Gerald R. Ford

Gerald R. Ford

InleidingHy het dit self gesê: "Ek is 'n Ford, nie 'n Lincoln nie." Gerald R. Toe Ford op 9 Augustus 1974 die presidensiële eed afgelê het, verklaar hy:

Die eed wat ek afgelê het, is dieselfde eed wat deur George Washington en deur elke president ingevolge die Grondwet afgelê is. Maar ek neem die presidentskap aan onder buitengewone omstandighede wat Amerikaners nog nooit ondervind het nie. Dit is 'n uur geskiedenis wat ons gedagtes pla en ons harte seer maak. Daarom voel ek dat dit my eerste plig is om 'n ongekende kompakte met my landgenote te maak. Nie 'n intreerede nie, nie 'n vuurpraatjie nie, nie 'n toespraak oor die veldtog nie - net 'n bietjie gesprek tussen vriende. En ek is van voorneme dat dit die eerste van baie sal wees. Ek is deeglik bewus daarvan dat u my nie deur u stembriewe as u president verkies het nie, en daarom vra ek u om my as u president te bevestig met u gebede. En ek hoop dat sulke gebede ook die eerste van baie sal wees. As u my nie deur 'n geheime stemming gekies het nie, het ek ook nie geheime beloftes gekry nie. Ek het my nie vir die presidensie of die vise -presidentskap beywer nie. Ek het nie ingeteken op enige partydige platform nie. Ek is aan niemand verskuldig nie, en slegs aan een vrou - my dierbare vrou - as ek met hierdie baie moeilike werk begin.

Dit was inderdaad 'n ongekende tyd. Ford was die eerste ondervoorsitter wat gekies is ingevolge die 25ste wysiging, en in die nasleep van die Watergate -skandaal slaag hy daarin om die eerste president ooit te bedank. chroniese energietekorte, en probeer om wêreldvrede te verseker. Op twee afsonderlike uitstappies na Kalifornië in September 1975, was Ford die teiken van moordpogings. Die aanvallers was Lynette "Squeaky" Fromme en Sara Jane Moore.Jeug, opvoeding en militêre diensFord is gebore in Omaha, Nebraska, op 14 Julie 1913, en het grootgeword in Grand Rapids, Michigan. Ford se ouers het twee weke na sy geboorte geskei, en sy ma het hom na Grand Rapids geneem om by haar ouers te woon. Twee jaar nadat sy ouers hul egskeiding afgehandel het, trou sy ma weer. Ford het drie broers.Vroeg in sy jeug het Ford talent getoon om voetbal te speel wat hom deur sy kollegejare ondersteun het. Hy was ook aktief in die Boy Scouts of America en behaal Eagle Scout in November 1927. Hy verdien geld deur in die familieverfbedryf en by 'n plaaslike restaurant te werk. Ford speel in 1932 en 1933 in die nasionale kampioenskap van die Universiteit Hy word in 1934 as die Wolverines se MVP (waardevolste speler) aangewys en in Januarie 1935 speel hy in die jaarlikse East-West College All-Star-wedstryd in San Francisco, Kalifornië. In Augustus 1935 speel hy in die Chicago Tribune College All-Star-sokkerwedstryd op Soldier Field teen die Chicago Bears.Na die voltooiing van die Universiteit van Michigan, by Ann Arbor met 'n BA -graad in 1935 verwerp hy aanbiedings om professionele voetbal saam met die Detroit Lions en die Green Bay Packers te speel. In plaas daarvan het hy na die Yale -universiteit gegaan. Ford het Ford sokker afgerig en sy regsgraad behaal in 1941. Gedurende die Tweede Wêreldoorlog het Ford in 1942 by die Amerikaanse vlootreservaat aangesluit en die rang van luitenant -bevelvoerder in die Amerikaanse vloot behaal. Hy het aan boord van die ligte vliegdekskip USS gedien Monterey, waar hy deelgeneem het aan baie van die groot operasies in die Suidelike Stille Oseaan, waaronder Truk, Saipan en die Filippyne.Kongreslid FordFord het uit die oorlog na Michigan teruggekeer om regte te beoefen, maar dit het nie lank geduur voordat die openbare diens sy belangstelling laat vaar het nie, en hy het die Republikeinse politiek betree. Hy het die eerste keer verkiesbaar geword in 1948. 'n Paar weke voor sy verkiesing tot die kongres trou hy met Elizabeth Bloomer. Hulle het vier kinders gebore: Michael, John, Steven en Susan. Ford dien in die Amerikaanse Huis van Verteenwoordigers van 1949 tot Desember 1973. Hy beskryf homself eens as 'n gematigde in binnelandse aangeleenthede, 'n internasionalis in buitelandse aangeleenthede en 'n konserwatiewe in die fiskale beleid.Visepresident FordSoos omskryf in die 20ste wysiging: As 'n visepresident bedank, ongeskik raak of sterf, moet die president 'n nuwe een aanstel. Toe Spiro Agnew uit die vise-president bedank weens 'n terugskopskandaal, is president Nixon deur die huis van die minderheidshoof aangestel om sy plek in te neem. As vise -president het Ford langs die kantlyn gesak. Intussen het die adviseur van die nasionale veiligheid, Henry Kissinger, in die kollig geklim en Nixon se buitelandse beleidsaktiwiteite het binnelandse aangeleenthede oorskadu.President FordGerald Ford het Amerika se 38ste president geword toe Nixon bedank het. Ingevolge die bepalings van die 25ste wysiging van die Grondwet moes Ford 'n plaasvervanger vir die amp van vise -president aanwys. Sy genomineerde vir vise -president was die voormalige goewerneur Nelson Rockefeller van New York, wat die tweede persoon was om die kantoor op afspraak te vul. Hy is op 19 Desember 1974 beëdig en dien tot aan die einde van Ford se termyn in Januarie 1977.

Die Ford -kabinet. Ford het die Nixon -kabinet geërf. Geleidelik kies hy 'n eie kabinet. Dit is interessant om daarop te let dat die handgekose Nixon-kabinetomset tydens die Nixon-administrasie baie meer uitgebrei het as vir die oorgeërfde Ford-kabinet.Verskoon Nixon. As president het Ford probeer om vroeëre kontroversies te kalmeer deur oudpresident Nixon ten volle te verleen. Agt maande nadat hy sy amp aangeneem het, op 8 September 1974, kondig Ford aan dat Nixon begenadig sal word vir alle misdade wat hy tydens sy presidentskap gepleeg het, en sodoende die dreigement van vervolging beëindig. 'N Onmiddellike geroep van regoor die land was 'n Nixon-Ford-ooreenkoms. Die beskuldigings van 'n Nixon -ooreenkoms met Ford om genade is teister, maar die herrie het gou verdwyn.

Ford se huishoudelike agenda. In openbare beleid het Ford die aksie gevolg wat Nixon ingestel het, ondanks opposisie en talle konfrontasies met die demokraties beheerde kongres. Sy eerste doelwit was om inflasie hok te slaan, wat gelei het tot 'n werkloosheidsyfer van 12 persent en die ernstigste resessie sedert die Groot Depressie. 'N Belastingverlaging, tesame met hoër werkloosheidsvoordele, het gelei tot 'n beskeie herstel. Hy het 'n veto teen 'n aantal wetsontwerpe teen nie-militêre krediete wat die reeds swaar begrotingstekort verder sou verhoog verhoog.Ford het voortgegaan soos in sy kongresdae om homself as 'n gematigde in binnelandse aangeleenthede, 'n konserwatief in fiskale aangeleenthede en 'n internasionalis te beskou. in buitelandse sake. ” 'N Belangrike doelwit was om die onderneming te help om vryer te werk deur ondernemingsbelasting te verlaag en die kontrole wat deur regulerende agentskappe uitgeoefen word, te verlig. 'Ons ... het 200 jaar gelede ons onafhanklikheid verklaar, en ons gaan dit nie nou verloor vir papierverskuiwers en rekenaars nie,' het hy gesê. Die papierverskuiwers waarna verwys is, was die gevestigde burokrate in Washington, D.C. wat Nixon tydens sy eie presidentskap probeer herorganiseer het. Welsyn en regstellende aksie, as 'n manier om die probleme van die Amerikaanse samelewing en die ekonomie op te los. Hy het maatreëls ingestel om inflasie te bekamp. Op die lange duur, het hy geglo, sou hierdie verskuiwing 'n beter lewe vir alle Amerikaners beteken. Gedurende sy eerste 14 maande as president het hy 39 maatreëls veto gelê. Sy veto's was gewoonlik volgehou, maar daar was nog steeds geen einde aan ekonomiese probleme nie; ander sake wat president Ford hanteer het, is soos volg:

  • Die 18-jarige stem. Die president onthou dat hy in die kongres die grondwetlike wysiging sterk ondersteun het wat dit moontlik gemaak het vir 18-jariges om te stem. 'Baie mense het gesê dit is ongesond dat hulle nie gekwalifiseerd is nie,' het hy gesê. "Ek dink hulle is. Hulle deelname was uitstekend."
  • Benadeelde jeug. Ook op die posfront het die president wetgewing aangemeld wat $ 528 miljoen verskaf het om die volgende somer 888,100 werksgeleenthede vir minderbevoorregte jeugdiges te ondersteun. Hy het gesê dat aksie, tesame met verwante somerprogramme vir die somer, in die somer van 1976 somerwerk vir 1,5 miljoen jongmense sal oplewer. jeugdiges. Die president het ook 'n beroep op 26 000 jeugdiges gedoen om bewaringswerk te doen onder die departement van landbou en binnelandse departemente.
  • Om gelyke geleenthede te verseker. Die president onderteken wysigings aan die Wet op Gelyke Krediet wat diskriminasie teen persone belet deur krediet te bekom om redes wat nie verband hou met hul kredietwaardigheid nie. Die wet was bedoel om jong werkende mense jonger as 21 te help om krediet te kry wat hulle andersins weens ouderdom alleen geweier het.
  • Onderwys. In aksies rakende opvoeding het president Fordau die idee gegee dat hulp aan universiteits- en universiteitstudente aan die individuele studente verleen moet word eerder as aan instellings, sodat die studente die tipe opleiding kan kies wat hulle wil hê. program in 1976 en 1977 om behoeftige studente in staat te stel om tot $ 1,400 per jaar te ontvang, maar nie meer as die helfte van die geld wat nodig is om hul opvoedingskoste te dek nie. Bykomende fondse kom uit lenings, werkstudieprogramme en hulpbronne van die student of sy gesin. Bill.
  • Ford se buitelandse beleid. Die belangrikste kwessies tydens die Ford -presidentskap was:

  • die Noord -Viëtnamese oorwinning oor Suid -Viëtnam (1975), en die Mayaguez Voorval,
  • Detente- en menseregtebeleid,
  • Midde -Ooste krisis,
  • Arabiese oliemag, en die
  • eerste internasionale ekonomiese beraad.
  • Ford het energiek opgetree om die Amerikaanse vermoë en aansien te herbevestig ná die ineenstorting van Kambodja en die vernederende val van Saigon in Suid-Viëtnam. Op 12 Mei 1975 het die Amerikaanse Merchant Marine -skip, S.S. Mayaguez, met 39 bemanningslede aan boord, is in internasionale waters gevang deur Kambodjaanse geweerbote. Die skip is teruggevind en alle bemanningslede is gered, maar ten koste van 41 Amerikaanse soldate se lewens. Die betrekkinge tussen die VSA en die Sowjetunie is gekenmerk deur lopende wapenonderhandelinge. Hulle het gewerk aan die verbetering van die SALT II-verdrag¹ om nuwe beperkings te stel vir kernwapens (wat nie in die kongres kon slaag nie), die Helsinki-ooreenkomste oor menseregtebeginsels en Oos-Europese nasionale grense, handelsonderhandelinge en die simboliese Apollo-Soyuz gesamentlike bemande ruimtevlug .Ford se persoonlike diplomasie is beklemtoon deur reise na Japan en China, 'n 10 dae lange Europese toer en medeborg van die eerste internasionale ekonomiese beraad. Boonop het hy talle buitelandse staatshoofde in die Withuis ontvang, van wie baie die Amerikaanse tweesennigheidsjaar in 1976 nakom. Die voorkoming van 'n nuwe oorlog tussen die ondraaglike Arabies-Israeliese teenstanders van die Midde-Ooste bly 'n belangrike doelwit. "Pendeldiplomasie" in die Midde -Ooste het hoopvolle resultate opgelewer. Deur meer hulp aan Israel² en Egipte te verleen, het die Ford -administrasie gehelp om die twee lande te oorreed om 'n tussentydse wapenstilstandsooreenkoms te aanvaar - wat nie gehou het nie.President Ford het in 1976 die Republikeinse benoeming vir die presidentskap gewen, maar die verkiesing teen sy Demokratiese Party verloor. teenstander, voormalige goewerneur Jimmy Carter van Georgië, wat 'n 'buitestaander' in Washington was. Op die inhuldigingsdag het die gekose president Carter sy aanvaardingstoespraak begin deur te sê: "Vir myself en vir ons land wil ek my voorganger bedank vir alles wat hy gedoen het om ons land te genees." Die verkiesing van Carter was egter 'n teken van die kiesers dat hulle nog steeds 'n ooreenkoms met Ford vermoed het om president Nixon te vergewe. Arabiese oliekrag was destyds oorheersend op die geo-politieke toneel. Die Organization of Oil Exporting Countries (OPEC) Oil Embargo van 1973-1974³ het die magsbalans en die nasionale ekonomieë van Europa en Amerika versteur, wat weer jare daarna inflasie verhoog het.Post-presidensiële aktiwiteiteSedert sy ampstermyn was Ford aktief en het hy in talle korporatiewe rade gedien. Hy het ook die Gerald R. Ford -biblioteek in Ann Arbor, Michigan, en die Gerald R. Ford -toekenning vir onderskeidende verslagdoening oor die presidensie geskep. ly aan chemiese afhanklikheid. Die sentrum het altyd 50 persent van sy ruimte vir vroue en 50 persent vir mans bespaar. Vandag bied die Betty Ford -sentrum programme aan vir die hele gesinsisteem wat deur verslawing geraak word. Besoek The Betty Ford Center vir meer inligting.


    ¹SALT II was nog onderhandelinge onder die administrasie van Jimmy Carter. President Ronald Reagan het SALT II geskrap en begin heronderhandel oor die Anti-Ballistiese Missielverdrag, wat van krag was totdat president George W. Bush in Desember 2001 Amerikaanse onttrekking aan die verdrag aangekondig het.

    ² Israel, wat in 1948 gestig is, het sedert sy ontstaan ​​ongeveer $ 13 miljard per jaar van die Verenigde State ontvang. Vanaf 1997 was die totale geraamde koste vir Amerikaanse belastingbetalers byna $ 135 miljard. As gevolg van die invloede van die pro-Israeliese voorportaal, die Amerikaanse Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC) in Washington, DC en verskeie Amerikaanse Christelike denominasies.

    ³ Op 6 Oktober 1973, die Joodse heilige dag van Yom Kippur, val Egiptiese magte Israel van regoor die Suezkanaal aan, terwyl Siriese troepe tegelykertyd die Golanhoogte oorstroom in 'n verrassingsoffensief. Na vroeë verliese het Israeliese teenaanvalle vinnig na die Siriese gebied in die noorde gestoot, terwyl troepe die Egiptiese leër in die suide oortref het. Israel het, met hulp van die VSA, daarin geslaag om die Arabiese winste om te keer en 'n skietstilstand is in November gesluit. Maar op 17 Oktober het OPEC 'n terugslag op die Weste gekry deur 'n olie -embargo op die VSA op te lê, terwyl die pryse met 70 % aan die Wes -Europese bondgenote van Amerika verhoog is.


    Gerald R. Ford - Geskiedenis

    Terwyl inlyn -verslaggewer Laura Marquez van Good Morning America ABC News 'n onderhoud met ons gevoer het. (sien video en amp foto's hieronder)

    Tydens ons wandeling het 'n paar in die skare van ons foto's geneem, en u kon gereeld verbygangers vir mekaar hoor sê: "Hulle is 'n geheime genootskap" Ons is gereeld gevra "wie is u", en op 'n vraag het verskeie van die broeders gestop en verduidelik wie ons is was en hoekom ons daar was.

    Vrymesselaars in Noord -Virginia was goed verteenwoordig. Die Aanbiddende Meesters van Acacia Lodge nr. 16 Aanbiddende Jon Shelton en Henry Lodge nr. 57 Aanbiddende Arleigh Rice was daar. Ander lodges in Virginia was verteenwoordig, asook Maryland en Washington DC. en ander state.

    Feite:
    Gerald R. Ford, die agt-en-dertigste president van die Verenigde State van Amerika, is op 30 September 1949 in Masonry begin, in Malta Lodge No. 465, Grand Rapids Michigan, saam met sy (half) broers Thomas Gardner Ford 1918- 1995, Richard Addison Ford 1924 en James Francis Ford 1927. Die Fellowcraft en Master Mason Degrees is op 20 April en 18 Mei 1951 deur Columbia Lodge No. 3, Washington, DC toegeken, met vergunning van Malta Lodge. The Supreme Council Scottish Rite. Broer Ford was ook 'n Shriner. Broer Ford was die laaste presidente wat 'n Vrymesselaar was.

    Daar was geen kennisversoeke deur broer Ford se familie vir 'n vrymesselaarsdiens of begrafnis nie. Niemand weet dat dit vooraf gevorm is nie.

    Broer Ford het die George Washington Masonic National Memorial in Alexandria, Va., In 1975 op George Washington se verjaardag besoek om die bronsplaat van homself wat nou in die ouditorium hang, te onthul. Bill Morlock het vir my (broer Don Robey) 'n foto gegee wat die Navy -fotograaf daardie dag geneem het oomblikke nadat Ford die gedenkplaat onthul het. U kan 'n afskrif lees van Brother Fords -toespraak wat hy op 17 Februarie 1975 gehou het


    klik op die kleinkiekie vir 'n groter vertoning

    Links na regs op die foto is: Broer Gerald R. Ford, Aanbiddende Raymond C. Ellis, Past Grand Master van New York en die president van die GWMNM Assoc, Don Robey, Worshipful Master of Alexandria- Washington Lodge No 22, (onbekend ), Mees aanbiddende Marvin E. Fowler, pastoormeester van District of Columbia en uitvoerende sekretaris-tesourier vir die GWMNM Assoc. Bogenoemde prentjie en inligting is verskaf deur broer Don Robey.

    Hierbo is 'n aandenking, dit is 'n afskrif van die kaart wat hulle uitdeel aan elke persoon wat die Rotunda binnegaan.

    Video's:
    Die toespraak was deur broer Alan Patterson, senior bewaarder van Naval Lodge nr. 4. Washington, DC.
    Die gebed is deur broer Robert W. New, kapelaan vir Acacia Lodge nr. 16. Clifton, VA.
    Die onderhoud met ABC News was met Most Worshipful Jules S. Tepper, 2003 Past Grand Master of Washington DC.
    Gewilde aanhaling uit die onderhoud met verwysing na Brother Ford was
    Hy het 'n karakter gebou. Hy het integriteit opgebou. Hy het eerlikheid opgebou en die nasie op 'n gelyke koers gebring

    Nuusvideo:
    'N Kort snit wat ons wys in die Rotunda wat op 6pm 12-31-2006 op ABC uitgesaai is
    5,9 minute 0,23 minute hier
    In hierdie beeldmateriaal is, Aanbiddende Meester van Samuel Gompers-Benjamin van Franklin Lodge No. 45, F.A. A.M. in Washington DC, Worshipful WB Merriman Parkinson, die een in regalia saam met 'n broer van Federal Lodge No. 1 in Washington DC.

    Die onderhoud word op ABC News op 1 Januarie 2007 uitgesaai en wys hoe ons broer Ford in die Rotunda vereer en die onderhoud met Most Worshipful Jules S. Tepper, 2003 Past Grand Master of Washington DC. Dit is 'n bewerkte weergawe waarin die meeste uitsendings wat nie met ons verband hou nie, uitgesny is.
    4 minute 1,01 minute hier

    Ander nuusmedia:
    WKRN Nashville Tn. 2.2megs 0.43 minute hier

    Al die koerante hier sê dieselfde, net gepubliseer in verskillende kus-tot-kus-boeke
    The Desert Sun Palm Springs Ca.
    Sheboygan, Wisconsin
    Greenville, Suid -Carolina
    Gannett News Service Ithaca New York

    Die Grootmeester van Michigan het alle Vrymesselaars -lodges beveel om hul veranderings vir 30 dae hier te drapeer

    Die 86 foto's begin hier. Klik op die kleinkiekie van die foto's hieronder om 'n groter prentjie te sien.

    Microsoft PowerPoint skyfievertoning van alle foto's, .PPS -lêer 11.2meg hier
    PDF Skyfievertoning van alle hoë resolusie foto's, .ZIP lêer 16.5meg hier

    Bogenoemde prentjie is gewysig. Die broers David Johnson en William J, Baumbach II wat die foto's geneem het, is bygevoeg, teks wat die gebeurtenis beskryf en ander foto's is bo die oorspronklike opgelê. Om die 3.8m 3008 x 2000 hoë resolusie weergawe hier te sien.

    Vanaf Junie 2007 is ongeveer 30 eksemplare van die foto hierbo in mooi houtrame geplaas en aan verskeie lodges in Virginia voorgelê en 'n kopie aan die Grootmeesters van Washington DC. Virginia. en een na Navel Lodge No. 4./span>

    Die binnekant van Naval Lodge No. 4 Washington, DC.
    Ek het gedink dit is 'n baie mooi lodge binne. Die prentjie regs is van die plafon.

    Die buitekant van Naval Lodge No.

    Hierdie twee foto's is verskaf deur broer Jay Patterson.
    Foto links: Links na regs:
    Aanbiddende W. Clesson McDonald Jr., Past Master Henry Lodge No. 57
    Aanbiddende meester Arleigh Rice, Henry Lodge nr. 57
    Broer John P. Charneco
    David T. Lang, Junior Warden Freedom #118, Dist 2 DEO,
    Aanbiddend. Ralph Smith, sekretaris Henry Lodge nr. 57

    Ek dink die prentjie regs is die tweede beste een.

    Ek dink die prentjie aan die linkerkant is die beste DSC_1570.jpg

    Die prentjie aan die linkerkant.
    Links na regs, prys links in die hoed, Aanbiddende Meester Arleigh Rice, Henry Lodge No. 57. Past Master Worshipful W. Clesson McDonald Jr. Henry Lodge No. 57. Aanbiddende Ralph Smith (agter agter Jon) Sekretaris van Henry Lodge Nr. 57
    Voor links na regs, Aanbiddende meester John Shelton Acacia Lodge nr. 16. Broer William J. Baumbach II (Me) Acacia Lodge nr. 16 en broer David Hill, senior bewaarder van Acacia Lodge nr. 16.
    Regs agter, in die hoed, Right Worshipful William (Bill) Shortt, Springfield Lodge No. 217 Springfield Virginia en (onbekend) en (onbekend)
    Ek is nie op die groepfoto nie, want dit is ek wat dit neem!

    As u wonder waarom ons hierdie plek vir die gedenktoespraak gekies het, behalwe 'n uitstekende plek om foto's te neem, is die standbeeld van broer James A. Garfield president 1881 wat vermoor is.

    Die onderhoud met ABC News is met Most Worshipful Jules S. Tepper, 2003 Past Grand Master of Washington DC.

    Die besigheidskaartjie van verslaggewer Laura Marquez van Good Morning America ABC News

    />

    Aanbiddende meester WB Merriman Parkinson van Samuel Gompers-Benjamin Franklin Lodge No. 45, F.A. A.M. van DC,

    Broer Don Gauger Senior bewaarder en aanbiddende Jay Patterson Herndon Lodge No. 264 Herndon Virginia

    Dit was die laaste kans om foto's te neem voordat u die Amerikaanse Capitol Rotunda binnegaan

    Uitsig wanneer u die Amerikaanse Capitol Rotunda verlaat

    Wie hulle is en ander feite van hierdie Vrymesselaarsgebeurtenis
    Ek werk aan 'n Who They Are -bladsy, ek het hulp nodig om name met gesigte hier te plaas

    As u afdrukke of vergrotings wil hê, kan ek dit per e-pos aan u stuur, en u kan die foto's na 'n fotolaboratorium oplaai en dit dan gaan haal, soos Costco, CVS, K-Mart, ens. As u 'n paar van die oorspronklike hoë resolusie wil hê 3008 x 2000 300 dpi foto's wat u per e -pos gestuur is, kontak my asseblief. Hulle is ongeveer 2,5 tot 3meg elk. Gee my asseblief die lêernaam van die wat u wil hê. dit wil sê DSC_1550.jpg. As u alles wil hê, moet ek 'n CD of DVD per e -pos aan u stuur.

    Foto's is geneem met 'n Nikon D70S digitale kamera met 'n resolusie van 3008 x 2000 300 dpi, die lens was 'n Tamron XR Di II model A14, 18-200mm F/3.5-6.3. Die Nikon D70S-kamerahuis met Serial # 3075038 wat gebruik is om hierdie wêreldbekende foto's van hierdie historiese Vrymesselaarse gebeurtenis te neem, is op 01-29-2007 op eBay verkoop aan 'n vrou in Mesa, AZ. Ek het nog steeds die Lens.

    Bogenoemde foto's en video's is beskikbaar in twee formate, data -CD's om op 'n rekenaar te kyk en DVD -formaat om op 'n TV te kyk. Ek maak tans nie 'n VHS -videoband nie. (Slegs op spesiale versoek.)

    Foto's, video's en inhoud, tensy anders vermeld, is verskaf deur broer William J. Baumbach II [email protected] 703-791-9522 Solank dit nie vir geldelike gewin gebruik word nie, is dit nie nodig om 'n kopiereg van my foto's en of video's te maak nie , dus gebruik dit na u goeddunke; gee slegs krediet, waar van toepassing.

    Kyker -opmerkings:
    Boodskappe ontvang met kommentaar oor hierdie webwerf hier

    Die groot sekretaris van Washington DC. het my telefonies gebel en persoonlik bedank dat ek kopieë van die foto's en DVD gestuur het.

    'N Brief van die groot sekretaris van die Grand Lodge of Virginia waarin ek bedank dat ek die foto's en DVD hierheen gestuur het

    Bygevoeg 04-03-07 a Dankiekaartjie wat die mees aanbiddende George Bernard Dungan jr. Vir my gestuur het om my te bedank dat ek hom die foto hier aangebied het

    Plekke op die internet wat opgedaag het op hierdie historiese Vrymesselaarse gebeurtenis

    The Supreme Council Scottish Rite, dit is op die tuisblad. Later gepubliseer in die Scottish Rite Journal, Maart-April 2007 uitgawe. 01-11-2013 skakels verwyder.

    York Rite Skakel verwyder 06-19-2007

    Naval Lodge nr 4 Washington DC. Skakel verwyder 01-11-2013.

    Top
    Deel twee van hierdie historiese gebeurtenis vir vrymesselaars
    Hierdie foto's en video's is op die Acacia Lodge No. 16 -webwerf geplaas, met die veronderstelling dat slegs 'n paar messelaars uit Lodges in die Washington DC -omgewing die enigste is wat daarna kan kyk. waar grof onder geraam. Binne enkele ure nadat die inligting, foto's en video's aanlyn geplaas is, 12-31-2006 (Sondagaand) om 09:00 Maandagoggend, was die webwerf so oorlaai deur besoekers dat die video's op drie verskillende bedieners en T-1-reëls in 'n probeer om tred te hou met die vraag, het die webwerf meer as 1 000 besoekers per dag gekry, en die getal neem eksponensieel toe namate hul beskikbaarheid oor die hele wêreld versprei word. Dit is veilig om te sê dat daar geen ander vrymesselaarsverwante webwerf in die geskiedenis was wat meer as 5000 besoekers ontvang het binne die eerste vier dae nadat hulle aanlyn gegaan het nie.

    Die woord dat die historiese vrymesselaarse gebeurtenis plaasgevind het en die beskikbaarheid van die foto's en video's oorspronklik gestuur is, is op 12-31-2006 om 21:16 na die Virginia Masonic Information Net-lysbediener bestuur deur Brother Jack Canard, wat slegs 'n bietjie meer as 550 e-posse het adresse daarop. Teen 09:00 die volgende dag is die bediener oorlaai en die T-1-lyn word tot stilstand gebring met besoekers tot 'n punt wat die webblad nie sou laai nie, en dit kon nie die ander taak van die aflewering van e-posse vir die vele sakegebruikers wat van dieselfde bediener afhanklik is.


    Gerald Ford oorleef die eerste sluipmoordpoging

    5 September 1975, president Gerald R. Ford oorleef 'n poging tot sy lewe in Sacramento, Kalifornië.

    Die aanvaller, 'n klein, rooi hare, sproetgesig jong vrou met die naam Lynette Fromme, het die president genader terwyl hy naby die California Capitol gestap het en 'n 0,45 kaliber pistool na hom toe lig. Voordat sy 'n skoot kon afvuur, het die geheime diensagente haar aangepak en op die grond geworstel. Sewentien dae later het 'n ander vrou, Sara Jane Moore, 'n geestelik onstabiele rekenmeester, probeer om Ford te vermoor terwyl hy in San Francisco was. Haar poging is in die wiele gery deur 'n omstander wat instinktief die arm van Moore gryp toe sy die geweer lig. Alhoewel sy een skoot afgevuur het, het dit nie sy mikpunt gevind nie. Die omstander, 'n voormalige marinier en Viëtnam -veteraan met die naam Oliver Sipple, is drie dae later in die openbaar deur Ford bedank.

    Lynette Fromme, met die bynaam “Squeaky, ” was 'n lid van die berugte Charles Manson-familie, 'n groep dwelmverslaafde groepies wat die kultusleier Manson gevolg het. Manson en ander lede van sy �mily ” is skuldig bevind en gevangenisstraf opgelê vir die moord op die voormalige aktrise Sharon Tate en ander in 1969. Vervolgens het Fromme en ander vroulike lede van die kultus 'n bevel van “nuns ” begin in 'n nuwe groep het die International People's Court of Retribution gebel. Hierdie groep terroriseer korporatiewe bestuurders wat aan die hoof was van omgewingsvernietigende ondernemings. Fromme self was nog steeds so verlief op Manson dat sy die plan beraam het om president Ford dood te maak om Manson se goedkeuring te kry.


    Welkom by die Gerald R. Ford Presidensiële Biblioteek- en Museumwebwerf

    U verlaat nou die Gerald R. Ford Presidensiële Biblioteek en Museumwebwerf om toegang te verkry tot hierdie skakel:

    YouTube: The New Gerald R. Ford Presidensiële Museum

    Ons verskaf die skakel na hierdie eksterne webwerf omdat dit inligting bevat wat vir ons gebruikers van belang kan wees. Die Ford Presidensiële Biblioteek en Museum het nie amptelike bande met hierdie webwerf nie en is nie verantwoordelik vir die inhoud daarvan of vir enige probleme wat u mag hê om daarmee te skakel nie.

    Dankie dat u ons webwerf besoek het. Ons vertrou dat u besoek insiggewend en aangenaam was.

    Uitstalling in die voorportaal

    Wounded Warrior Dogs Project en K9 War Stories

    Canine Warriors is ontwerp deur die vakman James Mellick in Ohio om nie net aandag te skenk aan die diens en heldhaftigheid van militêre werkhonde nie, maar om simbolies te wees van die moedige opofferings en wonde wat hul menslike metgeselle tydens die geveg gely het en om bewus te maak van hul behoeftes. Hierdie uitstalling het die ArtPrize Public -stem in 2016 gewen.

    Tydelike uitstalling

    Die voortdurende stryd: die Amerikaanse vryheidsbeweging en die saad van sosiale verandering

    Die voortdurende stryd beeld die pyn, opoffering en emosie uit van diegene wat tydens die burgerregtebeweging vir vryheid geveg het. Hierdie seleksie van 23 werke van die kunstenaar Brian Washington bied 'n skerp blik op die onstuimige tye. Vier die Swart Geskiedenismaand in die Gerald R. Ford Presidensiële Museum deur sy kragtige en aangrypende kuns. Uitstallingsborge: Fifth Third Bank en The Frey Foundation.

    Komende geleenthede in die museum

    Ons is besig om ons herfsprogramme te beplan!
    Gaan terug om opdaterings te sien.

    Klik op die skakel hierbo om die Ford -museum binne te gaan en 'n virtuele toer saam met die museum se kurator, Don Holloway, te onderneem. Gaan deur die kernuitstallings, leer meer oor Gerald R. Ford en die kinderjare en vroeë jare in Grand Rapids. Gaan voort met die toer, aangesien mnr. Holloway verduidelik hoe Ford en rsquos tyd as student aan die Universiteit van Michigan gehelp het om die man te vorm wat 'n kongreslid, vise -president en uiteindelik president word. Die toer word afgesluit met die laaste galery ter ere van die begrafnisdienste van beide president en mev Ford.

    Bonusuitstappies bevat 'n blik op die binnekant van die kabinet- en ovaalkantooruitstallings.


    Toekomstige president Gerald R. Ford word gebore

    Op 14 Julie 1913 word Gerald R. Ford gebore as Leslie Lynch King, Jr., in Omaha, Nebraska. Sy biologiese pa het die gesin verlaat toe Ford drie jaar oud was. Sy ma se tweede man, Gerald Ford, het die jong seun aangeneem en sy naam aan hom gegee. Die jong Ford word die eerste vise -president wat sy amp aanvaar nadat 'n president bedank het, nadat president Richard M. Nixon in 1974 uittree.

    Die aantreklike, blonde, blouoog Ford het in Grand Rapids, Michigan, grootgeword en het aan die Universiteit van Michigan voetbal gespeel, waar hy in sy senior jaar aangewys is as die mees waardevolle speler van die span. Daarna werk hy as 'n hulpafrigter vir die voetbalprogram van die Yale University terwyl hy sy regsgraad volg. Nadat hy in 1941 gegradueer het, verdien Ford as model ekstra geld. In 1942, net nadat hy by die vloot aangesluit het, verskyn Ford op die voorblad van Kosmopolities tydskrif in sy uniform, maar is nie amptelik erkenning gegee aan poseer nie. Hy het in 1942 in die Tweede Wêreldoorlog diens gedoen totdat die oorlog in 1945 geëindig het.

    Na die oorlog het Ford 'n regspraktyk begin en betrokke geraak by die Republikeinse politiek. Dit was tydens een van sy modelwerk na die oorlog dat hy sy toekomstige vrou, Elizabeth Anne Bloomer, wat Betty genoem is, ontmoet het. Sy passie vir sokker was so gretig dat Ford tydens hul wittebrood in 1948, sy nuwe bruid na 'n Michigan State Rose Bowl -uitspeelwedstryd teen die Noordwes -Universiteit geneem het. Dieselfde jaar is hy tot die kongres verkies, en sy loopbaan sluit diens in die Warren -kommissie in wat die moord op president John F. Kennedy ondersoek het. In Desember 1973 het president Richard Nixon Ford as sy vise -president gekies nadat Spiro Agnew bedank het na aanklagte van belastingontduiking. In 1974 het Nixon self bedank weens die beskuldiging deur die kongres oor die inbraakskandaal in Watergate. Ford het die ampseed afgelê op 9 Augustus 1974.

    Op 5 September 1975, in Sacramento, Kalifornië, het 'n vrou met die naam Lynette “Squeaky ” Fromme probeer om Ford te skiet, maar die geweer het misgesteek. Sewentien dae later, op 22 September, het Ford nog 'n sluipmoordpoging vrygespring toe Sara Jane Moore die president in San Francisco wou doodmaak. Fromme, 'n dwelmverslaafde Charles Manson-kultus-volgeling, en Moore, 'n geestelik onstabiele voormalige FBI-informant wat in die revolusionêre politiek beland het, het Ford as 'n simbool van hul haat vir die politieke establishment gerig. Albei vroue is gevang en lewenslank opgesluit.

    Ford was verantwoordelik vir die beheer van die land in die nasleep van die verdeelde Vietnam -oorlog en die Watergate -skandaal. In 'n poging om die verlede agter die nasie te plaas, vergewe hy Nixon onmiddellik nadat hy president geword het. According to White House historians, Ford described his administration’s policies as “moderate in domestic affairs, conservative in fiscal affairs, and internationalist in foreign affairs.”

    Ford lost his first official presidential race in 1976 to Democrat Jimmy Carter, but remained actively involved in public policy during his retirement. In 2000, his alma mater, the University of Michigan, honored him by founding the Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy. Ford died on December 26, 2006, at the age of 93.


    Parking + Directions

    Take exit 176 off I-70. Head south toward Vail mountain, into the main Vail roundabout. Exit the roundabout so you are heading east on South Frontage Road. The Vail Parking structure will be a short distance up on the right, where summer parking is FREE. Alternatively, you can continue on to the Ford Park parking lot, where attendants will collect cash for paid parking.

    From the structure, exit to the east. Walk northeast toward the softball fields until you see the paved walkway into the park on your right. Follow that path straight down to the Amphitheater. Golf carts run frequently between the top of the path and the venue prior to and following shows. You can also take the Gore Creek Trail directly to the venue. See maps below.

    From Ford Park parking lot, look for the bike path at the southeast end of the tennis courts. Follow this directly downhill to the Amphitheater.

    Limited paid parking is available at Ford Park, located northeast of the Amphitheater on the Frontage Road, and at the Soccer Field, located southeast of the Amphitheater on Vail Valley Drive. Free parking is available in the summer at the Vail Village and Lionshead Village Parking structures, both a short walk or shuttle ride to the venue. Courtesy cart service is provided to the facility on a regular basis before and after each performance for those needing transportation assistance.

    One ticket per person. Children over the age of two must have a ticket.

    Gates to the venue open one hour prior to showtime unless otherwise printed on this ticket. Lawn seating available on a first come-first served basis.

    Picnics and commercially sealed non-alcoholic beverages are permitted.

    Violation of GRFA Policies can result in removal from the premises and revocation of this ticket without refund.


    Brinkley, Douglas. Gerald R. Ford. New York: Times Books, 2007.

    Cannon, James. Time and Chance: Gerald Ford's Appointment with History. New York: Harper Collins, 1994.

    DeFrank, Thomas M. Write It When I'm Gone: Remarkable Off-the-Record Conversations with Gerald R. Ford. New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 2007.

    Firestone, Bernard J., and Alexej Ugrinsky, eds. Gerald R. Ford and the Politics of Post-Watergate America. 2 vols. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1993.

    Ford, Gerald R. A Time To Heal: The Autobiography of Gerald R. Ford. New York: Harper and Row, 1979.

    Ralph Nader Congress Project. Citizens Look at Congress: Gerald R. Ford, Republican Representative from Michigan. Washington, D. C.: Grossman Publishers, 1972.

    TerHorst, Jerald F. Gerald Ford and the Future of the Presidency. New York: The Third Press, 1974.

    Unsworth, Michael E. "'The Best Officer of the Deck': Gerald R. Ford's World War II Experience." Michigan History 78 (January/February 1994): 8-14.


    Gerald R. Ford

    When Gerald R. Ford took the oath of office on August 9, 1974, he declared, “I assume the Presidency under extraordinary circumstances. This is an hour of history that troubles our minds and hurts our hearts.” He told Americans, “Our long national nightmare is over.”

    Ford was the first vice president chosen under the Twenty-fifth Amendment. In the aftermath of the Watergate scandal, he succeeded the first president to ever resign from the presidency.

    Ford was born Leslie King Jr. in Omaha, Nebraska on July 14, 1913, to a businessman and his wife Dorothy. Escaping her husband Leslie King Sr.'s physical abuse and battery, Dorothy divorced King and was subsequently remarried to Gerald Ford of Grand Rapids, Michigan, who later gave his name to his stepson. The young Ford starred on the University of Michigan football team, then went to Yale, where he served as assistant coach while earning his law degree.

    During World War II he attained the rank of lieutenant commander in the Navy. After the war he returned to Grand Rapids, where he practiced law, and entered Republican politics. A few weeks before his election to Congress in 1948, he married Betty Bloomer. They had four children: Michael, Jack, Steven, and Susan.

    Serving 25 years in the House, Ford had a reputation for integrity, openness, and comity that moved his Republican colleagues to elect him their leader in 1965. His popularity in Congress was the central reason Richard Nixon chose him to succeed the resigned Vice President Spiro Agnew.

    After succeeding to the presidency after Nixon's resignation, Ford focused on the rising inflation, reviving a depressed economy, solving chronic energy shortages, and U.S. relationships with key global partners.

    He tried to calm the continuing traumas of Watergate by granting former President Nixon a full pardon. His nominee for vice president, former Governor Nelson Rockefeller of New York, was the second person to fill that office by appointment.

    With a Democratic Congress, Ford made vigorous use of the veto. Fearing inflation, he vetoed a number of nonmilitary appropriations bills that would have further increased the budgetary deficit. During his first 14 months as president he vetoed 39 measures. His vetoes were usually sustained.

    As in his congressional days, Ford viewed himself as “a moderate in domestic affairs, a conservative in fiscal affairs, and a dyed-in-the-wool internationalist in foreign affairs.” Ford was eager to revive U.S. power and prestige after the collapse of Cambodia and South Vietnam. Preventing a new war in the Middle East remained a major objective by providing aid to both Israel and Egypt, the Ford administration helped persuade the two countries to accept an interim truce. Detente with the Soviet Union continued as President Ford and Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev set new limitations upon nuclear weapons.

    Weakened by a serious primary challenge from former California Governor Ronald Reagan, Ford in 1976 lost narrowly to Jimmy Carter. He and Betty retired to California, where Mrs. Ford obtained treatment for drug and alcohol problems. After her recovery, she opened the Betty Ford Center to provide similar help for others.

    Ford died on December 26, 2006, at the age of 93. Americans remembered the words spoken by President Carter when he took power from Ford in 1977, “For myself and for our nation, I want to thank my predecessor for all he has done to heal our land.”


    Gerald R. Ford - History

    President Gerald Ford Biography

    This U.S. president was called the Congressman’s Congressman. With December 26th marking the anniversary of his death, takes a look. Watch this video about President Gerald Ford providing interesting, fun facts and info about. Gerald Rudolph Jerry Ford, Jr. (born Leslie Lynch King, Jr. July 14, 1913 — December 26, 2006) was the 38th President of the United States, serving from. Ford-Biography :30 10/07/76 The President Ford Committee, Courtesy Gerald R. Ford Presidential Library, Encoded by 4President.tv, 2006. Preview – Full Program Airs May 18, 2013 at 8am & May 19, 2013 at 3pm ET – For More Information: Preview – Full Program Airs July 14, 2013 at 8:30am, 7:30pm & 10:30pm ET – For More Information: Audio – Ford Inauguration – Ford at Congress Inquiry – Brief Saigon Chaos – Gerald Ford became the only leader in American history to have served both as vic. View the full address here: President Gerald Ford proposes ways to address the growing energy cr. View the full speech here: Ford addresses Congress on his proposal to improve the economy. President Gerald Ford on JFK Assassination, Warren Commission. James Earl Jimmy Carter, Jr. (born October 1, 1924) is an American politician who served as the 39th President of the United States (1977�). In this video, learns more about the life and accomplishments of the 34th President of the United States, Dwight D. Eisenhower. It was a historic day for the CVN-78 USS Gerald R Ford carrier. On Saturday, a ceremony for the ‘Island Landing’ was held an ‘Island Landing’ is where build. Bush’s remarks in the press conference remembering President Ford. (Part Four) President Gerald R. Ford’s State of the Union Address – January 15, 1975 Video Courtesy of the Miller Center of Public Affairs and the Gerald R. Ford. President Ford gives his final State of the Union Address, bidding his farewell to Congress and describing the strength of the United States and what must be. There’s a soggy course awaiting the 38th President of the United States of America as he puts on a brave face and plastic raincoat to board a golf buggy – he. The United States presidential election of 1976 was the 48th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 2, 1976. He is known as Papa Bush or Bush the Elder. Join as we learn more about the life and accomplishments of George H.W. Bush. He wanted the United States to be a Great Society. With January 22nd marking the 40th anniversary of his death. Gerald Rudolph Jerry Ford, Jr. (born Leslie Lynch King, Jr. July 14, 1913 — December 26, 2006) was the 38th President of the United States, serving from. Welcome to THE MAKING OF A NATION — American history in VOA Special English. I’m Steve Ember. Some political observers thought Nixon would not win a second. Gerald R. Ford – Oath of office August 9th, 1974. An excerpt from an online ABC News report in which former President George H.W. Bush mourns the death of former President Gerald Ford. This video is featured.

    Gerald R. Ford

    When Gerald R. Ford took the oath of office on August 9, 1974, he declared, “I assume the Presidency under extraordinary circumstances…. This is an hour of history that troubles our minds and hurts our hearts.”

    It was indeed an unprecedented time. He had been the first Vice President chosen under the terms of the Twenty-fifth Amendment and, in the aftermath of the Watergate scandal, was succeeding the first President ever to resign.

    Ford was confronted with almost insuperable tasks. There were the challenges of mastering inflation, reviving a depressed economy, solving chronic energy shortages, and trying to ensure world peace.

    The President acted to curb the trend toward Government intervention and spending as a means of solving the problems of American society and the economy. In the long run, he believed, this shift would bring a better life for all Americans.

    Ford’s reputation for integrity and openness had made him popular during his 25 years in Congress. From 1965 to 1973, he was House Minority Leader. Born in Omaha, Nebraska, in 1913, he grew up in Grand Rapids, Michigan. He starred on the University of Michigan football team, then went to Yale, where he served as assistant coach while earning his law degree. During World War II he attained the rank of lieutenant commander in the Navy. After the war he returned to Grand Rapids, where he began the practice of law, and entered Republican politics. A few weeks before his election to Congress in 1948, he married Elizabeth Bloomer. They have four children: Michael, John, Steven, and Susan.

    As President, Ford tried to calm earlier controversies by granting former President Nixon a full pardon. His nominee for Vice President, former Governor Nelson Rockefeller of New York, was the second person to fill that office by appointment. Gradually, Ford selected a cabinet of his own.

    Ford established his policies during his first year in office, despite opposition from a heavily Democratic Congress. His first goal was to curb inflation. Then, when recession became the Nation’s most serious domestic problem, he shifted to measures aimed at stimulating the economy. But, still fearing inflation, Ford vetoed a number of non-military appropriations bills that would have further increased the already heavy budgetary deficit. During his first 14 months as President he vetoed 39 measures. His vetoes were usually sustained.

    Ford continued as he had in his Congressional days to view himself as “a moderate in domestic affairs, a conservative in fiscal affairs, and a dyed-in-the-wool internationalist in foreign affairs.” A major goal was to help business operate more freely by reducing taxes upon it and easing the controls exercised by regulatory agencies. “We…declared our independence 200 years ago, and we are not about to lose it now to paper shufflers and computers,” he said.

    In foreign affairs Ford acted vigorously to maintain U. S. power and prestige after the collapse of Cambodia and South Viet Nam. Preventing a new war in the Middle East remained a major objective by providing aid to both Israel and Egypt, the Ford Administration helped persuade the two countries to accept an interim truce agreement. Detente with the Soviet Union continued. President Ford and Soviet leader Leonid I. Brezhnev set new limitations upon nuclear weapons.

    President Ford won the Republican nomination for the Presidency in 1976, but lost the election to his Democratic opponent, former Governor Jimmy Carter of Georgia.

    On Inauguration Day, President Carter began his speech: “For myself and for our Nation, I want to thank my predecessor for all he has done to heal our land.” A grateful people concurred.

    For more information about President Ford, please visit: Gerald R. Ford Library and Museum.


    Gerald R. Ford Biography

    Gerald Rudolph Ford, the 38th President of the United States, was born Leslie Lynch King, Jr., the son of Leslie Lynch King and Dorothy Ayer Gardner King, on July 14, 1913, in Omaha, Nebraska. His parents separated two weeks after his birth and his mother took him to Grand Rapids, Michigan to live with her parents. On February 1, 1916, approximately two years after her divorce was final, Dorothy King married Gerald R. Ford, a Grand Rapids paint salesman. The Fords began calling her son Gerald R. Ford, Jr., although his name was not legally changed until December 3, 1935. He had known since he was thirteen years old that Gerald Ford, Sr. was not his biological father, but it was not until 1930 when Leslie King made an unexpected stop in Grand Rapids that he had a chance meeting with this biological father. The future president grew up in a close-knit family which included three younger half-brothers, Thomas, Richard, and James.

    Ford attended South High School in Grand Rapids, where he excelled scholastically and athletically, being named to the honor society and the "All-City" and "All-State" football teams. He was also active in scouting, achieving the rank of Eagle Scout in November 1927. He earned spending money by working in the family paint business and at a local restaurant.

    Gerald Ford at the University of Michigan, with fellow football players Russell Fuog, Chuck Bernard, Herman Everhardus, and Stan Fay, 1934.

    From 1931 to 1935 Ford attended the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor, where he majored in economics and political science. He graduated with a B.A. degree in June 1935. He financed his education with part-time jobs, a small scholarship from his high school, and modest family assistance. A gifted athlete, Ford played on the University's national championship football teams in 1932 and 1933. He was voted the Wolverine's most valuable player in 1934 and on January 1, 1935, played in the annual East-West College All-Star game in San Francisco, for the benefit of the Shrine Crippled Children's Hospital. In August 1935 he played in the Chicago Tribune College All-Star football game at Soldier Field against the Chicago Bears.

    He received offers from two professional football teams, the Detroit Lions and the Green Bay Packers, but chose instead to take a position as boxing coach and assistant varsity football coach at Yale hoping to attend law school there. Among those he coached were future U.S. Senators Robert Taft, Jr. and William Proxmire. Yale officials initially denied him admission to the law school, because of his full-time coaching responsibilities, but admitted him in the spring of 1938. Ford earned his LL.B. degree in 1941, graduating in the top 25 percent of his class in spite of the time he had to devote to his coaching duties. His introduction to politics came in the summer of 1940 when he worked in Wendell Willkie's presidential campaign.

    After returning to Michigan and passing his bar exam, Ford and a University of Michigan fraternity brother, Philip A. Buchen (who later served on Ford's White House staff as Counsel to the President), set up a law partnership in Grand Rapids. He also taught a course in business law at the University of Grand Rapids and served as line coach for the school's football team. He had just become active in a group of reform-minded Republicans in Grand Rapids, calling themselves the Home Front, who were interested in challenging the hold of local political boss Frank McKay, when the United States entered World War II.

    In April 1942 Ford joined the U.S. Naval Reserve receiving a commission as an ensign. After an orientation program at Annapolis, he became a physical fitness instructor at a pre-flight school in Chapel Hill, North Carolina. In the spring of 1943 he began service on the light aircraft carrier USS MONTEREY. He was first assigned as athletic director and gunnery division officer, then as assistant navigator with the MONTEREY which took part in most of the major operations in the South Pacific, including Truk, Saipan, and the Philippines. His closest call with death came not as a result of enemy fire, however, but during a vicious typhoon in the Philippine Sea in December 1944. He came within inches of being swept overboard while the storm raged. The ship, which was severely damaged by the storm and the resulting fire, had to be taken out of service. Ford spent the remainder of the war ashore and was discharged as a lieutenant commander in February 1946.

    Gerald Ford campaigning with farmers, 1948

    When he returned to Grand Rapids Ford became a partner in the locally prestigious law firm of Butterfield, Keeney, and Amberg. A self-proclaimed compulsive "joiner," Ford was well-known throughout the community. Ford has stated that his experiences in World War II caused him to reject his previous isolationist leanings and adopt an internationalist outlook. With the encouragement of his stepfather, who was county Republican chairman, the Home Front, and Senator Arthur Vandenberg, Ford decided to challenge the isolationist incumbent Bartel Jonkman for the Republican nomination for the U.S. House of Representatives in the 1948 election. He won the nomination by a wide margin and was elected to Congress on November 2, receiving 61 percent of the vote in the general election.

    During the height of the campaign Gerald Ford married Elizabeth Anne Bloomer Warren, a department store fashion consultant. They were to have four children: Michael Gerald, born March 14, 1950 John Gardner, born March 16, 1952 Steven Meigs, born May 19, 1956 and Susan Elizabeth, born July 6, 1957.

    Gerald Ford served in the House of Representatives from January 3, 1949 to December 6, 1973, being reelected twelve times, each time with more than 60% of the vote. He became a member of the House Appropriations Committee in 1951, and rose to prominence on the Defense Appropriations Subcommittee, becoming its ranking minority member in 1961. He once described himself as "a moderate in domestic affairs, an internationalist in foreign affairs, and a conservative in fiscal policy."

    As his reputation as a legislator grew, Ford declined offers to run for both the Senate and the Michigan governorship in the early 1950s. His ambition was to become Speaker of the House. In 1960 he was mentioned as a possible running mate for Richard Nixon in the presidential election. In 1961, in a revolt of the "Young Turks," a group of younger, more progressive House Republicans who felt that the older leadership was stagnating, Ford defeated sixty-seven year old Charles Hoeven of Iowa for Chairman of the House Republican Conference, the number three leadership position in the party.

    In 1963 President Johnson appointed Ford to the Warren Commission investigating the assassination of President John F. Kennedy. In 1965 Ford co-authored, with John R. Stiles, a book about the findings of the Commission, Portrait of an Assassin.

    The battle for the 1964 Republican nomination for president was drawn on ideological lines, but Ford avoided having to choose between Nelson Rockefeller and Barry Goldwater by standing behind Michigan's favorite son George Romney.

    Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford, and other members of the Chowder and Marching Club at a meeting celebrating Mr. Ford's becoming minority leader, February 24, 1965.

    In 1965 Ford was chosen by the Young Turks as their best hope to challenge Charles Halleck for the position of minority leader of the House. He won by a small margin and took over the position early in 1965, holding it for eight years.

    Ford led Republican opposition to many of President Johnson's programs, favoring more conservative alternatives to his social welfare legislation and opposing Johnson's policy of gradual escalation in Vietnam. As minority leader Ford made more than 200 speeches a year all across the country, a circumstance which made him nationally known.

    In both the 1968 and 1972 elections Ford was a loyal supporter of Richard Nixon, who had been a friend for many years. In 1968 Ford was again considered as a vice presidential candidate. Ford backed the president's economic and foreign policies and remained on good terms with both the conservative and liberal wings of the Republican party.

    Because the Republicans did not attain a majority in the House, Ford was unable to reach his ultimate political goal--to be Speaker of the House. Ironically, he did become president of the Senate. When Spiro Agnew resigned the office of Vice President of the United States late in 1973, after pleading no contest to a charge of income tax evasion, President Nixon was empowered by the 25th Amendment to appoint a new vice president. Presumably, he needed someone who could work with Congress, survive close scrutiny of his political career and private life, and be confirmed quickly. He chose Gerald R. Ford. Following the most thorough background investigation in the history of the FBI, Ford was confirmed and sworn in on December 6, 1973.

    Gerald R. Ford is sworn in as the 38th President of the United States by Chief Justice Warren Burger as Mrs. Ford looks on, August 9, 1974.

    The specter of the Watergate scandal, the break-in at Democratic headquarters during the 1972 campaign and the ensuing cover-up by Nixon administration officials, hung over Ford's nine-month tenure as vice president. When it became apparent that evidence, public opinion, and the mood in Congress were all pointing toward impeachment, Nixon became the first president in U.S. history to resign from that office.

    Gerald R. Ford took the oath of office as President of the United States on August 9, 1974, stating that ". our long national nightmare is over. Our Constitution works."

    Within the month Ford nominated Nelson Rockefeller for vice president. On December 19, 1974, Rockefeller was confirmed by Congress, over the opposition of many conservatives, and the country had a full complement of leaders again.

    One of the most difficult decisions of Ford's presidency was made just a month after he took office. Believing that protracted legal proceedings would keep the country mired in Watergate and unable to address the other problems facing it, Ford decided to grant a pardon to Richard Nixon prior to the filing of any formal criminal charges. Public reaction was mostly negative Ford was even suspected of having made a "deal" with the former president to pardon him if he would resign. The decision may have cost him the election in 1976, but President Ford always maintained that it was the right thing to do for the good of the country.

    President Ford inherited an administration plagued by a divisive war in Southeast Asia, rising inflation, and fears of energy shortages. He faced many difficult decisions including replacing Nixon's staff with his own, restoring the credibility of the presidency, and dealing with a Congress increasingly assertive of its rights and powers.

    In domestic policy, President Ford felt that through modest tax and spending cuts, deregulating industries, and decontrolling energy prices to stimulate production, he could contain both inflation and unemployment. This would also reduce the size and role of the federal government and help overcome the energy shortage. His philosophy was best summarized by one of his favorite speech lines, "A government big enough to give us everything we want is a government big enough to take from us everything we have." The heavily Democratic Congress often disagreed with Ford, leading to numerous confrontations and his frequent use of the veto to control government spending. Through compromise, bills involving energy decontrol, tax cuts, deregulation of the railroad and securities industries, and antitrust law reform were approved.

    President Ford and Soviet General Secretary Leonid I. Brezhnev sign a Joint Communique following talks on the limitation of strategic offensive arms in the conference hall of the Okeansky Sanitarium, Vladivostok, USSR, November 24, 1974.

    In foreign policy, Ford and Secretary of State Kissinger continued the policy of detente with the Soviet Union and "shuttle diplomacy" in the Middle East. U.S.-Soviet relations were marked by on-going arms negotiations, the Helsinki agreements on human rights principles and East European national boundaries, trade negotiations, and the symbolic Apollo-Soyuz joint manned space flight. Ford's personal diplomacy was highlighted by trips to Japan and China, a 10-day European tour, and co-sponsorship of the first international economic summit meeting, as well as the reception of numerous foreign heads of state, many of whom came in observance of the U.S. Bicentennial in 1976.

    With the fall of South Vietnam in 1975 as background, Congress and the president struggled repeatedly over presidential war powers, oversight of the CIA and covert operations, military aid appropriations, and the stationing of military personnel.

    On May 14, 1975, in a dramatic move, Ford ordered U.S. forces to retake the S.S. MAYAGUEZ, an American merchant ship seized by Cambodian gunboats two days earlier in international waters. The vessel was recovered and all 39 crewmen saved. In the preparation and execution of the rescue, however, 41 Americans lost their lives.

    On two separate trips to California in September 1975 Ford was the target of assassination attempts. Both of the assailants were women -- Lynette "Squeaky" Fromme and Sara Jane Moore.

    During the 1976 campaign, Ford fought off a strong challenge by Ronald Reagan to gain the Republican nomination. He chose Senator Robert Dole of Kansas as his running mate and succeeded in narrowing Democrat Jimmy Carter's large lead in the polls, but finally lost one of the closest elections in history. Three televised candidate debates were focal points of the campaign.

    Upon returning to private life, President and Mrs. Ford moved to California where they built a new house in Rancho Mirage. President Ford's memoir, A Time to Heal: The Autobiography of Gerald R. Ford, was published in 1979.

    After leaving office, President Ford continued to actively participate in the political process and to speak out on important political issues. He lectured at hundreds of colleges and universities on such issues as Congressional/White House relations, federal budget policies, and domestic and foreign policy issues. He attended the annual Public Policy Week Conferences of the American Enterprise Institute, and in 1982 established the AEI World Forum, which he hosted for many years in Vail/Beaver Creek, Colorado. This was an international gathering of former and current world leaders and business executives to discuss political and business policies impacting current issues.

    In 1981, the Gerald R. Ford Library in Ann Arbor, Michigan, and the Gerald R. Ford Museum in Grand Rapids, Michigan, were dedicated. President Ford participated in conferences at either site dealing with such subjects as the Congress, the presidency and foreign policy Soviet-American relations German reunification, the Atlantic Alliance, and the future of American foreign policy national security requirements for the ‘90s humor and the presidency and the role of first ladies.

    The former president was the recipient of numerous awards and honors by many civic organizations. He was also the recipient of many honorary Doctor of Law degrees from various public and private colleges and universities.

    President Ford died on December 26, 2006, at his home in Rancho Mirage, California. After ceremonies in California, Washington, and Grand Rapids, he was interred on the grounds of the Gerald R. Ford Museum in Grand Rapids.

    The Gerald R. Ford Presidential Library and Museum is part of the Presidential Libraries System administered by
    the National Archives and Records Administration. View our privacy statement and accessibility statement.


    President Gerald R. Ford

    • Gerald R. Ford arrived in Grand Rapids in 1913, two weeks after his birth in Omaha, Nebraska. He was originally named Leslie Lynch King, Jr. but his parents separated after his birth and his mother took him to Grand Rapids to live with her parents. Two years later, his mother married Gerald R. Ford, a Grand Rapids paint salesman. The Fords began calling him Gerald R. Ford, Jr., although his name wasn&apost legally changed until 1935. His boyhood home is located at 649 Union Avenue in the Heritage Hill Historic District.
    • Ford attended South High School where he excelled scholastically and athletically.
    • He graduated from the University of Michigan in 1935 and went on to obtain his law degree from Yale University in 1941.
    • Ford set up a law practice in Grand Rapids in 1941 and then joined the U.S. Navy in 1942 and took part in most of the major operations in the South Pacific. His closest call with death in World War II came during a vicious typhoon in the Philippine Sea.
    • Gerald Ford was elected as a Republican to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1948 and continued to be re-elected for 12 consecutive terms. He eventually became House Minority Leader.
    • In 1948, he also married Elizabeth Ann (Betty) Bloomer Warren, a department store fashion consultant. Their four children were born between 1950 and 1957.
    • When Spiro Agnew resigned from the office of Vice President in 1973, Richard Nixon appointed Gerald Ford as Vice President.
    • After serving as Vice President for only nine months, Gerald R. Ford became the 38th President of the United States when Richard Nixon resigned in August 1974 in the aftermath of the Watergate scandal.
    • Ford ran for president in 1976 fighting off a strong challenge by Ronald Reagan to gain the Republican nomination. He chose Senator Robert Dole of Kansas as his running mate but lost to Democrat Jimmy Carter in one of the closest elections in U.S. history.
    • In 1981, the Gerald R. Ford Museum in Grand Rapids was dedicated and has evolved into one of the most entertaining presidential museums in the U.S.
    • President Gerald R. Ford passed away December 26, 2006 in Rancho Mirage, California. His wife, Betty Ford passed away July 10, 2011.
    • Both President Gerald R. Ford and Betty Ford lay to rest on the grounds of the Gerald R. Ford Presidential Museum in Grand Rapids, Michigan.