD-20 vào ngày 20 tháng 10 năm 1943, Roper rời Charleston vào cuối tháng 11, và tiến hành huấn luyện tại khu vực vịnh Chesapeake và ngoài khơi bờ biển Florida cho đến dịp năm mới 1944. Vào ngày 13 tháng 4, nó khởi hành đi sang phía Đông, và đến cuối tháng đã gia nhập lực lượng Đệ Bát hạm đội tại Oran, Algeria. Là một đơn vị thuộc Đội vận chuyển 13 được phân công hỗ trợ cho cuộc tấn công đổ bộ lên Ý, nó cho đổ bộ các đơn vị quân đội Pháp lên Pianosa vào ngày 17 tháng 6, và sang tháng 7 thực hiện các chuyến đi lại giữa Oran và Napoli cùng hoạt động dọc theo bờ Tây bán đảo Ý. Đến tháng 8, nó chuyển trọng tâm hoạt động sang miền Nam nước Pháp. Vào ngày 15 tháng 8, nó đi đến khu vực bờ biển như một đơn vị của lực lượng "Sitka" và cho đổ bộ lực lượng lên đảo Levant. Đến ngày 5 tháng 9, nó quay trở về Ý tiếp tục các chuyến đi lại giữa Naples và Oran, vào đầu tháng 12 đã rời Oran quay trở về Hampton Roads. [2]

Đi đến Norfolk vào ngày 21 tháng 12, Roper lại ra khơi vào ngày 29 tháng 1 năm 1945. Băng qua Kênh đào Panama, nó trình diện để hoạt động cùng Hạm đội Thái Bình Dương, và sau các chặng dừng tại California và Hawaii, đã đi đến khu vực quần đảo Mariana. Vào ngày 11 tháng 5, nó rời Guam đi sang quần đảo Ryukyu, và sau khi đi đến Nakagusuku Wan vào ngày 22 tháng 5, nó chuyển đến khu vực thả neo Hagushi cùng ngày hôm đó. Ba ngày sau, đang khi làm nhiệm vụ canh phòng ngoài khơi khu vực vận chuyển, nó bị một máy bay tấn công cảm tử kamikaze đánh trúng. [2]

Được lệnh quay trở về Hoa Kỳ để hoàn tất việc sửa chữa, nó rời Ryukyu vào ngày 6 tháng 6, và về đến San Pedro một tháng sau đó. Sang tháng 8, nó chuyển sang Xưởng hải quân Mare Island, nhưng cùng với việc xung đột kết thúc, công việc sửa chữa cũng bị dừng lại. Được cho ngừng hoạt động vào ngày 15 tháng 9 năm 1945, tên của Roper được cho rút khỏi danh sách Đăng bạ Hải quân vào ngày 11 tháng 10 năm 1945, và lườn tàu được bán cho hãng Lerner Company tại Oakland, California vào tháng 6 năm 1946 và bắt đầu được tháo dỡ từ tháng 12 tiếp theo. [2]

Roper được tặng thưởng bốn Ngôi sao Chiến trận do thành tích phục vụ trong Thế Chiến II. [2]


Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships

Dickerson (DD-167) was launched 12 March 1919 by New York Shipbuilding Co., Camden, N.J., sponsored by Mrs. J. S. Dickerson, and commissioned 3 September 1919, Commander F. V. McNair in command.

Dickerson operated along the east coast and in the Caribbean and in 1921 took part in the combined fleet maneuvers off South America, visiting Valparaiso, Callao, and Balboa, before returning to Hampton Roads where the Atlantic Fleet was reviewed by President W. G. Harding. Entering New York Navy Yard in November 1921, Dickerson was decommissioned there 26 June 1922.

Recommissioned 1 May 1930 Dickerson resumed operations along the east coast and in the Caribbean, engaging in tactical exercises with carriers, torpedo firing, and maneuvers with the Fleet. In 1932 and again in 1933-34 she transited the Panama Canal for combined fleet maneuvers on the west coast. Upon her return from the latter cruise, she took part in the Presidential Fleet Review 31 May 1934 at Brooklyn, N.Y., then entered Norfolk Navy Yard in August where she was assigned to Rotating Reserve Squadron 19 for overhaul. In 1935 she was attached to the Training Squadron and served as training ship for members of the Naval Reserve, operating between Charleston and Florida and the Caribbean.

Toegewys aan Destroyer Squadron 10, Atlantic Squadron, in 1938, Dickerson het as vliegtuigwag opgetree vir Yorktown (CV-5) wat by Norfolk opereer, het in die lente van 1939 aan die vlootlandingsoefeninge in die Karibiese Eilande deelgeneem. Sy het laat die somer uit Norfolk gevaar om by eskader 40-T in Lissabon, Portugal, aan te sluit. Gedurende die jaar wat sy in Europese waters was, besoek sy Spaanse hawens wat gehelp is met die ontruiming van vlugtelinge uit Casablanca en het 'n spesiale missie vir die staatsdepartement uitgevoer. Sy keer op 25 Julie 1940 terug na Norfolk.

Dickerson was toegewys aan die Neutraliteitspatrollie in Key West en behalwe vir kort diens in New London met Submarine Squadron 2 in Oktober 1940, het sy in die Karibiese Eilande gebly tot Oktober 1941. Gedurende hierdie tyd het sy na ses oorlewendes van SS gesoek en herstel. Libby Maine in September. Na die Amerikaanse toetrede tot die oorlog is sy na Argentia, Newfoundland, gestuur, waar sy verder patrolleer en een konvooi na Ysland begelei en terugkeer (Desember 1941-Januarie 1942).

Teen Maart 1942 Dickerson was terug by Norfolk vir kuspatrollie en begeleiding. Op 19 Maart, toe sy terugkeer na Norfolk, sien sy 'n ongeïdentifiseerde skip wat op die vernietiger afvuur en die huis beskadig het. Vier van Dickerson s'n bemanning is dood, waaronder haar bevelvoerder, luitenantkommandant JK Reybold. Die aanvallende skip is geïdentifiseer as 'n senuweeagtige handelaar, SS Bevryder, en Dickerson vervolg na Norfolk vir herstelwerk. Sy keer in April terug na diens en begelei konvooie tussen Norfolk en Key West tot Augustus, tussen Key West en New York tot Oktober en tussen New York en Kuba tot Januarie 1943.

In die eerste helfte van 1943 Dickerson bedryf in die Karibiese Eilande en begelei tenkwa konvooie na Gibraltar en Algiers. Sy het by die Kaart (CVE-11) jagter-moordenaarsgroep in Casablanca in Junie vir offensiewe operasies in die middel van die Atlantiese Oseaan. Tussen 17 Julie en 13 Augustus vaar sy na Londonderry, Noord-Ierland, vir oefeninge met Britse vloot-eenhede, en keer terug na Charleston, SC, om oor te skakel na 'n spoedvervoer. Sy is herklassifiseer APD-21, 21 Augustus 1943.

Dickerson het op 1 November 1943 vanuit Norfolk na die Stille Oseaan gevaar. Sy begelei konvooie van Espiritu Santo na Guadalcanal, en bly dan in die Solomons op patrollie en plaaslike begeleiding. Op 30 Januarie 1944 het sy 'n verkenningsgroep van Nieu -Seelanders op Green Island geland, wat hulle kort ná middernag van 1 Februarie begin het nadat die bote deur vyandelike vliegtuie bestook is. Op die 15de en 20ste het sy troepe op die eiland laat beland om dit te vang en te beset, en op 20 Maart het hulle mariniers op Emirau -eiland geland sonder opposisie.

In April 1944 Dickerson het by Milne Bay aangekom, en gedurende haar twee maande in die Nieu -Guinee gebied, die landings op Seleo Island en Aitape ondersteun. Na 'n kort herstelperiode in Pearl Harbor, het sy by Roi in die Marshalls aangekom om 'n onderwater -sloopspan te begin vanaf Duik (APD-9) en hulle in Saipan en Guam in aksie geneem. Sy het tot einde Julie in die Marianas gebly as voorraad-, beheer- en brandsteunskip vir haar span, en het daarna die volgende maand na die weskus teruggekeer vir opknapping.

Dickerson keer in November 1944 terug na aksie met haar aankoms in Aitape, Nieu -Guinee. Na begeleiding in Nieu -Guinee, vaar sy op 27 Januarie 1946 op 27 Desember vir die inval in die Lingayen -golf, Luzon, en ondersteun weer die operasies van 'n onderwater -slopingspan. Sy het einde Januarie by Ulithi aangemeld vir herstelwerk, en het toe by die skerm van 'n logistieke ondersteuningsmag aangesluit vir die inval van Iwo Jima, 19 Februarie. Sy keer terug na Leyte met 50 krygsgevangenes, en vertrek daarna weer op 24 Maart met 'n LST-LSM-konvooi wat die eiland Keise Shima moes verower waarop swaar artillerie geplaas sou word vir die bombardement van Okinawa. Haar missie voltooi, Dickerson was die nag van 2 April met die vervoer suidwes van Okinawa toe die Japannese sterk aangeval het. Een van die selfmoordgeboë vliegtuie het die verwoester in 'n lang, lae sweef nader en die bokant van haar twee stapels afgesny voordat dit in die voet van haar brug ingebars het, haar mas omgeslaan en intense petrolbrande gestig het. Byna gelyktydig het 'n ander vliegtuig 'n direkte treffer in die middel van haar voorspeler gekry. Die ontploffing het byna die hele breedte van die skip 'n gat in die dek geskeur. Ondanks onmiddellike brand- en skadebeheermaatreëls, Dickerson s'n Die bemanning moes die skip laat vaar toe die woedende brande haar voorwaartse tydskrif bedreig. Vier en vyftig offisiere en mans, waaronder die bevelvoerder, het verlore gegaan. Bos (APD-79) en Herbert (APD-22) het bygestaan ​​om oorlewendes te red, en Bos daarin geslaag om die brande wat feitlik gesloop is, te blus Dickerson. Die smeulende hulk is na Kerama Retto gesleep, en daarna op die see gesleep en op 4 April 1945 gesink.


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