Radford II DD- 446 - Geskiedenis

Radford II DD- 446 - Geskiedenis

Radford II

(DD-446: dp. 2,940 (v.); 1,376'5 "; b. 39'7"; dr. 17'9 "; s. 35 k; cpl. 329; a. 5 5", 10 40 mm., 7 20 mm., 10 21 "tt., 6 dcp., 2 dct .; cl. Fletcher)

Die tweede Radford (DD-446) is neergelê deur die Federal Shipbuilding & Dry Dock Co., Kearny, N.J., 2 Oktober 1941, gelanseer op 3 Mei 1942, geborg deur mev Franeois E. Matthes; en in opdrag van 22 Julie 1942 het luitenant -koms. William K. Romoser in bevel.

Na afskud van die kus van New England, het Radford die brandende vervoer Wakefield (AP-21) na Halifax gesleep waar die brande geblus is. Antipubarriese patrollie aan die ooskus het gevolg en op 5 Desember is Radford aan die gang na die Stille Oseaan.

Op Noumea het Radford aangesluit by TG 67.5 waarmee sy Japannese posisies en installasies op Guadaleanal op 19 Januarie 1943 gebombardeer het. Op die nag van 23-24 Januarie val sy die vyand se verhooggebied op Kolombangara aan en het binne die volgende week drie vyandelike vliegtuie gespat. Radford trek toe terug na Tulagi, waarvandaan sy vaar om die oopsetting van die Russell -eilande deur Amerikaanse troepe te dek. Radford het Munda-vliegveld en installasies op die eiland New Georgia in die nag van 5-6 Maart 1943 beskiet en op die nagte van 15 en 16 Maart het Kolombangara gebombardeer.

Op 29 Junie het Radford saam met die First Eehelon van die Western Force na Rendova gestoom om bombardemente aan wal en antisubmarine -patrollie te verskaf om die landing van troepe te dek.

Tydens hierdie aksie het sy vyf vliegtuie neergeskiet. Op 1 Julie het sy 'n Japannese duikboot beskadig met vuurwapens en dieptekoste. Sy was betrokke by die nagoppervlakte by die Kula-golf, 5-6 Julie, terwyl sy op drie vyandelike skepe losgebrand het en oorlewendes van Helena opgetel het. Gedurende die nag van 12-13 Julie

kRadford het as 'n siftingseenheid vir TG 36.1 opgetree, terwyl die mag 'n aanvallende veg teen die 'Tokyo Express' uitgevoer het.

Op 17 Julie vertrek sy die Solomons na die New Hebrides Auckland, Nieu -Seeland en Noumea, Nieu -Caledonië. Toe sy terugkeer na Guadaleanal op 4 September, het sy 'n aantal vyandelike bote laat sink en op 25 November die Japannese duikboot I-40 na die onderkant van Makin gestuur. Na die Gilbert -eilande se bedrywighede stoom Radford na Pearl Harbor en San Francisco waar sy op 15 Desember aankom vir opknapping.

Teen 2 Februarie 1944 was Radford terug by die Majuro -atol. Op die 18de het sy tenkwaens ondersoek terwyl hulle die slagmag van die Truk -eiland aangevuur het, en daarna die aanvullingsmag na die New Hebrides begelei. In Maart het sy na die Solomons teruggekeer en geweerplekke op Bougainville afgedop.

In April na Nieu -Guinee het Radford die strand by Humboldtbaai gebombardeer ter ondersteuning van landings daar op die 22d. Sy stoom terug na die Solomons, stop by Noumea en keer vroeg in Junie terug na die Nieu -Guinee. In September het sy voortgegaan met die ondersteuning van die Nieu -Guinee -veldtog met begeleide lopies en ondersteuningsmissies.

Op 12 September vaar Radford na Pearl Harbor vir herstelwerk. Op 20 November stoom sy vir Eniwetok en Utithi. Op 4 Desember het sy 'n groep handelsvaartuie begelei na die Golf van Leyte. Sy werk daar en buite Mindoro totdat sy stoom na die Lingayengolf 4 Januarie 1945. Nadat sy die landings op Luzon ondersteun het, het sy vuursteun gelewer op die strande van die Batasn -skiereiland. Terwyl sy in die Mariveles-hawe maneuveer om die myn beskadigde La Vallette op sleeptou te neem, is Radford self beskadig deur 'n myn.

Op 20 Februarie vaar sy na Leyte Gulf, en gaan verder na Eniwetok Atoll, Pearl Harbor en San Francisco. Sy het daar gebly totdat sy herstelwerk gedoen het tot 30 September 1945. Radford het op 17 Januarie 1946 die staking geneem.

Na die omskakeling na 'n escort destroyer (DDE-446), 26 Maart 1949, spesiaal toegerus vir oorlogsvoering teen onderzeeërs, begin Radford weer op 17 Oktober 1949 in San Francisco. In Mei 1950 begelei sy Valley Forge (CVA-45) na Subiebaai en Hong Kong. Met die uitbreek van die Koreaanse konflik is sy na Korea gestuur waar sy opereer het totdat sy op 9 November na Pearl Harbor teruggekeer het.

Radford, wat die volgende jaar besig was met opknapping en tipes opleiding in Pearl Harbor, vaar op 19 November 1951 vir operasies saam met Task Force 77, 'n vinnige stakende groep, van Korea af. Ander operasies het haar gevind met Britse eenhede aan die weskus van die omstrede skiereiland en stomend naby die kus vir bombardement en om mynevee -operasies te ondersteun. Sy het ook oorlewendes uit die gegronde SS Eastorr aan die kus van Japan gered, voordat sy 21 Junie 1952 na Pearl Harbor teruggekeer het.

Radford het Pearl Harbor op 4 September 1952 goedgekeur vir operasies op patrollie en in oefeninge in die westelike Stille Oseaan, gebaseer in Eniwetok. Sy keer terug na Pearl Harbor 25 November vir tipe opleiding tot 3 Mei 1953, toe sy op pad is na die Verre Ooste. Nog een Radford het met TF 77 gewerk en die ooskus van Korea gebombardeer. Van 12 tot 22 Julie, saam met Manchester (CL-83), stoom sy uit die Wonsan-hawe, skiet op teikens in die omgewing van Mode Pamlo, en stap later die hawe self binne. Na diens op die suidelike patrollie in die Taiwanestraat, keer sy 30 November terug na Pearl Harbor.

Gedurende die volgende 16 jaar wissel Radford bedrywighede in die Hawaiiaanse gebied af met ontplooiings na die Verre Ooste. Gedurende hierdie tydperk het sy 11 WestPae -vaarte gemaak, wat in 1954, 1955 en 1956 diens gedoen het by die Taiwan Patrol en in 1957, 1958 en 1959 in Japannese waters gewerk het. Op 25 Maart 1960 het sy die Amerikaanse vlootwerf in Pearl Harbor binnegegaan om haar te begin. 7 maande lange FRAM (Fleet Rehabilitation and. Modernization) II-opknapping, wat haar 'n helikopterhanger en vliegdek gegee het. Gedurende 1961 werk sy voortdurend in die Hawaiiaanse gebied, op 19 Junie die neus -ekon van Discocerer XXV en haal 5 vissers uit die see op 16 November.

Op 5 Februarie 1962 vaar Radford na die westelike Stille Oseaan as 'n eenheid van Antisubmarine Warfare Task Group 70.4, bestaande uit Bennington (CVS-20) en die agt vernietigers van Destroyer Divisions 252 en 92. Sy het deelgeneem aan gesamentlike SEATO-operasies, is na die Suid-China ontbied Sea om te help om die Laotiese krisis in Mei die hoof te bied, en is in Junie na die Straat van Taiwan ontbied weens swaar kommunistiese opbou in die gebied. Sy keer terug na Pearl Harbor op 18 Julie en word weer DD-446 op 7 Augustus 1962. Op 3 Oktober was Radford 'n paar honderd kilometer oos van Midway Tsland gestasioneer in die vierde baanherstelgebied vir Project Mercury se Sigma 7-vlug.

In 'n opknapping van 1963 is Sonar en DASH -toerusting met veranderlike diepte geïnstalleer. Radford stoom weer na WestPae in 1963, 1965 en 1966. Gedurende 1967, 1968 en 1969 het sy op die Yankee -stasie geopereer en Viet Cong -teikens in Suid -Viëtnam gebombardeer. Radford word uit San Francisco ontmantel en is op 10 November 1969 uit die vlootlys gehaal om vir afval verkoop te word.

Radford verdien 12 gevegsterre vir diens van die Tweede Wêreldoorlog, vyf strydsterre vir Koreaanse oorlogsdiens; en vier vir Vietnam -diens.


USS Radford DD-446 (1942-1969)

Versoek 'n GRATIS pakkie en kry die beste inligting en hulpbronne oor mesothelioom oornag by u afgelewer.

Alle inhoud is kopiereg 2021 | Oor ons

Advokaat adverteer. Hierdie webwerf word geborg deur Seeger Weiss LLP met kantore in New York, New Jersey en Philadelphia. Die hoofadres en telefoonnommer van die firma is Challengerweg 55, Ridgefield Park, New Jersey, (973) 639-9100. Die inligting op hierdie webwerf word slegs vir inligtingsdoeleindes verskaf en is nie bedoel om spesifieke regs- of mediese advies te verskaf nie. Moenie ophou om die voorgeskrewe medikasie te neem sonder om eers met u dokter te konsulteer nie. As u die voorgeskrewe medikasie staak sonder die advies van u dokter, kan dit tot besering of die dood lei. Vorige resultate van Seeger Weiss LLP of sy prokureurs waarborg of voorspel nie 'n soortgelyke uitkoms met betrekking tot toekomstige aangeleenthede nie. As u 'n wettige outeursreghouer is en meen dat 'n bladsy op hierdie webwerf buite die grense van 'billike gebruik' val en inbreuk maak op die outeursreg van u kliënt, kan ons gekontak word oor kopieregaangeleenthede by [email  protected]


RADFORD DD 446

Hierdie afdeling bevat 'n lys van die name en benamings wat die skip gedurende sy leeftyd gehad het. Die lys is in chronologiese volgorde.

    Fletcher Class Destroyer
    Keel gelê 2 Oktober 1941 - van stapel gestuur op 3 Mei 1942

Vloeibedekkings

Hierdie afdeling bevat 'n lys van aktiewe skakels na die bladsye met voorblaaie wat met die skip verband hou. Daar moet 'n aparte stel bladsye vir elke naam van die skip wees (byvoorbeeld, Bushnell AG-32 / Sumner AGS-5 is verskillende name vir dieselfde skip, dus moet daar een stel bladsye vir Bushnell en een stel vir Sumner wees) . Omslae moet in chronologiese volgorde aangebied word (of so goed as wat bepaal kan word).

Aangesien 'n skip baie omslae kan hê, kan dit onder baie bladsye verdeel word, sodat dit nie vir ewig neem om die bladsye te laai nie. Elke bladsyskakel moet vergesel wees van 'n datumreeks vir die voorblaaie op daardie bladsy.

Poststempels

Hierdie afdeling bevat voorbeelde van die posmerke wat die skip gebruik. Daar moet 'n aparte stel posmerke vir elke naam en/of ingebruiknemingsperiode wees. Binne elke stel moet die posmerke in volgorde van hul klassifikasietipe gelys word. As meer as een posstempel dieselfde klassifikasie het, moet hulle verder gesorteer word op datum van die vroegste bekende gebruik.

'N Posstempel moet nie ingesluit word nie, tensy dit vergesel is van 'n close-up beeld en/of 'n beeld van 'n omslag wat die posstempel toon. Datumreekse MOET SLEGS op DEKKINGS IN DIE MUSEUM gebaseer wees en dit sal na verwagting verander namate meer voorblaaie bygevoeg word.
 
& gt & gt & gt As u 'n beter voorbeeld vir een van die posmerke het, kan u die bestaande voorbeeld vervang.

Poststempel
---
Killer Bar -teks

Eerste ingebruikneming 22 Julie 1942 tot 17 Januarie 1946

Die skip se rompnommer word verkeerdelik as DD-466 in die kansellasie aangegee.

2de ingebruikneming 17 Oktober 1949 tot 10 November 1969

Soos DDE-446
Eerste dag posdiens

Soos DD-446
USCS Postmark Catalog toon tipe 2 (n+), daar is duidelik geen hakies nie

Ander inligting

RADFORD verdien 12 gevegsterre vir diens van die Tweede Wêreldoorlog, 5 gevegsterre vir Koreaanse oorlogsdiens en 4 vir diens in Viëtnam

NAAMSAAM - Adm. William Radford (1 Maart 1808 - 8 Januarie 1890)
Radford betree die Amerikaanse vloot gedurende 1825. Hy was die bevelvoerder van die landingsgeselskap van WARREN wat die Mexikaanse oorlogskip MALEK ADHEL in Mazatlan verower het en aan ander Stille Oseaan -kusoperasies van die Mexikaanse oorlog deelgeneem het. Tydens die burgeroorlog was hy bevelvoerder oor die noodlottige CUMBERLAND, maar was aan boord van die fregat ROANOKE as lid van 'n ondersoekhof toe sy skip deur die Konfederale Kazemat Ram VIRGINIA aangeval is. Kaptein Radford was daarna bevelvoerder oor die pantservaartuig NEW IRONSIDES tydens die aanvalle van die Unie op Fort Fisher in Desember 1864 en in Januarie 1865. In 1866 en 1870 word hy aangestel as die Europese eskader. 8 1890

As u prente of inligting het wat u op hierdie bladsy kan byvoeg, kontak dan die kurator of redigeer hierdie bladsy self en voeg dit by. Sien Bewerk skeepsbladsye vir gedetailleerde inligting oor die redigering van hierdie bladsy.


USS Radford -tuiste vir blywende vriendskappe

Tydens die oorlog in Viëtnam het die Radford seevuurondersteuning verleen en vliegdekskepe begelei tydens die Golf van Tonkin -voorval in 1964. Die vernietiger het tydens die daaropvolgende Viëtnamese oorlog 'n instrumentele deel van 'n breë amfibiese aanvalstrategie geword.

Nie al die voorvalle aan boord van die Radford tydens die oorlog was gelukkig nie. 'N Besondere onvergeetlike en aangrypende oomblik het plaasgevind toe luitenant Doug Vaughan ter see gelê is - nadat hy tydens 'n verraderlike landoorlogsoperasie deur 'n Viet Cong -hinderlaag getref is.

Vaughan was 'n offisier op die Radford, en het hom tydens die oorlogsperiode as vrywilliger vir gronddiens aangemeld. Volgens Nasuti, het Vaughan se naaste hoërskoolvriend (en mede -matroos) in 'n onverwagte toeval die opdrag gekry om Vaughan aan wal te vervang. Tragies genoeg is Vaughan se vriend beseer terwyl hy by 'n spesiale militêre oorlewingsskool was en het hy nie 'n kans gekry om Vaughan te sien voor sy dood nie.

Vaughan se pligsbesef en toewyding aan die sending het 'n blywende herinnering onder sy mede -dienslede geïnspireer. 'Ek voel bevoorreg en geëerd om hierdie stories te kan vertel, om die herinneringe aan hierdie veterane en mense wat gedien het, lewend te hou,' het Nasuti gesê.

Die Radford is uiteindelik in 1969 ontmantel en 'n jaar later vir afval verkoop, maar nie sonder 'n laaste oomblik nie, toe sy loskom van die sleepboot wat haar van Kalifornië na Portland, Oregon sleep, wat 'n jaagtog van 34 myl tot gevolg het. Oregon -kus om haar te gaan haal. Altesaam het die Radford twaalf gevegsterre en twee presidensiële eenheidsaanhalings ontvang vir diens van die Tweede Wêreldoorlog, vyf strydsterre vir die Koreaanse Oorlog, vier vir die Viëtnam -oorlog en die ekspedisie -medalje van die weermag.

Tans kan memorabilia van die Radford, insluitend foto's, uniforms en uitstallings oor die skip en haar diens, gevind word by die USS Orleck Naval Museum in Lake Charles, Louisiana.


Adm. William Radford

William Radford was 'n agteradmiraal van die Amerikaanse vloot wat tydens die Mexikaanse Amerikaanse oorlog en die Amerikaanse burgeroorlog diens gedoen het, ondanks sy geboorte in Virginia. Radford beveel die Ironclad -afdeling in die aanvalle op Fort Fisher (Desember 1864/Januarie 1865) om die beheer van die Unie oor Cape Fear uit te voer.

Op 23 Desember 1806 trou John Radford [27 Mei 1785 – 15 April 1817 (31 jaar oud)] met Harriet Kennerly [28 Julie 1788 – 25 Desember 1831 (43 jaar)] in Fincastle, Virginia te. Santillane, die boedel van haar oom George Hancock. By die troue was William Clark direk van die Corps of Discovery -ondersoek.

Daar is 'n teenstrydigheid oor William se geboortedatum, met 'n paar verwysings wat dit op 1 Maart 1808 gee, maar familierekords en die Amerikaanse federale sensusvorms ondersteun die datum van 1809.

Nadat William in Fincastle gebore is, verhuis die Radfords na Lewis County, Kentucky naby Maysville, waar William se twee broers en susters gebore is. In 1817 word vader John Radford doodgemaak deur die wilde varke wat hy gejag het. Weduwee Harriet het haar drie kinders na Saint Louis, Missouri, verhuis om by haar broers en eerste neef Judith & quotJulia & quot; Hancock Clark, vrou van William Clark, aan te sluit. Die Radfords woon by haar broer James Kennerly.

Julia Clark beswyk op 27 Junie 1820. Weduwee William Clark trou met Harriet op 28 November 1821 in Saint Louis, neem die Radford -kinders aan en voeg drie kinders by tot hul gesamentlike gesin:

Harriet Clark [datums onbekend oorlede as baba]. Jefferson Kearny Clark [29 Februarie 1824 – 10 Januarie 1900 (75 jaar)] Edmund Clark [9 September 1826 – 12 Augustus 1827 (0 jaar)] Na sy ma se tweede huwelik het Radford aanvanklik geweier om te verhuis in die Clark -huis in, sodat hy na 'n skool in Perth Amboy, New Jersey, gestuur is, waar hy kennis gemaak het met die see. Hy het die stiefpa William Clark gevra vir 'n aanbeveling aan die Amerikaanse vloot. Clark het 'n persoonlike versoek aan president John Quincy Adams gestuur.

William Clark se dagboeke noem Radford wat hom in 1824 van Saint Louis na Washington, DC vergesel het. Op 29 April 1825 besoek Lafayette 'n besoek aan Saint Louis, waar William Clark sy verblyf aanbied en Radford voorstel, niemand weet dat Radford 'n lid van die bemanning sou wees wat Lafayette na Frankryk sou vaar nie.

Radford het in die herfs van 1828 'n ander Clark -reis na Washington, DC onderneem. 'N Uitstappie vroeg in Januarie 1829 om die stiefbroer Meriwether Lewis Clark by West Point te besoek, is laat vaar weens ysvlakke op die Hudsonrivier. Nadat hulle die inhuldiging van president Andrew Jackson gesien het, keer hulle terug na Saint Louis.

Radford is op 1 Maart 1825 in die Amerikaanse vloot as middelskip aanvaar. Hy meld 1 Augustus 1825 aan by kaptein Charles Morris vir diens aan boord van Brandywine by Washington Navy Yard. Terwyl die skip normaalweg slegs 8 tot 10 vaartuie vervoer het, het president Adams 'n totaal van 24, ten minste een uit elke staat, aangestel om die terugkeer van Lafayette na Frankryk te herdenk. Radford verteenwoordig die deelstaat Missouri.

Lafayette is op 9 Oktober 1825 by Le Havre afgelewer. Van daar af was Brandywine verbonde aan die Mediterreense eskader onder kommodore John Rodgers. By die vertrek van Brandywine 25 Februarie 1826, het Radford oorgegaan na die Grondwet om in die Middellandse See te bly en die Griekse Onafhanklikheidsoorlog en staatsgreep teen die Janissaries te monitor. Rodgers is opgevolg deur Commodore William Crane 30 Maart 1827. Grondwet, wat groot herstelwerk benodig, word teruggeroep na Boston Navy Yard wat op 4 Julie 1828 aankom.

Radford keer terug na Saint Louis en ontvang op 10 Augustus 1829 bevele om by Erie by die Norfolk Naval Shipyard aan te sluit by die Wes -Indiese eskader onder bevel van kommodoor Charles Ridgely. Radford is bevorder tot die verbygaan van die raadsman op 4 Junie 1831 en aangemeld vir diens in Philadelphia Naval Shipyard. In September 1831 het hy 'n ses maande verlof aangevra en was hy saam met sy ma Harriet toe sy op 25 Desember 1831, Kersdag oorlede is. Hy is toe 'n voorval aangegaan as gevolg van die algemene stagnasie van vlootsake.

Radford is in Februarie 1834 by die ontvangende skip Sea Gull in Philadelphia aangestel. In Junie 1834 keer hy terug na die Mediterreense eskader aan boord van John Adams as waarnemende meester. Hy het in November 1834 'n aanval van cholera gekry en is aan wal gestuur om in die suide van Frankryk te herstel. Hy was nog steeds in Januarie 1836 geteister, en hy was in New Orleans, Louisiana, en het gedurende Oktober 1836 herstel by die huis van sy oom William Radford II in Lynchburg, Virginia.

Op 9 Februarie 1837 word Radford aangestel as luitenant. In September sluit hy weer by die Wes -Indiese eskader aan, rapporteer aan kommodoor Alexander Dallas en veg in die tweede Seminole -oorlog. Die eerste reis van Preble het Radford in Junie 1840 na Labrador geneem. In November keer hy terug vir 'n derde toer saam met die Mediterreense eskader, Commodore Isaac Hull in beheer. Op 6 Maart 1841, weens die Oregon -vraag, is Radford via Brandywine na New York ontbied.

Radford het Mei 1841 na Norfolk gereis vir diens op Pennsylvania. Op 20 Desember 1841 ontvang hy Ontario as sy eerste bevel en lewer dit van New York af na die Rendezvous in New Orleans, waar sy as ontvangende skip diens doen. Hy is onthef van die werwingsbesonderhede in Augustus 1843, en hy is beveel aan boord van die eerste vaart van Savannah, waar sy die vlagskip van die Stille Oseaan -eskader geword het vir kommodoor Alexander Dallas.

Radford was op 24 April 1844 verbonde aan Warren en het die Society Islands, Sandwich Islands en die westelike kuslyn van die Amerikas besoek. Commodore Dallas sterf in Callao, Peru en word vervang deur Commodore John Sloat. Radford se brief van Januarie 1845 aan swaer Stephen Kearny het voorspel dat Kalifornië nooit 'n baie digbevolkte land kan wees nie en Oregon is nog nie 'n baie wenslike land nie, en moet volgens regte 'n paar besittings op die Stille Oseaan hê. Hy noem ook dat & quotdysentery sewe van die bemanning vermoor het & dat & quot ek self gevaarlik siek was & quot.

Teen Mei 1845 op Callao is hy weer verswak deur disenterie tot 'n mate dat skeepschirurge aanbeveel het dat hy van die skip verwyder moet word en 'n gunstiger klimaat ". Hy bly egter aan boord en patrolleer teen middel 1845 aan die kus van Kalifornië, waar gerugte van oorlog met Mexiko heers.

By die bereiking van Honolulu op 4 Oktober 1845 is bevele ontvang dat die eskader sodra Mexiko oorlog verklaar het, die hawens moet blokkeer of beset as wat mag toelaat. Warren het op 16 Oktober terugkeer na Mazatl án om die aanvang van die oorlog af te wag. Maande het verloop tot 6 Junie 1846, toe die bevestiging van William Maxwell Wood aangekom het dat die landoorlog begin het. Warren het by Mazatl án gebly terwyl die ander skepe van die eskader hawens langs die kus van Kalifornië verower het, meestal met die inwoners wat saamwerk. Engelse oorlogskepe, wat ook op nuus oor oorlog wag, het te laat gereageer om hul protektoraatvlae aan Mexiko te bied.

Warren het Mazatl án met versendings uit Washington, DC verlaat en op 17 Augustus 1846 in Monterey aangekom om Commodore Robert Stockton in beheer van die Pacific Squadron te vind. Weer beveel om die blokkade van Mazatl án te hervat, kom Warren vroeg op 7 September om die Mexikaanse oorlogskip Malek Adhel in die hawe te vind. Radford was die bevelvoerder van die instapgeselskap wat gedurende die siësta -uur ingesit het en die luike veilig vasgemaak het terwyl die hele bemanning onder die dek was. In die loop van die volgende maande is & quot13 of 14 & quot; ekstra skepe deur die blokkade gevang, wat verdere bedreiging van die Mexikaanse vloot uitgeskakel het.

Ten spyte van die gemak van die verowering van Kalifornië vir die vloot, het vyandelikhede op die land voortgeduur totdat 'n vlag van wapenstilstand op 10 Januarie 1848 deur inwoners van Los Angeles afgelewer is. Generaal Stephen Kearny besoek sy broer, 17 Februarie 1848. -wet by Yerba Buena. Na byna vier jaar in die buiteland, is Radford verlof toegestaan ​​om op 31 Mei 1847 te vertrek na Kairny en sy troepe.

Radford arriveer terug in Saint Louis op 28 Augustus 1847. Hy is op 20 Desember 1847 beveel om in die krygsraad van John C. Fr émont by die Washington Arsenal te getuig. 'N Verlof is op 2 Maart 1848 goedgekeur, wat daarop dui dat Radford voornemens is om Mexiko saam met generaal Kearny te besoek, maar sy brief van 3 Julie 1848 is uit New York gestuur om 'n verlenging van drie maande. Hy het sy neef William Preston Griffin by Morristown, New Jersey, ontmoet, Mary Lovell ontmoet, met haar getrou en daar gevestig. Hy het tot 21 Januarie 1851 oorgeplaas na sy toewysing by die Rendezvous in New York.

Op 26 Julie 1851 neem Radford die bevel oor Lexington en vaar weer na die Pacific Squadron. Teen Maart 1852 arriveer hy in San Francisco, waar hy met broer John en swaer Benjamin Lovell ontmoet het. Op pad huis toe het 'n brief van sy skoonpa, Joseph Lovell, meegedeel dat Radford se babaseun, Willie, oorlede is. Op 22 September 1852 los van Lexington, keer Radford terug na Morristown.

Vir die tydperk 1852 tot 1860 is Radford ondanks sy aansoeke om 'n bevel aangewys in Radford. Drie jaar lank het hy by die Brooklyn Navy Yard gewerk en vir talle krygshowe getuig. In Junie 1855 kry hy bevel van die Amerikaanse stoomskip City of Boston om te voorkom dat skepe wat met filibustering -ekspedisies verbind word, die hawe verlaat. Op 20 Julie is hy aangestel as lid van 'n komitee om ondersoek in te stel en oor die verskillende reddingsbote verslag te doen. Gedurende hierdie jare het hy weer van sy woning in Morristown gereis.

Radford was gelukkig om 'n kommissie te ontvang as bevelvoerder op 14 September 1855. Gedurende 1855 en vroeg in 1856 het promosies in die vloot tot stilstand gekom, deels weens die tekort aan skepe. Baie beamptes het verlof gekry om die bevel te neem oor handelskepe (soos U.S. Mail -stoombooters) teen aansienlik hoër salarisse. Om hierdie probleem te oorkom, is 'n Naval Retirement Board gestig wat die ouer offisiere ontstel, maar jonger lede van die diens juig.

Hy neem die bevel oor Dacotah op 23 April 1860 en vaar na Hong Kong as 'n eenheid van die Oos -Indiese eskader vir Commodore Cornelius Stribling. Na die aanvang van die burgeroorlog is beide Radford en Stribling van hul bevele onthef en beveel om Washington, DC terug te keer ondanks hul getuigskrifte aan die Unie. Commodore Samuel Du Pont in Washington, DC het aan Radford se vrou Mary verduidelik dat, met die aantal afvallighede van beide die weermag en die vloot, alle offisiere uit slawestate geëvalueer moet word vir risiko. Radford het op 12 Oktober 1861 huis toe gekom, ernstig siek met pokke, maar het vinnig herstel. Na 'n onderhoud met die sekretaris van die vloot Gideon Welles, is hy heraangestel as inspekteur van die Third Lighthouse District in New York.

Op 8 Februarie 1862 aanvaar Radford die bevel oor Cumberland. Hy was aan boord van Roanoke as lid van 'n Naval Board of Inquiry 8 Maart 1862, toe sy skip deur die Konfederale ram Virginia gesink is tydens die Slag van Hampton Roads.

'N Vlootraad het in April 1862 by die Naval Academy Preparatory School byeengeroep met Radford as lid. Hy ontvang op 10 Junie 1862 tydelike diens as uitvoerende beampte van Brooklyn Navy Yard onder bevel van agteradmiraal Hiram Paulding. Die opdrag strek oor byna twee jaar waarin honderde vaartuie vir die vloot toegerus en ingerig is. Radford ontvang promosie tot kaptein op 16 Julie 1862 en daarna na kommodoor 24 April 1863.

Op 15 Mei 1864 is Radford aangesê om by die admiraal John Dahlgren in Philadelphia aan te meld vir die bevel oor die pantservaartuig New Ironsides. By aankoms is vasgestel dat die skip herstelwerk nodig het, sodat Radford verlig is en gedurende Julie 1864 aan 'n vlootraad in Washington, DC, beveel word. Hy is op 16 Augustus 1864 weer na New Ironsides toegetree en het by die North Atlantic Blockade Squadron by Hampton Roads aangesluit. Admiraal David Porter het 'n vloot bymekaargemaak om Fort Fisher aan te val vir die beheer van Cape Fear River. Hy het Radford onder bevel van die Ironclad -afdeling geplaas, bestaande uit vlagskip New Ironsides, Dictator, Monadnock, Canonicus, Saugus en Mahopac tydens aanvalle op Fort Fisher in Desember 1864 en in Januarie 1865. David Porter het Radford se steun aan die Unie -magte aan wal en agt geprys. lede van sy bemanning is bekroon met die Erepenning.

New Ironsides vaar op 24 Januarie 1865 met die James -rivier op na Bermuda Honderd om die voorraad van die Army of the Potomac te beskerm teen 'n bedreigde aanval deur konfederale ramme tydens die beleg van Petersburg. Radford neem die leiding oor die flottielie wat daar vergader is en koördineer met generaals Ulysses Grant en Edward Ord. Radford het sy vlag na Dumbarton oorgeplaas toe New Ironsides op 18 Februarie 1865 na die Norfolk Naval -werf gestuur is vir herstelwerk. Met die einde van die oorlog naby, vertrek Dumbarton van die James River op 22 Maart 1865, en offisiere en bemanning is by aankoms by die Washington Navy Yard losgemaak.

Op 4 April 1865 seil Radford Phlox uit Washington, DC die James River op en arriveer die volgende aand by City Point, Virginia. Van daar af het hy vise -president Andrew Johnson en Preston King na Richmond, Virginia en terug vervoer. President Abraham Lincoln was reeds in Richmond, sonder 'n begeleiding deur enige van sy kabinette, om die ondergang van die Konfederale vesting te sien. Hy was opgewonde oor die aankoms van Johnson en King en beveel Radford om albei sy passasiers elders te hou. Terwyl hy twee dae lank vasgemeer was, het Radford ontdek dat stiefbroer Meriwether Clark 'n krygsgevangene was en hom aan boord van Phlox gebring het om te wag vir vrylating.

Commodore Radford is op 28 April 1865 aangestel om die Noord -Atlantiese Eskader as waarnemende Admiraal te beveel. Hy het sy vlag op 15 Mei 1865 van Phlox na Malvern oorgeplaas, wat tydens sy ampstermyn sy vlagskip gebly het. Hy is op 10 Oktober 1865 gebel om toesig te hou oor die Washington Navy Yard. Hy het in November sy vrou, twee dogters en drie seuns van New Jersey na 'n huis in Washington, DC verhuis.

In Maart 1866 is Radford verkies as 'n metgesel van die Pennsylvania Commandery of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Hy word op 25 Julie 1866 tot admiraal bevorder.

Radford het Washington, 20 Januarie 1869, met sy gesin op sleeptou verlaat en in New York aangekom om Franklin na Lissabon, Portugal aan te gaan. Na sewentien dae van stormagtige deurgang, het Radford aangekom om die Europese eskader aan te neem en het alle aangehegte vaartuie, Ticonderoga, Richmond, Swatara, Frolic en Guard, aangetref wat op die anker in die hawe lê en wag vir sy bevele.

Terwyl Radford sy pligte verrig het, reis sy gesin saam met hom op Franklin na Spanje, Algiers, Frankryk, Nederland en Italië. Gedurende 1870 het die kinders skool gegaan in Lausanne, Switserland. 'N Maand na die uitbreek van die Frans-Pruisiese Oorlog het Radford sy bevel op 10 Augustus 1870 aan die admiraal Oliver Glisson prysgegee. Hy het na Lausanne gereis om sy kinders te gaan haal, en geglo dat enige gevegte ver sou wees. Na die aankoms in Parys het die oorgawe van die Franse leër op 2 September 1870 die Radford -gesin veroorsaak dat die oprukkende Pruisiese leër gevlug het. By Havre het hulle 'n kommersiële deur na die Verenigde State onderhandel.

Radford is op 1 Maart 1870 deur die vloot gelys as afgetrede. Vanaf 1 Oktober 1870, gedurende die volgende twee jaar, dien hy egter op verskeie Naval Boards of Research onder voorsitterskap van admiraal Joseph Smith, admiraal Theodorus Bailey en vise -admiraal. Stephen Rowan.

Radford trou met Mary & quotMinnie & Elizabeth Lovell [12 April 1829 – 27 Oktober 1903 (74 jaar oud)] in St. Peter's Church, Morristown, New Jersey, 3 November 1848. Die seremonie was bewolk weens die afsterwe van broer-in -wet Stephen Kearny 'n paar dae tevore. Die Radfords woon byna twintig jaar lank in Mount Kemble Avenue in 'n huis wat voorheen in besit was van John Doughty.

Kinders van William en Elizabeth (almal gebore in Morristown, New Jersey behalwe Henry wat in Washington, DC gebore is) was: [14]: 77 Mary Lovell Radford William Radford Sophie Adelaide Radford Stephen Kearny Radford George Reginald Radford Edmund Ironsides Radford en Henry Carlton Radford.

Dogter Sophie het 'n skrywer geword, insluitend 'n toneelstuk wat op Broadway vervaardig is en haar pa se biografie Old Naval Days.

Seun George Reginald en kleinseun William Radford Coyle (uit die afstamming van dogter Mary Lovell Radford Coyle) getroud met susters. Mary en Jane Dodson was onderskeidelik dogters van Weston Dodson, stigter van Weston Dodson & amp Company in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. Coyle dien drie termyne uit Pennsylvania as lid van die Amerikaanse Huis van Verteenwoordigers.

Kleindogter Mary Lovell Radford (uit die afstamming van seun Stephen Kearny Radford) het op 5 April 1918 tydens die Eerste Wêreldoorlog die USS Radford (DD-120) gelanseer, 'n vernietiger van die Wickes-klas wat na haar oupa vernoem is.

Kleindogter Edith Lovell Coyle (uit dogter Mary Lovell Radford Coyle se afstamming) trou met Fran çois E. Matthes. Op 13 Mei 1942 tydens die Tweede Wêreldoorlog het sy die USS Radford (DD-446) gelanseer, 'n vernietiger van die Fletcher-klas in die Amerikaanse vloot wat na haar oupa vernoem is.

Agterkleindogter (uit die afstamming van seun Stephen Kearny Radford) Rosemary Radford Ruether was pionier in die feministiese teologie.

Toe die Brandywine in 1825 in Frankryk aankom, het Radford 'n stel eetkamerstoele gekoop wat hy teruggestuur het na die Clark -huishouding in St. Louis, Missouri. Die Clark -familie het na hulle verwys as die & quotLafayette Stoele & quot; volgens die beroemde passasier van die reis.

Radford het as getuie ten minste drie verdrae tussen die Verenigde State en die Indiese nasies onderteken. Hy het die seremonies bygewoon saam met stiefpa William Clark, wat as Superintendent van Indiese Sake gedien het.

Radford het 'n elegante Victoriaanse herehuis gedurende 1875 om 1736 (nou 1734) N Street NW in die DuPont Circle -woonbuurt in Washington, DC, gebou. Dit is nou die General Federation of Women's Clubs Headquarters.

Twee skepe van die Amerikaanse vloot is ter ere van hom die USS Radford genoem.

Hy het tydens die oorlog met Mexiko in die Stille Oseaan gedien en bevel gegee oor die party wat die Malek Adel in Mazatlan in 1847 uitgesny het. Op 14 September 1855 word hy bevelvoerder oor die fregat USS Cumberland. Bevorder kaptein op 16 Julie 1862 en Commodore, 24 April 1863, dien hy as krygshof in Fort Monroe.

As bevelvoerder van New Ironsides in die North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, het Commodore Radford gelei tot die ysterbekledingsafdeling van admiraal Porter se eskader, die grootste taakspan van die burgeroorlog tydens twee aanvalle op Fort Fisher, wat Wilmington, Noord -Carolina in Desember 1864 en Januarie 1865 verdedig het. .

In aksie op Oukersaand, het admiraal Porter berig dat New Ironsides haar posisie op die mooiste en seemanliker manier ingeneem het, haar veer uitgehaal het en doelbewus op die fort wat met al sy gewere op haar losgebrand het, losgebrand het. . . hulle is stilgemaak sodra die New Ironsides haar wonderlike battery oopmaak. . . Bevelvoerder Radford het 'n baie goeie orde getoon, nie net om sy vaartuig te bestry en te bestuur nie, maar ook om sy afdeling te versorg. Sy vaartuig het meer teregstelling gedoen as enige ander in die vloot, en ek het soveel vertroue in die akkuraatheid van sy vuur dat selfs toe ons troepe op die skutstut was, is hy aangesê om die deurkruisings van die vyand voor hulle op te ruim. Dit het hy die doeltreffendste gedoen, maar die oorwinning was moontlik nie ons s'n nie.

Na die oorlog, op 25 Julie 1866, word Commodore Radford as Admiraal bevorder. Hy was bevelvoerder van die Europese eskader vanaf 1869 tot met sy aftrede op 1 Maart 1870.


Radford II DD- 446 - Geskiedenis

Na die voltooiing van haar strydgereedheidsoefeninge aan die kus van New England, het die USS DeHaven (DD-469) het op 8 November 1942 na Norfolk, Virginia, na die Suidelike Stille Oseaan vertrek. By DeHaven, op 7 Desember, by Guadalcanal aangekom, is sy as begeleier aangestel en het verskeie reise tussen Guadalcanal en Espiritu Santo onderneem totdat sy by Task aangestel is. Groep 67.5 op 20 Januarie 1943.

In die nag van die 24ste het DeHaven, saam met twee vernietigers en twee kruisers, van Kolombangara-eiland af aangekom om vyandelike installasies op die Villa-Stanmore-plantasies te bombardeer. Daarna jaag die skepe uit die Kula-golf en word spoedig deur 'n woedende vyand agtervolg, hoofsaaklik 'n kudde tweemotorige bomwerpers. Danksy 'n sterk bewolkte lug, af en toe reënbui, DeHaven's groep kon nie gevind word nie, ondanks die vyand se poging om die skepe op te spoor deur fakkels te laat val. Op 1 Februarie, DeHaven, saam met die vernietigers O 'Bannon (DD-450), Nicholas (DD-449), Radford (DD-446) en 'n tender vir 'n watervliegtuig, het ses landingsvaartuie begelei om 'n strandkop by Morovovo, Guadalcanal, te vestig. With the assistance of Marine fighters from Henderson Field, the landings were achieved without difficulty However, an enemy scout plane pilot had sighted the activity and notified his base.

After the landing craft disembarked their troops, DeHaven and Nichol were ordered to escort them back to their station, while Radford remained offshore to provide bombardment if necessary. Meanwhile, a dispatch was received warning of an impending air attack.

At 1445, DeHaven's crew rushed to their battle stations. While lookouts scanned the skies and the horizon, gun crews were standing by their weapons, tensely waiting. In the confines of the sweltering engineering spaces, the heavily perspiring "black gang" checked their machinery, watched water levels on their boilers and scores of water, air and steam gauges, and stood by to "answer all bells."

Throughout other parts of the destroyer, damage control parties closed watertight doors and hatches and nearby, within easy reach, was all the equipment needed to fight fires, flooding and shore up bulkheads axes, lumber, portable pumps, battle lanterns, fire hoses and more. In the wardroom and after living spaces, Pharmacist's Mates grimly stood by for casualties that were expected to be certain to arrive. All that could be done was accomplished within a few moments. Nou DeHaven and her crew were ready.

At about 1457, a swarm of 14 aircraft was sighted off DeHaven's starboard beam at a distance of 25,000 yards. At first, it appeared as though the enemy had not seen the tiny convoy and, for a time, the aircraft remained on their original course. Then, suddenly, six aircraft broke away from the formation and streaked toward the destroyers and their charges.

DeHaven's guns, as well as Nicholas' and those on the landing craft, opened up. Fiery tracers stabbed into the oncoming flock, with bursts of flak blossoming about the planes. Three of the aircraft were sent spiraling in flames into the sea. The remaining three bolted through the heavy mantle of flak and AA fire and, for some reason, singled out DeHaven as their choice target.

Four bombs plunged down upon the destroyer, one of which struck the bridge, killing and wounding all personnel within the structure. Lying dead among the ruins was her captain, Commander Charles E. Tolman. Two bombs smashed on her bow and another exploded below her waterline, splitting open her hull plating.

Severely crippled, DeHaven lost all power, came to a halt and began to settle swiftly by the bow. Five minutes after the last bomb had hit, the destroyer's bow was well under, her stern high out of the water. Ensign C.L. Williams, the only officer who was not wounded, realized that DeHaven was going down and passed the word to abandon ship. While the personnel below decks were scrambling to escape from out of the topsy-turvy hell in the lower compartments, DeHaven suddenly upended and plunged to her watery grave, taking 167 members of her crew down with her, to rest forever on the floor of "Iron Bottom Sound."

Van Blood on the Sea-American Destroyers Lost in World War II by Robert Sinclair Parkin.

Verwante verhale

Our Muster that spells out the fate of all those who served on the 469

A Navy Information office history of the 469

Read Ernie Herr's detailed account of the Last Days of the DeHaven

Iron Bottom Sound. An illustration and actual pictures of the 469 on the bottom of "Iron Bottom Sound".

Albert L. Breining gives us a first hand account of the sinking of the 469.

A list of those that perished aboard the DeHaven DD-469

Jap Dive-Bombing Attack-an account of the attack by Foster Hailey a war correspondent aboard the Nicholas during the attack

Read about the 469 and her sisters in World War II s most decorated destroyer squadron, DesRon 21


This is a continuation of the Mid-Watch in Verse series. A Deck Log from a US Navy vessel chronicles exacting administrative detail regarding the status of the ship, it’s location, speed, etc. However, for a four hour period at the &hellip Continue reading &rarr

This is a continuation of the Mid-Watch in Verse series. A Deck Log from a US Navy vessel chronicles exacting administrative detail regarding the status of the ship, it’s location, speed, etc. However, for a four hour period at the &hellip Continue reading &rarr


Radford II DD- 446 - History

Canal Fulton Heritage Society: (OH) Visit the Canal Fulton Heritage Society where the canal history describs how the canal was constructed at great expense for a small poor state of 600,000. Although farmers were raising bumper crops in the rich Ohio soil, without outlets to the eastern markets, they could find no buyers for their produce. A solution was devised by building "The Big Ditch" as some called it. Once the canal was in operation in 1827, from Akron to Cleveland, prices for wheat rose from ten cents a bushel to a dollar a bushel! Ohio almost overnight went from being one of the poorest states to one of the richest.

Fairport Marine Museum: (OH) The Fairport Harbor Marine Museum is the first Great Lakes lighthouse marine museum in the State of Ohio as well as the United States. The museum was founded in 1945 by the Fairport Harbor Historical Society, which is devoted to preserving and perpetuating the historic tradition of Fairport Harbor and the Great Lakes area.

Great Lakes Marine and U.S. Coast Guard Memorial Museum at Ashtabula: (OH) The Great Lakes Marine and U.S. Coast Guard Memorial Museum, founded in 1984, is housed in the former residence of the local lighthouse keepers and Coast Guard commanders.

Historical Collections of the Great Lakes: (OH) The HCGL, a resource for serious scholars, maintains an extensive collection of photographs of vessels, people, and the ports of the Great Lakes and its connecting waterways. The Collection provides research facilities with extensive archives and photographs. A Great Lakes maritime researcher's dream.

Historic Roscoe Village: (OH) Roscoe Village is a nineteenth-century living History community in Coshocton, Ohio, near the heart of Amish Country. This section of east-central Ohio was total wilderness with no outlet for its produce except by primitive wagon roads or infrequent river rafts/boats.

I nland Rivers Library: (OH) The Sons and Daughters of Pioneer Rivermen established The Inland Rivers Library in 1956 in cooperation with the Library of Cincinnati and Hamilton County.

Inland Seas Maritime Museum: (OH) The fascinating story of Great Lakes lore is told through ship models, paintings, Exhibits and collections of artifacts such as engines, machinery and unusual items unique to the Inland Seas. The museum exhibits its collections in the former Wakefield Mansion right on Lake Erie in Vermilion, Ohio.

Lake Erie Islands Historical Society Museum: (OH) The Lake Erie Islands Historical Society, on South Bass Island at Put-in-Bay, was founded in 1985 by islanders who realized that our historical and maritime heritage treasures would soon be lost to economic development unless they created a unique museum. Here educational programs are presented each summer covering such topics such as: John Brown, Jr., Lighthouses of Western Lake Erie, Island Caves and Geology of the Great Lakes. And the museum maintains a collection of very interesting boats too.

Maritime Museum of Sandusky: (OH) Sandusky Area Maritime Center reflects maritime history from the earliest days of Great Lakes navigation where fishing was regarded as the city's principal industry, exporting over 10 million pounds annually. In the days before refrigeration, Sandusky was a leader in production of natural ice from the frozen Sandusky Bay. And Sandusky's west end was the site for the shipping of coal since 1893.

Ohio River Museum: (OH) The Ohio River Museum, in Marietta, consists of three exhibit buildings, the first of which houses displays depicting the origins and natural history of the Ohio River. The golden age of the steamboat is featured in the second building, along with a video presentation on river steamboats. The last building explores the enduring relationship between man and the river. Boat building is also featured.

Piqua Historical Area: (OH) The sixty-eight-foot General Harrison, replica of a passenger/freight boat of Ohio's canal heyday, offers mule-drawn rides on a mile-long restored section of the Miami & Erie canal at the Piqua Historical Area.

Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center: (OH) The Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center commemorates the 19th President of the U.S. in the library Museum on his beautiful 25-acre homesite where he lived from 1873 to 1893. The Center maintains collections of documents and artifacts from the prison ship Sukses which are currently on long-term loan to the Sandusky Maritime Museum.

SS Willis B. Boyer Museum Ship: (OH) The SS Willis B. Boyer Museum Ship is berthed at International Park located in the downtown Toledo. The massive 617 foot freighter has been seen as a tribute to the city's rich port heritage and the many freighters that continue to pass through the port.

Sandy and Beaver Canal: (OH) The Sandy and Beaver Canal, East Liverpool, ushered in the canal era in Ohio and began with the construction of the Ohio-Erie Canal in 1825. It connected the Ohio River at Portsmouth with Lake Erie at Cleveland. Several feeder canals were later built connecting with this important waterway to access the larger markets and promote economic development along the waterway. The Sandy & Beaver Canal was one of these feeder canals.

Steamer William G. Mather Museum: (OH) In Cleveland, Museum ships are so important to our maritime history and heritage and the Mather awaits your visit to explain the Great Lakes great ore boats.

USS Cod: (OH) The USS Cod, in Cleveland, is the last completely authentic World War II Gato Class submarine, is now a floating museum and is as she was when decommissioned. She awaits your visit both here on its webpage and in person.

USS RADFORD, DD (later DDE) 446: (OH) The USS Radford National Naval Museum at Newcomerstown, Ohio, is located at Exit 65 off Interstate 77, north of the intersection with Interstate 70. Founded by Vane Scott, president of the USS Radford Association, it was opened to the public September 2001. USS Radford, DD (later DDE) 446, was one of America&rsquos most decorated destroyers. The fifth ship of the 2100-ton Fletcher class. She was named for Rear Admiral William Radford who had overall command of the Union squadron at Hampton Roads during the battle between Monitor and Virginia in 1862. The Radford Museum is adjacent to Temperance Tavern Museum, formerly an Ohio canal and stagecoach stopover, now with displays dedicated to native sons Cy Young and Ohio State football coach Woody Hayes. Visitors to the Radford Museum will find extensive displays. Group tours are welcome. For information,please call 740-498-4446.

Warther Carving Display: (OH)The Warther Carving Museum of Sugarcreek, Ohio is where a unique art exhibit is located in Ohio's Amish community. Warther is an expert carver of beautiful legal-ivory boats and ships. Ivorybuyer.com provides you the opportunity to sell your legal estate and antique ivory.

The Western Reserve Historical Society Library: (OH) The Western Reserve Historical Society Library in Cleveland, contains an extensive library, photo, and manuscript collections on Great Lakes maritime history and Ohio Canal history.


Battle for Okinawa, 24 March -30 June 1945

Recollections of Commander Frederick Julian Becton, USN, Commanding Officer of the destroyer USS Laffey (DD-724) which, despite being struck by eight Japanese suicide (kamikaze) aircraft on 16 April 1945, did not sink.

Adapted from Frederick Julian Becton interview in box 2 of World War II Interviews, Operational Archives Branch, Naval Historical Center.

Battle for Okinawa, 24 March -30 June 1945

I am Commander Frederick Julian Becton, Commanding Officer of the USS Laffey. The Laffey was built in Bath, Maine and was commissioned in Boston, Massachusetts, at the Navy Yard on February 8th, 1944.

After a brief shakedown period, the ship participated in the Normandy Invasion in June 1944, after which she took part in the Cherbourg [France] bombardment on June 25th, 1944 and suffered an eight-inch [German artillery shell] hit which fortunately did not explode.

Upon returning to the States for repairs and alterations, the ship proceeded to the Pacific and joined Admiral [William F. 'Bull'] Halsey's Third Fleet in November, 1944, for strikes against the Philippine Islands during the month of November.

The ship joined the 7th Fleet under Admiral Kinkaid at Leyte Gulf [Philippines] in early December, 1944 and took part in the landing of the 77th Division of the U.S. Army at Ormoc Bay, on December 7th, 1944. This was our first experience with the Kamikaze Suicide Corps [units of Japanese aircraft turned into flying bombs intended to be crashed by their pilots into U.S. Navy ships to sink or severely damage them]. The ship and the whole convoy were under incessant attacks from about 10 o'clock in the morning until dark that evening.

The next landing the ship participated in was at Mindoro on December 15,1944.

The next landing was about two weeks later when the ship left Leyte Gulf on January 2nd, and proceeded to Lingayen Gulf [also in the Philippines] to assist with the softening up activities and bombardment prior to the Army landing on January 9th, 1945.

We remained in the Lingayen Gulf area until about the 22nd of January and then proceeded to join Admiral Mitcher's task force at Ulithi.

Participated in Tokyo Strikes.

The next operation in which the ship participated was the strikes on Tokyo in mid-February 1945, after which the carrier task groups headed south to support the Iwo Jima landing. We went back for the second strikes on Tokyo about the 24th of February, and returning from that, went into Ulithi where we remained until we were ready for the Okinawa operation.

We departed Ulithi for the Okinawa landings on the 21st of March, arrived at Okinawa the 24th of March, and performed screening duties with the battleships and cruisers [protecting them from Japanese aircraft and submarines] who were bombarding the beaches until the major landing on April 1st, 1945. Thereafter, we took up station to the north of Okinawa at radar picket station number one about 35 miles north of Okinawa [these picket stations gave advance warning of the approach of enemy aircraft or ships].

Our tour of duty on this picket station was uneventful until the morning of April 16th, when we underwent a concentrated attack by Japanese suicide planes. The attack commenced about 8:27 [a.m.] when we were attacked by four Vals [single-engine Japanese Aichi D3A naval dive bomber with a 2-man crew], which split, two heading for our bow and two swinging around to attack us from the stern. We shot down three of these and combined with a nearby LCS [support landing craft] in splashing the fourth one. Then two other planes came in from either bow, both of which were shot down by us. It was about the seventh plane that we were firing on that finally crashed into us amidships and started a huge fire. This marked us as a cripple with the flames and smoke billowing up from the ship and the Japs really went to work on us after that.

Two planes came in quick succession from astern and crashed into our after [rear of the ship] five-inch twin mount. The first one carried a bomb which exploded on deck. The second one dropped its bomb on deck before crashing into the after mount. Shortly thereafter, two more planes came in on the port quarter crashing into the deckhouse just forward of the crippled after five-inch mount. This sent a flood of gasoline into the two compartments below the after crew's head [bathroom] and with the fire that was already raging in the after crew's compartment just aft of the five-inch mount number three, we now had fires going in all of the after three living spaces, besides the big fire topside in the vicinity of the number four 40 mm [antiaircraft gun] mount.

The two planes. no, the next one was a plane from our port quarter that dropped a bomb just about our port [left] propeller and jammed our rudder [steering mechanism] when it was 26 degrees left.

Strafed by Approaching Plane.

The next plane came from the port bow, knocked off our yardarm [a horizontally-mounted spar on the radar/radio mast], and a [F4U] Corsair [single engine US fighter with a 1-man crew] chasing it, knocked off our Sugar Charlie [SC air search] radar. Then a plane came in from the port bow carrying a big bomb and was shot down close aboard [in the water near the ship's side]. A large bomb fragment from the exploding bomb knocked out the power in our number two five- inch mount which is the one just forward of the bridge. Shortly thereafter this mount, in manual control, knocked down an Oscar [single-engine Japanese Nakajima Ki-43, Army-type fighter with a 1-man crew] coming in on our starboard bow [from the right-front of the ship] when it was about 500 yards from the ship. At the same time the alert mount captain of number one five- inch mount sighted a Val diving on the ship from the starboard bow, took it under fire and knocked it down about 500 yards from the ship using Victor Tare projectiles. The next plane came yardarm as it pulled out of its dive. It was shot down by the Corsairs ahead of the ship.

The next plane came in from the starboard bow strafing [firing its machine guns] as it approached and dropped a bomb just below the bridge which wiped out our two 20 mms [antiaircraft guns] in that area and killed some of the people in the wardroom [officers' dining and social compartment] battle dressing station. This plane did not try to crash either, and was shot down, after passing over the ship, by our fighter cover.

The last plane that attacked the ship came in from the port bow, and was shot down by the combined fire of the Corsair pilots and our own machine guns, and struck the water close aboard and skidded into the side of the ship, denting the ship's side but causing no damage.

The action had lasted an hour and 20 minutes. We had been attacked by 22 planes, nine of which we had shot down unassisted, eight planes had struck the ship, seven of them with suicidal intent, two of these seven did practically no damage other than knocking off yardarms. Five of these seven did really heavy material damage and killed a lot of our personnel. We had only four of our original eleven .20 mm mounts still in commission. Eight of the original 12 barrels of our .40 mm mounts could still shoot but only in local control, all electrical power to them being gone and our after five-inch mount was completely destroyed. Our engines were still intact.

The fires were still out of control and we were slowly flooding aft. Our rudder was still jammed and remained jammed until we reached port. We tried every engine combination possible to try to make a little headway to the southward but all no avail. We had lost 33 men, killed or missing, about 60 others had been wounded and approximately 30 of these were seriously wounded.

The morning of our attack off Okinawa we had a CAP [combat air patrol] of about 10 planes over us. It was entirely inadequate for the number of attacking Jap planes. Our own radar operators said that they saw as many as 50 bogies [Japanese aircraft] approaching the ship from the north just prior to the attack. Many more planes were undoubtedly sent to our assistance and quite a large number of Jap planes were undoubtedly shot down outside of our own gun range and to the north of us that morning. When the attack was all over we had a CAP of 24 planes protecting us.

Threw live bomb over the side.

One of the highlights of the action occurred when Lieutenant T.W. Runk, [spelled] R-U-N-K, USNR, who was the Communications Officer on the Laffey at the time, went aft to try to free the rudder. He had to clear his way through debris and plane wreckage to reach the fantail [rearmost deck on the ship] and, on his way back to the steering engine room, saw an unexploded bomb on deck which he promptly tossed over the side. His example of courage and daring was one of the most inspiring ones on the Laffey that morning.

Another example of resourcefulness exhibited that morning came when two of the engineers, who were fighting fires in one of the after compartments, were finally driven by the heat of the planes [flames] into the after Diesel generator room. The heat from the burning gasoline scorched the paint on the inside of the Diesel generator room where there was no ventilation whatsoever. The acrid fumes almost suffocated these two men but they called the officer in charge of the after engine room, which was in adjacent compartment, and told him of their predicament. He immediately had one of the men beat a hole through the bulkhead with a hammer and chisel and then, with and electric drill, cut a larger hole to put an air hose through to give them sufficient air until they could be rescued. At the same time other engineering personnel had cleared away the plane wreckage on the topside and with an oxime acetylene torch cut a hole through the deck which enabled these two men to escape. Upon reaching the topside, both of them turned to fighting the fires in the after part of the ship.

The morning after the action we removed one engine from the inside of the after five-inch mount which had been completely destroyed and which had had its port side completely blown off by the explosion of the initial plane, which was carrying a bomb when it crashed into this mount. The second plane which crashed into that mount had also done great damage to it. And the next morning we pulled one engine out of the inside of the mount and another engine was sitting beside the mount with the remains of the little Jap pilot just aft of the engine. There was very little left of him, however.

We transferred our injured personnel to a smaller ship that afternoon, which took them immediately to Okinawa. We were taken in tow by a light mine-sweeper in the early afternoon, about three hours after the attack and the mine-sweeper turned the tow over a short time later to a tug, which had been sent to our rescue. Another tug came alongside us to assist in pumping out our flooded spaces and with one tug towing us and the other alongside pumping us, we reached Okinawa early the next morning.

Put soft patches on hull.

After reaching Okinawa and pumping out all our flooded spaces, we put soft patches on four small holes we found in the underwater body in the after part of the ship. It took about five days to patch the ship up sufficiently for it to start the journey back to Pearl Harbor.

After leaving Okinawa we proceeded to Saipan and thence to Eniwetok and from Eniwetok on to Pearl Harbor.

About the seventh plane that attacked us, it came in on the port bow and he was low on the water and I kept on turning with about 25 degrees left rudder towards him to try to keep him on the beam. He swung back towards our stern and then cut in directly towards our stern and then cut in directly towards the ship. I kept turning to port to try to keep him on the beam and concentrate the maximum gunfire on him and as we turned, we could see him skidding farther aft all the time. I finally saw that he wouldn't quite make [it to hit] the bridge but then I was afraid he was going to strike the hull in the vicinity of the engine room, but about a hundred yards out from the ship, he finally straightened out and went over the fantail nicking the edge of five-inch mount three and then crashed into the water beyond the ship.

Of course, many people have various ideas about how to avoid these Kamikazes but the consensus of opinion, so far as I know, to try to keep them on the beam [i.e., coming in on a 90- degree angle to the long axis of the ship, or directly from the side] as much as possible or one reason to concentrate the maximum gunfire on them as they approached. And another reason is to give them less danger space by exposing just the beam of the ship rather than the quarter of the bow for them to attack from. The danger space is much less if they come in from the beam than it would be if they came in from ahead or from astern and had the whole length of the ship to choose in which to crash into. High speed and the twin rudders, with which 2200 ton destroyers are equipped, were believed to have been vital factors in saving our ship that morning off Okinawa.

Interviewer:

Captain Becton, were you on some other destroyer in the early part of the war?

Commander Becton:

Yes, I was in the [USS] Aaron Ward [DD-483] in the early part of the war. I was in the [USS] Gleaves [DD-423] when the war was first declared, but went to the Aaron Ward a short time after that as Chief Engineer, fleeted up [was promoted] to Exec[utive Officer - second in command] and was in there when she went through that night action off Guadalcanal the night of 12-13 November 1942. We were hit by nine shells that night, varying between 5 and 14 inches, but fortunately they were all well above the water line. We were towed into Tulagi [an island near Guadalcanal] the next day and later repaired.

Interviewer:

Were you also on board when the Ward went down?

Commander Becton:

Yes, I was on board the Aaron Ward when she sank off Guadalcanal in April, 1943. After that I went to the squadron staff of ComDesRon [Commander, Destroyer Squadron] 21 and went through three surface actions in the [USS] Nicholas [DD-449]. The first of these was the night of 6 July, in the First Battle of Kolombangara or Kula Gulf when the [light cruiser USS] Helena [CL-50] was sunk. The Nicholas and the [destroyer USS] Radford [DD-446] stayed behind after the cruisers and other destroyers retired to pick up the Helena's survivors and fight a surface action with Jap ships that were still there in Kula Gulf.

The next surface action we were in came a week later when the same outfit of destroyers and cruisers attacked some more Jap cruisers and destroyers that were coming down from the northwest. We operated under Admiral Ainesworth that night. The destroyers were under the overall command of Captain McInerney.

After that the next surface action we were in was after the occupation of Vella Lavella, in which we took on some Jap destroyers and barges [towed craft carrying troops or cargo] to the north of Vella Lavella in a night action. The destroyers turned and ran and left their barges and we couldn't catch the destroyers. We did some damage to them, possibly destroyed some, but the major damage was done to the barges which they had left behind and many of which we sank.

Let wel: USS Laffey survived WWII and is now a memorial ship which can be visited at Patriots Point Naval & Maritime Museum in Mount Pleasant, South Carolina.


Verwysings

  1. ↑ Cressman, Robert (2000). "Chapter V: 1943". The official chronology of the U.S. Navy in World War II . Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN   978-1-55750-149-3 . OCLC   41977179 . Retrieved 25 November 2007 .
  2. ↑"USS Radford National Naval Museum,". Destroyer History Foundation . Retrieved 17 March 2016 . The Radford Museum closed in May 2011 following Vane Scott’s passing. Its assets have been moved to the USS Orleck Naval Museum at Lake Charles, Louisiana.
  3. ↑"USS Radford Museum in Newcomerstown will close". TimesReporter. 14 May 2011 . Retrieved 17 March 2016 .

This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships . The entry can be found here.