Navy Yokosho I-go Ko-gata seevliegtuigafrigter

Navy Yokosho I-go Ko-gata seevliegtuigafrigter

Navy Yokosho I-go Ko-gata seevliegtuigafrigter

Die Navy Yokosho I-go Ko-gata seevliegtuig-afrigter is vervaardig om 'n afrigter van die Farman-tipe te vervang en is in die vroeë 1920's saam met die Avro 504 deur die Japannese vloot gebruik.

Die vliegtuig se benaming kom van die stelsel wat tussen 1918 en Januarie 1922 in die Japannese vloot gebruik is. In hierdie stelsel het I-go aangedui dat die vliegtuig 'n afrigter was, terwyl Ko-gata die ekwivalent was van Model A, die eerste Yokosho-afrigter wat deur die vloot aanvaar.

Die I-go Ko-gata is ontwerp deur Lieut Kishichi Umakoshi gedurende 1920. Hy gebruik 'n paar elemente uit vroeëre ontwerpe, waaronder die verspringende vlerke van die Avro 504K. Die vliegtuig het kort tweevlotte gehad met 'n hulpvlot wat net onder die stert gedra is, soos gebruik op die vroeëre Yokosho Ro-go Ko-gata-verkenningsvliegtuie. Nadat 'n reeks enjins getoets is, is 'n 110 pk Gasuden Benz ses-silinder watergekoelde inlyn-enjin vir die meeste vliegtuie gekies

Sewentig vliegtuie is gebou - 24 in 1920, 42 in 1921 en 4 in 1922. Van hierdie vliegtuie is tien aangedryf deur 'n 70 pk Renault -enjin, twee met 'n 100 pk Renault, ses met 'n 200pk Hispano -Suiza -enjin, twee met 'n 100 pk Benz -enjin , ses en dertig met 'n 110 pk Benz-enjin en veertien met 'n 130 pk Benz-enjin.

Die I-go Ko-gata was die eerste doelgerigte watervliegtuigafrigter wat die Japanse vlootdiens betree het. Die meeste is in 1924 uit militêre diens onttrek en het in burgerlike gebruik gegaan, sodat die vloot die Avro 504-seevliegtuig-afrigter kon gebruik tot by die aankoms van die Yokosho K2Y Navy Type 3 landgebaseerde primêre afrigter.

In die staatsdiens was die I-go Ko-gata bekend as die Chidori-go (Plover). Sommige is gebruik as klein vrag- en posvervoer.

Enjin: Gasuden Benz ses-silinder watergekoelde inlyn-enjin
Krag: 100-130 pk
Bemanning: 2
Span: 45ft 2.75in
Lengte: 32 voet
Hoogte: 10ft 8in
Leeg gewig: 1,924 pond
Laai gewig: 2,478 pond
Maksimum spoed: 77 mph op seevlak
Klimkoers: 5 minute tot 3,280 voet
Uithouvermoë: 3 uur


Japannese vliegtuie van die Tweede Wêreldoorlog

In die reeks van Richard M. Bueschel oor Japannese Tweede Wêreldoorlogvegters (dws "Nakajima Ki-84 Hayate in Japanese Army Air Force Service) en Rene Francillon se" Japanese Aircraft of the Pacific War "), noem die skrywers herhaaldelik dat laasgenoemde Japannese vegters Alhoewel dit tegnies gelyk was aan hul geallieerde eweknieë, word dit geteister deur veranderlike en swak vakmanskap, maar Bueschel skryf dat die Ki-84 slegs 'n gelyke snelheid van 400 km per uur kon bereik. 620 km per uur, maar na berig word, kan die meeste eksemplare van laat produksie nie eens 400 km per uur bereik nie as gevolg van swak afwerking van die vliegtuigraam en enjin.

Wat die Ki-84 betref, onthou ek dat ek met 'n P-51-vlieënier van SWPA gepraat het. Hy het gesê dat hulle soms die Franke sou probeer onderskep, wat hulle 'n skoon stel genesings kon en wel gewys het. As dit 'n algehele probleem was, sou ek dink dat hierdie 'legging it' nie sou gebeur het nie. 'N Goeie vraag sou wees waar die inligting vandaan kom. Is dit van die VSA, wat vliegtuie gedoen het en nog steeds neergesit het wat óf beter was as ten minste dieselfde as hul eie, of het hierdie werklike Japannese rekords dit getoon.

Ek vra om verskoning aan ons Amerikaanse vriende daarbuite; die opmerking hierbo is nie 'n aanval op julle nie, maar net iets wat ek deur die jare deur verskillende skrywers en veeartse gesien en gehoor het.

Ek onthou dat ek die verhale gelees het oor die proewe van Japannese vliegtuie, veral die Ki-84, wat verklaar dat die aanbring van Amerikaanse bougies 'n groot verskil gemaak het aan die vliegtuig se prestasie. Ook die bevestiging van Amerikaanse remblokkies, waar moontlik, is 'n moet! Materiële tekorte en kwaliteitsprobleme in oënskynlik geringe gebiede kan 'n dramatiese uitwerking op die algehele prestasie hê.

Was die Luftwaffe -vegters van die laat oorlog aan soortgelyke teenstrydighede in vakmanskap en kwaliteitskontrole blootgestel?

Dit is 'n aanvaarde feit dat die afwerking van die produksie Me-262's baie kan verskil. Met komponente uit verskillende bronne en plekke, was dit onmoontlik om dieselfde soort streng toleransies te kry as wat 'n enkele fabriek van daardie tydperk kon produseer. Daar was berigte oor sommige Me-262's wat deur hul bouers ontdek is dat vreemde voorwerpe (gereedskap, voorrade, ens.) In leë ruimtes gestoot is, ongetwyfeld in reaksie op hul slawerny. Ek het ook hier gelees dat 'n Junkers 290 neergestort het en later is vasgestel dat die stertgedeelte met 'n baie groot hoeveelheid swaar gereedskap in die stert versteek is.

Die Switsers het gedink dat die 109G's wat hulle ontvang het, vreeslik was, in teenstelling met die paar F's wat hulle in die middel van die oorlog ontvang het. Die Franse dink dieselfde oor die Fw.190s wat hulle probeer het om na die oorlog te bedryf. Dit was deels te wyte aan druk in die oorlog, en deels aan die invloed van al die buitelandse (slawe, as u wil) werkers wat in die laat oorlog in die Duitse bedryf werk.

Daar moet bygevoeg word dat laat P-40's baie growwer was as die vliegtuie uit die vroeë oorlog, hoewel dit te wyte is aan 'n intense veldtog "vereenvoudig en voeg meer ligtheid toe" eerder as 'n afname in vakmanskap as sodanig.

Bf 109 -kwaliteit soos in Finland waargeneem

Die Finse AF sien ook 'n groot afname in die vakmanskap van Bf 109G-6's wat in die somer 1944 ontvang is, vergeleke met die kwaliteit van die G-2's wat in die winter-lente 1943 ontvang is. Alle 109's is dus deeglik opgeknap by VL (behalwe 'n paar vliegtuie wat is direk na die voorste linie gebring en die eerste missies nog uitgevoer met Duitse oordragtekens/sien Vol 6 van FAF History deur Keskinen & ampStenman). Die FAF en VL het baie hard probeer om 'n volledige herstellisensie vir die 109 (insluitend tekeninge, onderdele en gereedskap) vir die 109 te beding, maar om duidelike politieke redes was die Duitsers baie huiwerig (dit was aan die Duitsers bekend dat daar reeds kontakte was April 1943 na Moskou geneem). Volledige stel tekeninge en gereedskap vir die 109 is nooit afgelewer nie, waarom VL probeer het om die inheemse Pyörre-Myrsky rondom die Daimler-Benz 605-enjin te ontwerp.


Ontwikkeling en ontwerp [wysig | wysig bron]

In 1930 was die basiese afrigter van die Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service die Yokosuka K1Y of Type 13 Seaplane Trainer, wat sedert 1925 in gebruik was, en het die First Naval Air Technical Arsenal in Yokosuka opdrag gegee om 'n plaasvervanger te ontwerp. Ώ ] Die ontwerpteam, onder leiding van Jiro Saha en Tamefumi Suzuki, het 'n enkelbaai-tweedekker ontwerp met 'n gelaste staalbuis-romp en houtvlerke, en dit was die eerste Japanse vliegtuig met so 'n romp. ΐ ]

Yokosuka het twee prototipes gebou, aangedryf deur 90   pk (67  kW) Hatakaze viersilinder lugverkoelde inlynmotors in 1930, wat in 1930 vlieg, en na suksesvolle toetsing, 'n weergawe aangedryf deur 'n 130   pk Gasuden Jimpu ΐ &# 93 radiale enjin is as produksie bestel Navy Type 90 watervliegtuig afrigter, met die kort benaming K4Y1. ΐ ]


Operasionele geskiedenis [wysig | wysig bron]

Na aanvaarding in Oktober 1925, is ongeveer 40 deur Nakajima gebou, [3] met nog 48 gebou deur Kawanishi van 1928 tot 1928 tot 1932, [4] en 10 deur Watanabe in 1933–34, wat saam met ses vliegtuie wat deur Yokosuka gebou is, het 'n totaal van ongeveer 104 gegee. [2] Die tipe was die standaard vlottervliegtuigafrigter van die Keiserlike Japanse vloot totdat dit vanaf 1933 deur die Yokosuka K4Y vervang is [5], hoewel 'n paar nog in gebruik was tot die beginjare van die Tweede Wêreldoorlog.


Inhoud

In 1930 was die basiese seevliegtuigafrigter van die Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service die Yokosuka K1Y of Type 13 Seaplane Trainer, wat sedert 1925 in gebruik was, en dit het die First Naval Air Technical Arsenal in Yokosuka opdrag gegee om 'n plaasvervanger te ontwerp. Ώ ] Die ontwerpteam, onder leiding van Jiro Saha en Tamefumi Suzuki, het 'n enkelbaai-tweedekker ontwerp met 'n gelaste staalbuis-romp en houtvlerke, en dit was die eerste Japanse vliegtuig met so 'n romp. ΐ ]

Yokosuka het twee prototipes gebou, aangedryf deur 90   pk (67  kW) Hatakaze viersilinder lugverkoelde inlynmotors in 1930, wat in 1930 vlieg, en na suksesvolle toetsing, 'n weergawe aangedryf deur 'n 130   pk Gasuden Jimpu ΐ &# 93 radiale enjin is as produksie bestel Navy Type 90 watervliegtuig afrigter, met die kort benaming K4Y1. ΐ ]


Inhoud

Aan die einde van 1935 het die lugdiensbevel van die keiserlike Japannese vloot die Yokosuka Navy Technical Arsenal opdrag gegee om aërodinamiese navorsing te doen met 'n parasolmonoplan soortgelyk aan die Parnall Parasol, maar nie verwant nie. Die vliegtuig is in November 1937 deur Watababe gebou en teen September 1938 voltooi.

Ontvang die benaming "MXY1" (M. (Spesiale doel), X (Eksperimenteel), Y (Yokosho)), dit was 'n parasol -eenvliegtuig met 'n groot glaskajuit, wat die vlieënier en 3 of 4 vlugtoetswaarnemers kon huisves. Die vliegtuig is aangedryf deur 'n 670–730   pk (500–540   kW) Nakajima Hikari 1 kai-enjin met 'n lang koord NACA-kap. Reghoekige vlerke is ondersteun deur groot stutte en die wiele van die gestutte onderstel is in groot spatsels toegemaak. Ώ ]

Die toetse toon swak prestasie van die vliegtuig, sowel as 'n ernstige probleem met die vibrasie van die vliegtuig. 'N Paar maande se werk is daaraan bestee om tekortkominge reg te stel, maar uiteindelik is die vliegtuig laat vaar, terwyl onderdele in ander navorsing gebruik is.

Terselfdertyd is werk aan byna identies gedoen MXY2, maar as gevolg van die sluiting van die projek, is die ontwikkeling opgehou.


Hidroaviasie van die Japannese duikbootvloot in die Tweede Wêreldoorlog. Deel VI

Vroeg in Desember 1941 het Japan as deel van die keiserlike vloot 11 duikbote met vliegtuie gehad-I-7 en I-8 (projek "Junsen 3"), I-9 en I-10 (projek "Ko-Gata A1"), sowel as I-15, I-17, I -19, I-21, I-23, I-25 en I-26 (van die Otsu-Gata B1-projek).

Die Kugisho E14Y1 verkenningsvliegtuie was destyds slegs gebaseer op die I-7, I-8 en I-15 bote, en was ook in diens van die opleidingseenheid Saeki en Kokuta Maizuru in Japan.

In vlug, 'n paar Kugisho -verkenningskuslyn E14Y1 seevliegtuie

Die dag voor, op 7 Desember 1941, is 'n belangrike aanval op die lugvaart van die Japannese vloot geloods by die Amerikaanse basis in Pearl Harbor Bay en ander geriewe op die eiland Oahu, die verkenning van die teikens is uitgevoer deur die Kugisho E14Y1 -verkenning watervliegtuig, gelanseer vanaf die duikboot I-7. Die Amerikaners het sy vlug ongemerk verbygesteek en die vliegtuig het veilig teruggekeer na sy vervoerder.

Verkenningswatervliegtuig "Kugisho" E14Y1, wat deel uitmaak van die duikboot I-7, spat neer ná die opdrag, 1941 jaar

Die eerste E14Y1-sortie van die I-7-duikboot het op 17 Desember vroegoggend die resultate van die aanval op Amerikaanse skepe in Pearl Harbor Bay herken. Soos voorheen het die vyand nie die klein vliegtuig opgemerk nie. Die taak is suksesvol voltooi. Die bemanning van die "Glen" (eers in Desember 1941 het die Geallieerdes geleer oor die bestaan ​​van die "Kugisho" E14Y1 en hom so 'n kodenaam toegeken) het veilig na sy boot teruggekeer. Geskiedkundiges verskil nog steeds of die vliegtuig self op die boot geklim het of verlore gegaan het tydens 'n dringende duik (of na 'n noodlanding op die water).

Die volgende verkenningsvlug E14Y1 oor die eiland Oahu het die eerste dag van die nuwe 1942 -jaar gemaak. Nadat hy die missie suksesvol voltooi het, keer hy veilig terug na sy vervoerder, die I-9 duikboot. Soos voorheen het sy vlug ongemerk by die Amerikaanse kant verbygegaan.

Suksesvolle optrede van duikbote met vliegtuie met Kugisho E14Y1-vliegtuie om verkenning in die Oahu-streek uit te voer, bevestig die moontlikheid om verkenning van afgeleë en goed bewaakte vyandelike ontplooiingsplekke te verken. Die monitering van die Pearl Harbor, volgens besluit van die Japannese bevel, het gereeld begin doen.

Hervulling van die Kugisho E14Y1 seevliegtuig by die kusvliegveld

23 Februarie 1942 van die E14Y1 van die I-9 duikboot maak weer 'n suksesvolle lugverkenningsvlug van die belangrikste Amerikaanse vlootbasis in die Stille Oseaan. Die volgende verkenningsvlugte het egter eers in die herfs van 1943 plaasgevind. Teen hierdie tyd het die Amerikaners hul verdediging teen duikboot verhoog, en die doeltreffendheid van radarstasies, vliegtuie in die lug en met die skip gedra word om die doelwitte van die lug en die oppervlakte op te spoor. Die tyd van die ongestrafde optrede van die Japannese duikbote wat met vliegtuie vervoer word, is verby.

In die middel van September 1943 het 'n Japannese duikboot I-36 die Hawaiiaanse eilande genader vir verkenning buite Pearl Harbor. Die boot het verskeie pogings aangewend om die Amerikaanse basis op 'n veilige afstand te benader, wat die suksesvolle bekendstelling van die Glen E14Y1 "Glen" hidrovliegtuig vanaf 'n aanvaarbare afstand moontlik gemaak het. Hulle het egter almal misluk. Die minimum veilige afstand wat I-36 Pearl Harbor kon bereik, was ongeveer 555,6 km, wat meer as 'n derde langer is as die normale E14Y1-reeks.

Onder hierdie omstandighede, 19 Oktober 1943, het die bevelvoerder besluit om die "Glen" te lanseer vir die verkenning van die Amerikaanse vlootbasis. Vir die E14Y1 -bemanning was dit 'n 'eenrigtingkaartjie'. Nietemin het die bemanning van die Glen die taak voltooi - lugverkenning van die Pearl Harbor -baai uitgevoer en die data oor die samestelling van die vyand se skeepsgroep in die databasis deurgegee. Die vliegtuig het natuurlik nie die karboot bereik nie. Die lot van die bemanning E14Y1 was onbekend.

Deur op te klim met behulp van 'n pneumatiese katapult E14Y1 "Glen", draai u om die I-19 duikboot van die projek "Otsu-Gata В1"

In November is die duikboot I-1943 deur die 19 gewerf vir verkenning op die Hawaiiaanse eilande. Die eerste verkenningsmissie, voltooi op E14Y1 19 November, was suksesvol. Die vliegtuig is veilig terug na die duikboot. Op 25 November, tydens die terugkeer van die Glen na die lugverkenning van Pearl Harbor, is die vervoerder, die duikboot I-19, deur die Amerikaanse vernietiger Redford ontdek en gesink.

Na hierdie gebeure het die Japannese bevel geweier om lugverkenning van die Amerikaanse vlootbasis by Pearl Harbor uit te voer met behulp van seevliegtuie aan boord van vliegtuie wat duikbote dra.

Benewens Pearl Harbor, het die Kugisho E1942Y14 seevliegtuie tydens 1 aktiewe verkenning in verskillende streke van die Stille Oseaan en die Indiese Oseaan uitgevoer.

In Februarie-Maart het die I-1942 duikboot onder bevel van kaptein Meiji Tagami suksesvol in Australiese waters gewerk 25. Op grond daarvan het E14Y1 'n hele reeks suksesvolle verkenningsvlugte uitgevoer oor Sydney (17 Februarie), Melbourne (26 Februarie) , Hobart op Tasmanië (1 Maart), Wellington in Nieu -Seeland (8 Maart) en Auckland (Nieu -Seeland, 12 Maart) en Nieu -Seeland, 18 in Maart, Nieu -Seeland, XNUMX in Maart, Nieu -Seeland, XNUMX in Maart en Auckland (Nieu -Seeland, XNUMX in Maart), Auckland (Nieu -Seeland, XNUMX Maart) By die terugkeer na die metropool is lugverkenning uitgevoer oor die eiland Suva (Fidji -argipel, XNUMX Maart) en Pago Pago (Tutuila -eiland).

Die 29 Mei 1942 van die jaar was herhaalde lugverkenning van die Sydney-hawe met 'n E14Y1-seevliegtuig van I-21.

In die lente en somer van 1942 het die vliegdekskip duikbote I-10 en I-30 suksesvol opereer in die 4 eskader duikbote in die westelike deel van die Indiese Oseaan. Begin Mei het E14Y1, gebaseer op I-10, lugverkenning van Durban en Port Elizabeth uitgevoer. Die Glen van I-30 het om Aden (7 Mei), Djibouti (8 Mei), Zanzibar en Dar es Salaam (19 Mei) gevlieg.

Einde Mei het die bote aan die kus van Madagaskar gevaar. Tydens die verkenningsvlug E14Y1 met I-10 oor die hawe van Diego-Suárez 29 in Mei 1942, is die nodige inligting verkry om twee klein Japannese duikbote op die Britse skepe te slaan wat die volgende dag plaasgevind het. As gevolg van die aanval het die slagskip Ramilles (later na Durban gesleep vir herstel) ernstige skade opgedoen en die tenkwa is gesink. Een van die deelnemende Japannese klein (dwerg) duikbote het verlore gegaan.

Die verkenningswatervliegtuig "Kugisho" E14Y1 word voorberei vir die lansering op die katapult van die duikboot I-29, 1942 jaar

Die watervliegtuig "Kugisho" E14Y1 begin met die duikboot I-29, 1942 jaar

In April-Mei is 1942 seevliegtuie van ses duikbote (I-9, I-15, I-17, I-19, I-25 en I-26) gebruik vir die verkenning van die kusstrook van die Aleoetiese Eilande. Die vervulling van die taak word belemmer deur die slegte weer en die hoë aktiwiteit van die vyandelike skepe en patrollievliegtuie. Ter voorbereiding vir die bekendstelling van die E14Y1 op die I-19, is die Japannese duikboot deur 'n Amerikaanse patrollievliegtuig opgemerk. Om 'n aanval te vermy, beveel die kaptein van die I-19 dringend om onder te dompel; die watervliegtuig wat op die dek van die boot staan, word op die wateroppervlak gelaat.

Tog het die Japannese duikboot I-19 groot gewildheid gekry, nie as die draer van 'n verkenningswatervliegtuig nie, maar in sy oorspronklike kwaliteit as 'n onderwater torpedobomwerper. 15 September 1942 het die boot die doeltreffendste torpedosalvo van die Tweede Wêreldoorlog opgelewer. As gevolg hiervan, is drie torpedo's gesak wat die vliegdekskip CV-7 "Wasp" gesink het (erge skade opgedoen het, die brandende vliegdekskip is deur 'n torpedo van die USS afgehandel), die vierde torpedo het 'n slagskip "South Carolina" beskadig en die die vyfde is deur 'n torpedo -vernietiger "O'Brien" gesink. Die sesde torpedo het die Hornet -vliegdekskip getref, maar die gevolge daarvan was nie so tragies nie.

In die somer van 1942 is die duikboot I-17 gestuur om die Britse vlootbasisse in Colombo en Trincomalee (Ceylon Island) te verken. 'N Doeltreffende verdediging teen duikbote, wat deur die Britte geskep is, het die I-17-boot egter nie toegelaat om die taak te voltooi nie. In Augustus is die duikboot ontdek en gesink toe hy die lanseringsgebied E1943Y14 nader vir verkenning van die Noumea -basis (New Caledonia Island).


Navy Yokosho I-go Ko-gata seevliegtuigafrigter-Geskiedenis

Die oorspronklike onderneming is in 1915 gestig as SIAI (Società Idrovolanti Alta Italia - watervliegtuigmaatskappy van Noord -Italië). Na die Eerste Wêreldoorlog het dit die naam Savoia gekry toe dit die Società Anonima Costruzioni Aeronautiche Savoia, 'n Italiaanse vliegtuigmaatskappy wat in 1915 deur Umberto Savoia gestig is, verkry het.

Die SIAI S.8 was 'n Italiaanse 1910's vliegboot met twee sitplekke wat verken het.

Die SIAI Savoia S.9 was 'n Italiaanse verkenningsvliegboot, vervaardig deur Societa Idrovolanti Alta Italia (SIAI) vanaf 1918. Die vleuelstruktuur was ongewoon omdat dit 'n tweevlerkvlerk met een baai was, met bykomende stutte in die middel van die baai by die kruising van die vlieënde en landingsdrade, sodat dit blyk dat dit 'n tweevoudige vleuel het. Die S.9 is ook in Frankryk deur CAMS (Chantiers Aéro-Maritimes de la Seine) in lisensie gebou as die CAMS C.9.

In 1929 het die Regia Marina (Italiaanse Royal Navy) 'n kontrak toegeken aan SIAI om die prototipe van 'n nuwe vlieënde bootvegter te vervaardig vir gebruik as 'n katapult-gelanseerde vliegtuig aan boord van Cruisers van die Condottieri-klas. In reaksie, SIAI ontwerp die S.67, 'n houtvliegboot met 'n enkelstoel, met 'n enkelvliegtuig wat aangedryf word deur 'n 313 kilowatt (420-pk) Fiat A.20 V12 vloeistofgekoelde enjin wat 'n drie-blad stootskroef aandryf. Die vlerkspate is aan die romp vasgemaak, en die enjin is op staalbuisstutte bokant die romp gemonteer, elk met een pen aan die enjinhouer vasgemaak. Die S.67s-bewapening het bestaan ​​uit twee vaste, vooruitskietende 7,7 millimeter (0,303 duim) Vickers-masjiengewere wat in die boog gemonteer is. Die S.67s -ontwerp het 'n span van ses mans aan boord van 'n cruiser toegelaat om dit op sy katapult op te rig en binne vyf minute gereed te wees vir die bekendstelling.

Ko ia siai ne longo ange ki a sinana.

SIAI later het die ontwerp van die romp van sy S.58 -vlieëndebootvegter van 1924 gebaseer op die van die S.51s -romp.

* Lugvaart: SIAI jaag seevliegtuie

Die SIAI S.19 was 'n Italiaanse vliegboot wat gebou is deur SIAI vir die Schneider Trophy -wedloop van 1920.

Byvoorbeeld, siai loa.

E mae loa te kai ia siai oki nei fuia ona mata.

Die SIAI S.17 was 'n Italiaanse vliegboot wat gebou is deur SIAI vir die Schneider Trophy -wedloop van 1920.

In 1925 gebruik die Italiaanse vlieënier Francesco de Pinedo (1890-1933), 'n tenente colonnello (luitenant-kolonel) in die Regia Aeronautica (Italiaanse Royal Air Force) 'n SIAI S.16ter noem hy Genariello vir 'n rekordvlug van Rome na Australië en Tokio om sy idee te demonstreer dat seevliegtuie beter is as vliegtuie vir langafstandvlugte. Op 21 April vertrek Pinedo en sy werktuigkundige, Ernesto Campanelli, aan boord van Gennariello uit Rome. Hulle stop eers by Brindisi in Italië, daarna by Leros in Griekeland Bagdad in Irak Bushehr en Chabar in Persië Karachi, Bombay, Cocanada en Calcutta in die Britse Indië Akyab, Rangoon, Tavoy en Mergui in Burma Phuket in Siam Penang in Brits Malaya Singapoer Batavia, Surabaya, Sumbawa en Kupang in Oos -Indië, en Broome, Carnarvon, Perth, Bunbury, Albany, Israelite Bay en Adelaide in Australië voordat hulle Melbourne aangekom het, waar hulle op 10 Junie aangekom en 36 dae deurgebring het. Op 16 Julie vlieg Pinedo en Campanelli na Sydney, waar hulle nog drie weke deurgebring het. Hulle het hul vlug op 6 Augustus hervat en besoek Brisbane, Rockhampton, Townsville, Innisfail, Cooktown en Thursday Island in Australië Merauke, Dobo, Amboina en Menado in Oos -Indië, Cebu, Atimonan, Manila en Aparri in die Filippyne Tamsui Formosa Shanghai in China Mokpo in Korea en Yamakawa en Kagoshima in Japan, voordat hy op 26 September in Tokio aankom.

In die herfs van 1928 het die S.58ter, 'n effens aangepaste S.58bis wat ook die Fiat A 20 V12 -enjin gebruik, vir die eerste keer gevlieg. In 1929 het die Regia Marina weer 'n wedstryd gereël vir 'n vervanging van M.7ter, en SIAI die S.58ter betree. Die S.58ter verloor die Macchi M.41bis en wen nie 'n produksiebestelling nie.

SIAI later het die eerste S.58-prototipe 'n 313-kilowatt (420-pk) Fiat A.20 V12 toegerus, wat die hermotorvliegtuig die S.58bis herontwerp het. In 1927 het die Regia Marina weer 'n wedstryd gehou om 'n plaasvervanger vir die Macchi M.7ter, en SIAI het die S.58bis ingeskryf. Die Regia Marina het dit indrukwekkend genoeg gevind om planne te maak om 97 S.58bis-vliegtuie aan te skaf, maar hierdie planne is gekanselleer toe die Regia Marina weer as 'n ekonomiese maatreël gekies het om die lewensduur van die M.7ters te verleng deur dit weer te motor, en geen produksie nie bestelling vir die S.58bis.

Volgens Næss, A., & Hovdhaugen, E. (2011) het die omgangstaaluitspraak van siai is hiai, maar die standaard geskrewe vorm is siai. Siai kom na voorwoordelike argumente, maar word voor die gespanne aspek-bui-deeltjie geplaas en na die klitiese voornaamwoord.

Die SIAI S.51, Savoia Marchetti S.51 of Savoia S.51 was 'n Italiaanse vliegboot wat deur gebou is SIAI vir die Schneider Trophy -wedloop van 1922.

Die SIAI S.58 of Savoia-Marchetti S.M.58 was 'n Italiaanse vlieënierbootvegterprototipe van die 1920's wat deur SIAI ontwerp en vervaardig is.

Ten spyte van hierdie ongelukkige einde van die toetsprogram, SIAI 'n produksiebevel vir nog drie vliegtuie ontvang. Een hiervan is gekanselleer, maar die ander twee tree in diens met die 162ª Squadriglia (162ste eskader) van die 88 ° Gruppo Caccia Marittima (88th Maritime Fighter Group). Hulle is in 1935 afgetree.

Die S.58 het vroeg in die somer van 1924 sy eerste vlug gemaak en op 25 Augustus 1924 'n wêreldhoogte -rekord vir vliegtuie van sy soort opgestel deur 5,831 meter (19,130 ​​voet) te bereik met 'n vragvrag van 250 kilogram (551 pond). SIAI het drie prototipes gebou, maar die Regia Marina het gekies om geld te bespaar deur die Macchi M.7ter te herontwerp om sy lewensduur te verleng eerder as om 'n nuwe vliegtuig aan te skaf. SIAI het egter ten minste nog 'n S.58 gebou wat die Scuola di Alta Velocità (High Speed ​​School) by Desenzano gebruik het.

In 1924 het die Regia Marina (Italiaanse koninklike vloot) 'n vereiste uitgereik vir 'n plaasvervanger vir sy Macchi M.7ter vlieënde bootvliegtuig. Om mee te ding met die Macchi M.26 vir 'n produksiebestelling as vervanging, SIAI ontwikkel die S.58. Dit was 'n hout, enkel sitplek tweebaan met 'n enkele baai met 'n romp gebaseer op die van die SIAI S.51 vliegboot wat aan die Schneider Trophy -wedloop in 1922 deelgeneem het. Die S.58s-enjin, 'n 221-kilowatt (296-rem-perdekrag) Hispano-Suiza HS 42 V8 wat 'n stootskroef bestuur, is op stutte bokant die romp gemonteer. SIAI 'n bewapening voorgestel van twee vaste, vooruitskietende 7,7 millimeter (0,303 duim) Vickers-masjiengewere wat aan die romp aan weerskante van die kajuit gemonteer is.


Czytaj recenzję

  • Klantbeoordeling van Amazon.co.uk (2de) en#149 2014-03-04
  • Internetmodeler.com • 2014-03-04
  • Amazon.com-klantbeoordeling (2de) • 2014-03-04
  • Modelvliegtuie 2013/04 • 2014-03-04
  • AIR Modeller 46 • 2014-03-04
  • Flugzeug Classic 2013/06 • 2014-03-04
  • Scalemodellingnow.com • 2014-03-04
  • Airfix Model World 34 • 2014-03-04
  • J-aircraft.com • 2014-03-04
  • ModelingMadness.com • 2014-03-04
  • Cybermodeler.com • 2014-03-04
  • indy-amps.weebly.com • 2014-03-04
  • Aerospace & amp Defence News webwerf • 2014-03-04
  • Kitmaniac.com • 2014-03-04
  • Klantbeoordeling van Amazon.co.uk (1) • 2014-03-04
  • arawasi-wildeagles.blogspot.com • 2014-03-04
  • Amazon.jp-kliëntresensie (1) • 2014-03-04
  • Amazon.it-klantbeoordeling (1) en#149 2014-03-04
  • IPMSUSA.org • 2014-03-04
  • Lugvaart van Japan-blog • 2014-03-04
  • SAMI 02/2013 • 2014-03-04
  • Amazon.com-kliëntresensie (1ste) • 2014-03-04
  • IPMS UK Magazine 06/2013 • 2014-03-04
  • Aerostories.org • 2014-03-04

Vir al die uitgebreide wêreldwye konflik tydens die Tweede Wêreldoorlog, bly daar slegs een vliegtuig oor wat bomme op die vasteland van die Verenigde State laat val het. Hierdie boek dokumenteer die vliegtuie, die verkleinende Kugisho E14Y "Glen" duikboot-gebaseerde seevliegtuig. E14Y -vliegtuie was ter weerwraak vir die Doolittle -aanvalle en was besig met twee bombardemente aan die kus van Oregon, wat weinig meer as 'n voetnoot in geskiedenisboeke behaal het. Hierdie titel van Mushroom Model Publications verander dit en bied ongetwyfeld die mees deeglike geskiedenis van die E14Y "Glen" wat tans in druk is. Die boek ondersoek die E14Y op 'n tipiese MMP-manier, met 'n omvattende oorsig van die ontwikkeling van vliegtuie op onderzeeërs. Die eerste twintig bladsye bevat 'n uiteensetting van die verskillende tipes waarnemings- en verkenningsvliegtuie wat ontwikkel is vir duikbote, met foto's, tekeninge en kleurillustrasies wat 'n volledige prentjie gee. Na hierdie inleiding gaan die boek oor na die E14Y, insluitend die prototipes sowel as produksievoorbeelde.

Die meerderheid van die boek dek egter die operasionele rekord van die E14Y, en dit is goed, want dit is 'n fassinerende verhaal. Vroeë operasies het in die suidweste van die Stille Oseaan plaasgevind voordat hulle na die Amerikaanse kuslyn gegaan het. Daar is selfs 'n Duitse verband, wat sorg vir 'n kleurryke geskiedenis. As ons van kleur praat, bevat die boek ook die kleure en merke van die E14Y, beide in kleurprofielillustrasies en baie foto's. Laastens is daar baie bladsye skaaltekeninge regdeur die boek, wat die modelmaker tevrede stel wat 'n Glen vir die rak wil bou.

5,0 van 5 sterre 'n Fantastiese boek oor 'n Japannese vliegvliegtuig wat selde bespreek word

30 April 2013 Deur El Kabong

Eerstens was ek vertroud met die MMPBooks, aangesien ek verskeie van hul titels besit het. Hierdie boek is nie dieselfde grootte as die 'oranje titels' nie, dit is eintlik die grootte van 'n groot tydskrif, maar in boekvorm.

Nou die kern van die boek self.

Baie min mense besef dat die Japannese eintlik Noord -Amerika gedurende die vroeë deel van die Tweede Wêreldoorlog gebombardeer het. Nie deur swaar of medium bomwerpers nie, maar deur 'n klein vlotvliegtuig wat aan boord van die tipe I -boot -duikbote oor die oseaan gedra is.

Die E14Y 'Glen' was 'n klein tweemansvliegtuig met 'n ligte vrag, hoofsaaklik gebruik as verkenning vir die duikbote. Maar die Japannese het gehoop om die vliegtuig te gebruik om brandbomme in die noordweste van die Stille Oseaan te laat val om groot brande te begin, maar het misluk omdat hulle dit gedurende die reënseisoen laat val het.

In die boek word die ontwikkeling van die vliegtuie, die gebruik aan boord van die onderdele en selfs uitstekende merke en kamoeflering aangetref, asook uitstekende tekenings op die 1/48ste skaal en talle foto's. Saam met foto's van die enigste bekende bestaande voorbeeld van 'n Glen, ongelukkig in die wrak van die versonke Akibasan Maru.

Vir die WW2 Japanese Aviation -entoesias, WW2 Aviation -fan of liefhebber van selde bespreekde 'Odd Ducks' van lugvaart, is hierdie boek die moeite werd om in u biblioteek te plaas.

Resensie deur Geoff Coughlin (April 2013)

Die Japannese was die enigste nasie in die Tweede Wêreldoorlog wat in enige getal onderzee-gedrewe verkenningsvliegtuie gebruik het en hierdie boek vertel die verhaal van die belangrikste van hierdie vliegtuie wat die vliegtuig deur sy vlieëniers die bynaam "Kingyo" (goudvis) gegee het. Een E14Y Glen, wat uit 'n duikboot gelanseer is, was die enigste vyandelike vliegtuig wat ooit bomme op die Amerikaanse vasteland laat val het - in twee soorte oor die Oregon -woude. Hierdie aanvalle was 'n weerwraak vir die "Doolittle" -aanval op Tokio en ander Japannese stede wat deur B-25 Mitchell-bomwerpers uitgevoer is. Die Glen het gedurende die oorlog in baie Japannese duikbootoperasies verskyn, insluitend die eerste vervoermissies na Duitsland, wat hier in detail beskryf word. Benewens die volledige tegniese besonderhede van die E14Y, beskryf en illustreer die boek vroeëre duikbootgedrewe vliegtuie en die duikbote wat dit vervoer het.

Nuttig vir skaalmodelleerders ...

Hierdie boek word uitgebrei geïllustreer met foto's, planne, kaarte en kleurprofiele en het selfs kleurfoto's van die enigste oorblyfsels van die E14Y wat nog ondergedompel is in die wrak van die Akibasan Maru by Kwajalein Atoll in die Stille Oseaan.

Die kwaliteit van die profiele is uiters hoog en die lyntekeninge bied bykomende besonderhede baie nuttig vir die modelleerder. Ook voordelig is die tydfoto's wat die vliegtuigraam naby aan die einde van die boek toon. Ek hou baie van hierdie titel, dit is goed geskryf en bied uitstekende insig in die rol van 'n belangrike Japannese vliegtuig uit die Tweede Wêreldoorlog.

Kugisho E14Y Glen: Die vliegtuig wat Amerika gebombardeer het

Ryusuke Ishiguro en Tadeusz Januszewski.

Jim Lansdale het u reeds 'n vooraf kyk gegee na hierdie nuwe boek deur Ryusuke Ishiguro en Tadeusz Januszewski. Op http://www.j-aircraft.org/smf/index.php?topic=13142. En Ryusuke het ook 'n kennisgewing by

Dit bly vir my om u 'n paar besonderhede te gee, maar ek moet u aanmoedig om u kopie van hierdie uitstekende bundel so gou as moontlik te bekom. Maak dit 'n vakansiegeskenk vir jouself. U sal nie verkeerd gaan as u hierdie wonderlike boek koop nie. As u enigsins geïnteresseerd is in die geskiedenis van die Tweede Wêreldoorlog en die dele wat Japannese vliegtuie in die groot Stille Oseaanoorlog gespeel het, geniet u van die diepte en detail wat hierdie boek kan bied.

Maar moenie my woord daarvoor neem nie. Ek gee u die kans om in te gaan op die besonderhede van die dekking wat Ryusuke, Tadeusz en hul kundige illustreerder, Zygmunt Szeremeta, by hierdie uitstaande aanbod ingesluit het. As u die vorige boek van hierdie skryf-en-illustrerende span met die titel "Japanese Special Attack Aircraft & amp Flying Bombs" gehad het, en gedink het dat dit 'n onontbeerlike toevoeging tot u lugvaartbiblioteek was, en u was baie bly dat u dit gekoop het, want dit was omtrent Japannese vliegtuie in maklik leesbare Engels, jy wil hierdie nuwe boek hê.

Laat ek eers 'n paar besonderhede oor die publikasie gee. Die boek is 128 bladsye lank, soos Jim Lansdale berig het, 'n telling wat die voor- en agterkant bevat. Die boek meet 21 sentimeter by 29,7 sentimeter. Die voorblad- en agterkant van die enkelblad bevat 'n dik blad van hoë gehalte. Die ruggraat is vasgeplak. Alle bladsye, behalwe bladsy een, het ongeveer 7 sentimeter gegradeerde blougrys skadu marges aan die bokant. This feature doesn’t interfere with reading the text, but does slightly encroach upon six of the three-view drawings of aircraft. Still, this coloration shouldn’t be a hindrance to anyone, except perhaps to someone trying to copy these three-view drawings as black-and-white documents on a copy machine. None of the fine artwork is affected by the page coloration.

The table of contents and page numbers are as follows:

First experiments with submarine-borne seaplanes 4

Japanese submarine aircraft carrier experiments 6

Submarine-installed aviation equipment 10

Japanese reconnaissance seaplanes on submarines 11

Kugisho E14Y reconnaissance seaplane 28

12-Shi Sen-tei specification for a submarine-based reconnaissance aircraft 28

Work on the Otsu-3 project at the Kugisho arsenal 28

Competitive Watanabe E14W1 seaplane 29

The first E14Y1 prototypes, flying trials and problems connected with these 29

The Watanabe Tekkosho company 41

E14Y2 development version 47

Markings on submarine-based seaplanes 80

Camouflage and markings of seaplanes E14Y1 80

Kugisho E14Y1 Model 11 reconnaissance seaplane technical description 95

Submarines equipped with reconnaissance seaplane 114

The E14Y “Glen” wrecks of the Akibasan Maru 119

The short introduction features a painting of silver, black and red profile of a production E14Y1, believed to have been the 34th machine built. The drawing lies partly over a photo reproduction of the same plane. The text continues by discussing the early experiments with submarine-borne aircraft, namely the Brandenburg W20 and the Caspar-Heinkel U-1 seaplane. The explanation continues into the specifics of Japanese experiments with aircraft carrier submarines and is accompanied by three photos of the U-1 seaplane, one of which shows the plane during tests conducted by the U.S. Navy.

The details of the aviation equipment on Japanese submarines are covered, mainly by a table of specifications of deck catapults and by five paragraphs of text. After that the book goes into a meaty section which covers the various Japanese aircraft designed for use on submarines. This section runs from page 11 through 27, where you will find the following material.

Four paragraphs of text on the Yokosho 1-Go aircraft, illustrated with a black-and-white photo, a five-view line drawing with three fuselage cross-sections, and a two-view color painting of the plane, showing a profile and a plan view.

The E6Y1 is explained in five paragraphs of text and a five-view line drawing of the Yokosho 2-Go prototype and five-view scale plans of the E6Y1. Also the authors have included five black-and white photos, a color profile painting of the prototype, and a color two-view painting of the E6Y1 Model 1 as carried by submarine I-5.

One of the operationally important planes, the Watanabe E9W1 (Slim), is given the treatment in nine paragraphs of text, six B & W photos, two four-view line drawings, and a two-view painting of the E9W1 that was embarked on submarine I-6. The text concludes with a listing of operational units and a tally of production for the E9W1. Capping the coverage is a five-column table of specifications for all of the submarine-based aircraft covered up to that point.

The development of the main subject is covered with a section running from page 28 through 49. This section includes three B & W photos, a four-view line drawing, and 1/48th scale plans showing thirteen views of the subject aircraft. Also in this section are color paintings of the first prototype, the second prototype, the third prototype, the E14Y1 Model 11 Ko-35, and an E14Y2 Model 12 in the prototype yellow and black paint job. Twenty-seven paragraphs comprise the text of this section.

Following the development section, the all-important section on operations begins. The contents page just lists this section by the title and does not reveal any subheadings. I think this is a section that will interest most readers, therefore I will list the material that is gathered under this title.

Beginning on page 50, the subheadings are:

E14Y1 seaplane take-off and recovery procedures

Return to the submarine and recovery

Reconnaissance flights over:

b. Sydney harbour on 17th February 1942

c. Melboure and Port Philip harbour 26th February 1942

d. Hobart and Tasmania on 1st March 1942

e. Sydney on 23rd May 1942

Exchange of Fa330 for E14Y1

Bombardment of US territory

True flight route during first Fujita’s bombing raid

The section on operations is illustrated with 21 B & W photos, eight profile paintings, and two maps. The text consists of 101 paragraphs, including a two-paragraph epilogue at the end of the section.

Pages 81 through 94 cover camouflage and markings. This portion has 18 paragraphs of text, 13 color painting of aircraft in various views.

Nearing the end of the book, a technical description of the E14Y1 is offered. A nice surprise is the color phantom-view drawing of the E14Y1’s cockpit area by Giuseppe “Joe” Picarella, with a numbered key. Also, the description features 20 B & W photos, and 13 technical drawing from a surviving instruction manual.

A five-page section covering the Japanese submarines that carried aircraft wraps up the main coverage. It has drawings of some of the submarines and ten specification tables.

At the end of the book is the final section of ten paragraphs, which were written by Dan Farnham about his dives on the Akibasan Maru at Kwajalein atoll. Dan explains how he came to know that the ship carried the remains of two E14Y1 aircraft, how he dived on the wreck, and how he recorded his discovery in 30 color photos of the wreckage of the E14Y1s entombed in the ship.

So ends this book review. In the interest of full disclosure, I must report that the publisher of Kugisho E14Y Glen: The Aircraft That Bombed America has sent complimentary copies for review to Jim Lansdale of j-aircraft.com and to me, Jim Long , member of the staff of j-aircraft.com.

In many nations prior to WWII, there was a fascination with submarine-borne aircraft. The requirements for such an aircraft were many in that it had to be small, yet have decent range. It had to be easily assembled and disassembled for it was not possible to carry it ready-to-fly. These limitations made it technically challenging to design such an aircraft, yet the benefit of having it for reconnaissance was quite tantalizing.

Only the Japanese were able to properly implement the idea. This had as much to do with the penchant for building large submarines as anything. These boats had the displacement to accommodate the water-tight hangars needed to stow these aircraft and carry the specialized crews needed to fly and maintain/repair the plane. Large though these submarines might have been, they were also noisy and slow to maneuver, submerge and surface, traits that later in the war led to many of their losses.

In this latest book by Mushroom Model Publications, we look at what was probably the most successful of the Japanese submarine-borne aircraft the E14Y Glen. The book starts out by providing us a history of the concept, which dates back to WWI. This includes attempts by the Germans to use a submarine to carry a small plane to attack British targets. Post war, Ernst Heinkel developed a plane for the US Navy that was tested, but never put into use. It was the Japanese who had the greatest interest in the type and went the extra steps to develop boats to carry the planes and aircraft to fit.

The development of submarine-borne aircraft is fully covered and very well researched. The E14Y was not the first plane to be used for this purpose as the Watanabe E9W1 'Slim' was the first successful plane. This sturdy biplane was used to develop equipment and tactics that were used during the war. The Glen was the next, updated version that had many improvements over the Slim, including being a monoplane, thus easier to erect for flight. The full development of the E9 and E14 are covered, including scale plans and many large and superbly drawn color four views.

There is a full operational diary of all known combat operations using the E14Y, most of them taking place in the first year of the war. This includes the bombing of the US, which is covered in considerable detail. While most know that these bombs fell harmlessly into the forests, the fact is that this was the plan. It was felt that using incendiary bombs would start raging forest fires that would decimate thousands of acres and inflict much damage. Unfortunately, the Japanese picked a rather wet time of the year to do this, so while the missions went on without a hitch, the expected results did not happen.

Other books in this series have a large section on detail for the aircraft. Thanks to there not being any museum aircraft, this is done by period photos as well as images from blueprints and maintenance manuals. The only extant aircraft are two that are in the hold of a sunken freighter at Kwajelein. This book provides several pages of images of these aircraft taken by the author. I seriously doubt if these remains will be salvaged as 70 years underwater has left little aside from the framework.

MMP has a deserved reputation for providing superbly researched and usable books that are a delight for both the enthusiast and modeler. This one has raised that bar another notch in terms of the amount of research done and the sheer wealth of information that has been provided on what is to many, a pretty obscure, yet historically important aircraft. It is an absolute must have for any modeler and a book that gets my highest recommendation.

Date of Review December 2012

Japan's compact, submarine-launched Kugisho E14Y "Glen" forged a place in history as the only Axis aircraft to bomb the United States mainland during World War II.

Now MMP's marvelous new monograph tells that spellbinding story – and much more – in 128 lavishly illustrated pages.

Coverage naturally begins with Imperial Japanese Navy efforts to develop aircraft-capable "submarine cruisers" – chiefly so-called Itto Sensuikan "I Class" vessels. Text next turns to submarine-borne IJN reconnaissance seaplane designs – and thence to the E14Y itself.

Operational history follows. And that's where this illuminating effort really glows. Authors recap submarine I-25's gripping 1942 reconnaissance mission around Australia and New Zealand, German-Japanese naval cooperation in the Atlantic and Pacific theaters, Warrant Officer Nobuo Fujita's bombardment of US territory, transporting technologies between Axis allies, international E14Y use, and more.

MMP's absorbing account unearths dozens of intriguing nuggets – including Japanese-marked Arado Ar 196s defending German U-boats at Penang, Malaysia, and candid IJN assessments of its submarine equipment inferiority.

Zygmunt Szeremeta's outstanding color profiles superbly spice this sumptuous study. Photos, drawings, charts and bibliography ably augment text. And an absorbing addendum on Glen wrecks aboard the sunken Akibasan Maru off Kwajalein Atoll completes coverage.

Treat yourself to tons of fascinating fun – and get this rousing read. Then pray for new E14Y kits to succeed MPM's and WINGS' ancient offerings!

This new book was sent to me, packaged with another new book directly from Stratus. The two books were heavily wrapped in cardboard to protect them and arrived in pristine condition.

The Japanese were the only nation in WW2 to use submarine-borne aircraft in any numbers. This book tells the story of the most important of these aircraft.

One “Glen”, launched from a submarine, was the only enemy aircraft to ever drop bombs on the US mainland – in two sorties over the Oregon forests. The Glen featured in many Japanese submarine operations throughout the war, including the first transport missions to Germany here described in detail.

In addition to full technical details of the E14Y Glen, the book describes and illustrates earlier submarine-borne aircraft, and the submarines which carried them.

Profusely illustrated with 44 black and white wartime photos, 6 1/72nd scale line drawings as 5-views, one each 1/48th 4-view, a 3-view and a 6-view line drawings. There are 2 maps, 14 data lists giving info about the aircraft and the submarines that carried them. There are 21 full color profiles. Five of these are 2-views, 3 of them are 2-views and one is a 4-view. One of the 3-views is of the Glen that bombed Oregon. One of the profiles is of a Glen in Indonesian Air Force markings. The color profiles are a mix of 1/48th and 1/32nd scales, There is a color profile included of a German Fa-330 Bachshelz reconnaissance gyro glider (no scale indicated) and the Japanese sub I-25 that launched the raid on Oregon (no scale for this one either).

There are 31 photos and drawings from tech manuals and a color drawing of a Japanese bomb.

Included also are line drawings of the submarines I-5, I-6, I-7 and I-9 to no particular scale. One of the black and white photos is of the pilot that flew the Glen on the Oregon raid: Warrant Officer Nobuo Fujita.

Two scuba divers: Dan Farnham and William McCash dove on sunken Japanese ships in Kwajalein Atoll in the Pacific and photographed remnants of Glens aboard the Akibasan Maru in full color. There are 30 of these photos.

The last page of the book is the bibliography.

This book will prove to be essential reading for aircraft historians, modelers and enthusiasts.

Posted on December 22, 2012 by newdesk

The authors have provided a beautifully illustrated account of the Japanese Navy’s experiments with aircraft-carrying submarines and the only bombing attack ever to be carried out on the Continental United States.

DESCRIPTION: The authors have provided a beautifully illustrated account of the Japanese Navy’s experiments with aircraft-carrying submarines and the only bombing attack ever to be carried out on the Continental United States.

The publisher has produced a fine range of books on Polish subjects and for the model making and model engineering community. From early books that were primarily aimed at modellers, MMPBooks have developed a rare and very welcome form of special interest book. This latest addition to the range, in the White Series is a very good example of how an effective and well written history of an aircraft can be combined with outstanding photographs, sketches and drawings can tell a story in great detail that may be found no where else. There are full colour drawings that provide detail of markings and colour schemes. There are also very detailed line drawings accurately produced to a declared scale. Everything that a model maker would need to produce a high quality scale model of great accuracy. The photographs are outstanding and will provide what both modellers and aviation enthusiasts value highly. The text is concise but also detailed.

Several navies experimented with a range of submarines to duplicate the typical range of surface vessels. The Royal Navy built its M Class, K Class, and X Class in very small numbers before abandoning the concept to concentrate on submarines that attacked under water with torpedoes. The M Class began as submarine battleships with a single heavy main gun. Work was then conducted to modify a gun-equipped N Class to produce a submarine to carry a small Peto reconnaissance aircraft in a watertight hanger in place of the gun room. The X Class carried two twin gun turrets similar to a light cruiser. The K Class were steam-powered on the surface and intended to sail with the surface fleet, requiring steam turbines to keep up with the surface ships. The French Navy tried a submarine that included a twin turret armed as for a heavy cruiser and carried a seaplane. The Japanese were aware of these developments, particular the RN development work which began in WWI when Japan was allied to Britain.

All of these developments proved unsuccessful to some degree. The M2 sank with all hands when someone failed to secure the hanger doors before diving. The M1 experienced difficulties in achieving the intended firing rate, reloading submerged and then semi-surfacing to fire at a target. The K Class suffered a string of disasters and were uncomfortably hot because the boilers could be secured for diving but still contained high temperature and high pressure steam with the heat dissipating slowly. The X Class were closer to being successful, although the two twin turrets suffered a number of problems. It is therefore not surprising the Britain and France halted their development programs to concentrate on submarines that used the torpedo as the primary weapon and retained deck guns and cannon only for small low value f=targets and defence against aircraft when surfaced.

The Japanese were not deterred by the difficulties experienced in Europe and embarked on a sustain development program to build large submarines that could operate with torpedoes, but which were equipped to carry aircraft and/or midget submarines. As submarines, the vessels were conventional but larger than those in service with Britain, Germany, or the US. During the attack on Pearl Harbour, a number of these large submarines were used as a defensive screen ready to torpedo any US warship that might pursue the Japanese carriers as they withdrew after their successful attacks on Pearl Harbour. After that date, the submarines were used on a number of reconnaissance missions to American islands and to Australia, including a flight over Sydney. Had the US not deployed increasingly effective radar, it is likely that much greater use would be made of reconnaissance floatplanes by the Japanese. When an aircraft was detected, it gave no clear indication of what vessel it had flown from or where that vessel might be located. Improving radar allowed the US Navy to identify submarines that had surfaced to fly off or recover floatplanes, or recharge batteries. That resulted in Glens flying off for an otherwise successful reconnaissance, only to find that their host submarine had been sunk and they had nowhere to land.

Submarine I-25 launched its Glen on a reconnaissance and bombing mission to Oregon. The bombing attack was not even a pin prick because the bombs were dropped on he forested Wheeler ridge and could have gone completely unnoticed. A forest ranger had spotted a small unidentified aircraft and then noticed a trial of white smoke from a small forest fire. When the ranger reached the area he recovered some 30lb of bomb fragments that were identified as Japanese.

The authors have devoted space to the story of the submarines as well as of the reconnaissance floatplanes that were developed into the monoplane Glen. A considerable amount of information has been packed into the pages around the exceptional illustrations. This is an excellent value book that will be much appreciated by modellers but also be a much wider readers who will appreciate the historical review that forms an important part of the book.

The E14Y seaplanes, designated by the Japanese Navy as the Type 0 Small Reconnaissance Seaplane, first took flight in 1939 and were placed in service in 1941. They were designed to be equipped aboard submarines. A number of E14Y aircraft were the only hostile aircraft to fly over New Zealand during WW2, while one of them, piloted by Nobuo Fujita, the same pilot who flew the first reconnaissance mission over New Zealand, became the only aircraft to drop bombs on continental United States during WW2. E14Y aircraft were removed from service in 1943. 126 examples were built during the design’s production life.

The Allied codename for the E14Y aircraft was Glen. Some Japanese E14Y aircrews nicknamed the model Kin’gyo, “Goldfish”.

The new book release from MMP Books white series cover one of the most interesting aircraft of the WWII. We not talking about the world famous fighters, but one aircraft singular in the history. The E14Y have the legendary fact that is the single aircraft to bombing USA continental territory in the wartime.

Reviewing the book we quickly percept the awesome quality of research, images and technical drawings turn it new book about the this few covered Japanese plane an indispensable research material both for modelers and aviation enthusiasts.

As I said the book is part of the White Series of the MMP Books, famous by the high detailed research about the aircraft theme of every book. All book is full of images, many of this never seen before, profusely illustrated with wartime color images, museum aircraft and private walkarounds, an impressive pictorial material. The images and utilization of the original technical drawings don’t give space for doubts about the details of the aircraft. The Scale planes come on the 1/72, 1/48 with very accurate designs. One thing that call special attention is the excellent development history of the plane on the initial pages, this give us the opportunity to understand the development of the Kugisho.

Operational history follows. And that’s where this illuminating effort really glows. Authors recap submarine I-25′s gripping 1942 reconnaissance mission around Australia and New Zealand, German-Japanese naval cooperation in the Atlantic and Pacific theaters, Warrant Officer Nobuo Fujita’s bombardment of US territory, transporting technologies between Axis allies, international E14Y use, and more.

The profiles from Zygmunt Szeremeta’s are another superb material for research. Photos, drawings, charts and bibliography ably augment text. And an absorbing addendum on Glen wrecks aboard the sunken Akibasan Maru off Kwajalein Atoll completes coverage.

This book is a full technical history of this important but neglected Japanese plane of World War Two. I have the pleasure to say that this book keep the tradition of the MMP Books and give us an excellent research base for modelers interested to build an E14Y. Now we need a new tooled kit of this plane in 1/48 and 1/32 arrives. This book is highly recommended.

Special thanks to MMP Books for the sample review.

Vini Pompeo – Historian and Modeller

5.0 out of 5 stars Typical MMP/Stratus book

7 Jan 2013 By Jenny Semmens

This little book on "the only Japanese plane to bomb Continental USA", and one of the few to be successfully carried by submarine, did justice to a very obscure aircraft. The recent photos of disassembled Glens in a sunken freighter were the icing on the cake.

Mushroom Model Publications, 2012 Recently I received a package from old friend Weldon Dunlap with a great Christmas gift – Mushroom Model Publication’s new book, “Kugisho E14Y Glen” subtitled ‘The aircraft that bombed America.’ Considering the rarity of material previously available on the type, the book is quite remarkable, and reflects care and excellence in every aspect of its presentation. It’s hard to imagine any book on the “Kingyo” (Goldfish) surpassing this one any time soon, if ever. Part of this is probably due to the “team” nature of the contributors. It is written by Ryusuke Ishiguro and Tadeusz Januszewski and illustrated by Zygmunt Szeremeta, and the book closes with a special section by Dan Farnham featuring color photos of his dive at Kwajalein Atoll on the only known remains of this aircraft type, still on Akibasan Maru. Giuseppe Picarella, whose technical drawings graced Robert Mikesh’s book “Japanese Aircraft Interiors,” contributes a full-page color cutaway of the forward fuselage and cockpit sections. These should all be familiar names to those interested in Japanese aircraft that collect books and visit websites, and everyone is at the top of their game here. And the list should not omit MMP’s Editor-in-Chief Roger Wallsgrove. Most publishers are reticent to take a chance when it comes to exotic subjects, but MMP’s strength is to encourage authors to give us something new.

Dan Farnham made 26 dives to 160 feet to present in order to present those thirty colorful yet eerie images that close the book. Each of us salutes you from our armchairs, Dan! And in a way these dives are probably a metaphor for the task of research accomplished by Ryusuke and Tadeusz in presenting the story of a very obscure airplane in such admirable detail. As a teenager I remember a caption in (I think) Green and Swanborough’s “Floatplanes” of a very grainy in-flight image – “the only known photo” of an E14Y, which appears on p. 31 in this book. Forty years later much has changed for the historian and modeler with a book like this. Don’t misunderstand any clear photos of the type remain ultra-rare. Looking through the longest section of the book that narrates the type’s operational use by Japan, I only count eight photos that could be considered “close-ups” of any clarity to show specific details.

But this challenge was surmounted. For the key to the book is the uncovering of a treasure trove of what appear to be factory archive photos and drawings clearly showing cockpit details, internal structure, cowling and engine mount details, method of folding the tail surfaces for submarine hangar stowage, etc. We’re used to seeing such meticulous and clear photographic records for Douglas, Grumman, and Boeing aircraft, as these were preserved by the manufacturers rather than destroyed. But we hardly ever see them for Japanese types unless they were for a type captured by Russian forces and exhaustively photographed. Whatever the reason that these images of an obscure Japanese submarine-launched floatplane might have survived, they were probably of great help to Zygmunt Szeremeta as illustrator, and undoubtedly essential in making Mr. Picarella’s beautiful drawing possible.

The artwork is truly beautiful, as you’d expect if you’ve seen any of Mr. Szeremeta’s work in Arawasi International magazine and previous MMP / Mushroom books, and like the text also encompasses the airplane’s immediate predecessors, particularly the E9W1 “Slim,” an aircraft which has not received similar coverage in English anywhere else. There is a full set of 1/48 line drawings also that are the first that I can remember seeing of “Glen,” rendered by Januszewski and Dariusz Karnas. There’s a fascinating account of a Japanese sub run to Brest / Lorient for technical exchange with the German government and submarine forces, and I didn’t realize that “several E4Y1s were used by the Germans in their submarine base on Sumatra.” Along the same lines, there’s also a photo and painting of an Arado 196 (with 50 kg bombs mounted) of the “East Asia Navy Special Service Air Command (Penang)” supporting U-boats in Penang, complete with hinomarus. Now there’s a different look for your 1/32 Revell kit and how many of you knew there was a Kriegsmarine base in Penang? I could go on, but you would be better served by getting your own copy of this one. Congratulations and thanks to the individuals who brought us this book.

1 人中、1人の方が、「このレビューが参考になった」と投票しています。 5つ星のうち 5.0 歴史上米本土を空襲した唯一の機体の優れたモノグラフ 2013/1/10

By HB VINE™ メンバー Amazon.co.jpで購入済み

本書の著者の一人Tadeusz Januszewski氏は以前Japanese Submarine Aircraftで日本潜水艦搭載航空機について紹介してくれましたが、今回はそれを零式小型水偵(以降E14Yと表現します)に絞ってのモノグラフになりました。


Illustrations


Early production Type 89 I-Go on trials. Note the Japanese Kanjis, which are probably the unit or training markings. HD illustration.

Type 89 I-Go in China, Shanghai incident, Imperial Japanese Navy, First Armored Division, October 1932.

Type 89A I-Go equipped with the late type turret.

Type 89B I-Go, transitional model, equipped with unprotected machine-guns and early production side skirts. China, 8th Tank Regiment, 1935.

Type 89B I-Go, early production model, part of the Shanghai operations in 1937. Notice the three tone spotted camouflage with blackened borders, typical of the so-called “Japanese style”.

Type 89B I-Go, 7th Armored Brigade, China, 1941.


Type 1 Chi-He, possibly in Kyushu, Home Islands, late 1944.

Type 1 Chi-He, unknown unit, Home Islands, 1945.


Standard Type 3 Chi-Nu with the army camouflage, 4th Armored Division, Kyu-Shu, late 1944.


Up-gunned Type 3 Chi-Nu II, testing the Type 5 75 mm (2.95 in) Tank Gun, mid-1945.


Type 4 Chi-To in Kyushu, Japan, 1945, with what-if operational markings.


Tank Encylopedia’s own rendition of the Type 5 Chi-Ri with a prospective camouflage, 1945, 1/72 scale.
The Type 2 Ke-To, illustrated by Tank Encyclopedia’s own David Bocquelet.


Type 4 Ke-Nu, unknown unit, Philippines, February 1945.


Type 4 Ke-Nu from the 19th Tank Regiment, Kyushu, 1945


Type 2 Ho-I, home islands, 1944.


An initial production Type 92. The original armament consisted of two light 6.6 mm (0.25 in) Type 91 machine-guns, with one mounted in the hull. This vehicle belonged to a Cavalry division which took part in the attack of Harbin, 1932.

A standard, rearmed early production Type 92. Notice the 13.2 mm (0.52 in) heavy machine-gun in the hull. First Special Tank Company of the 8th Division, battle of Rehe, March 1933.


A late Type 92, Manchuria, April 1942. Modifications included a new drivetrain, new portholes and vision slits and a new light turret machine gun, the 7.7 mm (0.3 in) Type 96.


Type 94 TK tankette, early model, Hebei Province, China, 1935.

Type 94 TK tankette of the IJN Marine forces, Shanghai, 1937.

Early version Type 94 TK tankette, Nomonhan plateau, August 1939.

Type 94 TK, early production model without rear hook, scout unit, Burma, 1942.

Late model Type 94 TK tankette, with a lengthened chassis, new large idler wheel and a Type 92 7.7 mm (0.3 in) machine-gun. 48th Recon Regiment, Java, 1942.

Last evolution of the Type 94 TK tankette. This was almost a completely new model, with the late type long hull and large idler wheel, and a completely reworked suspension system. It was the blueprint for the next Type 97 tankette. 2nd Battalion of the IJA, Kwajalein, 1943.


Type 97 Te-Ke, the machine-gun version, unknown infantry unit, Burma, 1942. Due to the shortage of 37 mm (1.46 in) guns, many were delivered in this undergunned configuration.

Type 97 Te-Ke gun version, Malaya, January 1942. This gun was also mounted on the Type 95 Ha-Go light tank.


Luzon Island, Philippine campaign, fall 1944.

Kyushu island home defense AT platoon, 1945.


Burma, mid 1944. The four-tone pattern was adapted to jungle warfare.
The Philippines, fall 1944, with a simplified three tone blended camouflage. Notice the hinomaru, used as this artillery platoon’s symbol.


Type 3 Ho-Ni III, Japanese Home Islands, Honshu, late 1944.

Type 3 Ho-Ni III, Home Islands, Kyushu, 1945.


Type 2 Ka-Mi, with its floating pontoons and superstructures fitted. The Ka-Mi was the most prolific and successful Japanese amphibious tank of the war. However, with its complex configuration and costly manufacture, it was produced in few numbers and was a relatively rare sight in the Pacific.

Type 2 Ka-Mi without its flotation devices, Itoh Detachment, Saipan. This specimen saw combat near Garapan in 1944.


Type 4 Ka-Tsu, camouflaged and loaded with torpedoes in preparation for Operation Yu-Go, the attack of Majuro atoll, Kure, Japan, 1944.


Type 5 To-Ku in a fictional regular Imperial Japanese Navy blue-grey livery, trials, 1945.


A Type 87 of the Imperial Japanese Navy Land Forces in China.


Unknown unit, China, 1930s. The illustrations shows the turret turned sideways.

Unknown unit, China, 1930s, showing the turret turned forward, with its AA LMG.

Unknown unit, China, 1930s.


Camouflaged Type 92 Osaka, Shanghaï, 1932


A Type 93 naval armored car in China, 1938.


Type 93 So-Mo prepared to go on rails. Notice the tires mounted on the side.


Tanks Encylopedia’s own illustration of the O-I


Rendition by D Bocquelet, Tanks Encyclopedia of the Type 94 6࡬ Imperial Japanese army truck


Type 97 AT Rifle, fitted with a tripod and fired in a crouched position.


Kyk die video: World of Tanks - Japanese Armored Vehicles Trailer