Oorlog in antieke tye

Oorlog in antieke tye

Die woord 'oorlog' kom uit Engels uit die ou woord in die Hoog -Duitse taal Werran (om te verwar of om verwarring te veroorsaak) deur die Ou Engels Werre (wat dieselfde beteken), en is 'n toestand van oop en gewoonlik verklaarde gewapende konflik tussen politieke entiteite soos soewereine state of tussen mededingende politieke of sosiale faksies in dieselfde staat.

Die Pruisiese militêre ontleder Carl Von Clausewitz, in sy boek Oor die oorlog, noem dit, "voortsetting van die politiek wat op ander maniere voortgaan." Oorlog word gevoer deur politieke entiteite, nasies of vroeër stadstate om politieke of territoriale geskille op te los en word op die slagveld uitgevoer deur leërs wat bestaan ​​uit soldate van die strydende nasies of deur huursoldate wat deur 'n regering betaal is om te veg.

Oorlog en die opkoms van nasies

Deur die geskiedenis heen het individue, state of politieke faksies deur die gebruik van oorlog soewereiniteit oor streke verkry. Die geskiedenis van een van die vroegste beskawings ter wêreld, die van Mesopotamië, is 'n kroniek van byna konstante twis. Selfs nadat Sargon die Grote van Akkad (r. 2334-2279 v.G.J.) die streek onder die Akkadiese Ryk verenig het, is daar steeds oorlog gevoer om rebellies te bekamp of indringers af te weer. Daar word vermoed dat die vroeë dinastiese periode van Egipte (omstreeks 3150-omstreeks 2613 v.C.) uit die oorlog opgestaan ​​het toe die farao Manes (of Menes) van die suide die gebied van Noord-Egipte verower het (hoewel hierdie bewering betwis word).

In China het die Zhou-dinastie deur die geveg in 1046 vC opgang gekry en die konflik van die tydperk van die strydende state ((476-221 vC) is opgelos toe die staat Qin die ander strydende state in die geveg verslaan en China verenig het onder die bewind van keiser Shi Huangdi (r. 221-210 BCE). Dieselfde patroon geld vir ander nasies deurentyd, of 'n mens die sukses van Scipio Africanus (l. 236-183 BCE) noem in die nederlaag van Kartago (en dus die opkoms van Rome) of dié van Filips II van Masedonië (l.382-336 BCE) in die vereniging van die stadstate van Griekeland. Strydende leërs van opponerende nasies het histories politieke geskille op die slagveld besleg, alhoewel hierdie leërs mettertyd in vorming en grootte verander het.

Leërs en hul ontwikkeling

Die leërs bevat twee soorte infanterie: skoktroepe, met die doel om met die opponerende magte te sluit en hul lyne te breek, en peltaste wat meer beweeglik was en in 'n losser formasie beweeg het om langafstand wapens op die vyand te skiet. Volgens die historikus Simon Anglim, et.al., "Infanterie is die ruggraat van enige leër, die enigste eenheid wat ewe effektief kan aanval of verdedig. Die meerderheid gevegte het die infanterie se vermoë om met die vyand te sluit en dood te maak, aangeskakel. hom "(7) en dit geld in die meeste gevalle selfs na die bekendstelling van kavallerie -eenhede en die strydwa.

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Die vroegste leërs was relatief klein groepies skoktroepe tot die bekendstelling van peltast -eenhede. By die Slag van Megiddo in 1479 vC was die Egiptiese leër 20 000; teen die tyd dat Shalmaneser III in 845 vC oor die Assiriese Ryk geheers het, het leërs in massa en grootte gegroei. Shalmaneser se magte in sy veldtogte was meer as 120 000. Die Assiriërs het groot leërs nodig vanweë hul beleid van territoriale uitbreiding en genadelose onderdrukking van opstand teen sentrale bewind, en hierin toon hulle die onderliggende oorsaak van oorlog: die stammentaliteit.

Die stammentaliteit en oorlog

Oorlog groei natuurlik uit die stammentaliteit. Anglim, et al., Merk op:

'N Stam is 'n samelewing wat sy oorsprong terugvoer na 'n enkele voorouer, wat 'n werklike persoon, 'n mitiese held of selfs 'n god kan wees: hulle beskou buitestaanders gewoonlik as gevaarlik en konflik teen hulle as normaal. Die besit van permanente gebiede om te verdedig of te verower, het die behoefte aan grootskaalse gevegte veroorsaak waarin die verlore weermag vernietig sou word, hoe beter is die betwiste gebied. Die koms van die 'beskawing' het dus die behoefte gebring aan georganiseerde liggame van skoktroepe. (8)

Die stammentaliteit lei altyd tot 'n tweespalt van 'ons' teenoor 'hulle' en veroorsaak 'n latente vrees vir die 'ander' wie se kultuur in stryd is met, of ten minste anders is as die van sy eie. Hierdie vrees, tesame met 'n begeerte om die nodige hulpbronne uit te brei of te beskerm, lei dikwels tot oorlog.

Die eerste oorlog in die geskiedenis het in Mesopotamië plaasgevind in ongeveer. 2700 vC tussen Sumer en Elam. Die Sumeriërs, onder bevel van die koning van Kis, Enembaragesi, het die Elamiete in hierdie oorlog verslaan en, word opgeteken, "weggevoer as buit van die wapens van Elam." Ongeveer dieselfde tyd as hierdie veldtog, het koning Gilgamesj van Uruk sy bure opgeruk om sederhout vir die bou van 'n tempel aan te skaf. Alhoewel daar aangevoer word dat Gilgamesj 'n mitologiese karakter is, is die argeologiese bewyse van die historiese koning Enembaragesi, wat in Die epos van Gilgamesj, gee gewig aan die bewering dat laasgenoemde ook 'n ware historiese figuur was. Die streek Sumer het Elam tradisioneel as 'die ander' beskou tot op die punt dat koning Shulgi van Ur (r. 2029-1982 v.C.) 'n groot muur in die Ur III-periode van Sumer se geskiedenis (2047-1750 v.G.J.) gebou het die Elamiete en Amoriete op pad.

Vroeë oorlogvoering en militêre taktiek

Oorlogvoering het egter beslis nie in 2700 vC begin nie. Die vroegste piktogramme van leërs in oorlog kom uit die koninkryk Kish, dateer uit ongeveer 3500 vC. Jericho, wat saam met Uruk aanspraak maak op die titel van die oudste stad ter wêreld, het argeoloë sterk bewyse gelewer dat 'n versterkte stad voor 7000 vC op die terrein gestaan ​​het. Die mure van die vesting was 3 voet dik en 3,9 meter hoog, omring deur 'n grag van 9,1 meter breed en 3 meter diep, wat sterk dui op die belangrikheid van verdediging.

Die eenvoudige boog was al in 10 000 vC in Mesopotamië gebruik en begraafplase van Noord -Mesopotamië tot Egipte getuig van vroeë oorlogvoering op 'n redelik groot skaal. Bewyse van 'n konflik wat in Jebel Sahaba, Egipte, op die sogenaamde Site 117 plaasgevind het, is 59 geraamtes ontbloot, wat almal op dieselfde tyd duidelike bewyse van gewelddadige dood toon. Oorlog in antieke Mesopotamië is deur infanterie -skoktroepe gevoer tot die bekendstelling van die saamgestelde boog uit Egipte.

Militêre formasies en tegnologie

Die vroegste vorming was die falanks wat die eerste keer in Sumer c. 3000 vC en sou duisende jare lank die standaard vir infanterieformasies word. Dit is beroemd gemaak tydens die Slag van Marathon in 490 vC toe die Grieke dit effektief gebruik het om die Perse te verower, is vervolmaak deur Alexander die Grote c. 332 v.G.J. op sy veldtogte, en is meer gedug deur die leërs van Rome. Die falanks is in die een of ander vorm deur die meeste vegmagte in die antieke wêreld aangewend. Die Grieke het kavallerie gebruik om die flanke te beskerm en die Thebans het 'n kombinasie van kavallerie, infanterie en peltaste gebruik. Die bekendstelling van die strydwa en later die gebruik van olifante in die geveg het die rol van die infanterie aangevul, maar het nooit die belangrikheid daarvan verminder nie.

Oorlog was 'n belangrike faktor in die skepping van state en ryke gedurende die geskiedenis en, net so, om dit te vernietig. Belangrike vooruitgang op die gebied van wetenskap, tegnologie en ingenieurswese is tydens oorlogstyd uit noodsaaklikheid bewerkstellig. Daar word geskryf dat die leër van koning Croesus van Lydia (r. 560-547 v.G.J.) op 'n keer vooruit gestop is deur die Halysrivier wat onmoontlik gelyk het. Die filosoof Thales van Miletus, 'n lid van die leër van Croesus, het 'n bemanning van ingenieurs 'n kanaal stroomop laat grawe en 'n halfmaanvorm gegee, "sodat dit om die agterkant van die laer van die laer sou vloei, en op hierdie manier omgelei word van sy ou koers af en verby die kamp, ​​moet dit weer in die ou loop vloei. "(Kaufmann, 9).

Verhale soos hierdie gee voorbeelde van die belangrikheid van ingenieurs in die beoefening van oorlog. Die toenemende ontwikkeling van militêre taktiek of, in hierdie geval, geografiese hindernisse, het 'n korps ingenieurs as 'n gereelde deel van enige leër genoodsaak. Die leërs van Alexander die Grote en van Rome is bekend vir hul gebruik van ingenieurs in oorlogvoering, veral deur Alexander by die beleg van Tirus (332 v.G.J.) en deur Julius Caesar by die beleg van Alesië (52 v.G.J.). Beide hierdie generaals het ten volle gebruik gemaak van elke beskikbare hulpbron om hul vyand te verpletter en hul saak te bevorder, en ingenieurs, tesame met tegnologiese vooruitgang, soos die belegstoring, het 'n besonder belangrike manier geword om die doel te bereik.

Armageddon

Met die vooruitgang in tegnologie, het oorlog toenemend chaos en vernietiging in die lewens en stede van vegters en nie-vegters veroorsaak en het dit, deur die oorsprong van die naam, deurgaans verwarring veroorsaak. Die eerste gewapende konflik in die geskiedenis wat deur ooggetuies opgeteken is, was die Slag van Megiddo in 1479 vC tussen Thutmose III (r. 1458-1425 vC) van Egipte en 'n alliansie van voormalige Egiptiese gebiede onder leiding van die koning van Kadesh.

Die Hebreeuse naam vir Megiddo is 'Armageddon', goed bekend uit die Bybelse boek Openbaring as die plek van die laaste stryd tussen goed en kwaad, en word gebruik as 'n algemene term vir 'n dramatiese situasie met die einde van die wêreld. As 'n mens die voorspellings van Openbaring as betroubaar beskou, dan, soos die historikus Davis sê: "Die grondslag vir een van die groot ironieë van die geskiedenis word dus voorspel: die begin en die einde van die militêre geskiedenis vind op dieselfde plek plaas" (5). Hoe dit ook al sy, oorlog gaan voort as 'n algemene uitbreiding van politieke geskille in die moderne tyd, en aangesien mense nooit radikaal verander in die geaardheid nie, sal hulle in die toekoms steeds aangewend word soos in die verlede; aangevuur en geregverdig deur die eeue oue stammentaliteit.


Kragtige bewys van kernoorloë in antieke tye

Die geskiedenis beskou die atoombomtoets van Trinity van 1945 as 'n beskawing se toetrede tot die kerntydperk. Maar die argeologiese en geologiese verslae, antieke literatuur en selfs die woorde van Robert Oppenheimer self, dwing ondersoekers om raaiselagtige bewyse te oorweeg wat die vrae laat ontstaan ​​het: was die aarde die plek van antieke kernoorloë? Het die mensdom homself teruggeblaas tot in die steentydperk? Sal ons dit weer doen?


Bewyse van kernoorlog in antieke tye

Dit geld vir baie aspekte van die lewe. Maar hoe ver kan hierdie idioom geneem word?

Soos ons almal weet, is die eerste atoombom op 16 Julie 1945 op die White Sands Proving Ground in Los Alamos, New Mexico, ontplof. Maar was dit werklik die eerste keer dat die aarde 'n kernontploffing beleef het?

Volgens die Mahabharata, 'n Sanskrit -epos van antieke Indië, het daar reeds 'n kernoorlog plaasgevind, ongeveer 4 000 jaar gelede. Hierdie teks van 1,8 miljoen woorde vertel die verhaal van 'n verwoestende konflik wat uitloop op die totale vernietiging wat tipies was in die geval van 'n atoomontploffing. Die manuskripte sê dat mense met behulp van vlieënde masjiene genaamd Vimanas ''n enkele projektiel met al die krag van die heelal' 'ontplooi het. Klink dit bekend?

Hulle sê verder dat hierdie projektiel 'n gloeilamp van rook en vuur veroorsaak het "so helder soos tienduisend sonne". Die aarde het geskud en pyle van vlam het aanhoudend gereën. Die versengende hitte het die dood van diere en mense veroorsaak.

Die waters het gekook en alle vorme van waterlewe doodgemaak. Kort daarna begin hare en naels uitval, voedsel is vergiftig en erdewerk sonder rede. Voëls het hul sin vir rigting verloor en eindeloos omring, wit geword en dood geval.

Ons weet nou dat voëls die magnetiese lyne van die aarde vir rigting gebruik en hul sin vir rigting verloor, sou waarskynlik wees in die geval van 'n groot magnetiese afwyking.

Die Mahabharata word meestal as mities beskou, maar 'n mens sou wonder hoe mense die besonderhede van 'n kernontploffing kan beskryf sonder om dit eerstehands te sien. En die antieke Indiese epos is nie die enigste Skrif wat verwys na 'n ramp van hierdie aard nie.

In die Bybel het ons die verhaal van Josef, opgeteken in die boek Genesis. Nadat hy as slaaf in Egipte verkoop is, slaag hy daarin om groot guns van die farao te verkry deur sy droom te interpreteer en hom te waarsku oor die dreigende hongersnood.

Wat kon destyds 'n sewejarige hongersnood in die hele wêreld veroorsaak het?

Sommige sê dat hierdie scenario verenigbaar is met die kernwinter na die ontploffing van 'n sterk genoeg atoombom. 'N Ander interessante aspek is dat die gemiddelde lewensduur van die geslagte wat Josef voorafgegaan het, ongeveer 200 jaar was, maar diegene wat hom volg, nie 130 jaar oorskry nie. Volgens die Bybel het hierdie gebeurtenis ongeveer 2000 jaar voor die geboorte van Christus plaasgevind. Sommiges sou beweer dat die Bybel nie as 'n wettige historiese bron beskou kan word nie, maar soms kan dit interessante resultate veroorsaak deur die kolletjies te verbind.

En dan het ons die legende van Atlantis. Die Atlantiërs was 'n tegnologies gevorderde beskawing. Hulle beskik ook oor vlieënde masjiene genaamd vailxi en hulle het ook vreesaanjaende wapens van massavernietiging gehad.
Dit is grotendeels 'n fiksiewerk wat Plato gepropageer het, maar die legende van Atlantis noem 'n hele kontinent wat op 'n rampspoedige manier tot onder in die oseaan sink.

Robert Oppenheimer het 'n leidende rol gespeel in die Manhattan -projek, die program wat die atoombom geskep het. Toe 'n verslaggewer hom vra Hoe voel dit om die vader van die atoombom te wees, antwoord hy met 'n ander vraag: "Jy bedoel in die moderne tyd?"

As getuie van die ontploffing uit die eerste plek, haal hy die Bhagavad Gita, 'n deel van die Mahabharata, beroemd aan en sê: 'Nou word ek die dood, die vernietiger van wêrelde.'

Video:


'N Antieke, brutale bloedbad kan die eerste bewys van oorlog wees

Skedels met stomp geweld stukkend geslaan, liggame vasgemaak deur projektielpunte en ongelukkige slagoffers, insluitend 'n swanger vrou, met hul hande vasgebind voordat hulle die noodlottige staatsgreep ontvang het.

Verwante inhoud

Hierdie gewelddadige tafel lyk iets aan die donkerder kant van die moderne oorlogvoering. Maar dit beskryf in plaas daarvan die grimmige afsterwe van 'n groep Afrikaanse jagter-versamelaars sowat 10 000 jaar gelede. Hulle is die slagoffers van die vroegste wetenskaplik gedateerde bewyse vir menslike groepskonflik en 'n voorloper van wat ons nou as oorlog ken.

Die gehawende geraamtes by Nataruk, wes van die Turkana -meer in Kenia, dien as ontnugterende bewys dat sulke wrede gedrag onder nomadiese mense plaasgevind het, lank voordat meer gevestigde menslike samelewings ontstaan ​​het. Hulle bied ook treffende leidrade wat kan help om vrae te beantwoord wat die mensdom lankal geteister het: Waarom gaan ons oorlog toe, en waar het ons al te algemene praktyk van groepsgeweld ontstaan?

"Die beserings wat die mense van Nataruk en#8212 mans en vroue, swanger of nie, jonk en oud" opgedoen het, skok weens hul genadeloosheid, "sê Marta Mirazon Lahr van die Universiteit van Cambridge, wat mede-outeur was van die studie wat vandag in die tydskrif gepubliseer is Natuur. Tog merk sy op: 'wat ons op die prehistoriese terrein van Nataruk sien, verskil nie van die gevegte, oorloë en verowerings wat so 'n groot deel van ons geskiedenis gevorm het nie, en inderdaad steeds ons lewens bly vorm. ”

Nataruk se prehistoriese moordenaars het nie die lyke van hul slagoffers begrawe nie. Hulle oorblyfsels het behoue ​​gebly nadat hulle ondergedompel was in 'n nou gedroogde strandmeer, naby die oewer van die meer, waar hulle hul laaste, skrikwekkende oomblikke gewoon het gedurende die natter tydperk van die laat Pleistoseen tot vroeë Holoseen.

Navorsers het die bene in 2012 ontdek en ten minste 27 individue op die rand van 'n depressie geïdentifiseer. Die versteende liggame is gedateer deur radiokoolstofdatering en ander tegnieke, sowel as monsters van die skulpe en sediment wat hulle omring het, tot ongeveer 9 500 tot 10 500 jaar gelede.

Dit is nie duidelik dat iemand gespaar was tydens die Nataruk -slagting nie. Van die 27 individue wat gevind is, was agt mans en agt vroue, met vyf volwassenes van onbekende geslag. Die terrein bevat ook die gedeeltelike oorskot van ses kinders. Twaalf van die geraamtes was in 'n relatief volledige toestand, en tien daarvan het baie duidelike bewyse getoon dat hulle 'n gewelddadige einde bereik het.

In die koerant beskryf die navorsers die ekstreme stomp-trauma aan kraan- en wangbene, gebreekte hande, knieë en ribbes, pylletsels in die nek en klipprojektielpunte wat in die skedel en borskas van twee mans lê. ” Vier van hulle, insluitend 'n laat swanger vrou, blykbaar hul hande gebind te hê.  

Hierdie vroulike skelet is gevind wat op haar linker elmboog lê, met breuke op die knieë en moontlik die linkervoet. Die posisie van die hande dui daarop dat haar polse moontlik vasgebind was. (Marta Mirazon Lahr)

Die moordenaars se motiewe gaan verlore in die newel van tyd, maar daar is 'n paar aanneemlike interpretasies wat konvensionele idees kan uitdaag waarom mense oorlog toe gaan.    

Oorlogvoering word dikwels geassosieer met meer gevorderde, sittende samelewings wat gebied en hulpbronne beheer, baie boer, die voedsel wat hulle produseer, stoor en sosiale strukture ontwikkel waarin mense mag uitoefen oor groepsaksies. Konflik ontstaan ​​tussen sulke groepe wanneer die een wil hê wat die ander besit.

Die liggame by Nataruk lewer bewys dat hierdie toestande nie nodig is vir oorlogvoering nie, omdat die jagter-versamelaars van destyds 'n baie eenvoudiger leefstyl geleef het. Tog het die moorde die kenmerke van 'n beplande aanval eerder as 'n gewelddadige toeval.

Die moordenaars het wapens gedra wat hulle nie sou gebruik het vir jag en visvang nie, merk Mirazon Lahr op, insluitend klubs van verskillende groottes en 'n kombinasie van nabygeleë wapens soos messe en afstandswapens, insluitend die pylprojektiele wat sy 'n kenmerk van intergroep noem konflik.

Dit dui op voorbedagte rade en beplanning, ” Mirazon Lahr merk op. Ander, afgesonderde voorbeelde van geweld gedurende die tydperk is voorheen in die omgewing gevind, en die projektiele is gemaak van obsidiaan, wat skaars is in die omgewing, maar ook in die Nataruk -wonde voorkom. Dit dui daarop dat die aanvallers moontlik van 'n ander gebied afkomstig was, en dat verskeie aanvalle destyds waarskynlik 'n kenmerk van die lewe was.

Dit impliseer dat die hulpbronne wat die mense van Nataruk destyds gehad het, waardevol was en die moeite werd was om voor te veg, of dit nou water, gedroogde vleis of vis was, neute of selfs vroue en kinders. Dit toon aan dat twee van die toestande wat verband hou met oorlogvoering tussen gevestigde samelewings en#8212 beheer van grondgebied en hulpbronne waarskynlik dieselfde was vir hierdie jagter-versamelaars, en dat ons hul rol in die voorgeskiedenis onderskat het. ”

Hierdie werk is opwindend en dit suggereer, ten minste vir my, dat hierdie tipe gedrag dieper evolusionêre wortels het.

Ons is nie die enigste spesie wat aan sulke gedrag deelneem nie, voeg hy by. Ons naaste familie, sjimpansees, doen gereeld dodelike aanvalle. Om doelbewus lede van ander groepe te bekruip en dood te maak, net soos die sjimpansees, is dit alleen maar 'n bewys van 'n evolusionêre basis vir oorlogvoering, en hy sê.

'N Close -upbeeld van die skedel van 'n manlike skelet van die Nataruk -terrein. Die skedel het veelvuldige letsels aan die voor- en linkerkant, in ooreenstemming met wonde van 'n stomp werktuig, soos 'n kolf. (Marta Mirazon Lahr, verbeter deur Fabio Lahr)

Maar bewyse om sulke teorieë te ondersteun of te weerlê, is maar dun op die grond. Die yl voorbeelde van prehistoriese geweld kan geïnterpreteer word as individuele aggressiewe dade, soos 'n 430 000 jaar oue moordslagoffer wat verlede jaar in Spanje gevind is. Dit maak Nataruk 'n waardevolle gegewenspunt in die fossielrekord.

Meer leidrade kan gevind word onder die gedrag van lewende mense. Navorsers kan afleidings maak oor konflik tussen vroeë menslike jagter-versamelaars deur hul naaste lewenparallelle te bestudeer, groepe soos die San van suidelike Afrika. Maar sulke vergelykings is vaag, merk Glowacki op.

Die San verskil baie van ons voorouers. Hulle woon in nasies, hulle word omring deur herders en hulle gaan markte toe. Dit beperk die nut om afleidings te maak oor ons eie verlede. ” Tog is daar ander voorstelle dat hulpbronkompetisie nie altyd die wortel van menslike geweld is nie.

In Nieu -Guinee, byvoorbeeld, waar daar baie hulpbronne en grond is, het u tradisioneel 'n baie intense oorlogvoering gesien wat deur stam- en statusdinamika aangedryf is, sê Glowacki. Ons het geen manier om te weet of dit by Nataruk betrokke was nie. ”

En ongeag die oorsprong daarvan, oorlogvoering duur voort, selfs in dieselfde streek van Afrika: “Dit is steeds 'n gebied met baie intense geweld in die 21ste eeu, ” Glowacki sê. Dit was uit my oogpunt opvallend dat die eerste werklik goeie fossielbewyse vir oorlogvoering tussen eertydse jagter-versamelaars kom van 'n plek waar daar vandag nog steeds voortdurende intergroepgeweld is. ”

Maar, sê die skrywers, daar is 'n ander aspek van menslike gedrag wat ook die toets van die tyd deurstaan ​​het.

Ons moet ook nie vergeet dat mense, uniek in die dierewêreld, ook in staat is tot buitengewone dade van altruïsme, deernis en omgee nie, ” Mirazon Lahr. Albei is duidelik deel van ons natuur. ”


Oorlog in antieke tye - Geskiedenis

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Belaglik sê jy?
Dit is nie belaglik as u die bewyse ondersoek nie.

Aanbieding
Die eerste wêreldwye kernoorlog
En 'n dekking van HISTORIESE verhoudings!

Dit is nie net balonie nie.
Die Bybel ondersteun dit.
Die geskrewe geskiedenis van Indië ondersteun dit.
Kulturele legendes en mites van regoor die wêreld ondersteun dit.
Moderne kernwetenskaplikes erken dit.
Argeologie ondersteun dit.
Geologie ondersteun dit.
Sterrekunde ondersteun dit.
Dit help selfs om te verduidelik waar vreemdelinge vandaan kom en hoe die antieke ruimtevaarderteorie aansluit.


Kom ons begin met maniere waarop die Bybel die idee van 'n antieke kernoorlog, wêreldwyd in teater, ondersteun.

Opgedateer deur (die outeur) T. Russell Benedict op 1-1-2016

As ons die laaste deel van die boek Genesis in die Ou Testament oopmaak, lees ons die interessante verhaal van die Israelitiese prins met die naam Josef, gevange geneem en verkoop as 'n slaaf in Egipte. Kortom, deur 'n reeks gekke gebeure, kom hy aan die bewind totdat hy ook 'n prins van Egipte is, net die tweede vir die farao self.

Dan het Josef 'n droom wat hom waarsku oor dreigende hongersnood. Hy hou dus sewe jaar lank elke stukkie graan en voedsel wat in Egipte beskikbaar is, op.

'N Hongersnood tref die HELE antieke wêreld, wat SEWE jaar duur (en Egipte oorleef, net soos die hele mensdom as gevolg van prins Joseph se versiendheid).

Die beskrywing van hierdie hongersnood pas by moderne scenario's en projeksies van 'n kernwinter na 'n wêreldwye kernoorlog, 'n winter (of mini-ystydperk) wat deur moderne weerkundiges en oorlogsbeplanners voorspel word om tussen 5 en 10 jaar te duur.

Lees self daaroor in Genesis hoofstuk 41. Twee keer na die einde van die hoofstuk word daar melding gemaak van die erns van die hongersnood met betrekking tot die hele wêreld, en as dit na die oorspronklike Hebreeuse teks kyk, verwys dit inderdaad na die inwoners van die hele aarde, nie net die Midde -Ooste nie. (Onthou, dit was bekend dat verskillende ou mense kundige seelui was, en dat hierdie frase na die hele wêreld verwys en dat Egipte die hele wêreld kon voed, nie 'n groot logistieke onmoontlikheid was nie. Moeilik, ja, maar NIE onmoontlik nie. het ook meer as net skepe gehad om in rond te kom. Hou aan lees.)

Die Bybel praat ook tussen die lyne oor 'n ander effek van hierdie kernoorlog: Stralingsvergiftiging van die mensdom.

As u deur die geslagte mans lees wat Joseph onmiddellik volg en let op hul lewensduur, is dit gemiddeld tussen 175 en 200 jaar. Dan kom prins Joseph saam, en nie 'n enkele persoon na hom leef meer as 130 jaar nie (en baie minder).

IETS gebeur tydens die leeftyd van Joseph wat die verwagte lewensduur van die mens byna in die helfte, wêreldwyd, verkort het. Die enigste ding wat pas, is globale bestralingsvergiftiging.

As 'n kanttekening dui die Genesis -verslag daarop dat die hongersnood iets te doen het met iets OOS van Israel. Hou dit in gedagte.

Maar ek hoor natuurlik nou dat sommige mense sê dat daardie Bybel nie 'n wettige geskiedenis is nie (alhoewel dit nog nooit kategories as onwaar bewys is nie - eintlik lyk dit asof die meeste argeologiese vondste wat ons maak slegs die Bybelse geskiedenis opgeteken het, eerder as om dit te weerlê).

Laat ons dus na 'n ander bron van antieke geskrewe geskiedenis gaan. Die geskiedenis van Indië, soos opgeteken in die Mahabharata ('n land OOS van Israel)..

Met behulp van vlieënde masjiene genaamd Vimanas wat gebruik is om kragtige vernietigingswapens te lanseer, teken die Mahabharata aan dat iemand die mense doodgemaak het.

"Die aarde het geskud, verskroei deur die verskriklike hitte van hierdie wapen. Olifante het in vlamme uitgebars en heen en weer gehardloop en op soek na beskerming teen terreur. Oor 'n groot gebied het ander diere op die grond verfrommel en gesterf. Die waters het gekook, en die wesens wat daarin woon, het ook gesterf. Van alle punte van die kompas reën die pyle van die vlam aanhoudend! "

Hierdie vernietiging is veroorsaak deur, " 'n enkele projektiel belas met al die krag van die heelal!"

Elders lees ons: "'n Gloeilamp van rook en vuur, so briljant soos tienduisend sonne in al sy glans opkom. Dit was die onbekende wapen, die yster donderbol, 'n reuse boodskapper van die dood!"

"Die lyke was so verbrand dat hulle nie meer herkenbaar was nie. Hare en spykers het uitgeval. Aardewerk het sonder rede gebreek. Voëls het versteur, in die lug rondgegaan en wit geword. Voedsel is vergiftig!"

Klink dit vir jou ook agterdogtig soos kernwapens?

En omdat ander mense hierdie bladsy afgesny het en dit as hul eie navorsing oor die internet geplaas het, voeg ek hier 'n blurb by. As u dit nie op die AncientNuclearWar dot com -webwerf lees nie, lees u iets wat iemand by my gesteel het, en u moet self na die webwerf gaan om die regte saak te lees en die nuutste inligting te kry oor die werklike boek wat ek skryf . Jammer. Dankie. -tyds

Maar daar is meer. Daar is legendes en mites uit byna elke mensekultuur wat op een of ander manier na hierdie oorlog of 'n uitval daarvan verwys. Kom ons ondersoek 'n paar daarvan.

Kortliks verwys die legendes van Atlantis omtrent almal na 'n baie tegnologies gevorderde beskawing met lugvlugvermoëns, wat in 'n enkele rampspoedige gebeurtenis onder die see verdwyn het. Sommige van die beste moderne navorsing oor die legendes bevestig dat die beskawing waarskynlik bestaan ​​het en dat dit vernietig is, vermoedelik deur 'n vulkaniese uitbarsting/ontploffing soos in die vernietiging van Pompei (of 'n kernontploffing?).

Die probleem is dat hulle nie seker is watter vulkaan nie.

Beste skatting van 'n datum vir die verdwyning van Atlantis? Ongeveer 2000 v.C.

Dan het u die Griekse legendes van 'n oorlog wat gesamentlik 'The Clash of the Titans' genoem word. En hoewel die spesifieke besonderhede moontlik in 'n mite gehul is, bly die punt: hulle is dit eens dat daar 'n ongelooflike vernietigende oorlog was tussen baie gevorderde beskawings.

Hoe gaan dit met die legendes wat wêreldwyd gevind word van klein mense, kabouters, feetjies, kabouters, ensovoorts, (google "klein mense geraamtes"), rasse mense wie se stigtingsbeskawings deur IETS uitgewis is?

Of wat van die legendes wat wêreldwyd gevind word van letterlike reuse (insluitend verwysings daarna in verskeie antieke godsdienstige skrifte van verskillende godsdienste en kontinente), groot voete, sasquatches, ensovoorts, (google "reuse geraamtes" - sommige is dalk hoaxes, maar almal daarvan?), rasse mense wie se aanvanklike beskawing (s) deur IETS uitgewis is?

Legendes uit die Vallei van die Dood in Siberië, Rusland.

Diep in die hart van Siberië lê 'n vreemde vallei waar die inwoners bang is om te trap omdat mense wat daarheen gaan, geneig is om nie huis toe te kom nie. Selfs sommige moderne ontdekkingsreisigers het inderdaad vreemd en ernstig siek geword toe hulle hierdie gebied verken het (naby Tunguska, die plek van 'n onverklaarbare, massiewe kernbom-ontploffing ongeveer honderd jaar gelede, lank voor die Tweede Wêreldoorlog). Die plaaslike bevolking noem dit verstaanbaar die Vallei van die Dood.

Maar die vreemde is dat die plaaslike bevolking ook legendes het wat verband hou met die vallei. Dit bevat besonderhede van 'n oeroue oorlog wat tussen hoogs gevorderde rasse gevoer is, met behulp van enorme wapens hier wat blykbaar bedreigings uit die lug kon afskiet (insluitend interplanetêre bedreigings - volgens die geskiedeniskanaal in elk geval).

En daar is klaarblyklik tegnologies gevorderde oorblyfsels en ou ruïnes in die omgewing, wat nog nie opgegrawe is nie.

Begin u begryp dat ons mensgeskiedenis oor hierdie oorlog beskik?

En maak dit ook nou meer sin waarom ons so min mensgeskiedenis voor ongeveer 2000 vC opgeteken het?

Natuurlik, toe die Romeine die biblioteek van Alexandrië verbrand, het ons die klein bietjie verloor wat ons toe nog gehad het.

Hy word ook algemeen opgemerk dat hy die Indiese geskiedenis aangehaal het terwyl hy na sy eerste kernontploffing kyk: "I am become death, the destroyer of worlds."

Ok, maar wat van die werklike argeologie? Is daar enige konkrete bewyse dat 'n wêreldwye kernoorlog in ons verlede plaasgevind het?


Die vorige verduideliking vir al hierdie verskynsels was 'meteroriete', maar die patrone is verkeerd. Byvoorbeeld, vir 'n meteoor om hierdie soort hitte te skep, is 'n impak nodig. Hierdie "Seas of Glass" het oor die algemeen geen impakkraters wat daarmee gepaard gaan nie.

Sou jy glo dat daar selfs ten minste een glas see op die maan is? (Meer hieroor binne 'n minuut.)

Die bomterrein van Indië en radioaktiewe ruïnes.

Kortom, die regering van Indië wou 'n nuwe behuisingsgemeenskap bou. In die omgewing van Rajasthan, Indië, 'n gebied wat 'n oppervlakte van drie vierkante kilometer beslaan, tien kilometer wes van Jodhpur, het hulle die grond ondersoek en huise gebou. Mense het ingetrek, maar begin siek word. Baie mense. Toe hulle ingaan om uit te vind hoekom, ontdek hulle dat die hele gebied onverklaarbaar radioaktief is en in 'n sirkelvormige patroon (met 'n baie radioaktief warm grondnulpunt) in ooreenstemming is met wat onder 'n tipiese lugontploffing plaasvind.

Hulle het die gebied ontruim, en dit is nou in wese 'n woestyn in kwarantyn.

Hulle het ook hele stede opgegrawe waar die mense en hul geraamtes gefossiliseer is, betyds gevries het op hul oomblik van onmiddellike dood, en die geraamtes is RADIOAKTIEF.

Die ruïnes van antieke kernreaktors.

By die Oklo -myn in Gaboen, Wes -Afrika, in 1972, het 'n onderneming uit Frankryk na Uranium gesoek om hul kernkragaanlegte aan te vul. In 'n gebied met stabiele geologie het hulle 'n aantal afsettings gevind, almal vreemd genoeg in 'n reguit ry, en dit aktief ontgin.

The problem occured when they sent off this Uranium to be processed into nuclear fuel.

It had already been processed, and used, and wasn't any good for new fuel. It was no good for producing power with. The isotope percentages were all wrong. They were NOT consistent with raw Uranium. They WERE consistent with used fuel, the kind that is pulled OUT of a nuclear reactor after use!

The percentages were NOT consistent with any other previously known raw Uranium deposit.

But the kicker is this. Embedded in each of these small Uranium deposits are detectable amounts of the element Plutonium, the primary ingredient of most modern atomic bombs.

And Plutonium is NOT a naturally occurring element. It is formed ONLY inside weapons grade, breeder nuclear reactors. The reactor has to be specifically designed to produce Plutonium. It doesn't form on its own or naturally.

It was an abandoned, ancient, weapons producing nuclear reactor.

SOMEONE had the capability to produce, and indeed was producing, nuclear weapons grade Plutonium, a long long time ago.

In various places around the world, many ancient ruins bear a remarkably consistent trait.

One face of all the ruins, all facing a common direction at each site, has been fused into glass by intense heat (vitrified). It's common. There are rumored to be ruins in the northern end of Death Valley that bear this feature. There are ruins in Central America that bear this feature. Scotland is littered with ruins like this. There are ruins everywhere that bear this mark, if you look for them.

And they are all consistent with the effects of the exposure from intense heart, like that which is produced by an air burst nuclear bomb (the ruins of Hiroshima and Nagasaki also bore this trait before they were rebuilt). The wall facing the actual nuclear blast gets fused into glass by the heat.

Radiological, Beryllium-10, and Radio Carbon-14 Dating.

The best researchers will all tell you that the radio-carbon-14 dating method isn't truly accurate much past about 4,000 years ago. But they all differ as to why. Even regular Beryllium-10 radiological dating methods often produce wildly fantastic ages that often do not agree with other known dating factors. What is the problem?

If the world experienced a global nuclear war, one that produced enough radioactivity to halve the lifespan of man, it also produced enough carbon-14 and Beryllium-10 to completely skew any evolutionary or archaeological time-line that doesn't take this massive influx of carbon-14, Beryllium-10, and other radioactivity into the system into account. The war and its radioactivity introduced so much Carbon-14, Beryllium-10 (and other radiations) into the system that it both poisoned life, and completely changed the natural balance of production and decay of Carbon-14 and Beryllium-10 on Earth. Anything living before this war would appear to be much older than it actually is, because its Carbon-14 levels were much lower than the levels found in organic/living things immediately after the war. Likewise with Beryllium-10 levels in rocks and other inorganic materials. So the whole method is skewed prior to 2000BC.

Missing races of people (we briefly touched on this once already).

We have both legends and skeletons of little people, ranging from 14 inches tall (and smaller), to several feet tall. The Crow indians talk about little people that live in their sacred mountains, and indeed skeletons of perfectly formed humans 14 inches tall have been found in the area.


The Atacama Humanoid
google it!

The San Pedro Mummy
Google it for the whole story

In the Appalachian Mountains, the skeletons of entire city populations of little people (estimated at 100,000+ individuals), have been unearthed. Average height? Two to three feet tall, and perfectly formed and proportioned (no midget syndrome or deformed body parts).

Perfectly formed human skeletons between 14 and 16 feet tall have been dug out of the fossil beds in the BOTTOM of the Grand Canyon (in geological strata that the theory of evolution can't explain their existence in).

Incidentally, the Bible also records races of giants - remember Goliath at roughly nine feet tall?

Actual battle axes at the The Archeological Museum of Herakleion in Crete.
(thank you www.s8int.com)
US Special Armed Forces apparently shot and killed a giant (estimated at 12+ ft tall by the few servicemen who have talked about it-one of them even apparently wrote a book about it) only a couple of years ago in a Taliban controlled area of Afghanistan.

Other skeletons of these giants have been unearthed on every single continent as well. Just google "Giant Skeletons" for pics for yourself, if you don't believe me (Some are apparently hoaxes, but ALL of them. ). Or if you regtig want your breath taken away, Google Youtube with "Giant human footprint South Africa" for a crazy big fossilized genuine human footprint of a giant estimated to be 28

30 feet tall (assuming that the normally proportioned human being's foot length is about one seventh of their height).

cached copy
And don't believe the 200 million yr old date. The nuclear war skewed the radiological dating standards but no one either realizes or will admit it.
But the point is this. Generally speaking, the bigger a race is, the better its chances of survival, (at least according to evolution LOL). So why are all the big guys gone, and us little people still here? They were bigger, stronger, smarter (think how much more thinking grey matter they had compared to us!) and had fewer natural enemies.

We now also have pictures and even some likely skeletons of the Yeti, Big Foot, Sasquatch, and other forest dwelling humans, remnants of other human races that are now also nearly extinct (or are).

Various ruins found around the world have doorways in them that would indicate that either very short people, or very tall people, lived in them.

But the big question is this.

If these other races of man were so plentiful that we have found hundreds and thousands of their skeletons, what happened to their founding civilizations, and why don't we have many written records of them or their civilizations past about 3,500 years ago?

Yes, but most historians contribute it to something else.

Did you know that very little actual meteor debris can be found down inside the so-called Arizona meteor crater?

And because various scum suckers have been reposting this page across the net without giving me accurate credit, I (tim, the original author) am adding a disclaimer here. If you are not currently on the AncientNuclear War dot com website, you are reading plagiarized material, and you might or might not be reading my real thoughts on the subject. Please come to the real site I just mentioned. Jammer. - the original author Tim Benedict

We have lots of historical accounts of people picking up metallic fragments that were identified as "meteorite" in origin, from the countryside around the crater about a 100 years ago, but actually down in the crater there is/was almost nothing. In fact the problem so vexed scientists of the previous century that entire books were written on the probable cause of the crater.

An underground steam explosion seemed to be the most common explanation to eventually be accepted. But the theories kept coming, and the officially accepted explanation likewise changed. Currently, we have "meteor crater."

What is interesting is that a metallic analysis of the "meteorite" fragments from that area gives results that are remarkably similar to and consistent with various current, modern alloys used in the nuclear industry to house and contain radioactive materials.

A large ground level, or even an underground "bunker busting", nuclear weapon would easily produce a crater consistent with the Arizona crater. If the site of the crater was originally a nuclear weapons production facility (Uranium deposits are found ALL over northern Arizona relatively near the crater site, deposits that currently help supply part of the US nuclear arsenal), it only makes sense that someone at war would want to bomb the site back to stone age, leaving behind a gaping crater that contains no actual meteorite fragments, but a surrounding area that is full of alloy, metallic, and other "meteor" fragments.

Gulf of Mexico Chicxulub Crater, or the Yucatan Crater

Located in the Gulf of Mexico and extending inland into Central America, is a crater so large and expansive that it was only recognized as such in the last 50 years. In fact, the existence of this crater helped fuel the entire "asteroid collision" fear/mania that swept Hollywood several years ago.

There are only three things powerful enough to produce a crater this large.

  1. A VERY large, high power, nuclear or scalar weapon.
  2. A very large meteor or asteroid travelling at extreme speeds.
  3. A massive volcanic explosion.

The estimated force of this explosion is estimated to have been roughly 96 teratons of TNT (that's big).

What's incredibly interesting about this impact crater is the fact that many scientists believe it was just one of a whole handful of impacts from roughly the same time frame. And although the dates of the impact range over millions of years ago(. ), the estimates are only that, estimates, especially when you start to consider how badly skewed our currently radiological dating system is, that does NOT take into account a global nuclear war that haphazardly irradiated everything after it, making prior stuff look much much older, and later stuff much much younger. Without taking a nuclear war into account, ALL radiometric dates older than 4000 years are going to appear to be stretched out by thousands or even millions of years! Hence one reason why the experts do not want to admit the war happened, is because it completely upends all of the theories concerning the age of the Earth and its inhabitants- and ironically enough, again supports the Biblical historical record.

This impact crater and the others around the earth that all occurred at roughly the same time (like the Chesapeake Bay Crater), look suspiciously similar to a wartime bombardment.

The theory is that the Gulf of Mexico impact or explosion (and I believe the accompanying nuclear war) helped produce a dust and ash cloud that circumvented the globe and helped cause global nuclear winter and famine conditions. In fact, MANY scientists point to this event as the trigger for one of earth's ice ages - something that is consistent with nuclear winter - and as being the primary cause of the disappearance of dinosaurs and many other species. Between this bombardment, the war, and the global flood that is also recorded by every major culture on earth (dated less than a thousand years before the war according to Biblical records), the mass extinction of numerous species is entirely plausible.

We know the ash cloud happened because archaeologists and geologists have found a layer of ash and clay surrounding the globe on every single continent, deep in the strata. It even has a name, the K-T Boundary layer.

And within this ash and clay are a preponderance of what are called tektites, shocked quartz, and/or glassy globules of fused sand/dirt, the kind of which are produced by the intense heat of either a meteor strike, or a nuclear detonation (but NOT typically by volcanic activity - so we can rule that one out). And many of them are slightly radioactive still.

Also within this ash and clay layer is a high concentration of iridium, something often found in meteorites (hence part of the meteor confusion). Trouble is, iridium is radioactive, and can theoretically also be produced in nuclear explosions. Some nuclear reactors even use iridium in their design, and it's not a far stretch to imagine advanced nuclear weapons using it as well (in spite of its ideal properties making it perfect for nuclear weapons casings and the like, it isn't used in most modern weapons simply because it is so rare on earth, and tungsten also works well - a much more common element on earth. A space faring race with access to meteors and asteroids could easily use iridium instead - more on this in a minute).

Thus the tektite evidence points to at least one massively large explosion to hit earth, an explosion that very easily could have been nuclear in origin, not just meteoritic or volcanic, likely just one of many other detonations that also occurred around the world at the same time during a full scale nuclear exchange and war.

Amazingly, at least one scientist, in studying the geology of the Chicxulub crater and the K-T Boundary Layer, hypothesizes that the explosion was, oddly enough, pre-dated briefly by huge volcanic eruptions (of the kind that the Bible also documents as being part of the flood, also slightly pre-dating the war.)

So now we're briefly covered archological, geological, historical, and even cultural evidence of a global nuclear war in our past.

Is there any astronomical evidence?

Amazingly enough, there is.

On each and every continent, there are ancient ruins of a scale so massively large and precise that they can only be appreciated from the air. Indeed, they in theory could only have been laid out and planned from high in the sky, or even space. Whether its the amazing ruins in the high plains of Bolivia and Peru, or the waterworks in North America, there they are. And some of them were only discovered from the sky, and could only have been planned from there as well.

Ever seen the Egyptian hieroglyphics and models of planes, helicopters, and rockets? Or the Incan? Or the Mayan?

Did you know that one of the unspoken reasons to build the space shuttle, that a few people have only whispered about, was to try to recover and reverse engineer one or more artificial satellites that have already been in orbit around the earth for hundreds or thousands of years? For example, google "Black Knight Satellite" for all the conflicting stories and actual NASA pics, and keep in mind that most of the poopoo-ing of this real, obviously artificial, 10-ton object in orbit around Earth comes from the people that stand to lose the most from acknowledging its existence. Even if it IS space junk, who put it there? Documented sightings of this object exist from before Sputnik ever flew.

How about the Egyptian pyramids?

To this day, we still don't have a good explanation as to how they built the pyramids with such massive pieces of stone, that were quarried and sculpted to fit so perfectly miles and miles away, and then were moved into place so precisely that not even a knife blade would fit between them. Nor can we explain some of their perfect celestial alignments that are so precise that some archaeologists choose say that it had to be chance because we simply "didn't have the technology to make it that precise back then.." Some of it is beyond us even today. It all speaks to a level of technology much more advanced than our own.

Or how about the hundreds of ancient artefacts that archaeologists have discovered, artefacts that we do not understand the purpose of, or are designed and engineered in a way that even our current level of technology can't reproduce yet (even including examples of what we can only surmise are holographic computer technology samples that are light years beyond us), or that demonstrate a grasp of the physical nature of matter in such detail that we don't even comprehend some of it today?

It all speaks to a level of technology perfectly capable of waging global nuclear war, technology that suddenly disappeared in a brief flash of time. Where did it all go so suddenly?

The moon is full of structures. Whether it's spires, towers, bridges, complexes, lights, domes, spaceships, and the like, the moon is full of surprises. And the closer we get, the better our telescopes get, and the more we explore, the more we find.

I personally downloaded pictures directly off the US Navy Clementine satellite website that was photo-mapping the backside of the moon, back shortly after the site was launched, of multiple artificial structures dotting the back side of the moon, some of them staggering in size. (The site has now been sanitized, and obvious photoshop smudges now strangely blur all the areas where I had previously found remarkable detail).

Mars is full of surprises too. Whether it's the lifelike illusion of the face of Cydonia, or any one of a zillion other anomalies (including an apparent "sea of glass"), Mars is littered with signs of intelligent life possibly having visited or lived there at least once already.

Or what about the growing and overwhelming evidence that Mars once had flowing water on its surface, a thicker atmosphere, and conditions where life itself may have flourished?

Google any of these if you don't believe me!

Again, it all speaks to a level of technology perfectly capable of waging global nuclear war, technology that suddenly disappeared in a brief flash of time.

It also means that mankind's previous nuclear capable civilizations also had space flight capability, much like our current civilization, but well advanced beyond even our own level of technology. It only makes sense, and there is evidence of thousands of year old, intelligently designed structures littering the landscape of all three planetary bodies, that are so massive, precise, and abundant that not even our own current technology can explain or duplicate them.

Have you read any of the reports coming out in the last several years describing the odd glows of light that can be (and have been) seen in various craters on the moon and Mars, that exo-geologists theorize could be radioactivity (left over from. ), or colonies, or.

Whatever happened to the planet that used to be between Mars and Jupiter?

Many astronomers say that where the asteroid belt now sits, there should be a planet. It's a theory known as Bode's Law, the work of Johann Titius, and it accurately predicts most of the current orbits of our solar system, including a planet where the asteroid belt now sits.

The only explanation for its missing presence, and the presence of the asteroid belt instead, is that SOMEONE destroyed it, and probably during a war using nuclear and/or scalar based weapons.

(Scalar based weapons are the next more powerful weapon being developed after the demise of atomic weapons- why do you think the powers-that-be are willing to abandon and/or dismantle their nuclear stockpiles? Answer? They have more powerful weapons now - and they likely had them back then too, and scalar weapons are theoretically powerful enough to be planet-busters. ).

Remember the Yucatan, Chesapeake Bay, and other meteor craters we were just talking about a minute ago?

In the eleventh chapter of Genesis of the Old Testament, the first book of the Bible, we read the account of the Tower or Babel. It details that the people were attempting to build a tower "That would reach to Heaven". Remember that this was a technologically advanced society, one soon capable of waging the interplanetary nuclear war that we have just been talking about.

It describes using brick and mortar to build this structure. Our modern equivalent would be concrete. In fact, if you google the details of the proposed space elevator to be possibly built in Ecuador sometime in the next 20 or 30 years, it includes a massive base tower made of concrete.

If that civilization was trying to build a tower to reach heaven, and it threatened God so much that He came down and confused their language, they were indeed building a tower that could, and WOULD, reach and expand across the heavens. It was a space port, plain and simple, and they had (or soon would have) space flight, including FTL (faster than light travel, necessary to reach neighbouring star systems).

And in the resulting confusion of languages was sown the seeds of the global nuclear war that happened not too long thereafter.

Did they reach even to neighbouring star systems?

The war STRANDED our remaining colonies in space.

And one last time, because several different bottom feeders have reposted this page in other places on the net without giving me proper credit and/or even claiming it as their own work, I (timothy benedict, the original author, google me) have to add a disclaimer here. Jammer oor dit. If you are not currently looking at my Ancient NuclearWar dot com URL, you are reading a ripoff site. And worse, you might not even be reading my original words, or seeing my original conclusions, or getting the info on the book I am writing about this stuff. I suppose I should be flattered by this attention and their attempts at imitation, but I'm not amused in the least. Sorry for the interruption of thought flow there. - the author timothy benedict
But back to the subject at hand.

On a closely related note, it's an easy stretch to assume that if these civilizations were this advanced, they were also playing around with direct genetic manipulation.

It's the Book of Jasher (4:18), an ancient script quoted by the Bible multiple times and thus given at least some measure of credibility, that verifies and records that the ancient world indeed had the ability to "mix species". This explains many of the Egyptian (and other ancient) creatures that were half one animal and half another, or half man/half beast (including mer-people?). Even the Discovery Channel has recently done specials on archaeologists and historians that agree on this point, that some of these half human creatures were likely real, and the result of direct genetic manipulation.

So, putting it all together , it only makes sense then, that most of the alien races that we see and hear about today are direct descendants of both pure-bred and cross-breed, genetically manipulated human (hybrids?) that were stranded in space and cut off from their supply lines on Earth after a big nuclear war on Earth and within the solar system.

Is it too big a stretch to assume that their descendants still occasionally visit Earth in space ships based on technology they had developed before the war?

Face it. 4000 years of cosmic radiation will do a LOT of damage to the human DNA and genome.

In fact, some modern, long-term age progression simulations for humans living in low-gravity, dark, cosmically radioactive places like space, end up with beings and creatures that look remarkably like some of the typical "aliens" that everyone recognizes today.

Evolution can't explain it, and never will.

The facts and details don't lie.

There is an active attempt to cover up many of the details relayed here on this site, for obvious reasons.

The evidence shakes our entire understanding of human history (and ironically enough, tends to validate the view of human history as laid out in the Bible, but not big bang evolution).

This new understanding of mankind's history explains things, and pulls together all the crazy details, in a big picture way that nothing else can do.

Mankind has been in a roughly 4000 year old "Dark Age", and has not been advancing, but declining. We reached our zenith about 4000 years ago, and almost didn't survive. Only because of Prince Joseph of Israel and Egypt (a servant of Yahweh God), did mankind survive the first nuclear holocaust and resulting asteroid bombardment at all.

We would do well to learn from this.

But I discuss this and much more detail in the book I am compiling about this revised history of mankind (and God's role in it). Look for it soon!

Have fun dreaming, thinking, and pondering the implications of what I have shared with you today :-)
(For instance, what kind of technology might still be drifting around in the asteroid belt, uncorrupted by time, waiting for us to go find it?)

And keep in mind that this web page is likewise a work in progress. I will be filling in supporting links and better documentation as I go.

And if you have more evidence, or know of evidence that ties into this framework and/or validates it in some way, I WANT to hear from you so I can include it (if it's something I haven't seen before and decide to include it, I'll include a hat tip to you in the resulting text). Likewise, if you are aware of something that I don't have quite right, let me know that too so I can modify/fix it.

-tim benedict
amateur historian, inventor, researcher and teacher.


Current condensed outline of the rough draft of the book as currently written (almost done!).
1. Human History
a. On the Origin of the Earth and Universe
ek. On the nature of light, time, gravity, and physical laws
1. The Red Shift and the Blue Halo
2. Light and Time
3. Who created God?
b. Original Earth
c. Original world/culture, and the start of history
d. A Global Flood and why there are not one, but two, arks
e. The Tower of Babel, Aliens, Interplanetary War, and the Origin of the Asteroid Belt
f. Treaties and Division of the Earth
g. Global Nuclear War and Joseph's Famine
h. How both the flood and the war(s) now affect and skew radioactive dating methods
j. Impact of the flood and war(s) on the off-world colonies and aliens in general
k. Advanced civilization before and after the flood, and before and after the war
l. The fire(s) of Alexandria, and other destructions of written records and ancient knowledge
2. The thread running through all of it.


Copyright © www.AncientNuclearWar.com All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in whole or part without the express written permission of the author Tim Benedict (T. Russell Benedict), or www.AncientNuclearWar.com, unless accurate and appropriate credit is given to T. Russell Benedict as the legitimate author of this material, and a link provided back to this page as the original source of the article.

Want to know when the book comes out?
(should be out sometime during the summer of 2021 finally. )
Get your name on the list now!

And as my way of saying thank you for signing up, I will send you the link to a free, easy to read 6-page report I also wrote awhile back entitled The Four Basic Steps to Off-Grid Independence, the introduction of a book I wrote about living Off the Grid.

4000 years ago, that included weapons that were likely based on both nuclear and scalar technology (and maybe technology that we no longer have or haven't developed yet), and that this war changed the face of our world, and altered our world history.

Partial Bibliography.
(Keep in mind that many of the facts relayed by the following sites and links do not espouse any religion, or Christianity in particular, and thus may have their own theories regarding this war or the evidence, different from the conclusions presented here, and may be cited simply for their content that supports the evidence of the first nuclear war. )


5 Alexander the Great Turns an Island Into a Peninsula

You need a lot of impressive things on your resume to earn a title like "The Great," but Alexander the Great's most awesome accomplishment has to be when he conquered the unconquerable city of Tyre.

Located off the Mediterranean coast of present-day Lebanon, Tyre was pretty much an ancient Phoenician Azkaban Prison. The city was an island whose walls extended directly into the water, which meant that even if Alexander had a navy with him (which he didn't), his entire army would splash as helplessly against Tyre's defenses as piss off a flagpole.

Alexander's solution to this dilemma: Simply change the map forever by making the island not be an island any more.

It sounds like something that would only work in a cartoon, since it would require them to spontaneously construct a kilometer-long land bridge to link Tyre back up with Eurasia, by hand. They did it anyway.

Slowly, and while being pelted with arrows and bombarded by Tyre's navy, Alexander's men built their new land mass, one stone at a time.

Once the new land mass was in place, he was able to wheel his siege towers right up to the fortress. Ships belonging to his allies eventually came to help out, possibly because they heard what they thought was a ridiculous rumor and wanted to come see if it was true.

With Tyre now checkmated, Alexander personally led the final charge against the city from the top of his tallest siege-tower. The city fell to Alexander, and with it its status as an island. You might be asking the obvious question, which is why he didn't have his men keep throwing down rocks until they'd formed a huge "ALEXANDER WAS HERE" in the Mediterranean sea--and of course the answer is that he could not have known that aerial photography would one day be invented.

Related: 6 Normal Places People Claimed Were The Sites Of Ancient Legends


Nuclear War In Ancient Times | War Between Rama Empire and Atlantis?

There are many places on Earth that seem to have been destroyed by a nuclear explosion, but the most amazing of all is Mohenjo Daro , the ancient city whose ruins were discovered in the third decade of the last century. Located today in the territory of Pakistan, Mohenjo Daro is part of a set of settlements belonging to the so-called Harappa civilization, also known as the Indus Valley civilization.

One of those who have dedicated their lives to studying these ruins is the Englishman David W. Davenport, who, after 12 years of research, published in 1979 a book entitled “Atomic Destruction – 2000 BC”, the volume being built on the hypothesis that Mohenjo Daro did not ruin the passage of time, but its end was the consequence of a nuclear deflagration.

The extraordinary story of the Dead Mountain begins at the discovery of the first ruins and shows that once the vestiges of the ancient settlement have been brought to light, the archaeologists have found a crater with a diameter of nearly 50 meters, inside of which everything, including stone, is melted or crystallized as if it were heated by a huge temperature. At the edge of this crater, the bricks are melted and welded to each other on the side of the alleged impact. Researchers at the outset exclude the possibility that the area has been fired by the eruption of a volcano, as there are none nearby.

The devastated area spans an area of three kilometres in diameter. Everywhere there are black stones, deformed pieces of stone that have given much thought to archaeologists, until it has been discovered that it is fragments of ceramic pots, melted into one another, probably after being subjected to the same giant temperature. When the excavations reached the streets, archaeologists faced a macabre view. In some of the strangest positions, hundreds of skeletons have been found.

The discoveries from Mohenjo Daro are not singular. The same apocalyptic scenes also meet in the neighbouring town of Harappa, where skeletons have also been found on the streets. The archaeological excavations allowed the researchers to assert that the Harappa civilization was very advanced. The cities of the region are built according to a rigorous plan, with straight streets that intersect perpendicularly. Houses have sophisticated sewer systems, superior to those that can now be found in many cities of India and Pakistan. But who was the founder of these cities is not known.


Over the space of just under 120 years there were three great wars between two powers jostling to control the seas and the lands of the Italian peninsula, Sicily, Northern Africa and the southern lands of Spain. The two powers in question were the Romans and the Carthaginians, two forces that really wanted to gain … Read more

The Peloponnesian War was an internal conflict that saw the more powerful of the Greek states rise up against one another to become a full blown conflict. The outcome of the Peloponnesian War had far reaching consequences for all concerned, some of which were positive for the victors and others which reduced the losers to … Read more


China, Wars in Ancient

The Han Dynasty ruled China between the years 220 B.C. to A.D 220. The Han rulers had transformed Chinese culture and these changes still impact China and the rest of the world in modern times. Throughout the four hundred year time period that the Han ruled China, they had to constantly fight many wars. Around 50 B.C., the Han Emperor Xuan ruled China and during his reign he had to deal with the warring tribes which resided north of the Chinese Empire and the Xiongnu. It was a time of incessant war in China and is referred to as such on the Bible Timeline with World History during this time period.

Securing the Silk Road

The Silk Road was a series of overland and seaside trade routes that stretched from China to the Roman Empire. The Silk Road was an important part of the Chinese economy and various tribes such as the Hsiung Nu had made it a point to take control of this important route. Even though former Han rulers had managed to keep this tribe from overrunning the Silk Road, Emperor Xuan had to constantly make sure that the Silk Road was secure from outside forces.

Han Wars with Vietnam and Korea around 50 A.D.

The Han rulers had conquered the former Qin Dynasty, but some rebellious elements still remained in China. The rebellious Qin never regained power and many were eliminated or assimilated into China’s culture under the leadership of the Han. The Han also attacked Vietnam and Korea. During the reign of the Han, Dynasty armies were sent to annex Vietnam and make it a vassal state to the Chinese. The Vietnamese fought back against the Han, but they were not successful expect for a short time period when the Han leaders were driven out by a determined warrior. The Vietnamese remained under the control of China up until 938 A.D. The Koreans suffered the same fate as the Vietnamese and they too were kept under the authority of the Chinese for hundreds of years starting with the Han. Rebels and freedom fighters constantly fought for freedom from their Chinese rulers. Emperor Xuan had to contend with both of these regions.

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Sien vinnig 6000 jaar Bybel- en wêreldgeskiedenis saam

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Xiongnu Civil Wars during the Rule of the Han

There was a group of people who lived north of China known as the Xiongnu and they constantly harassed the Han rulers in China. They were a tribal group that also caused the Chinese problems along the Silk Road. Emperor Xuan had to contend with them during his reign. Eventually the Xiongnu fought a series of civil wars during the rule of Emperor Xuan. Many of his generals wanted to eliminate Xiongnu, but the Emperor had prevented them from acting. He encouraged peace and most of the Xiongnu had weakened their kingdom. The Xiongnu ended up paying tribute to Emperor Xuan.

Emperor Xuan Keeps China in Power

Even though the rulers of the Han Dynasty had ended up bringing many great changes to China, there were still many enemies who wanted to make sure that China would not remain in power forever. The Chinese constantly had to keep the outer fringes of their empire under control because so many invaders were trying to overrun their territory. The northern border was especially vulnerable to this type of activity and Han rulers had to constantly monitor the borders to ensure that their enemies would not disrupt their way of life. Emperor Xuan had to continue this effort during his time in power over the Haun Dynasty and he was successful of maintaining and exerting China’s power during his time in power.


War Chariots – Ancient Warfare

In the ancient times the chosen vehicle of warfare to ingrain fear into the opposition was the chariot. You could say the chariot of ancient times is the equivalent of the tanks used today. It was a fast and fearsome weapon that allowed the ancients to move quickly in battle and attack their foe before making off without injury to themselves.

While many people know of the chariot, not many know of how it was actually used, where it was used and the big battles in which it was used successfully.

Today you will be enlightened into the knowledge of the chariot, the tactics used in ancient chariot warfare and more.

The War Chariot

The chariot was first designed and built in present day Eastern Europe and in Mesopotamia, which is present day Iraq. The chariot was designed and used as early as three thousand years ago in the Bronze Age and Iron Age. The power of chariots and its devastating effect in battle were quickly realised.

The earliest chariots were simply a two wheeled cart with a floor platform and semi circle covering in front. This chariot was then pulled by two or more horses giving a light weight and super fast.

Over time the design of chariots changed to use wheels with spokes and shields to offer more protection, but the overall look of the chariot did not change much.


The chariot reigned supreme as the vehicle of battle from about one thousand BC to four hundred AD. Although it was used post 400 AD for public appearances and racing.

Ancient Chariot Warfare

Ancient chariot warfare differed greatly depending on the tribe or region using it in battle. The Britain’s were seen as formidable opponents in the use of chariots in ancient warfare, the below is the Britain’s stance of using the chariot in battle according to Julius Caesar himself:

“XXXIII.–Their mode of fighting with their chariots is this: firstly, they drive about in all directions and throw their weapons and generally break the ranks of the enemy with the very dread of their horses and the noise of their wheels and when they have worked themselves in between the troops of horse, leap from their chariots and engage on foot.

The charioteers in the meantime withdraw some little distance from the battle, and so place themselves with the chariots that, if their masters are overpowered by the number of the enemy, they may have a ready retreat to their own troops.

Thus they display in battle the speed of horse, the firmness of infantry and by daily practice and exercise attain to such expertness that they are accustomed, even on a declining and steep place, to check their horses at full speed, and manage and turn them in an instant and run along the pole, and stand on the yoke, and thence betake themselves with the greatest celerity to their chariots again.”

The Greeks used the chariot for auspicious occasions but rarely used the chariot to great effect in battle. While the Greeks were at the forefront of weaponry it is understood that the rugged and rocky terrain was not good for chariot warfare.

Further east, the Ancient Near East of present day Turkey, the Middle East and Egypt, used the chariot in open battle regularly. Here the chariot would employ two men, one acting as a horseman while the other was an archer picking off the enemy in battle.

The Shang dynasty of China also greatly used the chariot in battle and through using this form of weaponry they were able to take over other areas of China and consolidate their control over the region. The tactics of use of chariots by the Chinese is not known, all we know is it was a big reason why the Chinese were successful in battle.

Famous Chariot Battle

The most famous chariot battle is the Battle of Kadesh where around 5,000 to 6,000 chariots were engaged in battle between the Egyptians and the Hittites. This happened in 1274 BC, the pinnacle of chariot usage in battle.