Hierdie jaar in GESKIEDENIS: 2015

Hierdie jaar in GESKIEDENIS: 2015

1.

Sewentig jaar na die einde van die Tweede Wêreldoorlog herdenk ons ​​die laaste stoot van die Geallieerdes na Berlyn en die gevegte van Iwo Jima en Okinawa, wat die laaste ure van Mussolini ondersoek, kyk terug hoe die wêreld VE -dag vier, ontmoet 'n Japannese ingenieur wat twee oorleef het atoombomme, en het uitgevind hoe fisika gehelp het om die raaisel van een van die bekendste soene in die geskiedenis op te los.

2.

Dit was 'n besige jaar vir egiptoloë, met nuus oor die ontdekking van twee ou begraafplase en die onthulling dat koningin Nefertiti agter 'n geheime deur in koning Tut se graf begrawe kan word. Ons het ook na die beroemde dieremummies van Egipte gekyk, die ongewone geskiedenis van 'n 4000 jaar oue manuskrip ondersoek en 'n paar verrassende feite oor Cleopatra geleer. Maar nie alles was goed in die land van die farao's nie, danksy die toevallige skade aan King Tut se legendariese masker en die ontdekking dat die "Meidum Ganzen", 'n skildery bekend as die "Mona Lisa" van Antieke Egipte, waarskynlik nep.

3.

Wat was van die mees bisarre ontdekkings van 2015? Wat van die gemummifiseerde monnik wat in 'n ou standbeeld van Boeddha gevind is? Of die 17de-eeuse 'oorlogskameel' wat in 'n Oostenrykse kelder ontdek is? En dan was daar die middeleeuse middel wat gebruik word om 'n moderne superbug dood te maak. En die bisarre hibriede dierereste wat in 'n ystertydgraf in Brittanje gevind word. En ons was gefassineer deur die CT -skandering wat die liggaam van 'n baba onthul het wat begrawe is aan die voete van 'n gemummifiseerde Sweedse biskop? Hierdie jaar het regtig alles gehad.

4.

Vikings, Vikings en meer Vikings! Onder die Noorse-geïnspireerde nuus hierdie jaar was die bou van 'n nuwe Viking-tempel in Ysland, die toevallige vind van 'n 1200-jarige Viking-swaard deur 'n Noorse stapper, die graf uit die 9de eeu wat lig werp op 'n unieke skakel tussen Vikings en die Islamitiese wêreld en die ontdekking in Desember van 'n skare van 1100 jaar oue muntstukke en Viking-juweliersware wat die Engelse geskiedenis kan herskryf.

5.

In 2015 was ons ontsag vir die 8-jarige seuntjie met die drome om 'n werklike Indiese Jones te word wat 'n 3000-jarige relikwie ontdek het, en die tienermeisie wat bewys het van historiese geleerdheid, is nie net die koninkryk van tweedige akademici. En ons kan serendipity bedank vir sy rol in sommige van die jaar se mees onwaarskynlike vondste, insluitend 'n skatkis van briewe wat al meer as 300 jaar onopgebou het, die prehistoriese wollerige mammoetbene wat deur 'n boer uit Michigan opgegrawe is, die middeleeuse skelet wat uit 'n graf danksy 'n hewige storm en die bouwerks ontdekking van 'n massagraf vir slagoffers van die grieppandemie in 1918. 'N Punt van die GESKIEDENIS hoed vir almal!

6.

'N Dekade nadat die orkaan Katrina die Golfkus verwoes het, het ons 'n paar van die oorlewendes in ons eksklusiewe videoreeks,' I Was There: Hurricane Katrina ', ingehaal en ons gevra om na te dink oor die veranderinge wat hulle in die afgelope 10 gesien het jaar, en die belangrikheid van die heropbou van New Orleans en die Golfkus na die vernietiging van Katrina.

7.

Amerika se koloniale geskiedenis was vanjaar groot nuus. In Januarie is een van die oudste tydkapsules van die land geopen, wat artefakte onthul wat oorspronklik in 1795 deur Samuel Adams en Paul Revere geplant is, en hierdie somer is nuwe leidrade ontdek oor langdurige raaisels rondom Jamestown en die 'verlore kolonie' Roanoke . Ons het die werklike agtervolgings van die Sons of Liberty verken, die vurige verhaal van Samuel Adams se loopbaan in die bierbedryf opgedrink, 'n idee gekry van die lewens van revolusionêre leiers soos John Adams, Joseph Warren en die Marquis de Lafayette, en het 'n paar revolusionêre oorlogsfeite en syfers opgedis.

8.

Dit was ook die jaar waarin ons die moerse verhale agter bekende films geleer het wat die sensors probeer doodmaak het, die lewe van Hollywood se vergete eerste filmster verken het - en die dood van een van sy legendes, uitgevind het wat gebeur het die dag toe Dylan elektries gaan en toe Disneyland 'n rampspoedige openingsdag beleef, die werklike geskiedenis ontdek wat 'Star Wars en die ware verhaal van die' Sound of Music 'geïnspireer het, verrassende feite oor die' Peanuts -strokiesprent en die 'Wizard of Oz' ontdek het en die bisarre regswyse ontwrig het geskiedenis van een van die bekendste liedjies ter wêreld.

9.

Toe die sesde herdenking van die einde van die Amerikaanse burgeroorlog en die Lincoln -moord nader kom, het ons die laaste dae van die oorlog teruggekyk met 'n terugblik op die burger wat 'n sitplek op die voorste ry gehad het na 'n paar van die mees dramatiese oomblikke van die konflik, en ses gevegte ondersoek geveg nadat Lee oorgegee het by Appomattox, het die verhaal agter die tragiese maritieme ramp wat die lewens van die veterane van die oorlog geëis het, uitgevind waarom die Konfederale se finale oorgawe op die onwaarskynlikste plekke plaasgevind het. Ons het tien verrassende feite oor die sluipmoord op Lincoln nagegaan, geleer wat Abraham Lincoln in sy laaste toespraak gesê het, meer te wete gekom oor die ander doelwitte van die sameswering van Booth, die soektog na Lincoln se moordenaar uitgevind, uitgevind wie die beloning ontvang het Booth se vaslegging en selfs die bisarre verhaal van die John Wilkes Booth "mummie" wat deur Amerika getoer het, ondersoek.

10.


Ons werp 'n bietjie lig op die verrassende geskiedenis van 'n paar gunsteling vakansietradisies, waaronder die oorsprong van Oktoberfest en Swart Vrydag, die Puritaan se verbod op Kersfees in die koloniale era, waarom ons koekies en melk vir Kersvader weglaat en of die eerste danksegging al dan nie was eintlik in Florida gehou. En ons het die jaar afgesluit met 'n terugblik op Kersfees deur die dekades, met die onthou van die uitsending van die Apollo 8 -kersaand van 1968 en die geskiedenis van sommige van die vakansie se gewildste speelgoed.


Bekyk en verwyder blaaiergeskiedenis in Microsoft Edge

Let wel: Hierdie artikel is vir die nuwe Microsoft Edge. Kry hulp vir die ou weergawe van Microsoft Edge.

Met u toestemming kan die nuwe Microsoft Edge inligting vir u onthou, wat dit makliker maak om na 'n gunsteling werf terug te keer of vorms in te vul. Microsoft Edge stoor u blaaidata, soos u wagwoorde, inligting wat u op vorms ingevoer het, webwerwe wat u besoek het en ander inligting. Ander blaaimodusse soos InPrivate -blaai en Gastemodus funksioneer anders en stoor minder data as normale blaai.

U blaaidata word op u toestel gestoor. As u sinkronisering aangeskakel het, kan die datatipes ook in die Microsoft -wolk gestoor word om met u aangemelde weergawes van Microsoft Edge gesinkroniseer te word.

U kan u blaaigeskiedenis sien en skoonmaak deur te kies Instellings en meer & gt Geskiedenis & gt Bestuur geskiedenis. U kan te alle tye kies om u blaaigeskiedenis uit te vee.


“History” is geskryf deur lede Liam Payne en Louis Tomlinson, saam met Wayne Hector, Ed Drewett en die groep se gereelde medewerkers Julian Bunetta en John Ryan. Dit is 'n volop akoestiese singalong wat die standaarduitgawe van die album [2] sluit en in G-majeur gekomponeer is met 'n tempo van 88 slae per minuut en 'n tydsondertekening van 12
8 . [3]

Die liedjie is gekies as die derde en laaste enkelsnit uit Gemaak in die A.M. na die kommersiële sukses wat gevolg het op die optrede van die orkes in die finale van British Die X-faktor. Die liedjie is op 6 November 2015 deur Syco Music vrygestel en het gedien as die band se laaste enkelsnit voor hul rustyd. [4] [5]

Die musiekvideo is op 26 Januarie 2016 op die groep se Vevo -kanaal op YouTube gepubliseer. Die video eindig terwyl die groep in afsonderlike rigtings loop. Dit is later bevestig dat die orkes oorspronklik veronderstel was om aan die einde van die musiekvideo saam te hardloop. Ben Winston, die regisseur van die video, het ook bygevoeg "Die einde was nie veronderstel om te lyk asof hulle net in verskillende rigtings wegstap nie, dit was 'n bietjie soos 'sien julle binnekort', [7] In 2017 is die verwyderde snit aanlyn onthul. [8] Geskiedenis was die laaste lied voor hul onderbreking. Tot op hede het History net meer as 402 miljoen kyke op YouTube gekry.

Madeline Roth van MTV News het opgemerk dat "geskiedenis" terselfdertyd nostalgies en tegelyk vooruitkykend is, en dat "die lied" die perfekte afskeid is van hul aanhangers ". Brennan Carley, skryf met Draai, het geskryf dat "deur gebruik te maak van handklap, akoestiese kitaar en die lieflike, opvallende harmonisering van Harry Styles, die liedjie se bewys dat elk van die oorblywende vier 1D -sangers op hul eie goed sal wees". [10] Brittany Spanos van Rollende klip het geskryf dat die groep "rootsy" met die liedjie is, terwyl hulle bygevoeg het dat "die kwartet harmoniseer bo akoestiese kitare en handklap" en dat "die jongste band se jongste skerp afwyk van die meer antemiese, arena -rock -klanke van hul mees onlangse enkelsnitte". [11] Lucy Wang, skryf vir Tyd, het geskryf dat die lied 'n 'kronkelende, bittersoet volkslied' is en 'n viering van die Britse boyband se reis van vyf jaar saam met sy aanhangers '. [12]

Weeklikse kaarte Wysig

Grafiek (2015–16) Piek
posisie
Australië (ARIA) [13] 25
Oostenryk (Ö3 Oostenryk Top 40) [14] 17
België (Ultratop 50 Vlaandere) [15] 44
België (Ultratip Wallonië) [16] 13
Kanada (Canadian Hot 100) [17] 46
Frankryk (SNEP) [18] 54
Duitsland (amptelike Duitse kaarte) [19] 77
Ierland (IRMA) [20] 8
Italië (FIMI) [21] 7
Nederland (Enkele Top 100) [22] 72
Nieu -Seeland (opgeneemde musiek NZ) [23] 14
Portugal (AFP) [24] 88
Skotland (OCC) [25] 3
Spanje (PROMUSICAE) [26] 31
Swede (Sverigetopplistan) [27] 63
Switserland (Schweizer Hitparade) [28] 52
UK Singles (OCC) [29] 6
VSA Advertensiebord Warm 100 [30] 65
Amerikaanse hoofstroom Top 40 (Advertensiebord) [31] 33

Jaareinde kaarte Wysig

Sertifikate Redigeer

* Verkoopsyfers gebaseer op sertifisering alleen.
Verkope+streaming syfers gebaseer op sertifisering alleen.


Adobe Acrobat en Reader

  • Die prys van Acrobat Reader was oorspronklik $ 50 per gebruiker. [1]
  • Acrobat Catalogue, wat soekbare indekse vir PDF -lêers skep
  • Adobe het ook die eerste Acrobat Plug-ins SDK vrygestel waarmee derdeparty-ontwikkelaars insteekprogramme vir die Acrobat Exchange-toepassing kan skep.
  • Ondersteuning vir PDF weergawe 1.3
  • Ondersteuning vir PDF weergawe 1.4

Adobe Acrobat Reader is hernoem na Adobe Reader.

Weergawe 6 is gekritiseer vir sy prestasie. Adobe Acrobat 6 is stadig om te laai en te gebruik. Die Acrobat 6-invoegtoepassings vir webblaaiers is ook gekritiseer omdat hulle swak prestasie gehad het en die webblaaier moontlik nie reageer nie. [2]

Laaste weergawe ter ondersteuning van Windows 98 Second Edition, Windows Me, Windows 2000 Service Packs 2 en 3 en Windows XP sonder 'n service pack.

Eerste weergawe wat 'n verpligte produkaktivering insluit.

Vir Acrobat 7 het Adobe uitgawes van Adobe Reader vir Linux, Solaris (slegs SPARC), HP-UX en IBM AIX vrygestel.

  • Ondersteuning vir PDF weergawe 1.6
  • Ondersteuning vir die bestuur van regte op Adobe Policy Server
  • Ondersteuning vir ingebedde 3D -objekinligting uit die .u3d Universal 3D -formaat

Adobe Acrobat 7 Professional vir Windows bevat nou Adobe LiveCycle Designer 7.0. Adobe Elements 7.0 is ook vrygestel, wat nog steeds slegs deur volume -lisensiëringswinkels verkoop is, maar die minimum lisensielimiet tot 100 lisensies verlaag het. Uiteindelik is nog 'n uitgawe van Adobe Acrobat, Acrobat 3D, by die stel gevoeg.

Adobe Acrobat 3D bevat al die funksies van Acrobat Professional 7.0, sowel as bygewerkte hulp vir ingebedde 3D -rekenaargrafika, gereedskap om 3D -inhoud van OpenGL -toepassings vas te lê, en die Adobe Acrobat 3D Toolkit vir die omskakeling van CAD -dokumente na PDF -voorwerpe. 'N Weergawe van die opnamegereedskap vir installasie op Unix -stelsels is ook ingesluit.

Laaste weergawe ter ondersteuning van Windows NT 4.0 Service Packs 6 en 6a, maar met beperkte funksie -ondersteuning.

'N Latere opdatering 8.1 in Junie 2007 is vrygestel om versoenbaar te wees met Microsoft Office 2007, Windows Vista en 64-bis Windows-bedryfstelsels. [4] Ook gedurende September 2007 is Adobe Reader 8.1.1 vrygestel vir Linux- en Solaris (SPARC) -gebruikers.

Die Adobe Acrobat 8 ​​-stel het 'n paar veranderinge gehad. Acrobat 3D kon nou ingebedde PRC -lêerformaat produseer, 'n baie saamgeperste formaat vir meetkunde en grafika wat vereis dat Reader 8.1 vertoon word. Dit ondersteun ook produksie -inligting en baie verskillende CAD -formate.

Acrobat Connect Professional (voorheen Macromedia Breeze) is ook by die stel gevoeg. Dit het skaalbare interaktiewe webkonferensies en veelvuldige persoonlike vergaderlokale vir elke deel van 'n onderneming moontlik gemaak.

Die Mac OS X -weergawe van Adobe Acrobat Pro is aansienlik verbeter: Adobe Acrobat vir Macintosh is 'n universele binair gemaak wat op beide PPC- en Intel -argitekture werk.

8.x produkondersteuning eindig in November 2011. [5]

  • Ondersteuning vir PDF weergawe 1.7
  • Acrobat 8 ​​Elements, wat onttrek is voor die verwagte vrystelling daarvan middel 2007 [6]
  • Acrobat Connect (voorheen Macromedia Breeze), 'n ondersteuningsaansoek met aanlyn persoonlike vergaderruimtes om intyds met tot 15 deelnemers saam te werk

Adobe Acrobat 9.0 is vrygestel. Ondersteuning vir weergawe 9 geëindig 26 Junie 2013, [9] met die laaste beskikbare opdatering 9.5.5.

Adobe Reader 9 beëindig verenigbaarheid met Adobe Reader-uitbreidings 5 ​​en 6, waarmee Adobe Reader-kliënt sagteware veranderinge aan ingevulde vorms in PDF's kan stoor. Adobe Reader -uitbreidings 6.1 en nuwer is nog steeds bruikbaar. Verouderde PDF's sal steeds sigbaar wees, maar hulle sal oopmaak met die waarskuwing "Hierdie dokument maak lesers moontlikhede moontlik wat nie meer in hierdie leserweergawe geaktiveer is nie." [10]

Die Adobe Acrobat 9 -stel het ook die veelvuldige dokument -koppelvlak weggelaat. Vorige weergawes van Adobe Acrobat het verskeie PDF -lêers in dieselfde venster geaktiveer (behalwe vir weergawe 8 waar MDI slegs 'n alternatiewe opsie was en die standaardmodus SDI). Acrobat 9 gebruik egter slegs die enkele dokument -koppelvlakskema, waarin elke PDF -lêer in 'n geval van Adobe Acrobat geaktiveer word. [11] Adobe Acrobat 9 is die laaste weergawe wat Windows 2000- en PowerPC-gebaseerde Macintosh-rekenaars ondersteun.

  • Ondersteuning vir PDF weergawe 1.7
  • Ondersteuning vir Adobe -uitbreidings vir PDF 1.7
  • Die vermoë om Acrobat -vorms te skep, was in Acrobat Standard, wat voorheen slegs beskikbaar was met Acrobat Professional 6, 7 en 8
  • Ondersteuning vir intydse samewerking op PDF-lêers met gesinchroniseerde dokumentweergawes en klets
  • Verbeterde webopname vir die kopiëring van hele webblaaie of slegs enkele dele in PDF
  • Integrasie met Acrobat.com om berging en deel van PDF -lêers moontlik te maak
  • Ondersteuning vir die vergelyking en lig van die verskille tussen twee weergawes van 'n PDF -dokument
  • Ondersteuning vir die afspeel van Flash Video of H.264 -video in Adobe Acrobat en Adobe Reader
  • Ondersteuning vir die omskakeling van 'n verskeidenheid [watter?] videoformate na Flash Video vir afspeel in PDF
  • Ondersteuning vir die skep van PDF -kaarte deur geospatiale lêers in te voer wat metadata en koördinate behou
  • Ondersteuning vir optiese karakterherkenning (OCR) op PDF -lêers met ClearScan. Adobe ClearScan-tegnologie skep en sluit persoonlike Type1-CID-lettertipes in wat pas by die visuele voorkoms van 'n geskandeerde dokument na optiese karakterherkenning. ClearScan gebruik hierdie nuutgeskepte pasgemaakte lettertipes in plaas van stelsel lettertipes of Type1-MM

Die Adobe Acrobat 9 -stel bevat 'n nuwe program: Adobe Acrobat 9 Pro Extended for Microsoft Windows. Hierdie produk bevat Adobe Presenter sowel as die funksies van Acrobat 3D.

Ondersteuning deur Adobe eindig op 15 November 2015. Weergawe 10 bekendgestel Beskermde modus, 'n sandkas wat funksies en tegnieke gebruik wat voorheen deur Google Chrome en Microsoft Office 2010 gebruik is om potensieel kwaadwillige inhoud te beperk of te voorkom dat gebruikers se lêers of instellings in Windows XP, Windows Vista en Windows 7. [14] In Windows Vista en latere weergawes, Protected Mode word geïmplementeer as 'n proses met 'n lae integriteit om die sandkas verder te beperk, en die gebruikerskoppelvlak Privilege -isolasie word gebruik om aanmeldingsprosesse wat met 'n hoër integriteit werk, te toets. [15]

Adobe Reader X is beskikbaar vir Windows, Mac OS, Android en iOS. [16] [17] [18] [19] Versoenbaarheid met Linux word nie beplan nie. [20]

Ondersteuning deur Adobe is beëindig op 15 Oktober 2017. Die grafiese gebruikerskoppelvlak vir rekenaarstelsels word oorgedra vanaf weergawe 10. Adobe Acrobat XI is beskikbaar vir Windows XP, Windows 7 en Windows 8. Dit is ook beskikbaar vir Mac OS X Snow Leopard of later . [18] Adobe Acrobat XI is die finale weergawe van Adobe Acrobat ter ondersteuning van Windows XP, Windows Vista (nie-amptelik omseil installasie, weergawe X is die laaste amptelik gesteunde weergawe [22]) en OS X weergawes 10.6-10.8.

Sommige nuwe funksies sluit in 'n volledig herontwerpte PDF-redigeringservaring, die uitvoer van PDF-lêers na Microsoft PowerPoint, aanraakvriendelike funksies vir mobiele toestelle en geïntegreerde wolkdienste. LiveCycle Designer is nie meer gebundel nie (maar bly 'n selfstandige produk). Acrobat XI is op 15 Oktober 2012 op die mark vrygestel.

Ondersteuning deur Adobe eindig op 7 April 2020. [24] Die UI in hierdie weergawe het dramaties verander sedert weergawe XI. Adobe Acrobat DC is beskikbaar vir Windows 7, Windows 8 en Windows 10 of later. Dit is ook beskikbaar vir Mac OS X 10.9 of later. Vanaf hierdie weergawe word weergawenommers nou aangedui volgens die jaar van vrystelling, nie volgens die nommer van die weergawe nie. As sodanig het dit weergawenommer "15" in plaas van "12". Adobe Acrobat DC is ook verdeel in twee snitte, deurlopend en klassiek. Op die klassieke snit word opdaterings kwartaalliks vrygestel en bied nie nuwe funksies in opdaterings nie, terwyl opdaterings meer gereeld uitgevoer word met opdaterings wat stil en outomaties uitgevoer word. [25]

  • Reader keer terug na die naam "Adobe Acrobat Reader".
  • Daar word sterk gefokus op die Adobe Document Cloud -funksie. 'DC' word nou by die produknaam vir beide snitte gevoeg (nieteenstaande die standaard installasiegids van die klassieke snit is Acrobat 2015, en slegs die deurlopende snit is Acrobat DC).
  • Die veelvuldige dokument -koppelvlak word weer bygevoeg (met vrystelling 2015.009 van die deurlopende snit), maar met 'n blad -koppelvlak in plaas van die oorspronklike venster. [26]

Acrobat2017_MUI (06-06-17) is die basis, [27] vir groot uitgawes op die klassieke snit van hierdie selfstandige weergawe, as u van plan is om Acrobat regstreeks op te gradeer of te koop via 'n tradisionele ewigdurende lisensie. Met hierdie lisensie kan die gebruiker die sagteware installeer en dit gebruik. Produkondersteuning verval op 6/6/2022. Deurlopende kliënte kry gereelde produkoplossings en verbeterings op platformondersteuning, maar ontvang nie toekomstige nuwe funksies of opgraderings nie. Selfstandige produkgebruikers het ook nie toegang tot al die werkstrome van Acrobat DC op die internet, selfoon en wolk nie. Acrobat Standard 2017 is nie beskikbaar op macOS nie. Hierdie sagteware werk nie sonder aktivering nie. Internetverbinding en registrasie is nodig vir sagtewareaktivering, validering van intekeninge en toegang tot aanlyndienste. Telefoonaktivering is nie beskikbaar nie. [28]

Stelselvereiste: macOS v10.12.

Acrobat2020_MUI (01-06-20) is die basis, [27] vir groot uitgawes op die klassieke snit van hierdie selfstandige weergawe, as u van plan is om Acrobat regstreeks op te gradeer of te koop via 'n tradisionele ewigdurende lisensie. Met hierdie lisensie kan die gebruiker die sagteware installeer en dit gebruik. Deurlopende kliënte kry gereelde produkoplossings en verbeterings op platformondersteuning, maar ontvang nie nuwe funksies of opgraderings in die toekoms nie. Selfstandige produkgebruikers het ook nie toegang tot al die werkstrome van Acrobat DC op die internet, selfoon en wolk nie. Acrobat Standard 2020 is nie beskikbaar op macOS nie. Hierdie sagteware werk nie sonder aktivering nie. Internetverbinding en registrasie is nodig vir sagtewareaktivering, validering van intekeninge en toegang tot aanlyndienste. Telefoonaktivering is nie beskikbaar nie. [29]

Stelselvereiste: macOS v10.13.

  • Acrobat 2020 is die nuutste ewige lessenaarweergawe van Acrobat.
  • Acrobat DC is die nuutste intekeningweergawe van Acrobat.

1.0 Wysig

Oorspronklik Adobe Reader For Windows Tablets genoem (weergawe 1.0) is op die tweede week van Desember 2012 op die Microsoft Windows Store vrygestel [30], gebaseer op die Adobe Reader Mobile -enjin wat in die iOS-, Android-, Blackberry- en Windows -telefoonweergawes gevind is. die eerste toepassing wat deur Adobe Systems geskryf is vir die Windows 8/RT Metro Style -koppelvlak. Die huidige weergawes bied slegs basiese PDF -leesfunksies; daaropvolgende pleisters sal meer ingewikkelde funksies bied om die meer volledige iOS- en Android -weergawes in te haal. Adobe Reader vir Windows -tablette ondersteun beide ARM- en Intel x86/x86_64 -argitekture en kan beide gebruik word met aanraak- en meer klassieke sleutelbord+muiskombinasie. Die belangrikste kenmerke is:

  • Windows 8 Native App en UI
  • Semantiese zoom om tussen bladsye te spring
  • Boekmerke en soekfunksie
  • Maak 'n wagwoordbeskermde PDF oop
  • Kies en kopieer teks

Op 1 Februarie 2013 is Adobe Reader vir Windows Tablet amptelik hernoem na Adobe Reader Touch om Hybrid Desktop Windows 8 -gebruikers te vertel watter weergawe van Adobe Reader mag hê (Moderne UI of Desktop -weergawe). [31] Naamsverandering uitmekaar, die veranderinge sluit in:

  • Makliker dokumentnavigasie met muis en sleutelbord ([+] en [-] zoomknoppies)
  • Bekyk klewerige aantekeninge

1.1 Wysig

Weergawe 1.1 is op 11 April 2013 vrygestel. Die veranderinge sluit in:

1.2 Wysig

Weergawe 1.2 is vrygestel op 27 Junie 2013. Hierdie opdatering voeg by:

  • Gaan na bladsy vir vinniger navigasie
  • Notas by u dokument
  • Merk, onderstreep en onderstreep met seleksie- en opmaakhulpmiddel na teks
  • Sien notas wat by die teksopmerking geheg is
  • Stoor en stoor as funksie

1.3 Wysig

  • Vul en stoor PDF -vorms
  • Verander kleur van hoogtepunte, onderstreping en uitstrekking van teksopmerkings

3.1 Wysig

10.0 Wysig

Die eerste Android -uitgawe van Adobe Reader X is op 18 November 2010 in die Android Market (nou Google Play Store) vrygestel. [32] Die belangrikste kenmerke sluit in:

  • Teks soek
  • Wagwoordbeskermde dokumente
  • Vinnige sprong tussen bladsye in dokumente
  • Deel van 'n dokument
  • Pas-na-skerm-kykmodus
  • PDF -portefeuljes
  • Prestasie- en sekuriteitsverbeterings

10.1 Wysig

Weergawe 10.1 is op 9 Oktober 2011 vrygestel met ekstra ondersteuning vir Android -tablette, [33] Die nuwe funksies sluit in:

  • Tabletvriendelike UI
  • Navigasie met behulp van boekmerke
  • Tekskeuse kopie
  • Bekyk opmerkings
  • Vinniger oop dokumente en blaai
  • Gladder Pinch-Zoom ervaring
  • Sigbaar minder "wit" as u deur die dokument navigeer
  • Tussentydse terugvoer vir komplekse dokumente
  • Ondersteuning vir die besigtiging van PDF's beskerm met Adobe LiveCycle Rights Management
  • Beeldweergawe van hoër gehalte

10.5 Wysig

Weergawe 10.5 is op 6 Maart 2013 op die Google Play -winkel vrygestel [34], hierdie groot opdatering bied baie nuwe funksies en verbeterings aan Reader For Android:

  • Gaan na bladsy
  • Slim zoom
  • Skerm vir helderheid van skerm
  • Ontdoen in vryhand -aantekening
  • Sinkroniseer die laaste posisie op Acrobat.com
  • Vorm sentrale PDF -validering
  • Google Cloud Print
  • "Terug" nadat u op 'n interne skakel of boekmerk geklik het

11.1 Wysig

  • Die vermoë om Adobe PDF Pack en Adobe ExportPDF Services direk van Adobe Reader af te koop
  • Omskakeling van dokumente en prente in PDF met Adobe PDF Pack
  • Voer PDF -lêer uit in Word- of Excel -formaat met Adobe ExportPDF
  • Nuwe en verbeterde soekervaring
  • Aanlyn hulp
  • Nuwe en verbeterde UI met MultiWindow -ondersteuning

11.2 Wysig

  • Ondersteuning vir boekmerke bygevoeg deur gebruikers
  • Lees hardop en UI -navigasie met toeganklikheidsmodus
  • Telefoonhiperskakels vir outomatiese skakel vanaf PDF
  • Verbeterde UI in dokumentaansig
  • Bekykmodus vir twee bladsye vir tablette

10.1 Wysig

Op 9 Oktober 2011 het Adobe Systems Inc. 'n poort van Adobe Reader X (10.1) vir die Apple iOS -toestelle vrygestel, met 'n geoptimaliseerde UI vir beide die iPhone/iPod Touch en die iPad. [35] Die iOS -poort was op dieselfde vlak as die Android -weergawe 10.1, die belangrikste kenmerke is:

  • Teks soek
  • Wagwoordbeskermde dokumente
  • Deel dokumente met die opdrag "Maak oop."
  • Tabletvriendelike UI
  • Navigasie met behulp van boekmerke
  • Tekskeuse kopie
  • Druk via AirPrint Framework
  • Bekyk opmerkings
  • Vinniger oop dokumente en blaai
  • Gladder Pinch-Zoom ervaring
  • Sigbaar minder "wit" as u deur die dokument navigeer
  • Tussentydse terugvoer vir komplekse dokumente
  • Ondersteuning vir die besigtiging van PDF's beskerm met Adobe LiveCycle Rights Management
  • Beeldweergawe van hoër gehalte
  • Verbetering van veiligheid en stabiliteit

10.5 Wysig

Weergawe 10.5 is op 9 Maart 2013 in die Apple Store vrygestel, [36], hierdie groot opdatering bied baie nuwe funksies en verbeterings aan Reader For iOS:

  • Gaan na bladsy
  • Nagmodus
  • Slim zoom
  • Skerm vir helderheid van skerm
  • Ontdoen in vryhand -aantekening
  • Sinkroniseer die laaste posisie op Acrobat.com
  • Vorm sentrale PDF -validering
  • Ondersteuning vir VoiceOver vir toeganklikheid
  • Ondersteuning van Bluetooth-sleutelbord vir vormveldnavigasie

10.6 Wysig

  • Verbeterde integrasie met Acrobat.com
  • Opsies om te plat wanneer lêers gedeel word
  • Sien notas wat by die teksopmerking geheg is
  • Opgedateer iPhone UI
  • Verwyder en hernoem lêers in Acrobat.com

11 Wysig

  • Die vermoë om Adobe CreatePDF -diens te koop met aankope in die app
  • Skakel 'n prent na PDF met behulp van Adobe se CreatePDF -diens
  • Skep PDF -lêers uit 'n verskeidenheid lêerformate met behulp van CreatePDF -diens
  • Die vermoë om Adobe ExportPDF -diens te koop met behulp van app -aankope
  • Voer PDF -lêers uit na verskillende formate (Word, Excel, ens.) Vir redigering met behulp van ExportPDF -diens

11.2 Wysig

  • Opgedateer UI om iOS7 inheems te wees
  • Die UI van onlangse dokumente opgedateer
  • Verbeterde lêerbestuur
  • Geïntegreerde hulp
  • Verbeterde akkuraatheid van tekskeuse
  • Maandelikse opsie vir PDF Pack -intekening bygevoeg
  • Opgradeerde navigasie
  • Vaste ongelukke

15.0.0 Wysig

Adobe Reader is nou Adobe Acrobat DC. Weergawe 15.0.0 is op 7 April 2015 vrygestel, wat iOS 8.0 en hoër ondersteun. [37] Die nuwe funksies sluit in:

  • Voer gereeld gereelde take uit die nuwe menu 'Tools' uit
  • Bekyk onlangse lêers op rekenaars en toestelle met Mobile Link
  • Gebruik gratis Adobe Fill & amp Sign om vorms op u iPad in te vul, te onderteken en te stuur
  • Wysig teks op u iPad met lettertipe, grootte, kleure en meer
  • Organiseer bladsye: rangskik, draai en vee bladsye in PDF -lêers uit
  • Ontdoen en herhaal veranderings, insluitend hoogtepunte, opmerkings en teksversorgings
  • Maak lêers oop wat in u Creative Cloud -rekening gestoor is
  • Meld aan met ondersteuning vir Enterprise ID's

15.0.1 Wysig

Weergawe 15.0.1 is op 18 April 2015 vrygestel, wat iOS 8.0 en hoër ondersteun. [38] Die nuwe funksies sluit in:

  • Kry maklik toegang tot gratis annotasiehulpmiddels! Kies 'Opmerking' in die Tool Switcher
  • Soek lêers vinniger. Lêerlys is nou standaard op Local Files
  • Foutoplossings

15.0.2 Wysig

Weergawe 15.0.2 is op 24 April 2015 vrygestel, wat iOS 8.0 en hoër ondersteun. Die nuwe funksies sluit in:

  • Tik op My dokumente om lêers maklik te vind
  • Kry toegang tot gratis kommentaarhulpmiddels vanaf die kyker
  • Geniet prestasieverbeterings vir groot lêers
  • Foutoplossings

15.2 Wysig

Weergawe 15.2 is op 13 November 2015 vrygestel, met ondersteuning vir iOS 8.0 en hoër. Die nuwe funksies sluit in:

  • Integrasie met Dropbox om lêers oop te maak en te stoor. Koppel u Dropbox -rekening aan Acrobat Reader aan:
    • Blaai deur en maak u Dropbox -lêers oop
    • Gee aantekeninge, wysig en teken PDF -lêers
    • Stoor veranderinge terug in Dropbox

    15.3 Wysig

    Weergawe 15.3 is op 5 Januarie 2016 vrygestel, wat iOS 8.0 en hoër ondersteun. Die nuwe funksies sluit in:

    • Teken PDF's met die nuwe e-handtekeningpaneel:
      • Vang u handgeskrewe handtekening met die kamera
      • Stoor u e-handtekening om te gebruik elke keer as u teken
      • Sinkroniseer u e-handtekening outomaties om met Adobe Acrobat Pro, Standard of Reader op die tafelblad te gebruik
      • Foute wat verlore kommentaar en aantekeninge veroorsaak het
      • Omvalle en verbeterde stabiliteit

      15.4 Wysig

      Weergawe 15.4 is op 23 Januarie 2016 vrygestel, wat iOS 8.0 en hoër ondersteun. [39] Die nuwe funksies sluit in:

      • Verbeterde leeservaring vir PDF's met boekmerke
      • Boekmerkbestemmings verander om die zoominstellings te ignoreer
      • Vaste:
        • Onderbroke ongelukke
        • Omval tydens die opening van sekere dokumente
        • Fout in PDF -weergawe waar inhoud nie sigbaar was nie

        16.02.23 Wysig

        Weergawe 16.02.23 is op 17 Februarie 2016 vrygestel, wat iOS 8.0 en hoër ondersteun. [40] Die nuwe funksies sluit in:

        • Geoptimaliseer vir iPad Pro: Bekyk, annoteer en teken dokumente op die uitgebreide skerm van iPad Pro.
        • Ondersteuning bygevoeg vir iOS 9 Split View en Slide Over: Multitaak met twee programme wat langs mekaar oop is.
        • Uitgebreide ondersteuning vir Dropbox: Stoor lêers direk in Dropbox met die nuwe menu -item 'Stoor in ...'.
        • Verminderde programlêergrootte.
        • Vaste:
          • Tekenprestasie met Apple Pencil.
          • Intermitterende VoiceOver val neer.
          • Probleem wanneer dokumente met 'n paar Asiatiese lettertipes besigtig word.
          • Sporadies val neer wanneer dokumente gewysig word.

          16.03.15 Wysig

          Weergawe 16.03.15 is op 10 Maart 2016 vrygestel, wat iOS 8.0 en hoër ondersteun. Kenmerke sluit in: [41]

          • Uitgebreide ondersteuning vir Dropbox: Gebruik Skep PDF en voer PDF uit op lêers wat in Dropbox gestoor is. (Inskrywing benodig.)
          • Verbeterde prestasie as u op vormvelde en opmerkings in sekere PDF's tik.

          16.04.05 Wysig

          Weergawe 16.04.05 is op 30 Maart 2016 vrygestel, wat iOS 8.0 en hoër ondersteun. Kenmerke sluit in:

          • Die vermoë om individuele items uit die lys met onlangse lêers te verwyder.
          • Verbeterde verwerping van die handpalm om merke te verwyder wanneer u u handpalm op die skerm laat rus as u Apple Pencil met iPad Pro gebruik.
          • Vaste:
            • Probleem met die toepassing van beeldgebaseerde handtekeninge.
            • Die vermoë om lêers te deel met name wat sekere simbole bevat.
            • Fout wat veroorsaak dat gebruikers onverwags by Adobe Document Cloud afgemeld is.
            • Verbeterde stabiliteit.

            16.05.17 Redigeer

            Weergawe 16.05.17 is op 4 Mei 2016 vrygestel, wat iOS 8.0 en hoër ondersteun. [42] Die nuwe funksies sluit in:

            • Vaste:
              • Stadige blaai van lêerlys op iOS 9.3 en hoër.
              • Fout wat voorkom dat sommige wysigings in PDF gestoor word.
              • Die vermoë om die korrekte lêer in gefiltreerde lyste te skuif, te hernoem en te verwyder.

              16.06.28 Wysig

              Weergawe 16.06.28 is op 16 Junie 2016 vrygestel, wat iOS 9.0 en hoër ondersteun. Die nuwe funksies sluit in:

              • Vul teks en beelde terug in die leesmodus:
                • Vertoon teks in 'n maklik leesbare formaat vir kleiner toestelle.
                • Knyp of tik twee keer om die teksgrootte te verander.

                16.08.09 Wysig

                Weergawe 16.08.09 is op 9 Augustus 2016 vrygestel, wat iOS 9.0 en hoër ondersteun. Die nuwe funksies sluit in:

                • Koppel aan bergingsverskaffers met meer liggings: kies, maak oop en stoor dokumente wat in iCloud Drive gestoor is en ander verskaffers van dokumentbergings, soos Box, Microsoft OneDrive en Google Drive.
                • Foutoplossings.

                16.09.20 Wysig

                Weergawe 16.09.20 is op 16 September 2016 vrygestel, wat iOS 9.0 en hoër ondersteun. Die nuwe funksies sluit in:

                • Soek vinnig PDF's direk vanaf die tuisskerm met Spotlight Search. Raak u vinger na die skerm en sleep af om aan die gang te kom.
                • Versoenbaar met iOS 10.
                • Foutoplossings.

                16.11.01 Wysig

                Weergawe 16.11.01 is op 26 Oktober 2016 vrygestel, wat iOS 9.0 en hoër ondersteun. [43] Die nuwe funksies sluit in:

                • Bekyk oopgemaakte PDF -lêername in die boonste balk.
                • Vaste:
                  • Probleem met die druk van PDF's met vormvelde en kommentaar.
                  • Die vermoë om lêers uit soekresultate oop te maak.

                  16.11.22 Wysig

                  Weergawe 16.11.22 is op 17 November 2016 vrygestel, wat iOS 9.0 en hoër ondersteun. [44] Die nuwe funksies sluit in:

                  • Skandeer enigiets met die kamera van u toestel:
                    • Maak 'n foto van 'n dokument, witbord, vorm, prentjie, kwitansie of nota en stoor dit as 'n PDF.
                    • Skandeer veelvuldige dokumentbladsye in 'n enkele PDF en rangskik na wens.
                    • Stoor en deel geskandeerde PDF's.
                    • Verbeter u kamerabeelde met verbeterde grensopsporing, perspektiefkorreksie en skerpte van die teks.
                    • Vereis iPhone 5s+, iPad 3+, iPad Mini 2+ en iOS 9+.

                    16.12.13 Wysig

                    Weergawe 16.12.13 is op 7 Desember 2016 gepubliseer, wat iOS 9.0 en hoër ondersteun. [44] Die nuwe funksies sluit in:

                    • Geniet verbeterde prestasie met teksopmerkingshulpmiddels.
                    • Vul en teken maklik enige vorm op u iPhone deur aan te sluit op die gratis Adobe Fill & amp Sign -app vanaf die Tool Switcher.
                    • Foutoplossings.

                    20.013.20074 Redigeer

                    Adobe Acrobat Pro DC Weergawe 20.013.20074 is die mees onlangse weergawe vir gratis aflaai vanaf 09 Desember 2020.


                    In grafiek: die hoogste geboue ter wêreld vir 'n jaar in die geskiedenis

                    Argitektuur vertel ons baie oor die ekonomiese geskiedenis, soos hierdie grafieke van Martin Vargic toon.

                    Vargic, a Slovakian artist and designer who runs the blog halcyonmaps.com, created six charts that document the history of the tallest buildings on six continents -- Europe, North America, Asia, Africa, South America and Oceania -- over the last 5,000 years

                    The charts show the silhouettes of the tallest buildings on the continents through history, running from ancient history on the left to modern times on the right. The labels give the building's name, the year it was built or the years during which it was the continent's (not the world's) tallest building, and its height. (There are several different ways of measuring building height. Vargic uses height to tip, so the list may look a little different than other lists of the world's tallest buildings.)

                    Here is Europe (click to see a larger version of the image):

                    The buildings in red held the record for the world’s tallest building by pinnacle at least once. Vargic also includes many monuments and towers in this chart, which do not qualify to win the record as the world's tallest building.

                    The John Hancock Building, 1 WTC and Willis Tower were engaged in an antennae arms race for several decades, which kept them at the top of list when measuring a building to tip. Though the Petronas Towers, the Taipei 101 and other buildings surpassed the Willis (Sears) Tower in terms of height to architectural elements, roof and highest occupied floor, the Willis Tower was still measured as the world's tallest building by antennae until the Burj Khalifa was built.

                    If you follow the buildings in red, you can see a reflection of the world's economic history. While Europe was home to the world’s tallest building from 1240 to 1890, the 20th Century was one of American skyscrapers. The Burj Khalifa in Dubai took over the world record in 2010, perhaps inaugurating the start of an Asian century.

                    All of the buildings that Vargic marks as having held the record as the world’s tallest are in Europe, North America and Asia, except for the Lighthouse of Alexandria. This ancient structure, which measured 450 feet, held the record between 280 BCE and 1323 AD and is visible in Vargic's chart of Africa:


                    Dow Jones Industrial Average (^DJI)

                    Stocks set fresh record highs on Friday, with traders hoping that a bipartisan infrastructure deal would help further stoke economic activity. David Ragland, IRC Wealth CEO and Jay Jacobs, SVP and Head of Research & Strategy at Global X ETFs joined Yahoo Finance Live to discuss.

                    Place A Bag On Your Car Mirror When Traveling

                    Brilliant Car Cleaning Hacks Local Dealers Wish You Didn’t Know

                    Boston Fed's Rosengren: Temporary inflationary pressures to continue ɺ little longer' than expected

                    Boston Fed President Eric Rosengren also told Yahoo Finance it is 'quite likely' that the Fed will hit its criteria for slowing the pace of its asset purchases 'prior to the beginning of next year.'

                    Biggest threat to the market is oil prices: Strategist

                    Vaughan Nelson Investment Management CEO, CIO and Senior Portfolio Manager Chris Wallis joins Yahoo Finance Live to discuss the latest market action.

                    Core inflation clocks in at highest rate since 1992

                    Brian Cheung joins Brian Sozzi and Julie Hyman to break down data from the Bureau of Economic Analysts and the Fed comments on monetary policy as the market continues to question the transitory nature of inflation.

                    Dow Jones Futures: A Market Rally 'New Normal?' Amazon, Shopify Near Buys Analyzing Tesla Vs. Nio

                    The market rally is heating up as volatility calms down. Amazon leads three top techs near buy points. Tesla and Nio are on the move.

                    Mom's Payback - She Bought Neighbor's Property

                    Na soveel drama en baie polisiebesoeke het sy die oorhand gekry. Wie sou kon dink dat 'n klein stukkie papier so sterk is?

                    This Little-Known Way to Profit From Short Sellers Is Worth Exploring

                    Markets are moving to all-time highs, and short sellers are skeptical. Here's how shareholders can pocket some extra cash.

                    S&P 500 books best week since February as investors digest fresh inflation data

                    The Dow and S&P 500 end higher Friday, as investors pore over fresh economic data on inflation and a $1 trillion infrastructure package, credited with helping to lift broader markets to all-time highs.

                    Dow Jones Rallies After Nike Earnings Beat Nasdaq Trades Near Break-Even

                    The Dow Jones Industrial Average rose in today's market, boosted in part by positive earnings from Nike, which also scored a breakout.

                    Stock Market Today: Stocks Notch Best Week in Months

                    Nike was a big winner on Wall Street after the company's blowout earnings report.

                    US STOCKS-Nike and banks lift S&P 500 to record high close

                    The S&P 500 ended the week at record high on Friday, lifted by Nike and several banks, while weaker-than-expected inflation data eased worries about a sudden tapering in stimulus by the Federal Reserve. Nike Inc surged 15.5% to an all-time high after the sneaker maker forecast fiscal full-year sales ahead of Wall Street estimates, helping the Dow lead among the three main indexes.

                    Stocks end mostly higher as S&P 500 sets record, sees strongest weekly gain since February

                    Stocks ended mostly higher Friday, capping a week of gains that saw the S&P 500 and Nasdaq Composite set records as investors erased a pullback that followed a more hawkish tone from the Federal Reserve on June 16, and took a further rise in inflation in stride. The Dow Jones Industrial Average rose around 239 points, or 0.7%, to finish near 34,436, according to preliminary figures. The S&P 500 advanced around 14 points, or 0.3%, to close near 4,281, finishing at a record for a second straight s

                    Dow Jones Gains Nike Powers Into Buy Zone As CEO Says Firm Is ɿor China' AMC Stock Dives

                    The Dow Jones gained as Nike stock exploded into a buy zone. CEO John Donahoe said the brand is 'of China and for China.' AMC stock dived.

                    Dow Jones Leads As Nike Vaults Stock Market Heads For Big Weekly Gains

                    Stocks were mixed Friday afternoon with the Dow Jones Industrial Average up over 200 points but the Nasdaq slipping into the red.

                    The Sky's the Limit for Friday's 2 Hottest Stock Market Winners

                    The stock market continued to ride its positive momentum on Friday, closing an extremely strong week for Wall Street. A couple of stories made investors feel more confident about the overall economy and the prospects for innovative companies. Meanwhile, Virgin Galactic Holdings (NYSE: SPCE) made a key announcement that will pave the way toward making good on its literally skyrocketing potential.

                    S&P 500 at Record Close as Data Ease Inflation Worries

                    The S&P 500 sets closing and intraday highs on Friday and is on track for its best week since April.

                    5 Dow Jones Stocks To Buy And Watch In June 2021: Nike Surges 15% On Earnings

                    The Dow Jones Industrial Average remain near record highs at the end of May, as the current stock market rally continues. The best Dow Jones stocks to buy and watch in June 2021 are Apple, Boeing, Disney, Microsoft and Nike.

                    Dow Jones Rallies As Nike Surges 15% On Earnings Tesla Stock Reverses Lower

                    The Dow Jones Industrial Average rallied 200 points Friday, as Nike surged 15% on earnings. Tesla stock reversed lower.

                    US STOCKS-Nike, bank stocks push S&P 500 to new highs as inflation fear calms

                    The S&P 500 index hit a record high on Friday, boosted by gains in Nike and bank stocks, while weaker-than-expected inflation data eased worries about a sudden tapering in stimulus by the Federal Reserve. Nike Inc surged 13.9% to an all-time high after the sneaker maker forecast fiscal full-year sales ahead of Wall Street estimates, helping the Dow rise 0.69%. The data is "giving people a breath of fresh air, and that the inflation fears may be a little overblown," said Thomas Hayes, chairman of Great Hill Capital LLC in New York.

                    GLOBAL MARKETS-Global stocks rise on U.S. infrastructure deal, inflation data

                    Global stock markets moved higher on Friday after Thursday's breakthrough in Washington talks to secure a bipartisan infrastructure deal, while oil prices headed toward a fifth consecutive weekly gain on hopes for demand growth. Investors have been looking to an infrastructure agreement to extend the U.S. recovery after massive fiscal stimulus helped the economy grow at a 6.4% annualized rate in the first quarter. Getting bipartisan agreement on the infrastructure deal required President Joe Biden to sacrifice some of his ambitions on schools, climate change mitigation and support for parents and caregivers, as well as tax increases on the rich and corporations.

                    U.S. consumer sentiment in June falls short of expectations, though inflation fears moderate

                    The second and final reading of the consumer sentiment index from the University of Michigan fell to 85.5 in June from an initial reading of 86.4, while remaining higher than the May's 82.9.


                    List of Speakers of the House

                    1 Resigned from the House of Representatives on January 19, 1814.

                    2 Elected Speaker on January 19, 1814, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Speaker Henry Clay.

                    3 Resigned as Speaker of the House of Representatives on October 28, 1820.

                    4 Elected Speaker on November 15, 1820, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Speaker Henry Clay.

                    5 Resigned from the House of Representatives on March 6, 1825, to serve as Secretary of State in the presidential administration of John Quincy Adams of Massachusetts.

                    6 Resigned from the House of Representatives on June 2, 1834.

                    7 Elected Speaker on June 2, 1834, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Speaker Andrew Stevenson.

                    8 Was not a candidate for renomination to the House of Representatives in 1868, having become the Republican nominee for Vice President and successfully elected to that office.

                    9 Elected Speaker on March 3, 1869, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Speaker Schuyler Colfax, and served one day.

                    10 Died in office, August 19, 1876.

                    11 Elected Speaker on December 4, 1876, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Speaker Michael Kerr.

                    12 Died in office, August 19, 1934.

                    13 Died in office, June 4, 1936.

                    14 Elected Speaker on June 4, 1936, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Speaker Joseph Byrns.

                    15 Died in office, September 15, 1940.

                    16 Elected Speaker on September 16, 1940, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Speaker William Bankhead.

                    17 Died in office, November 16, 1961.

                    18 Elected Speaker on January 10, 1962, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Speaker Samuel Rayburn.

                    19 Resigned as Speaker of the House of Representatives on June 6, 1989.

                    20 Elected Speaker on June 6, 1989, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Speaker James Wright, Jr.

                    21 John Boehner resigned as Speaker of the House on October 29, 2015.

                    22 Paul D. Ryan was elected Speaker on October 29, 2015, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Speaker John Boehner.


                    When Was MySpace Created?

                    Of the original batch of social networking sites, MySpace was perhaps the most popular and influential. Launched on August 1, 2003, MySpace quickly became the largest social media site in the world, connecting millions of active users all over the world. It started as a file storage platform, but it quickly transitioned to an online social network, which contributed to its meteoric rise in popularity.

                    By 2005, it was clear to the world that MySpace was here to stay, so some larger companies began to show interest in acquiring it. This resulted in the sale of MySpace to News Corp., the U.K-based media conglomerate run by Rupert Murdoch, for $580 million. Shortly thereafter, in 2006, MySpace surpassed Google as the top visited website in world.

                    The Decline of MySpace

                    After the sale, MySpace continued to grow, and by 2009 it was generating around $800 million in revenue, making it one of the more profitable social networking sites out there. However, as Facebook began to expand beyond its initial audience of just college students, MySpace began to decline, and Facebook replaced it as the top visited site in 2008.

                    Another reason MySpace began to decline was its use of on-site ads to generate revenue. Many argue that its deal with Google 2010, which consisted of a $900 million, three-year advertising agreement, overloaded the site with ads and made it difficult to use. It’s popularity was soon eclipsed by other sites like YouTube and Facebook that offered a more ad-free environment.

                    However, MySpace, despite its decline, continues to operate to this day. In 2016, it was bought out by Time Inc., and in 2018 it was bought again by the Meredith Corporation. Currently, it’s still ranked 4,153 on the Alexa ranking of most visited sites in the world.


                    History of Changes in the Earth's Temperature

                    The global temperature values come from data collected around the world that were rolled together to calculate an average for the entire planet. What the global numbers don't show is that temperatures have changed at different rates in different parts of the world. On a large scale, the amount of change depends upon whether a site is located on land or at sea, in the northern or southern hemisphere, and at a pole or the equator.

                    Air over land has historically warmed faster than the oceans. With water covering over 70% of the planet, sea surface temperatures dominate the global average.

                    The Northern Hemisphere has warmed faster than the Southern Hemisphere, and the entire Arctic has warmed faster than anywhere else in the world.

                    The northern polar region, above 64 °N latitude, averaged 2.5 °C (4.5 °F) higher annual temperatures during 2000 to 2009 than in the 1880s.

                    Like the earth as a whole, most of the Arctic's increase occurred during the last three decades. Near the North Pole, the mean annual temperature during 2000 to 2009 was 1.8 °C (3.24 °F) above the average temperature there for 1951 to 1980.

                    World map color-coded to show differences in average annual temperatures (in degrees Celsius) for 2000 - 2009 compared with 1951 - 1980. Source: Goddard Institute for Space Studies

                    About the Temperature Data

                    The temperature data are provided publicly by NASA's Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS), based in New York City. GISS has compiled and analyzed data from a thousand weather stations around the world, ship and satellite observations of sea temperatures, and measurements at Antarctic research stations to form a global temperature index. The annual averages go back in history only to 1880, when meteorologists began using modern scientific instruments to monitor temperatures precisely.

                    Verwysings

                    GISS (Goddard Institute for Space Studies). 2010. Surface Temperature Analysis.

                    James Hansen, Makiko Sato, Reto Ruedy, Ken Lo, David W. Lea and Martin Medina-Elizade. 2006. Global temperature change. PNAS.103(39): 14288-14293.


                    How An 11-Year-Old Boy Invented The Popsicle

                    The next time you pop a Popsicle in your mouth, think about this: You're enjoying the fruits of an 11-year-old entrepreneur's labor.

                    Back in 1905, a San Francisco Bay Area kid by the name of Frank Epperson accidentally invented the summertime treat. He had mixed some sugary soda powder with water and left it out overnight. It was a cold night, and the mixture froze. In the morning, Epperson devoured the icy concoction, licking it off the wooden stirrer. He declared it an Epsicle, a portmanteau of icicle and his name, and started selling the treat around his neighborhood.


                    In 1923, Epperson decided to expand sales beyond his neighborhood. He started selling the treat at Neptune Beach, a nearby amusement park. Dubbed a "West Coast Coney Island," the park featured roller coasters, baseball and an Olympic-sized swimming pool. Neptune flourished in the pre-Depression days, and consumers eagerly consumed Epsicles and snow cones (which also made their debut at Neptune).

                    Buoyed by this success, Epperson applied for a patent for his "frozen confection of attractive appearance, which can be conveniently consumed without contamination by contact with the hand and without the need for a plate, spoon, fork or other implement" in 1924. The patent illustrates the requirements for a perfect ice pop, including recommendations on the best wood for the stick: wood-bass, birch and poplar. Eventually, Epperson's children urged him to change the ice pop's name to what they called it: a Pop's 'Sicle, or Popsicle.

                    A 1917 ad for Alameda's Neptune Beach, where Epperson sold his frozen "Epsicle" treats in the early 1920s. Courtesy of Alamedainfo.com steek onderskrif weg

                    A 1917 ad for Alameda's Neptune Beach, where Epperson sold his frozen "Epsicle" treats in the early 1920s.

                    Courtesy of Alamedainfo.com

                    This origin story is charming, if somewhat apocryphal (sources differ on the details), but it didn't have a happy ending for the inventor. A broke Epperson sold the rights to his creation to the Joe Lowe Co. in the 1920s, much to his regret: "I was flat and had to liquidate all my assets," he later said. "I haven't been the same since."

                    The Lowe Co. went on to catapult Epperson's invention to national success. During the Great Depression, the company debuted the two-stick version of the Popsicle to help consumers stretch their dollar — the duo sold for 5 cents.

                    The patent Frank Epperson filed in 1924 for his "frozen confectionery." United States Patent and Trademark Office steek onderskrif weg

                    But this delicious duo faced competition from Good Humor, which had recently debuted its own chocolate-covered ice cream on a stick, and Lowe was sued for copyright infringement. The court's compromise? Popsicle could sell water-based treats, and Good Humor could sell ice cream pops. Popsicle tested the limits of the agreement, selling a "Milk Popsicle," and the two companies tussled in court about the definitions of sherbet and ice cream over the years through a series of lawsuits.

                    The giant food corporation Unilever scooped up the Popsicle brand in 1989, expanding the brand beyond its original fruity flavors. It also bought Good Humor, ending the feud between the two icy competitors.

                    Over the years, Epperson's childhood invention has achieved iconic status, standing in for any frozen treat the way Kleenex means a tissue. That explains why also over the years, Unilever has worked to keep the name Popsicle its and its alone: In 2010, the company threatened legal action against artisan Brooklyn ice pop makers People's Pops for using the word "popsicle" on its blog.

                    As for Epperson, he died in 1983 and is buried in Oakland's Mountain View Cemetery, where he's featured on a tour celebrating local food luminaries including chocolate mogul Domingo Ghirardelli and mai tai inventor Victor "Trader Vic" Bergeron.

                    His story lives on in many forms — from the official Popsicle website, where it's illustrated in comic form, to an inspirational Christian self-help book about trusting in God's grand plan for your life. Epperson's childhood invention, born randomly on a freezing night, has also proved to be resoundingly successful and long lived: These days, some 2 billion Popsicles are sold each year.

                    Shelby Pope is a freelance writer living and eating her way through Oakland, Calif. A version of this story first appeared on KQED's Bay Area Bites blog.


                    Global Precipitation

                    For 2015, annual precipitation was just below average on balance for land-based rain gauges around the globe. Precipitation for 2015 was 22.5 mm (0.8 inch) below the 1961&ndash1990 average of 1,033 mm (40.7 inches). As indicated by the Global Precipitation Percentiles map below, the eastern half of the United States was notably wet, as were regions in southern South America, parts of northern and southeastern Europe, and areas of Japan. Dryness was notable in eastern Brazil, central Europe, South Africa, Mongolia, and parts of southeastern Asia. Also, as discussed below, extreme precipitation and drought events occurred across the world.

                    In South Africa, the season from July 2014 to June 2015 was the driest such period since 1991/92 and the third driest in a record that began in 1932/33. The dry conditions are ongoing with no significant rain having yet been received in the early part of the 2015/16 rainy season.

                    The end of summer in the Southern Hemisphere was a dry one for Australia, with February receiving just 49 percent of average monthly precipitation, marking the country's 11 th driest February on record. The dryness encompassed most of the country, with every state and the Northern Territory reporting below-average rainfall. Later, an East Coast Low in late April brought heavy rainfall to coastal New South Wales, Australia, resulting several daily and monthly rainfall records. It was the 11 th wettest April on record and wettest April in 25 years for the state.

                    In February, heavy rain affected countries in southern Europe including Italy and the southern Balkan Peninsula. In May, Sweden was very wet across almost the entire country, with the capital city of Stockholm observing its wettest May in 200 years. Norway had its second wettest May in its 116-year period of record. .

                    Guam International Airport observed just 7.8 mm of precipitation during February. This was the lowest monthly rainfall for any month at this location since records began here in 1957.

                    In February, heavy rain affected Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia. Alhoceima, Morocco received 206.1 mm, 574 percent of its average monthly precipitation.

                    In February, heavy rain in Argentina broke February precipitation records at many stations. The Córdoba Observatory recorded 385.4 mm of rain for the month, easily surpassing the 127-year standing record of 266.4 mm set in 1889.

                    Torrential rainfall led to major flooding events in Angola in mid-March. The Angolan capital of Luanda was impacted on March 9 th while heavy rainfall and subsequent flooding hit Lobito three days later.

                    Some areas in Chile experienced their driest January in at least 50 years. But near the end of March, in northern Chile, unusually heavy rainfall impacted the extremely dry regions of Atacama and Antofagasta. Some areas received well over their annual rainfall during this event. Antofagasta received 24.4 mm of rainfall in 24 hours during March 25 th &ndash26 th , about the average rainfall expected over a 14-year period.

                    At the end of March drought remained entrenched in the western United States, where mountain snowpack was record low for many locations in the Cascade and Sierra Nevada Mountains. Moderate to exceptional drought conditions were present across more than 98 percent of California, leading to unprecedented water restrictions in the state. Even with several heavy rainfall events from El Niño conditions toward the end of the year, nearly 88 percent of the state continued to experience the ongoing drought at year's end.

                    Mexico had its wettest March since national records began in 1941, at 373 percent of the normal precipitation. in June, Baja California and Baja California Sur each had their wettest June on record.

                    Heat in Spain during May was accompanied by extreme dryness. With precipitation records dating back to 1947, May 2015 was the driest May on record for the country, with total average rainfall for the month just 25 percent of normal.

                    Heavy rainfall brought torrential floods to the capital city of Tbilisi, Georgia as the Vere River overflowed its banks in June. At least 49 mm of rain fell on June 14 th , with locally heavier amounts in places.

                    Mauritius, in the southwest Indian Ocean, had its wettest June since 1976, receiving 180 percent of average precipitation.

                    New Zealand experienced both wet and dry extremes during June. Due to heavy rains, major flooding impacted areas of the lower North Island during June 20 th &ndash21 st . Whanganui experienced its worst flood on record, as more than 100 mm of rain reportedly fell within a 24-hour period. On the other hand, it was dry in the eastern parts of both the North and South Islands. Soil moisture was particulalry dry around East Cape, around Napier, coastal Wairarapa, southern Marlborough, and eastern parts of Canterbury north of Christchurch.

                    The Southwest Indian monsoon season lasts from June to September. In 2015, the monsoon made its annual onset over Kerala on June 5th, just a few days later than normal. Rainfall for the seasonal period June 1 st to September 30 th was 86 percent of the 1951&ndash2000 average. About half of India received normal rainfall, while the other half received deficient rainfall (less than 80 percent of average). This marks the fourth time in the 115-year record that two consecutive years have been below average.

                    Heavy precipitation fell across parts of northeastern Argentina in August. The heavy downpours overflowed rivers and prompted floods. Many locations broke their precipitation total records for the month.

                    Austria recorded only 35 percent of normal precipitation in August 2015, marking its driest August since 1991.

                    Between May and October, China experienced 35 heavy rain events. During May 5 th &ndash31 st , the Huanan region in the northeast received rainfall 150 percent of its average precipitation, the most in nearly 40 years.

                    Latvia had its driest October on record, at 8.7 mm of rainfall for the month, or 13 percent of the average monthly rainfall. This breaks the previous record of 9.9 mm accumulation set in 1951.

                    In the southwestern highlands of Tanzania 327.8 mm of rain was recorded at the Tukuyu station on November 4 th , the highest recorded at the station.

                    Brazil, which started the year in drought in southern and eastern areas, saw the focus of the drought shift northward with little rainfall during the dry season over the Amazon. The drought continued through the year, impacting major cities including Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo.

                    Large areas of Puerto Rico, Central America, and the Caribbean recorded below average rainfall for the year. This dryness is typical during El Niño events.

                    With an average total of 904 mm, preliminary data indicate that Denmark fell just 1 mm shy of tying 1999 for the wettest year since national records began in 1874. This is despite observing its driest October since 1972, with just 29 mm of rainfall, or about 30 percent of average for the month. November&ndashDecember marked the wettest two-month period since August&ndashSeptember 1994 and the third wettest such period in measurement history.

                    The United Kingdom observed 1289 mm of total rainfall on average during 2015, marking its sixth wettest year in the 116-year period of record. From late autumn through the end of 2015, a series of storms brought extremely wet conditions and flooding to the northern and western regions of the UK. On December 5 th , Storm Desmond dropped 341 mm of rainfall over Honister Pass, Cambria, setting an all-time 24-hour record for the UK.

                    In contrast, France received less than 90 percent of its average precipitation total for 2015, making this one of the 10 driest years for the country in the past half century.