Jessamine LHT - Geskiedenis

Jessamine LHT - Geskiedenis

Jessamine

Voormalige naam behou.

Ek

(Tender: dp. 257; 1. 156 '; b. 24'; dr. 7'3 "; kpl. 22)

Die eerste Jessamine, 'n yster vuurtoring tender, tree in diens op 24 September 1881 en val onder die vloot jurisdiksie van die hele vuurtoring diens op 11 April 1917, R. A. Brooks, meester. 'Gedurende die oorlog het sy voortgegaan met haar gewone pligte om vuurtorings en ander navigasiehulpmiddels uit haar tuishawe Baltimore te bedien. Sy is op 1 Julie 1919 na die handelsdepartement teruggestuur.


10:00 – 15:00

Sluit by ons aan by die Jessamine Career & amp Technical Center, 881 Wilmore Rd (agter die JCS Board of Education) en ontmoet werkgewers wat posisies in 'n wye verskeidenheid besighede wil vul. Of u nou op soek is na u eerste werk, vervanging of 'n loopbaanverandering, NOU is die perfekte tyd en plek om die pos te vind. Al hierdie werkgewers sal in Jessamine County geleë wees. Bring u CV en u glimlag en ontmoet u nuwe geleenthede vir die toekoms! Geen registrasie is nodig nie.

Op soek na nuwe werknemers? Ons het hulle gereed vir u! Sluit by ons aan en kry die geleentheid om u toekomstige werknemers te ontmoet. Ons gaan instel by Jessamine Career & amp Technical Center binne die voorportaal, buite op die sypaadjies en op die parkeerterrein. Ons het tafels beskikbaar, maar u moet die tafelbedekking, stoel, materiaal, ens. Voorsien. 'N Tent is 'n goeie idee as u buite wil opslaan. Bring u beeldmateriaal saam en wifi is beskikbaar. Maak nie saak watter pos u huur nie, dit is die plek om te wees. Kontak Ronda May, [email protected] of 859-887-4351 om u plek te bespreek.

Kyk na die besighede wat ter plaatse plaasvind:

Jessamine County Schools West Rock Winners Circle Painting Aqua Tots Greater Lexington Insurance PECCO Blue Tank & amp Pump Kroger Amcor U Bounce, Inc

Realiant Healthcare Staffing JESS FM ServPro Home Goods Kentucky Career Center Med-Save Drake ’s Nicholasville Nursing & Rehab Saint Joseph Jessamine

ABR Konstruksie Herleef Ministeries Verhef Stokke Jimmy Johns Stad van Nicholasville Asbury Universiteit Wesley Village Lowe ’s Sam ’s Club McDonalds Walgreens Lowe ’s Allphase/CED All God ’s Children Nicholasville Police Department Dever RJ Corman Railroad

Chicken Salad Chick en Boston ’s Way word opgestel met heerlike opsies vir middagete:


I LOCA4 SPORT. Ek

LOCA4 SPORT. EK VOETBAL -ONDERWERPE. Ek (Be-I) het van die Evening Express afgehaal.) I Die agenda-en die raadsvergadering van die Weish Kngby Union-vergadering, wat Donderdag in die Ajigel Hotel, Cardiff gehou sal word, beloof geen belangrike of opwindende sake nie. Daar is 'n bietjie gons oor die verkiesing van ottie-oers, dit is waar, maar dit lyk of Donderdag volgende dag baie mak is, want slegs in een distrik, die Weste, is daar 'n goeie posisie. Daar is ook geen teenkanting teen die herverkiesing van die sekretaris en titasi.ier nie. Ek sou nie dink dat mnr. A. J. Davies, by elke geleentheid in die vorige jare, vir sy maat sal moet dink dat dit nogal 'n nuwigheid is om 'n pe-.itcable walk-over te hê. Ek neem aan dat daar iets gesê sal word oor die Jamesesr -saak. Die & quotSportsman, & quot, sien ek, het Vrydag die aandag daarop gevestig en gesê dat dit tydens die komende vergadering van die Engelse Rugbyunie oorweeg sal word. Dit het nie veel nut om iets te sê totdat hulle besluit het oor die uUttter nie, dan is dit nie saak nie, maar dit sal geen kwaad doen as die vergadering van Donderdag 'n resolusie wat die Jiiigiisii ​​Rugbyunie verdien, besleg nie. Ek sien dat verskeie van die 'Quins -spelers na die noorde gegaan het. Percy Jago is na V igan, terwyl Keepiugs by sy broer by Halifax aangesluit het. In elk van hierdie gevalle is die transters deur die betrokke spelers aangevra en aan die Harlequins-klub toegestaan. Woes in IT. Ek sek. het Leigh na Bradford verlaat. Ek veronderstel dat hy op die vleuel van Coopers sal speel, en as hy dit doen, kan Bradford hulself werklik gelukwens met die vinnigste vleuel in die hele l'Ountry. Ek het amper begin wanhoop om ooit weer 'n regatta in Cardiii te sien, toe ek gisteroggend se pos 'n mogram ontvang van die jaarlikse regatta van die Cardiff Amateur Roeiklub, wat op Saterdag 8 September op Llandaff gehou sal word. Wilmot Harrison, die holi. sekretaresse, stuur vir my 'n vermaaklike brief aan die vordering van die Olub, wat ek laat hoor dat dit aansienlik was. Die ledetal het toegeneem, en dit blyk dat daar meer belangstelling in sport is as wat tot dusver die geval was. Benewens drie klubbyeenkomste is daar vier opeenvolgende geleenthede, wat die volgende is as Junior Four-oared Race-prys, waarde L6 6s. toegangsgeld, 15s. bote (klinkergeboude uitrig) voorsien. Maiden Fopr-oared Race prys, waarde ue en pond 4- 4s. toegangsgeld, 103. bote (klinkergeboude uitrig) voorsien. Raoe-prys met twee gawes, waarde en pond 3 3s. toegangsgeld, 7s. 6d. bote (klinkergeboude uitrig) voorsien. Sculling Race -prys, waarde L2 2. JLtrance fee, 5s. bote (klinkergeboude uitrig) voorsien. Die hon. oocretary se adres is 59, Park-place, Cardiff. Die po? -T- by die Harlequins 'G?-en vandag I (8dI: & quoti & icirc be 1 & iexcl i & iexcle? Ti1 ,. dit van die (I.pi. heup wat uitgeveg moet word. Thc program. hoe daar twintig m is, waaronder E. J = w, tliebrothers Bar- rttt Pugh, Sheen, T. Linton, en d Vk. Wat die wedloop 'n interessante aspek laat dra, is dat verskeie van hierdie mans het bewys dat hulle baie oloso was in die kwessie van verdienste, en ons het hulle gesien in die clianipionshipa wat alreeds uitgevoer is, veg 'n paar geweldige gevegte. James, Barrett. Sheen en Vokes sal waarskynlik gesien word Ek sien dat die Harlequins ander byeenkomste vir 1, 3 en 8 September aankondig. Op die 1ste bevat die piogram die fietsrykampioenskap van tien myl, honderd meter se fiat-kampioenskap, 120 yards se hekkies, pioenasie, en 440 yards 'Bat ohan) pioenasie. Al die bogenoemde is natuurlik krasgebeurtenisse. Tot honderd meter kampioenskap. thar Gould sal skaars sy hekkieskampioen verdedig di.p, so ons behoort 'n interessante wedloop tussen Gus Gould (xwili, Beitli en miskien 'n paar ander) te sien. Die 440 werf. ' plat: =. natuurlik^ 'n geskenk vir Culhim, as hy lank genoeg beeu -resultate in Suid -Wallis het. Twee van die beste kolwers Eng) en besit by die l! Es :: dy-W. G. Genade en cru het laat in die warm water gekom. Die doktersverhouding in Bristol, wat ons almal onthou, was skandelik. 'N Paar weke terug het ek Guru sien kolf in Brighton. Shaw, die ou Notts -man, wat nou vir Sussex speel, het 'n bal na Gunn gestuur wat 'n paar meter breed op die been geslaan het. Gunn het nooit probeer om ithbnJe. & Yumlew glt? dit slaag. Tot die afkeer van die Notts -man, breek dit rijn? om hom en neem sy beenstomp. Toe Gunn by die paviljoen kom, word hy deur die skare bespot, 'n proses wat sonder twyfel sleg is. Dit was egter weg van die huis af. By Nottingham sou ons skaars verwag dat so 'n gunsteling deur sy eie skare uitgelag sou word, maar dit blyk ook so te wees. Gunn skryf aan die & quotSporting Life & quot daaroor soos volg: & mdash Ek het die opmerkings oor die krieket by Nottingham verlede Saterdag gelees. Notts kom gewoonlik nie by vier eclock aan om 190 lopies te kry nie, wat amper 'n onmoontlike taak was. Die Middlesex -boulers was werklik die skuld vir die stadige krieket. Hulle het elke bal kort en reguit geboul, sodat geen kolwer daaruit kon druk nie. Een van die boulers het opgemerk dat Notts nie die lopies kon kry nie, want hy kon 'n week lank kort en reguit boul. en bedoel om dit te doen. Mnr. Charles W. Wright (wat net so baie balle kan slaan as die meeste spelers) was dus aan die een kant beknop deur Rftwiin se kort en traaglit-aflewerings vir oor en oor, terwyl Hearne (hoewel nie so erg nie) my behandel het. met 'n soortgelyke dosis by. die ander kant. 'N Paar toeskouers gedra hulle skandelik deur persoonlike opmerkings aan r. Wright en myself. Ons het albei ons bes gedoen vir ons kant, maar dit was onmoontlik om onder sulke beledigings te soor, of selfs te kolf, en ons was albei baie in die versoeking om na die pawiljoen te stap en weier om ons aan sulke gedrag te onderwerp. In plaas daarvan het ons ons paaltjies feitlik verloor deur die skare uit te skree. As die onwelvoeglike gemanierde en persoonlike opmerkings wat by voetbalwedstryde heers, by krieket geduld moet word, en indirek deur die pers aangemoedig word, sal ek daarvan terugtrek, soos ek meen meer as een speler wat meer bekend is as ek self al gedoen het . Wanneer, ek of .e.I. .'10- 'n otner criOKeter nlKe nixy riiiim m na minute die skare juig, maar as ons nie in staat is om vir die galery te speel nie, as gevolg van boulwerk soos dié van verlede Saterdag, word ons beledig deur t.v.wd en onregverdig behandel b? die preek? Ek)? jw.org af Mnr C. W. Wl:, ek, ek stem nogal saam met alles wat ek sê, en ek is maar Rur. geprys dat 'n meneer wat so algemeen in die provinsie gerespekteer is, en wat soveel gedoen het vir 'botb county en plaaslike krieket, hom aan so 'n optrede moes onderwerp. Tydens 'n vergadering van die South Wales Baseball Association, wat Donderdagaand gehou is, is mnr. Charles R. Crawley, Penarth-road, Cardiff, tot sekretaris verkies. Daar is besluit om vandag (Saterdag) die eindstryd vir die skild op die Barracks Field te pak. J. Donovan is so 'n bekende in Cardiff-krieketkringe dat ek seker is dat almal sou wou weet dat sy voordeel by Garth, vir watter klub hy professioneel is, plaasvind (Saterdag). Ek hoop dat 'n stamphek opdaag om Johnny 'n goeie voordeel te gee, want hy verdien dit beslis WELS ATHLETE.

Adverteer

-8J VOORRAAD, & quot & gt '(). 103. & laquo STUCK, & quot No. 103. A'O'i'HKR CIRTAIN L SUCCESS. () THEH. SEKERE SUKSES. ^I'HSHSIPTION LIST NOU OOP. ^VBSCKIPTION LYS NOU OOP. ^S F D VIR GESONDHEID BY.-A ONCK. '?? EINDE: VIR GESONDHEID BY j* ON (' ?, riI W, UNIVERSAL STOCK EX-, -HAJWK 'LIMlTi-IW la Convince tL ( i STOCK. & Quot No, 103, WILL B: /xOTIIER CERTAIN SUCCESS. = j vKKYONK KAN DIT AANSLUIT,> following facta & raquo!! & raquo & laquo & trade d VUR A STOCK & quot Si bTi.M. 01 'n sekere Stock, tfI Comma., J-nm-Hiicatr die f & raquoot aan hul kliënte het h: ivi- gewloot B Stock, wat, b, y> udw! OU8 V 'luado to r kan wees NUl'n .d resultate, & raquo & quot, 1 J hul I'urropoudeuts na JOIU met th ?. , ■ r.huie na die hoeveelheid kapitaal om die voorraad voldoende te beheer om die nodige beweging te kan doen. j 'N OPLOSSENDE GEHEIM oor die .t i: li t & gt van die Aandel wat in i un t v, -uci.il sukses behaal moet word. Vir C9L'VtHl1.t & gtU ('C' M I'licicfore, tftihscnptiuns word uitgenooi na 'n & laquo is onlv bekend by a number, fuck a* 'ok No. en die rede hiervoor is dat ek rl 1'11 Aandelebeurs verkies om die th & lt v trdublt1 aud ervaring vir thcr po mjclvea voor di buite te verenig .Y b, deur e & oslash.r de: diug, ight I voor die maatskappy se pur* & quotIi teen onderste pryse. pTSHil & quotA STUCK & quot OPERATIONS T, f the T N 'TVKRSAL STOCK EXCHANGE I, xt. & Raquood the te & raquot Qf verskeie yeftrn, .d te i (Dit l'C (' S: oS j. & Iexclvcu in die volgende statis- & bull til & quot, t tbc & quottem w n- sound one Dit word gelys deur die hede as 1885. Die eerste 44 A voorraad -operasie T. -(lot.bcr van daardie skeur, die voorraad gekies vc & lt & quot .ian Parities het ons teen 3SJ iji gekoop. Die & laquo*nu & raquo -maand Brighton 'W & quotin ltr 9? J, aud byna onmiddellik n .r & iexcli Te tli, t en van November Northern 1', (V was tiken for a 44 A Stock, & quot but & diams & lt .wed a small loss, because all calcula- r, (rl 'ups et bv b, skielike dood van die R. y Kin. Meneer W. H, Vtmderbi't, 0 rt. -mber 3. 1835. wat 'n tydelike dfi-v^Mos 111 hierdie Voorraad veroorsaak het. 1 & bull t^ efoitowuiKyear, 1886, the n1,1nger.9 h*? Iii^ Tf & mdash.v -od rdiable information about Grund Truuk br rret '& laquo an 14 A Stock & quot bear operation was Tf -Ived upon. The Stock wns, tbtre! Ore, pld 16 at 61,, d in a few days the price f & quotll '?, 57. SeT & laquoral Ot ber A Stocks foUo & quote, l ia die somjaar. Kanadese l'acifics, Union ru-trics. Northern Pacific l*referreo, Eritl 2ud> & iexcl, tlf ', Atlantic 1st, L (H, isTille and Nashville, CV & quotuUiau Pa (' & Icircr.c, aud Norfolk -, IW? Ste. In February, 18 & amp7, Mexican Rails 2nd Pre ! s is gekies 173 ana het gou tot 80 $ gestyg. F.Il. g? tr, Uruguay en Neximu Kail* 2nd Prd ft & quotio. In Desember 1887 neem die Hull en Barnsley & Ugraved jdace, hierdie pittige een van die WMte. st s'i.xeiS & quotji ooit millt1 deur dieIn. en hierop handel Hull en BanisJey die meeste van die fawe van die Com. n isdnE '. r? chiL, t ?? is omstreeks So voltooi, en hierdie St-k bortly middae gestyg tot 4: 1, m ondanks strawwe pogings deur 'n (qlr (,, & gtSltlOn -kliek om die prys met scVu laer te hou as? jarg dat dit moontlik sou wees om 'n Ll.I.ll, out van die voorraad van die mark af te neem dat op Df comber 8,1387, die Stock rooefrom 30* tot 391, die res 4) van die ritse wat die volgende QINCF voorkom DAN was daar verder ek & quotA Stock & quot operasies, en uot n ■, -u.restful ou T^KO'.i 1885 AAN die PR /'SENT i MOMi.Nl was daar 'n Otal van meer as 4quotA Srocks, & quot almal van hi, b, met een enkellopend. epti. : hie: v been s! lcc8.sfu1. 'N OORSKRIF wat elke hu^ntc -sj man & quot & quot1: 1 ullow 1S die sterkste moontlike th: it die, 4 A Aandele' 'wat deur die 1 -wtTsal Aandelebeurs uitgebring word, is voor die tyd Ilud f () 1iJ.1i.il. ' bedrywighede, en het so oordeelkundig gewerk dat ek vroeër of later dit nie kon betaal nie. n (K VMV & pond BSAL VOORWAARDE, kivir^ groot maat gebou xip sy enorme t: ie-ss hv A Aandele, & quot die C & quot-]. i! .1dUY is baie versigtig om nie onderskrif t- s u & gt anv A Sto uit te nooi nie , k totdat dit elke (, t 1 :: 't'jtiLl] 1k :: s :: I tllF het nou 'n onvoltooide rekord, en dit sal altyd '■ -stuur om dit te behou. ! .r TEBMS van 8ub: criptiou. address-The SecTe.1:, rv, UNIVEKSAL STOCK EXCHANGE i-iuiited), Cocksptir-street. Londou. TTNIVERSAL STOCK EXCHANGE v? Li.: t? d ?, QOCKSPUR-STREET, LONDON. J XVESTMENTS, CAPITAL, and & quotOESERVE FUND, over & pound330,000. -1 tkl T, IOR TRABABLE MARKET MOVE.  VOLGENDE WEEK SE MARK O VERSLAG. OCR SPESIELKIES GESELTEERDE LYS VAN PERFEKTIEK GELDE ECURITIES PAYING* van 3 na 3 CENT. OOK & quotHOW to operate m'CCESSFULLY IN STO CKS. & Quot k, T & quot WENTY SEWENDE UITGAWE T (167 BLADSYE). ^HNT POSVRY. DIE BOEK BEVAT ARTIKELS f'A!: T LT () KK WISSELGebruike, tiw tit Bu: iJ.1 (, tlS word uitgevoer. S ro Ma & Uumlp. 'L,' s the Accounts is Keeped. H & lt Gegee moet word. Aandele Moet oorgedra word. M, .1.- & gt & lt & diams Hanteer ia Aandele. V tlements System. M i h'v ^ettlemeattf System. Risou van alle Throo Systems of Dealing.> I-.: R ', k'r8' Tweeweekliks rekeninge Vergelyk & quotith lhree-Ma: hly Accounts. ART II. & MdashHOW TO Operate. M s Lost OH the Stock Market. 1. su.ra of Operating. H:, r '@0 & AacutelOCk!' L 'U utch & quotA Stock. & Quot | I 1.d Lo & quott Pryse R & quot van l & ETH3 tot inklusief. I & gt tt ^xMusof Dealine-. -V: mis of ^hort r Diu itiou. I motors van r.outf D, I>: dj1Q. L: land Rc .sideutsOj & raquoerate Succtssfunv? ALD uiauv ander van belang vir alle mense wat handel & quotI tocks ONS DRIE-MAANDELIKE SETTLE-?? j *YSl tl ?, B ! i> iIb'5NB: I () 'i. t & quotALL COMMIS-- & ltA_ ? 'fo? s mM beveel homself aan vir almal wat dit al probeer het. ra-vHK SEC RET van SUCCESFULLY S GENESING in VOORRAAD is om SH te neem OOT, Ol'li K PRONTS .il HANDEL 'n GROOT i i & quot v & gt. maar dit kan nie winsgewend gedoen word nie! ione 3ud coutinsfoes Laro word ji ur.ts gevestig tweeweekliks. 1 u T) b, AlINGS of Communications _1 & quot. w.sii it-roiiousiblc Imrtic & amp of met auy persoa tlll ag '+.' van een-en-twintig. & quotA VOORRAAD, & quot No. 103. 'N NIKS VEILIGE SUKSES nie. ^(. 'iSSCRIPTION LIST NOW OOP. EINDE VIR BESONDERHEDE OP OCE. rjlilE UNIVERSAL AANDEL EX- JL CHANTiE (BEPERK) is Couviuced that STOCK, & quot No. 103, SAL ANDER BESTAAN SUKSES WORD. A & raquo T PKOI'IT. N'HI: UNIVERSAL STOCK EX- T (-! L? NGE (LIMITED) kraal die lys met 'n & quot, b. Lptiou van -Q'J & gtK 000 NA DIE O '& quotd & quot tho CAPITAL bedoel om & iexcl i. 'o gebruik' die (& gt> & gteration. & quotA VOORRAAD, & quot No. 103. VEILIGE SUKSES. INSKRYWINGSLYS NOU OOP. jpCLL GEGEVENS, VOORWAARDES en INSKRYWINGSVORME kan 'n aansoek op MENSELIKE VOORRAAD hê. X VERANDERING (BEPERK), COCKSPUR-STREET, LONDON. 11U55

DIE SUIDENDE TRAGEDIE. j

DIE SUIDENDE TRAGEDIE. LEES WEER VOOR DIE MAGISTRATE. SUSTER VAN DIE BESKULDIGE HERROEP. GARANTIE VIR DIE BROER SE ARREST. Tb & ucirc 1U1 i & quotteri & uuml! ondersoek van James Can- Read, 39 gelede, het 'n klerk die afgelope tyd die Koyal Albert Dooks in diens geneem, wat ehar^etl is met die moord op Florence Demiis, 23 jaar oud, op Prittlowcll. naby Southend, op Sondag, 24 Junie verlede week, hervat ou Vrydag by Sortbclld Borough Sesaions. Die plaaslike belangstelling in die saak is versterk deur 'n gerug dat die oggend vrylik in die stad versprei is tot die eftect dat mnr. Ayriss het 'n belangrike 8tatew8nt gemaak, en tluits tho i & gtrooeedit: gs sou getuie wees van 'n extriort: lii) ar & gt* ontwikkeling van die i-ufc. Die aantal mense wat die administrasie soek: na die hof is op groot skaal aansienlik vergroot, en die pad langs die jwlicc-siatioa wa* het van 'n vroeë uur opgedrompel. Die gevangene, wat weer uit Chelmsford Gaol gebring is, het die nou bekende ligte pak en 'n ftaiuiel -hemp aangehad waarin hy aangetrek was ten tye van hi. arrestasie. Ho het goed gelyk, maar. ietwat meer ('arowom as wanneer laas' vir? die beneh. Ho ?? 'uickh' M '? in die hof deur W Iat) urtqn en mnr Waters, bis l'OH: I (fl aud advokaat. Sh.irlv atter -.va.-ds Mnr. Lamb, wat tot dusver die saak vir die vervolging gevoer het. -Ililld, aud was? l-? mnit-d bv Ir. Tesourie om die hand te neem MR (tIIIIJ PROSECUTES. I Mr. Gill ..1, onc verduidelik aan die Bank dat hy deur die Tesourie opdrag gegee is om voort te gaan met die pro-en-godsdiens in hierdie geval. A? TenM-nt was gemaak in die loop van die? & quoti. dence van mevrou Avriss wat sy sedertdien gesê het onwaar was. Ek het gedink dat dit wenslik was dat ek weer gebel moet word voor die ander & quot & iexcldeuce. Mevrou. AYIUSS HY BEL. Mnr. & laquo . Ayri.-s, wie was 1001 .111 & quot: baie uuneu, w? Th? Ru.? Hed Mr.Ui) i: Yt'uM.adt? StKtfmeutm.th) .scMo mttMCOur? Otyuuit'vt'km ' het jy die gevangene gesien Southend? nSondagay? ht, 24 Junie. Is dit 'n stelling wat nie waar is nie? & mdash es. by jou huis op daardie 8undy nillhn-So. Vid you & iexcl'trodu & iexcl'e your .ist..r to a: Mr .. Kdders, 'n huisbewaarder? & Mdash es. Het u die aand self na mev Ldders gegaan? & MdashNee. Kurn & ltK'h & quot? & Quot & lt het? & Quot '?'? van mevrou E? ld (? N I & quotm & quot na u huis en? p, aan u? & mdash Y F. 'n tyd nadat my suster ROUtOUt gehad het. Wanneer laas het jy jou siste gesien, r 011 die Si'iiday -aand ? & mdash Kort na nege-uur. Sy was aangetrek en het haar hoed op. Op die Maandagoggend1 het u na 'n ".ut half.pist scveH gegaan na S & quot MrsE? de?-?? , dit was my oproer daar. Het u dan na die polisie gegaan, daarna 'n telegram na die gevangene gestuur? & mdashY es. Ir. Witrburtoii Het u daardie Sondagaand uitgegaan om alles? & mdashN^ o. li daar 'n groter deel van die vutir eviuerce wat u behalwe dit sou wou regstel? & mdash Ko. Waardeer u die belangrikheid van hierdie deel van u getuienis ten opsigte van die voornaamste? & mdash Ek doen nou wat ek gedoen het nie dan nie. Limy oamo jy bedink nie net Ibis & laquotorv voor & laquo3 die lykskouer nie, 'btrt: herhaaldelik ht*e? & mdash- B eams*I f, maar seker tnat Bie was tlipre,*nd dat sy goue by hom gehad het. Tbt & iexcl v I s help dit. Mnr. Gill: Laat my ondeNtiii & ltL U is ftskrd & raquorhy dit was dat u die verklaring gemaak het 'wat u hom die aand gesien het & quotn. Getuie: Omdat ek so seker gevoel het dat hy daar was. LEES SE SKRYFWERK. Dit was al wat mev. Aniss moes aflê, en sy het toe pla geskenk aan mnr. Henry Ebenezer Clarke, 'n klerk -werknemer) by thfViotcna Docks. Hierdie getuie het twee doeane -eiitrit opgelewer? skriftelik aii druk, wat verklaar word die werk van die gevangene Read. Mnr. Mowrin. th & quot-kenner in handskrif, is toe weer gebel. Hy het gesê dat hy die inskrywings in die Custonw-boek ondersoek het en dit vergelyk met die telegram van die 31ste MOT, 1894. wat W: b 'geproduseer het, en waarvan die woorde gedruk is. Hy was van mening dat die druk op die telegram w: w deur die gevangene gedoen is. In die Doeane-boek* vind hy sekere kenmerke en eienaardighede van die 1'1'01 'en die e & quot-eienskappe en eienaardighede wat in die te] Plrram weergegee is. In oros & laquo-ex'mnnation bj JIlr. W & laquorbnvton, l! Ow- .nr, hy het toegegee dat t'.ere eortnin was & lt1.i ,. ftimilarit'es tussen die druk in die tele- gnnn en thltt in tlio boeke, meneer Gill rointei uit dat die werd Talbot & quot wa* npelt in hierdie teleeram met twee ut 'vrnn die ca^e in die twee telegramme l'r.1 'iO'181y gestel. In al drie die telegram* gedra aan Sheemess, en almal is deur die pos gestuur. MK, AYRISS IN THE BOX. Die volgende getuie was die heer John Ayriss, die man van die vrou, wat in die growwe van hierdie verrigtinge so 'n onbenydenswaardige bekendheid verdien het. Hy Raid he tea* a milkman, cur.inr aD business at Southend. Die oorledene was sy sihr.in. aw. 8ne camo om op Dinsdag, 19 Junie by sy h e te bly. Hy het & quotquot & quot & haar & quotJive 011 Sondag, 24 Junie. Hi. sy vrou is daarna na die polisiestasie, en getuie, II.t sy vrou se versoek, 'n fteTwaTrl s die telegram (geproduseer) aan Read geskryf het. Hi. vrou kry hom die adres. Mnr. Warhnrton het nie die getuienis ontdek nie, en getuienis is ontvang met die oog op die versending van It-telegram na Southend vanaf die We3t Strand-poskantoor op die aand van Vrydag, 22 Junie. DIENSVERKLARING. Fanny Philpot wa. daarna ondersoek. Haar getuienis was om te bewerkstellig dat sy die dienaar van mev Edders van 87. Stanley-road, Southend was. Op Sondag, 4 Junie. Mevrou Ayri en laquos se suster sou by meneer Edders se huis geslaap het, maar het nie opgedaag nie, en Maandag het 'n rooi getuienis na mevrou Avr gegaan om te sien hoekom die meisie nie gekom het nie. Die getuie kon nie die foto identifiseer as die van die meisie na wie sy verwys het nie. HARRY LEES Die naam van Harl & quot ReRd is toe genoem, maar daar was geen reaksie nie, en mnr. Gill het gesê dat as die getuie nie binne 'n redelike tyd kom nie, hy 'n bevel nodig het. Die hof wag terwyl Harry Read se naam in die hof hier onder genoem word, maar weer was daar geen verweer nie. Toe besluit die voorsitter om die hof te verdaag vir middagete, en as die getuie teen daardie tyd nie verskyn nie, sal 'n lasbrief wees. is hervat Harry Read het nie verskyn nie, en mnr. Gill het gesê dat hy twee of drie moro-getuies sou noem. en as Harry Read aan die einde van hul getuienis nie verskyn het nie, sou hy 'n aansoek oor hom doen. EKSAMEN VAN KULLE. Irvine, superintellent van mnre. Ely Bros. ' Cartridge He was Rhown 0 boks patrone, 'n koeël wat 'n patroon was, a11 (ek was ook die koeël wat uit die oorledene se kop geneem is. jaar gelede. Dit was geen 7 vuurvuurpatrone vir rewolwers nie. Die ongevuurde koeël is uit een van die patrone geneem. Mnr. Wicrbiirton (boliiiriq met die koeël wat van die oorlede meisie geneem is): bedoel u ernstig dat u vir hierdie stuk lood kan sweer as u luister na een van u firma se vervaardiging? Witne. Nee meneer. Sal daar geen verskil wees tussen die koeël van 'n nr. 7-spitvuuroortreksel en van 'n nr. 7 sentrale vuurpatroon? -Nie, weer ondersoek, die getuie het geen twyfel gehad dat die afgevuurde koeël uit 'n nr. 7-patroon was nie. Mev. (> MnC1J, die vrou .fa klerk in die Royal Albert Docks, was toe? .1l, d. Sy het in Mei en Junie gesê o f hierdie jaar haar man Wa & quot m. en Read het hom 011 op 1IIomay -oggende gebel. Lees laas gebel op Maandag, 25 Junie. By hierdie geleentheid lyk hy nie so skoon soos nm..1Jy het. Dit is moontlik dat hy net geskeer is. Hy het homself verskoon om na die man van die getuie te gaan, en mdash Kruisondervra Die beskuldigde en die man van die getuie was vriende. Dit was nie normaal dat die gevangene boontoe gaan om haar man te sien nie. 'N KLEURMAN SE LEESMENING. William Kendall, 'n kunstenaar van kleur, van Marlborough-weg, Kilburn, het gesê hy ken die gevangene en sy broer Harry. Om tienuur die Vrydag, 22 Junie, ontmoet hy hulle op die hoek van Parkstraat, Oxfordstraat, en drink 'n drankie saam met hulle. Die gevangene het nie 'n woord gesê oor die volgende dag na Canterbury nie, of om die volgende dag êrens heen te gaan nie. Kruisondervra: Hy het Itead sedert sy kinderjare sleg geken. Hy was altyd goedhartig en was deur almal geliefd. Heroksamineer: Hy weet niks van die privaat lewe van die gevangene nie. GARANTIE VIR DIE BROER SE ARREST. Die hof het toe beveel dat die naam van I Harry Victor Read weer genoem moet word. Hiermee was ek klaar, en daar was geen reaksie nie. Mnr. Giles het aansoek gedoen om 'n lasbrief vir die arrestasie van Harry Victor Read, om sy bywoning te verseker. I Die B. ch het die w? RrMit beveel om te wees! ek..u? d. EK 'N VERDERE OPDRAG. Mnr. Gill het daarna 'n verdere uitstel van twee weke gevra. Mnr. Warhnrton het gehoop dat die saak vir die vervolging by die volgende verhoor kom. vervul. P* mnr. Gill eaid dat dit in die openbare belang wenslik was dat die saak volledig voor die landdros ingegaan moet word, te8. The Bank het besluit om die pryser tot Vrydag volgende week in hegtenis te neem en dan formeel tot Vrydag 7 September. Mnr. Wavburton vra dat die geld wat hy op die adres van die gevangene gevind het ten tye van sy inhegtenisneming, aan hom oorgegee moet word vir verdediging. Die bank besluit toe dat, in Tiew van die moontlikheid van 'n toekomstige vervolging met betrekking tot daardie geld, dit nie opgee moet word nie- Die verrigtinge is toe uitgestel.

'N Tuislose meisie ATI NEWPORT.

'N Tuislose meisie by NEWPORT. GENADIGE OPTREDE VAN DIE AANKOMSTER. 'N Vervreemde saak het Vrydagoggend die aandag van die landdroste in Newport Borough getrek. 'N Meisie met respekvolle kleredrag, reën Aunie Harwy, sewentien jaar oud, is in hegtenis geneem op lasbrief vir diefstal van 'n goue ring, die eiendom van mnr. James Sandel, skilder en versierder, by wie Hi* diens gedoen het, op Cambrian-place, Stcw-hil !. en ook met die steel van 'n silwer horlosie en ketting, die eiendom van Wm. Joseph Farrow, 'n skilder in die werk van mnr Sanders. & Mdash Voordat enige bewyse geneem is, a op versoek van die m: igistrate & laquo deur eerwaarde Charles Ayliffe. wat die afgelope paar jaar baie belangstelling in vriendelose en vrolike meisies gehad het. Hy het gesê dat hy op Saterdag, 11 Augustus, die gevangene Harvey Mandering in die strate van Newport in die nnuule van die nag gevind het. in die hoop om haar volgende Maandag na Londen te neem. Hy het nie geweet toe hy haar van die diefstalle waarmee sy aangekla is, geneem het nie. Haar familiegeskiedenis was hartseer. Haar pa het haar en drie ander jong kinders in Bristol ongeveer tien jaar gelede in die steek gelaat, en haar ma is dood aan starva- timi 'It that ptace. 'nteotherchudren het u nie opgespoor nie, maar dit ,? ? rf het na haar ouma by MatpM gegaan. naby 'Ke.w? rt? waar elke poging aangewend is om haar behoorlik groot te maak. & mdashDie voorsitter vra of die kontinuïteit van die dr. C. Avlitfe ek weet nie. Dit hang af van die aard van die saak, maar as die MurtwtU aan my oorhandig, sal ek 6eo sorg dat sy behoorlik versorg word. Ek is nie bereid om te redeneer dat sy deur dr. Barnardo na l'nada gestuur word nie, maar ek sal sien dat sy versorg word. & mdash 'Hie aanklaers het in albei gevalle hul begeerte uitgespreek om die meisie te sien red uit 'n kriminele kursus eerder as om haar tronk toe te laat, en meneer Abrahamson, die pandjiesbroer, -z? id hy -Id. , gemak halfpad, en r (?? het die ding geskeur. wat b- I op die helfte van die bedrag gehad het wat hy gevorder het. L.rh '? Chaiiman (mnr. H. Phiitipa), wat die meisie toespreek, het gesê dit is byna ongekend dat mense wat 'n onreg aangedoen is, na vore moet kom om opofferings te maak om 'n misdadiger te bespaar om uit die tronk te gaan.

OM DIE DEADI TE BALSEM

OM DIE DOOD TE BALME I EEN ENKEL VREEMDE EGIPTEEN EK DOOS. Toe 'n lid van 'n Egiptiese gesin sterf, het al die familielede rou en ab. bevlek van blths, wyn en lekkernye van ail kiuds, van veertig tot sestig dae, volgens die mnk van die persoon wat in 'n kwartaal is. Die dood het in een opsig 'n einde gemaak aan alle onderskeidings wat in die lewe geheers het, en koning en slaaf was onder dieselfde wet. Die rekord van die lewe van die oorledene moes deur 'n tribunaal van 42 regters ondersoek word, voordat hy saam met sy voorouers begrawe kon word. As die dade van sy lewe bewys dat hy waardig was om begrawe te word, is sy liggaam oor die heilige meer gedra, waar elke provinsie een gehad het, en kon hulle dan rus. Die beoordelaars het hom waardig gevind, alhoewel hy tot die hoogste rang gerangskik het, kon hy nie begrawe word met sy: moe & quottor8 die liggaam is na l teruggegee, i? relatins en is begrawe aan die kant van die meer tives en wa? bur ?? d (, ii tlii? aide of tlife lake faith of the Egyptians i- 'n toekomstige bestaanstoestand het aanleiding gegee tot die balseming van die dooies. Hulle wou die liggaam sorgvuldig bewaar, sodat die siel , na sy terugkeer na sy vorige woonplek aan die einde van alle dinge, kan DU & dit opgradeer vir die ontvangs daarvan. persone van uitstaande rang, die koste ten bedrae van 'n talent silwer, of ongeveer & pond12J. 'n Aantal persone was in diens by die pmces & quot van balseming, en hulle word) met groot respek behandel. They filled the cavities of the body with myrrh, cinnamon, spices, and many kinds of sweet-smelling drugs. After a (rertain time had elapsed the body was swathed in lawn fillets, which were glued to- gether with a kind of thin gum, and then crusted over with costly perfumes. Bv ihis modo of embalming the shape of the body, the lineaments of tho face, the ejebrov* *nd eyelashes, were preserved in their natural per- fevtion. Bodies thus embalmed ar. what we now call Egyptian mummies.

A SCOTCH ELOPEMENT. Ek

A SCOTCH ELOPEMENT. OFF TO CHARLIE." I Residents in Forrar have had considerable food for gosaip supp:ied them in the sudden disappearance of a young woman, the wife of [t factory worker, and the subsequent discovery that she held deserted her husband with the express! intention of joining one whom she evidently cared moro for. The first intimation the husbaud received of the occurrence was on Tuesday at dinner time, when, on arriving, he found a note on the table, simply, yet patheti- cally, remarking, "Good-bye, Jim good-bye for ever. I'm off to Char1ie." "Charlie" is, it is supposed, a cousin of the vanished woman, lie is an old soldier, and had recently been residing with the couple, who have no children. At the holidays lie went to work in KiITiemnir, and about the same time the woman took a week's holiday, and spent them in Kirriemuir. Latterly "Charlie" is said to have secured 4 job in Dundee, and it is supposed "the lo,e.siok ,b"l-.I had gone tl. h'r although no real indication of her whereabouts has come to light. The "removal" was very quietly, but expeditiously, effected by one of the 11-tli 1)u.-se^ jn town carrying hex trunk to tho station, while she went to the train on foot.

AN HISTORIC COTTAGE. Ek

AN HISTORIC COTTAGE. I WHERE SHAKSPEARE'S MOTHER WAS BORN. The anoien-t cottage at Wilmecote, in ",I¡ieh was born Mary Arden, the mother of Shako- peaio. has not yet been bought by the cor- poration of Stratford, but some day perhaps it will be, and then the cluster of the Shaks- peare shrines will be complete. The cottage of Anue Hathaway was bought some tinh) aijo, together witji the old furniture and relics contained in it-the latttr being the property of Mrs. Mary T. Baker, who still re- sides in the cottage, and, notwithstanùin in. finnities of age, a.ssit:1ts in the genial task of showing it to visitors. At the Shakspeare birthplace the new custodians are Miss Rehocea Florence Hanoock and Miss Marie Louise Hancock, who assumed the office in May, 1893, and who have been remarkably successful in it-fultiliing a difficult duty with patience, raoe, and tact, winning the favour of visitors and the pleased approval of the borough. The library and the general supervision remain with Mr. Richard Savage, that excellent scholar and antiquary, so long ,ooia.too with Henlev-stneet cottage. All the Shakspeare Trusts are fortunate&mdashand so 1< the publio-in the presidency of Sir Arthur Hodgson.

STREET BETTING.

STREET BETTING. BOOKMAKER AND HIS CLIENT ARRESTED IN BIRMINGHAM. In Birmingham for some time past attempts have been made to suppress street betting by arresting, bookmakers on a charge of obstruction and imposing the maximum fine of zEb. On Friday" new departure was tried, in not only arresting a bookmaker, but a man who made a bet with him. The former was fined the iisual 95. but the latter, as it was the first case, was mulot in only 5s.

BUHIED ALIVE.

BUHIED ALIVE. A man named William Harrison, a labourer, of I'ark-road, was eugaged exoavutin? for some drains to some new houses in South Balik. street, Look. OIl Thursday afternoon, when the earth fell in aud covered him a depth of 10ft. The dead body was dug out an hour later.


Cestrum nocturnum is an evergreen woody shrub growing to 4 m (13 ft) tall. The leaves are simple, narrow lanceolate, 6–20 cm (2.4–7.9 in) long and 2–4.5 cm (0.79–1.77 in) broad, smooth and glossy, with an entire margin. The flowers are greenish-white, with a slender tubular corolla 2–2.5 cm (0.79–0.98 in) long with five acute lobes, 10–13 mm (0.39–0.51 in) diameter when open at night, and are produced in cymose inflorescences. A powerful, sweet perfume is released at night. The fruit is a berry 10 millimetres (0.39 in) long by 5 mm (0.20 in) diameter, either marfil white or the color of an aubergine. There is also a variety with yellowish flowers. There are mixed reports regarding the toxicity of foliage and fruit. [4] [5]

Cestrum nocturnum is grown in subtropical regions as an ornamental plant for its flowers that are heavily perfumed at night. It grows best in average to moist soil that is light and sandy, with a neutral pH of 6.6 to 7.5, and is hardy to hardiness zone 8. C. nocturnum can be fertilized biweekly with a weak dilution of seaweed and fish emulsion fertilizer.

Flowers distilled oil contains phenylethyl alcohol (27%), benzyl alcohol (12%), eicosane (5.6%), eugenol (5.6%), n-tetracosane (4.4%), caryophyllene oxide (3.1%), 1-hexadecanol (2.7%), methoxyeugenol (2.45%), benzaldehyde (2.32%). [6] Flowers alcohol extract contains cytotoxic steroids. [7]

Toxicity Edit

Ingestion of C. nocturnum has not been well documented, but there is some reason to believe that caution is in order. All members of the family Solanaceae contain an alkaloid toxin called solanine, [8] though some members of the family are routinely eaten without ill-effect. The most commonly reported problems associated with C. nocturnum are respiratory problems from the scent, and feverish symptoms following ingestion. [ medical citation needed ]

Some people, especially those with respiratory sensitivities or asthma, have reported difficulty breathing, irritation of the nose and throat, headache, nausea, or other symptoms when exposed to the blossom's powerful scent. [ medical citation needed ] Some Cestrum species contain chlorogenic acid, and the presence of this potent sensitizer may be responsible for this effect in C. nocturnum.

Some plant guides describe C. nocturnum as "toxic" and warn that ingesting plant parts, especially fruit, may result in elevated temperature, rapid pulse, excess salivation and gastritis. [ medical citation needed ]

Spoerke et al. [ full citation needed ] describe the following toxic effects reported from ingesting C. nocturnum: Ingesting 15 lb of plant material caused a cow to salivate, clamp its jaws, collapse, and eventually die. A postmortem showed gastroenteritis and congestion of liver, kidneys, brain, and spinal cord. Although the berries and the sap are suspected of being toxic, several cases of ingestion of the berries have not shown them to be a problem, with one exception. Morton cites a case where children ate significant quantities (handfuls) of berries and had no significant effects and another two where berries were ingested in smaller amounts, with similar negative results.

Ingestion of green berries over several weeks by a 2-year-old child resulted in diarrhea, vomiting, and blood clots in the stool. [ aanhaling nodig ] Anemia and purpura [discoloration of the skin caused by subcutaneous bleeding] were also noted. A solanine alkaloid isolated from the stool was hemolytic to human erythrocytes. [9] [ onbetroubare bron? ]

Plant extracts have shown larvicidal activity against the mosquito Aedes aegypti while showing no toxicity to fish. [10] [11] Plant extracts cause hematological changes in the freshwater fish when exposed to sub lethal concentrations. [12] [13]

Psychoactivity Edit

The mechanisms of the plant's putative psychoactive effects are currently unknown, and anecdotal data are extremely limited and include an aphrodisiac power. [14] In a rare discussion of traditional entheogenic use of the plant, Müller-Ebeling, Rätsch, and Shahi describe shamanic use of C. nocturnum in Nepal. [15] They describe experiencing "trippy" effects without mentioning unpleasant physical side effects. Rätsch's Encyclopedia of Psychoactive Plants also describes a handful of reports of ingestion of the plant without mentioning serious adverse side effects.

Cestrum nocturnum has become widely naturalized in tropical and subtropical regions throughout the world, including Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, southern China and the southernmost United States, and is difficult to eradicate. It is classed as a weed in some countries.

In Auckland, New Zealand, it has been reported as a seriously invasive weed to the Auckland Regional Council and is under investigation. NS Forest and Bird is compiling an inventory of wild cestrum sites in order to place the plant on the banned list. The inventory can be viewed via Google Maps. [16] Some nurseries still sell it without warning customers of the dangers to native bush reserves. [ aanhaling nodig ]


Jessamine County, Kentucky

Jessamine County is a county located in the state of Kentucky. As of the 2014, the bevolking was 50,815. Jessamine County was created on December 19, 1798. The county seat is Nicholasville. The county name of origin is questionable. Historians attribute Jessamine County's name to originate from the jasmine flowers that grow in the area, or the area is named after a Jessamine Creek near Wilmore. It is also possible the county is named for Jessamine Douglass, the daughter of a pioneer settler.

Jessamine County is part of the Lexington-Fayette, KY Metropolitan Statistical Area. It is within the Inner Blue Grass region, long a center of farming and blooded stock raising, including thoroughbred horses.

Etymology - Origin of Jessamine County Name

The county name of origin questionable, historians attribute Jessamine County's name to originate from the jasmine flowers that grow in the area, or the area is named after a Jessamine Creek near Wilmore or possibly the county is named for Jessamine Douglass, the daughter of a pioneer settler.

Demographics:

Jessamine County History

Jessamine County was established in 1798 from land given by Fayette County. Jessamine was the 36th Kentucky county in order of formation. It is located in the Inner Bluegrass region of the state. There is an average of 225.5 people per square mile. The county seat is Nicholasville.

Geography: Land and Water

As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 175 square miles (450 km 2 ), of which 172 square miles (450 km 2 ) is land and 2.4 square miles (6.2 km 2 ) (1.4%) is water. In 2000, nearly 129 square miles (330 km 2 ) of the county's total area was dedicated to agriculture. The elevation in the county ranges from 497 to 1072 feet above sea level. In 2000 the county population was 39,041 in a land area of 173.13 square miles

Jessamine county is located close to the center of Kentucky. The county's entire southern border is formed by the Kentucky River. Jessamine County's river bank extends roughly 42 miles long, due to it's winding through this county.


Utilities

Nicholasville Public Utilities is excited to offer our customers online access to their utility service information!

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Nicholasville's award-winning utilities system provides reliable electric, water and sewer services within and adjacent to the city.

Customer Service:
601 North Main Street
859.885.9473

24-Hour Emergency Line:
859.885.7305
(weekdays after 4 p.m.
and weekends)

Electricity: The electric department purchases wholeale power from Kentucky Utilities and distributes it to approximately 6,800 customers through the utility's transmission and distribution system.

Water:The water system consists of an intake pumping facility, a water treatment plant, a high service pumping facility, and transmission and distribution system. The treatment plant serves approximately 14,500 retail customers and two wholesale customers, with a capacity of 7 million gallons per day (mgd). The treated water transmission and distribution system consists of a grid of mains ranging from 2 to 24 inches in diameter and has a total elevated storage of 1.5 million gallons. For the annual drinking water quality report click here.

Sewers: The sanitary sewer system, serving approximately 11,500 customers, consists of a 4.1 MGD wastewater treatment plant (Jessamine Creek Environmental Control Facility), 14 pump stations and a collection system comprised of a network of gravity sewers and force mains.


Jessamine Community (1976)

This article is taken from East Pasco’s Heritage.

Communities come into being and pass out of existence, sometimes leaving no trace, sometimes only the name of the first settler. One east Pasco community was left with a lovely name which has often been misspelled because its source has been forgotten.

In 1887 the new Pasco County received two idealistic young business men, Walter N. Pike and William J. Ellsworth, who were intent on starting a seed and plant business in the land of flowers. They set up housekeeping with their brides in an old cabin on the edge of a small lake, about five miles southwest of Trilby. With strong backs hired from the settlement near the county line, they began the clearing of the pine and hammock acres—a slow process done with ax, mattock, saw, and much sweat of the brow. During this deforesting period, young Pike and Ellsworth were so impressed with the beauty and delicate fragrance of a certain wild flowering vine that they named their firm “Jessamine Gardens,” and their community “Jessamine.” Years later, in the wake of severe freezes, mail thefts, and financial panic widespread, they developed citrus under the name “Jessamine Groves,” thus continuing to emphasize the community name.

In the early days freight was hauled from Trilby. When the railroad was extended to St. Petersburg, Blanton was made a way station and became a receiving point. I recall hearing my uncle mention that some small shipments were brought up the mile-and-a-quarter from that depot by wheelbarrow.

Because of business needs, Pike and Ellsworth got permission to operate a postoffice at Jessamine. This served a number of families within a range of two or three miles. The mail was brought by horseback from Trilby and outgoing mail picked up. The same rider also served the Blanton area where the industry was a good-sized sawmill. Jessamine postoffice continued until about 1912, when the Rural Free Delivery reached out to individual families. The first postoffice was contained in the front of the Jessamine Gardens business house, where the seeds and bulbs were readied for shipping. With its lobby the postoffice took up a space about twenty by twenty-eight feet, completely sheltered within the building. Later, when the house was converted into a dwelling, a small unit scarcely eight by eight feet, partitioned through the center, provided an entry for customers and also a panel of private boxes, with a General Delivery and stamp window.


Inhoud

Vroeë jare Redigeer

Camp Nelson was established as a supply depot for Union advances into Tennessee. It was named for Major General William "Bull" Nelson, who had recently been murdered. [6] It was placed near Hickman Bridge, the only bridge across the Kentucky River upriver from the state capital (Frankfort, Kentucky). The site was selected to protect the bridge, to have a base of operations in central Kentucky, and to prepare to secure the Cumberland Gap and eastern Tennessee. The camp was also used as a site to train new soldiers for the Union army. The Kentucky River and Hickman Creek steep palisades contributed to the selection of the site. Only the northern side needed fortifications against Confederate attack since three sides have 400–500 feet almost vertical steep cliffs . [7]

Camp Nelson may have been the choice for a central Kentucky depot, but it had disadvantages. When Union Major General Ambrose Burnside attacked the Cumberland Gap and Knoxville, Tennessee, Camp Nelson's distance from the Gap and Knoxville, combined with lack of railroads and the weather, hampered the Union advance. [8]

Its drawbacks as a well situated supply depot led General William Tecumseh Sherman to prioritize Camp Nelson to take a major role in training 10,000 black soldiers who volunteered there for the U.S. Colored Troops. He advocated this role in response to overall Union commander Ulysses S. Grant who visited Camp Nelson in January 1864. Grant had observed the inadequacies in the overland supply routes employed and leaned toward abandoning it entirely. [9] Despite Grant's misgivings, Camp Nelson continued supplying major battles in 1864 such as Saltville VA I and Saltville VA II, as well as Atlanta for which the site provided 10,000 horses.

Recognizing that the Camp Nelson supply depot and the nearby Hickman Bridge were valuable targets for Confederate raider General John Hunt Morgan, Union forces geared up for attacks in July 1863 and June 1864. The most serious threat was mid-June 1864 when Brig. General Speed S. Fry called upon volunteers from among civilian employees. Six hundred were armed and performed guard duty at the northern fortifications around the clock for 6 days. Major C. E. Compton said that due to these civilians, “the depot was saved from capture and destruction.” [9]

Black History: troops, impressed workers, refugees, and emancipation Edit

Kentucky was one of four slaveholding states not joining the 11 other slaveholding southern states in forming the Confederate States of America which was in a rebellion rooted in decades of disputes over slavery. Kentucky blacks, enslaved and not, men and women, majorly contributed to the Union war effort in Kentucky initially as laborers, but ultimately as soldiers in infantry, artillery, and cavalry. [10]

Because Kentucky was a slaveholding state, but not one in rebellion, those escaping could not be included as contrabands as defined by the Confiscation Act of 1861. This law applied to the Confederacy only and declared that if enslaved people are considered property, then the military has the right to not only deny the access to the owner but also to impress these individuals into work. [11] Nonetheless, the Union Army in the state began impressing thousands, initially only of the disloyal or those who had already fled into Union camps. In the case of disloyal or unknown slave holders, wages and subsistence were paid to the enslaved person. Loyal slaveholders were compensated. [12]

Specific to Camp Nelson August 1863, Brig. General Jeremiah Boyle, authorized Commander Speed S. Fry to impress enslaved males, ages 16–45 within 14 counties of Central Kentucky, up to one-third of the enslaver's workforce. [13] Just as the military contracted to buy food and livestock, likewise it contracted with slave owning Union loyalists to procure enslaved men to labor at Camp Nelson. An example is agent George Denny who impressed Gabriel Burdett from nearby farm of Hiram Burdett. Compensation of $30 per month for each impressed worker went to slave owners. By 1864, some like Gabriel Burdett would eventually enlist in the U.S. Colored Troops. [14]

Consequentially, an estimated 3,000 impressed workers were stationed at Camp Nelson in 1863 performing labor-intensive tasks critical to the camp's founding and defense. Starting with fortifying the strategic Hickman Bridge in May, 1863, they aided in the construction of railroads, the northern fortifications and forts, and the 300 buildings. [6] [15]

President Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation of January 1, 1863 freed the enslaved only in the rebellious 11 states in the Confederacy. The War Department then publicly authorized the recruitment and training of African Americans in these states. Though a slave holding state, Kentucky was not in rebellion, so the proclamation and the military authorization did not apply.

Upon enlistment African Americans were emancipated from slavery in exchange for service in the Union Army. Kentucky recruited and trained more that 23,000 of the approximate 200,000 U.S. Colored Troops (USCT), making it the second largest contributor of any state. Camp Nelson was the largest state site with more than 10,000 recruits. Eight regiments were founded at Camp Nelson and five others were stationed there during the war. [4]

With the goal of enlistment of Kentucky blacks into the Union Army, Lincoln authorized a special census in 1863 which showed 1,650 freemen and 40,000 enslaved males of military age. [10] [16] Given this figure and using the justification that whites were not fulfilling the state's draft quota, pro-slavery Governor Thomas E. Bramlette reluctantly agreed in March 1864 that African-American men in Kentucky were allowed to join the US Army with consent of their owners who received $300. [10] [17] [14]

By April, enslaved men, despite the stipulation of owner consent, fled to enlist. The military, when uncertain of the consent, routinely sent men back to their owners. This situation led to a wave of violence as the military allowed squads hired to seize runaways from Camp Nelson. Chief Quartermaster Captain Theron E. Hall reported the site had become a “hunting ground for fugitives.” The army's help led to brutality. Owners severed ears and flayed men alive as they were bound to trees.

Due to the wave of violence, by June 1864 owners’ consent was no longer required, as ordered by Union Army Adj. Gen. Lorenzo Thomas. [14]

Among groups of African-American recruits, the largest arrived between June and October 1864, with 322 men enlisting on a single day on July 25. [18] In May, 1864, the first large group arrived, 250 recruits from Danville, a distance of 16 miles. These groups and others en route to Camp Nelson were subject to harassment and violence. For example, the Danville group “was assailed with stones and the content of revolvers,” reported Thomas Butler, superintendent of the United States Sanitary Commission. [13]

Peter Bruner's attempt to enlist was initially thwarted when he was captured by men unknown to him and jailed in nearby Nicholasville with 24 others seeking USCT enlistment at Camp Nelson. [19]

Rev. John Gregg Fee of the American Missionary Association (AMA) observed that “three of five recruits bore on their bodies marks of cruelty.” Despite this, army surgeons upon examining recruits found the vast majority to be healthy and very fit to serve. [10] [20]

Families of soldiers and others fleeing slavery seeking refuge at Union camps such as Camp Nelson were referred to as refugees. Unlike the soldiers, the refugees were initially not eligible for emancipation. The army did not have a clear policy for refugees, but they were allowed to establish a shanty village at Camp Nelson.

However, on November 22–25, 1864, District Commander Speed S. Fry, native of Danville, KY, under pressure from slave-owners, reversed this practice. [17] He ordered soldiers to force out under threat of death 400 women and children onto wagons and escort them out of the camp. Fry ordered soldiers to torch the refugee huts. Temperatures that day were well below freezing. The refugees suffered 102 deaths due to exposure and disease. [6] [17]

Camp Nelson Chief Quartermaster Theron E. Hall and Reverend John Gregg Fee of the American Missionary Association led a public outcry to newspapers, high ranking Washington officials, and the northern public. Hall gathered testimony from USCT soldiers on the battered conditions of their families and submitted them to Brig. General Stephen G. Burbridge, commander of the District of Kentucky. Burbridge ordered Fry to immediately cease expulsions, allow the families to return, and provide quarters. Secretary of War Edwin Stanton, Lincoln's Secretary of War, followed up with an order that a permanent shelter be established for almal refugees, regardless of any family ties to USCT troops. [14]

The New York Tribune published a front page account on Nov. 28, 1864 entitled Cruel Treatment of the Wives and Children of U.S. Colored Soldiers. “At this moment, over four hundred helpless human beings. having been driven from their homes by United States soldiers, are now lying in barns and mule sheds, wandering through the woods. literally starving, for no other crime than their husbands and fathers having thrown aside the manacles of Slavery to shoulder Union muskets.” [17]

By December 1864, the military reversed its policies, and authorized the construction of the Home for Colored Refugees. Included were 16 by 16 foot duplex cottages for families, a mess hall, barracks, a school, teachers’ quarters and a dormitory. [15] [18]

Spurred by these events, on March 3, 1865, a Congressional Act was passed that freed the wives and children of the U.S. Colored Troops. [21] This blow to slavery caused the population of the Home to peak at 3,060 by July 1865. [6] This surpassed capacity, and added were 60 army supplied large wall tents as well makeshift housing constructed by the refugees, similar to before the expulsion. [17] An obelisk at the refugee cemetery north of the Interpretive Center honors the memory of about 300 of the refugees who died at Camp Nelson. Some of those perished as a result of the expulsion of November 1864.

The two story school was staffed by the AMA and the Western Freedman's Aid Commission. Two African Americans were included, E. Belle Mitchell and Reverend Gabriel Burdett who was also a USCT soldier and assisted Fee in ministry work. [17] The AMA's position on total racial equality was tested at Camp Nelson when Fee hired Mitchell. The AMA-salaried white teachers refused to eat in the same dining room with her and walked out in protest. [22]

Also included were two barracks that became the refugee hospital. Infectious disease was prevalent and some 1300 refugees died at Camp Nelson. [6]

Units raised at Camp Nelson are the 5th and 6th U.S. Colored Cavalry (USCC) the 114th, 116th, 119th, and 124th Colored Infantry and the 13th and 12th United States Colored Heavy Artillery. [6] [23] [24]

Notable engagements of Camp Nelson Colored Troops Edit

Among notable engagements of the 5th and 6th USCC are the Battle of Saltville I and the Battle of Saltville II in southwestern Virginia. Brig. General Stephen G. Burbridge lead the Ill-fated Saltville I, the objective of which was to destroy the Confederate saltworks, which had been fortified by impressed enslaved workers whose owners were compensated. [25] Though Saltville I in October 1864 was a defeat, Colonel James Sanks Brisbin reported his admiration for the bravery and tenacity of the 400 soldiers, noting that he'd been in 27 battles with the white troops and seen none more courageous. [23] Of the colored troops, 10 were killed in action and 37 wounded. [26] Post battle, a scene of criminal violence was unleashed. Soldiers in the 5th USCC and in two companies of the 6th USCC were murdered, totaling 47. Leading these attacks was Champ Ferguson, who after the war was tried in Nashville, TN for War crimes, sentenced to death, and hanged in October 1865. [27]

In December 1864, in the successful second assault on Saltville were the 5th and 6th USCC, units which included survivors of the first battle. General George Stoneman and Burbridge engaged General John C. Breckinridge, a Kentuckian and former vice president, in nearby Marion, VA, outnumbering their opponents by four to one. Breckinridge retreated after two days. Union troops destroyed the saltworks, and considerably damaged neighboring lead mines and railroads. The USCC troops continued to add to their hard-won reputation. [26]

The USCC 5th were again subjected to a murderous assault like that of Saltville I in January 1865 in Simpsonville, KY. Assigned to herd about 1,000 cattle from Camp Nelson to Louisville, KY, 80 soldiers of Company E 5th USCC were ambushed by Confederate guerrillas led by Capt. Dick Taylor. First attacked were the 41 soldiers bringing up the rear, most of whom could not fire due to fouled powder. Locals found 15 dead and 20 wounded and reported Taylor's men boasting about murdering 19 Union soldiers. Lt. Colonel Louis H. Carpenter of the 5th documented the names of the guerrillas and urged a prosecution. This never happened. In 2009, a memorial was placed on the site of the ambush. [28] [29]

The 6th USCC and the 114th and 116 Colored Infantry were active in General Grant's Appomattox Campaign, March to April 1864. These units took part in the both the siege of Petersburg, VA and of Richmond, VA, the capitol and seat of government of the Confederacy. These soldiers were engaged in the pursuit of Confederate General Robert E. Lee to the Appomattox Courthouse where they witnessed the surrender of the Confederate Army. [12]

White Refugees and Union Troops from East Tennessee Edit

Though Tennessee was officially a state in rebellion, loyalty to the Confederacy was weak in its eastern Appalachian section. This may be attributable to the comparably low rate of enslaved population, which ranged from 3.5 to 11% as opposed to the 40% to 50% in the western part of the state. View this on an 1860 U.S. Census map, which shows this rate for all counties in slave-holding states. [16]

Thousands of the destitute from this area came in a constant steam seeking succor at Camp Nelson. Thomas D. Butler, a superintendent of the United States Sanitary Commission, who had as his responsibility their care, described the situation of one refugee family with six children, “. the rebels had driven her and her children from their home, and destroyed their property. for many weeks. wandered, homeless, hungry and sick, through cold and stormy weather, to reach Camp Nelson.” The husband was a discharged Union soldier who was captured en route with the family. He escaped and journeyed to Camp Nelson where the family was reunited. [23]

Several East Tennessee regiments were trained and organized here. [23]

  • Commanded by Felix A. Reeve, the 8th Tennessee Volunteer Infantry, organized at Camp Dick Robinson and Camp Nelson from November 1862 to August 1863, participated in the Knoxville Campaign and subsequent East Tennessee operations from November 4 to December 23, 1863.
  • Five companies of the 5th East Tennessee Cavalry (also known as the 8th Tennessee Cavalry) June to August 1863
  • The 10th, 12th, 13th Cavalry and Battery E of First Tennessee Light Artillery

For a 10-minute video summary of the site's history and significance narrated by Dr. W. Stephen McBride, director of interpretation and archaeology, go to this link. [31]

Post War Edit

After the war, Camp Nelson was a center for giving ex-slaves their emancipation papers. Many have considered the camp as their "cradle of freedom". [6]

The United States Sanitary Commission (USSC) operated a soldiers' home for a time at Camp Nelson, in former barracks. It was one of a series of homes and rest houses they operated for soldiers.

Here are some post-war achievements of Camp Nelson U.S. Colored Troops.

Angus Burleigh was literate and enlisted at age 16, becoming a sergeant with the 12th Regiment Heavy Artillery U.S. Colored Troops after an escape from an Anderson County farm. In 1875, he was the first black graduate of Berea College as well as the first black adult male to enroll. The college was founded by John Fee and the American Missionary Association in 1855 and students, black and white, were enrolled. He was among blacks from Berea and Oberlin College who taught in Freedman's Schools, conducting a school in Garrard County in 1869. Later he was ordained a Methodist Episcopal minister and held pastorates in several states and served as chaplain to the Illinois State Senate. He lived until 1914 when he was Berea's oldest living graduate. [20] [32]

Elijah P. Marrs led 27 others from to Louisville from neighboring Simpsonville, Ky. to join the USCT. Marrs, another sergeant with the 12th US Colored Heavy Artillery, trained at Camp Nelson where he also taught reading. After the war, Marrs taught school and was ordained a Baptist minister. In 1879, he and his brother founded Baptist Normal and Theological Institute in Louisville, which became Simmons Bible College. Marrs was active with the Republican party in Kentucky. [13] [32] His autobiography is downloadable from the University of North Carolina's Documenting the American South Digital Publishing Initiative. [34] [35]

Peter Bruner wrote with his daughter his autobiography, A Slave’s Adventure Toward Freedom, Not Fiction, but the True Story of a Struggle, also included in the UNC's Documenting the American South. He recounts his frequently made unsuccessful escape attempts and subsequent severe punishments. Another member of the 12th, he enlisted with 16 other men, walking 41 miles from Irvine, Ky. Post war, Bruner moved to Oxford, Ohio and became the first African American to work at Miami University where he also enrolled. [19] In addition to his work as a custodian and messenger, he served as a ceremonial greeter wearing a top hat and tails. He raised five children with his wife Frances Proctor. He is listed on plaque B-26 at the African American Civil War Memorial in Washington DC. His ceremonial top hat is on display at the McGuffey House and Museum of Miami University. [36]

Gabriel Burdette while enslaved in neighboring Garrard County became active in the ministry serving at the Forks Dix River Church. He enlisted July 1864 in the 114th U.S. Colored Infantry. He served as a teacher, nurse, and minister, leading in the development of education, housing, and aid for the refugees. He began a 12-year association with John Fee and the American Missionary Association. After serving in both Tennessee and Texas, Burdett returned and was instrumental in establishing Ariel Academy. He became the first African American on the Berea College Board of Trustees, serving 12 years. Involved in the Republican Party, the same party of President Lincoln, he campaigned in the 1872 presidential for the reelection of former Union General Grant. He served as a voting member at both the 1872 and 1876 Republican National Conventions. The violence associated with the 1876 election convinced Burdett to join the Exodusters Movement to the West and emigrate with his family to Kansas. [10] [37] The path of his life is followed in some detail in this account of African Americans’ struggle for freedom during and post Civil War. [14]

Presently, 525 acres (2.12 km 2 ) of the original property are preserved as the Camp Nelson Heritage National Monument. Most of the buildings at the camp were sold. [38] The camp is listed on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) and was declared a National Historic Landmark District (NHLD) in March 2013. [39] The site is also part of the National Underground Railroad Network to Freedom, which runs through several states and has sites in Canada and the Antilles.

In a more rural area than the other former USCT recruitment sites, Camp Nelson is the only one whose land was never developed after the war for other purposes. [38]

During its existence as Camp Nelson Civil War Heritage Park, Camp Nelson was controlled by the Jessamine County Fiscal Court. The forested portion overlooking Hickman Creek was funded by the Office of Kentucky Nature Preserves' Kentucky Heritage Land Conservation Fund. In August 2017, U.S. Secretary of the Interior Ryan Zinke suggested to President Trump that Camp Nelson Civil War Heritage Park be made into a national monument. On June 5, 2018, the United States House of Representatives approved U.S. Representative Andy Barr's sponsored H.R. 5655, "Camp Nelson Heritage National Monument Act". [40] On July 26, 2018, a bill, S. 3287, titled the "Camp Nelson Heritage National Monument Act", was introduced in the United States Senate, aiming at establishing Camp Nelson as a part of the national park system. On August 15, 2018, a national park committee hearing was held regarding the bill, but Congress took no further action on the legislation. [41] On October 26, 2018, President Trump used the Antiquities Act to approve the creation of Camp Nelson National Monument, transferring ownership and management of Camp Nelson to the National Park Service. [4] On March 12, 2019, President Trump signed legislation that renamed the National Monument "Camp Nelson Heritage National Monument."

The Oliver Perry House is the only surviving structure from its years as a camp. It was built in about 1846 for the newlywed couple of Oliver Perry and the former Fannie Scott. General Burnside confiscated the house during the war to serve as officers quarters. In many official letters, the house was called the "White House". It currently is operated as a historic house museum for the park. [42]

The park has five miles of walking trails, open dawn to dusk, lining the northern border where remnants of the forts and fortifications are marked with historic signage. Fort Putnam has been reconstructed to the specifications of the original engineering plan. Re-enactors of the USCC 5th fire the site's Napoléon 12 pound cannon there during the Annual Civil War Heritage Weekend held in mid-September. The date of President Lincoln's death, April 15, 1865, is commemorated with a ceremonial firing at Fort Putnam. The interpretive center is open 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. Tuesday through Saturday with tours available 10 a.m. to 4 p.m.

Ghost tours are occasionally available. [43]

Camp Nelson National Cemetery is one mile to the south. [3] It has organized records of burials online so that families may trace relatives buried here, in addition to those who trained or lived at the camp.


Reprimand

Like censure, the word reprimand does not appear in the Constitution. And its meaning has changed over time. For much of the House’s history, in fact well into the twentieth century, the word reprimand was used interchangeably with censure. For instance, the censure resolution passed against Thomas L. Blanton in 1921 directed him to the bar of the House to receive its “reprimand and censure.”

The modern use of the term reprimand evolved relatively recently, following the creation of a formal ethics process in the late 1960s. 4 A reprimand registers the House’s disapproval for conduct that warrants a less severe rebuke than censure. Typically, in modern practice, the Ethics Committee recommends a reprimand (as it does in the case of censure) by submitting a resolution accompanied with a report to the full House. Reprimand requires a simple majority vote on the resolution brought before the House and, in some instances, may be implemented simply by the adoption of the committee report. A reprimanded Member is not required to stand in the well of the House to accept a verbal admonishment. Since the first case of the House taking such action in 1976, a total of 11 individuals have been reprimanded by the House. See a list of Members who have been reprimanded by the House of Representatives.


Published 1:47 pm Wednesday, October 7, 2020

Take a walk through Jessamine County history on a self-guided audio tour available from the Jessamine County Public Library’s Jessamine History Walks Podcast.

Episodes one and two explore Maple Grove Cemetery and Locust Grove Cemetery, both located in Nicholasville. Maple Grove Cemetery was founded in 1849 and originally intended for white burials only, while African-Americans have been buried in Locust Grove Cemetery since the mid- to late-19th century.

The U.S. has a long history of racially segregating cemeteries.

In the Atlas Obscura article “The Persistent Racism of America’s Cemeteries,” Jennifer Young writes, “Until the 1950s, about 90 percent of all public cemeteries in the U.S. employed a variety of racial restrictions.”

Episode 1: Maple Grove Cemetery

On the Maple Grove Cemetery Audio Tour, you’ll visit the graves of former community members such as Lena Madesin Phillips, the first woman to graduate from the University of Kentucky law school with honors. In 1930, she became the president of the International Federation of Business and Professional Women.

You’ll also hear about the victims of the 1932 Hickman Creek flood and learn about Cupid Walker, a free African-American man and church sexton who died in 1850 during a cholera epidemic.

Though Walker is not buried in Maple Grove, Nicholasville citizens erected a monument in his memory.

Throughout the tour, you’ll learn the meaning of the flowers, trees, hands and other symbols carved into the tombstones.

Because of the size of this cemetery, we recommend bringing a tour map with you. It’s available on our website at jesspublib.org/maple-grove.

Episode 2: Locust Grove Cemetery

The Jessamine County Public Library first published the Locust Grove Cemetery Audio Tour in 2019 as part of the Locust Grove Cemetery Oral History Podcast.

Now that the tour is part of the Jessamine History Walks Podcast, listeners can explore the history of both cemeteries in one place.

On the Locust Grove tour, you’ll learn about former community members such as Andrew McAfee, Jessamine County’s first African-American councilmember, who was elected in 1898.

You’ll visit the graves of George Combs, Joe Pelman and Emma Jean Guyn Miller, a much-loved Jessamine County teacher who died in 2009 at the age of 107.

You’ll also listen to family members tell stories about their relatives who are buried in Locust Grove.

Frank Cannon, Jr. remembers his parents, Ora Belle Hamilton Cannon and Frank Cannon, Sr., and their careers in Jessamine County Schools before and after integration. He also shares memories of his grandmother, Lizzie Cannon.

Frank’s sister, Dr. Clarice Boswell, wrote about their grandmother in her book “Lizzie’s Story: A Slave Family’s Journey to Freedom.”

Jennifer Smith and Anna Kenion talk about their parents, Dorothy and Andrew Smith, discussing their faith and love as well as some of the challenges they faced, including Andrew’s loss of sight.

Juanita White discusses her mother, Anna Bell Holloway Jackmon, remembering her love for her family and her excellent cooking skills.

Hoe om te luister

Both episodes of the Jessamine History Walks Podcast are available on Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, Spotify and other podcast players.

You can also listen on our website at jesspublib.org/jessamine-history-walks.

If you don’t have a smart phone, you can check out audio CDs and a portable CD player at the library.

Enter to win

Share a picture of your favorite stop on episode two, the Locust Grove Cemetery Audio Tour, and we will enter you into a drawing for a $50 Amazon gift card. Use the hashtag #JessamineHistoryWalks and tag or direct message @jesspublib on Instagram or @jessaminecountypubliclibrary on Facebook or you can email your photo to [email protected]

The contest ends Nov. 30. JCPL employees and their families are ineligible to win prizes.


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