Slag van New Hope Church, 25-28 Mei 1864

Slag van New Hope Church, 25-28 Mei 1864

Slag van New Hope Church, 25-28 Mei 1864

Die tweede geveg tydens Sherman se opmars na Atlanta in 1864 (Amerikaanse burgeroorlog). Sy Konfederale teenstander, Joseph Johnston, was bly om tyd te ruil en wag op die regte oomblik om Sherman se veel groter weermag aan te val. Nadat hy Sherman (13-15 Mei) drie dae lank in Resaca gehou het, het hy teruggetrek na Cassville, waar hy op 19 Mei gedink het dat hy die oomblik gevind het. Ironies genoeg is hy in die steek gelaat deur generaal John Hood, gewoonlik sy aggressiefste ondergeskikte, wat die aanval gekanselleer het nadat hy 'n federale kavallerie -afdeling vir een van Sherman se leërs verwar het.

Johnston trek verder terug met die Westelike en Atlantiese Spoorweg na Allatoona, waar hy hoop om 'n lokval vir Sherman te lê. Sherman vorder egter nie met die spoor nie. In plaas daarvan het hy sy hele leër met 'n flankerende beweging na regs beweeg, met die oog op 'n kruispunt by Dallas, byna twintig kilometer na Johnston se suidweste. Gelukkig vir Johnston het sy kavalerieverkenners die federale beweging ontdek, en Johnston kon sy binnelyne gebruik om Sherman se verhuising by die New Hope Church, net oos van Dallas, te blokkeer.

Die gevegte het laat op 25 Mei begin, toe die federale opmars in Hood se korps vasgeloop het en 'n bloedige afweer opgedoen het. Die volgende dag het die federale troepe die meeste van hul tyd bestee aan verskansing, met slegs 'n bietjie skermutseling. Die volgende dag was daar 'n ernstiger geveg, wat uitloop op 'n ander afweer van die Unie, hierdie keer aan die regterkant van die Konfederasie. Die volgende dag was daar ook hewige gevegte, hierdie keer op 'n konfederale teenaanval.

Weer het Sherman sy superieure getalle gebruik om die Konfederale posisie te oortref, hierdie keer na links, waar die uniemagte op 1 Junie Johnston se oorspronklike posisie by Allatoona bereik het. Weer moes Johnston hom onttrek as gevolg van 'n bedreiging vir sy rug. Sy volgende posisie was op Kenesaw Mountain, waar hy uiteindelik op sy eie voorwaardes 'n geveg sou kry.


New Hope Church Cemetery

Drie dae tevore het die majoor -generaal van die unie, William T. Sherman, sy leërs begin beweeg na Dallas en weg van hul westelike en Atlantiese spoorlyn. Sherman se bedoeling was om op te marsjeer rondom die linkerflank en die leër van die Konfederale generaal Joseph E. Johnston. General Hooker se korps was die eerste groot federale eenheid wat die kruising van die New Hope genader het. Sherman het Hooker beveel om aan te val, en geglo dat slegs ligte vyandelike weerstand hulle teëstaan. Maar die Konfederate het ook vinnig na die New Hope -kruispad beweeg en was goed voorbereid.

Die Alabama -brigade van die Konfederale Brigadier -generaal Henry D. Clayton was oos van kolonel Johnson. Clayton het hout en vuil verskansings gebruik om sy posisie te versterk. Maar Johnson se manne het slegs grafstene in die begraafplaas vir dekking omdat hulle huiwerig was om tussen die grafte te grawe. Brigadier -generaal Randall L. Gibson se Louisiana -brigade was in lyn met Johnson se agterkant vir ondersteuning. Hierdie drie brigades het daarna die aanvallende federale afdelings swaar ly. Oos van die begraafplaas was die Alabama -brigade van die Konfederale Brigadier -generaal Alpheus Baker.

Die manne van generaal Hooker val in kolomme aan, elke afdeling het slegs 'n een-brigade front. Die digte bos en verstrengelde borsel wat deur diep slote gesny is, het hul aanval baie moeilik gemaak. Federale troepe het hierdie gebied die bynaam "Die helgat." regs van die Konfederale lyn. Terwyl elke brigade by die voet van 'n helling by 'n drafstap nader, het die volle krag van die Konfederale vuur hulle begroet.

'N Blindende somer donderstorm het omstreeks 19:30 toegeslaan toe die geveg sy einde nader, wat die ellende van die gewondes wat op die veld gelê het, vererger het. Baie onbekende soldate is hier begrawe, beide Noord en Suid. Konfederale privaat Sam Watkins het later opgemerk, Die bome lyk asof hulle vir nuwe grond afgekap is, vermink en bibber deur muskiet- en kanonballe. Perde kronkel in hul doodsangs en die siek geur van geveg vul die lug. "

Die Battle of New Hope Church was die eerste van drie groot gevegte wat naby mekaar was oor 'n tydperk van vier dae. Die Federale val weer twee dae later, op 27 Mei, by Pickett's Mill aan, in 'n poging om die Konfederate se regterkant te draai.

Drie dae tevore het die majoor -generaal van die unie, William T. Sherman, sy leërs begin beweeg na Dallas en weg van hul westelike en Atlantiese spoorlyn. Sherman se bedoeling was om op te marsjeer rondom die linkerflank en die leër van die Konfederale generaal Joseph E. Johnston. General Hooker se korps was die eerste groot federale eenheid wat die kruising van die New Hope genader het. Sherman het Hooker beveel om aan te val, en geglo dat slegs ligte vyandelike weerstand hulle teëstaan. Maar die Konfederate het ook vinnig na die New Hope -kruispad beweeg en was goed voorbereid.

Die Alabama -brigade van die Konfederale Brigadier -generaal Henry D. Clayton was oos van kolonel Johnson. Clayton het hout en vuil verskansings gebruik om sy posisie te versterk. Maar Johnson se manne het slegs grafstene in die begraafplaas vir dekking omdat hulle huiwerig was om tussen die grafte te grawe. Brigadier -generaal Randall L. Gibson's

Die manne van generaal Hooker val in kolomme aan, elke afdeling het slegs 'n een-brigade front. Die digte bos en verstrengelde borsel wat deur diep slote gesny is, het hul aanval baie moeilik gemaak. Federale troepe het hierdie gebied die bynaam "Die helgat." regs van die Konfederale lyn. Toe elke brigade by die voet van 'n helling by 'n drafstap nader, het die volle krag van die Konfederale vuur hulle begroet. Die Federale het meer as 1500 man verloor, die Konfederate minder as 500.

'N Blindende somer donderstorm het omstreeks 19:30 toegeslaan toe die geveg sy einde nader, wat die ellende van die gewondes wat op die veld gelê het, vererger het. Baie onbekende soldate is hier begrawe, beide Noord en Suid. Konfederale privaat Sam Watkins het later opgemerk, Die bome lyk asof hulle vir nuwe grond afgekap is, vermink en bibber deur muskiet- en kanonballe. Perde kronkel in hul doodsangs en betaalde advertensie

Die Battle of New Hope Church was die eerste van drie groot gevegte wat naby mekaar was oor 'n tydperk van vier dae. Die Federale val weer twee dae later, op 27 Mei, by Pickett's Mill aan, in 'n poging om die Konfederate se regterkant te draai.

Opgerig deur Georgia Civil War Heritage Trails, Inc. (Marker Number 20.)

Onderwerpe en reekse. Hierdie historiese merker word in hierdie onderwerplyste gelys: Begraafplase en begraafplase en stieroorlog, Amerikaanse burger. Boonop is dit opgeneem in die Georgia Civil War Trails -reeks. 'N Beduidende historiese datum vir hierdie inskrywing is 25 Mei 1864.

Ligging. 33 & deg 57.469 ′ N, 84 & deg 47.43 ′ W. Marker is naby Dallas, Georgia, in Paulding County. Marker is op die kruising van Chester Harris Drive en Dallas Acworth Highway (Georgia Route 381), aan die regterkant wanneer hy wes ry op Chester Harris Drive. Raak vir kaart. Marker is by of naby hierdie posadres: Chester Harris Drive, Dallas GA 30132, Verenigde State van Amerika. Raak vir aanwysings.

Ander merkers in die omgewing. Minstens 8 ander merkers is binne loopafstand van hierdie merker. Die ergste vliegtuigramp in die geskiedenis van Georgia (hier, langs hierdie merker) New Hope Battlefield (binne skree afstand van hierdie merker) Die federale aanval op Hood's Corps (ongeveer 400 voet weg, gemeet in 'n direkte lyn) The March of Hardee Se korps, 23-25 ​​Mei 1864, betaalde advertensie


Slag van New Hope Church

Die Slag van New Hope Church is geveg 25 󈞆, 1864, tussen die Unie -mag van genl.maj. William T. Sherman en die Konfederale Weermag van Tennessee onder genl. Joseph E. Johnston tydens die Atlanta -veldtog van die Amerikaanse Burgeroorlog. Die geveg was 'n gevolg van 'n poging van Sherman om Johnston uit te maneuver.

Nadat Johnston op 19 Mei teruggetrek het na die Allatoonapas, besluit Sherman dat hy heel waarskynlik duur sal betaal vir die aanval op Johnston, en hy besluit om in die linkerkant van Johnston te beweeg en 'n optog na Dallas te steel. Johnston het Sherman se skuif verwag en sy leër na Sherman se pad verskuif, met 'n nuwe lyn by die New Hope Church. Sherman het verkeerdelik veronderstel dat Johnston 'n tokenmag het en beveel dat genl. Genl. Joseph Hooker se XX korps moet aanval. Met sy drie afdelings op parallelle roetes, stoot Hooker die Konfederate drie myl terug, voordat hy by Johnston se hooflyn kom.

Moeilike terrein het verhinder dat Hooker die aanvalle van sy korps effektief kon koördineer, wat veroorsaak het dat sy manne ernstige ongevalle opgedoen het, veral as gevolg van 'n houer en granaat. Op 26 Mei het beide kante gegrondves en skermutselinge het deur die loop van die dag voortgeduur. Aan die einde van die geveg het die konfederale kaptein Samuel T. Foster berig dat 703 soldate van die Unie dood is, en dat 350 gevange geneem is. Die volgende dag konsentreer die leër van die Unie sy pogings in hierdie gebied na die noordelike punt van die Konfederale lyn, wat lei tot die Slag van Pickett's Mill.

Die slagveld van die New Hope Church is vandag in privaat besit en geleë op die kruising van Bobo Road en Hwy 381 (Dallas Acworth Hwy) in Dallas.

John Wadsworth Vodrey, seun van die bekende Amerikaanse pottebakker Jabez Vodrey, is tydens die slag dood tydens die diens by die 46ste Pennsylvania Infanterie.


Slag van New Hope Church

Die Slag van New Hope Church is geveg 25 󈞆, 1864, tussen die Unie -mag van genl.maj. William T. Sherman en die Konfederale Weermag van Tennessee onder genl. Joseph E. Johnston tydens die Atlanta -veldtog van die Amerikaanse Burgeroorlog. Die geveg was 'n gevolg van 'n poging van Sherman om Johnston uit te maneuver.

Nadat Johnston op 19 Mei teruggetrek het na die Allatoonapas, besluit Sherman dat hy heel waarskynlik duur sal betaal vir die aanval op Johnston, en hy besluit om in die linkerkant van Johnston te beweeg en 'n optog na Dallas te steel. Johnston het Sherman se skuif verwag en sy leër na Sherman se pad verskuif, met 'n nuwe lyn by die New Hope Church. Sherman het verkeerdelik veronderstel dat Johnston 'n tokenmag het en beveel dat genl. Genl. Joseph Hooker se XX korps moet aanval. Met sy drie afdelings op parallelle roetes, stoot Hooker die Konfederate drie myl terug, voordat hy by Johnston se hooflyn kom.

Moeilike terrein het verhinder dat Hooker die aanvalle van sy korps effektief kon koördineer, wat veroorsaak het dat sy manne ernstige ongevalle opgedoen het, veral as gevolg van fles en granaat. Op 26 Mei het beide kante gegrondves en skermutselinge het deur die loop van die dag voortgeduur. Aan die einde van die geveg het die Konfederale Kaptein Samuel T. Foster berig dat 703 Unie -soldate dood is en 350 gevange geneem is. Die volgende dag konsentreer die leër van die Unie sy pogings in hierdie gebied na die noordelike punt van die Konfederale lyn, wat lei tot die Slag van Pickett's Mill.

Die slagveld van die New Hope Church is vandag in privaat besit en is net langs die Interstate 75 geleë.


25 Mei 1864: Slag van New Hope Church

25 Mei 1864: Generaal Hood het sy korps met sukses van die Allatoonapas na die kruispad by die New Hope Church verplaas. New Hope Church is 'n paar kilometer noordoos van Dallas geleë. Generaal Hood het sy manne langs 'n rantlyn laat ontplooi in die rigting van die Unie -opmars. Hood ontplooi Stevenson ’s Division aan sy regterkant, Hindman ’s Division aan die linkerkant, en Stewart ’s Division het die sentrum gehou. Toe Stewart na die sentrum ontplooi het, plaas hy die Stovall's Georgia Brigade aan sy linkerkant langs Hindman se regterkant. Stovall's Brigade is ontplooi in die gebied wat nou die begraafplaas is. Dit was toe 'n begraafplaas, maar het oor die jare gegroei. My familielede in die 42ste Ga was op 'n sekere plek langs die Stovall -lyn geleë. Stovall's Brigade het besluit om nie in die begraafplaas te verskans nie en het 'n oop strydlyn gevorm. Die res van die eenhede op die lyn verskans. Verskeie artillerie -eenhede is ook langs die lyn ontplooi.

General Hooker's XX Corps was suidwaarts van Burnt Hickory, waar hulle die vorige aand gestop het. Geary ’s se 2de afdeling was die leier van die Unie -kolom toe dit New Hope se kruispad nader. Geary het skerp weerstand gekry van die skermutselinge van Stewart, maar kon hulle terugry en het toe swaar onder skoot gekom. Hy het besef dat hy 'n groot Konfederale mag ontmoet het en het begin om in te grawe en 'n boodskap gestuur dat die res van die weermag vinnig kan opklim. Sherman het bespot oor die idee dat daar 'n groot konfederale mag naby die gebied is, maar hy is gou verkeerd bewys. Namate meer federale troepe opgetrek het, het Geary sy brigades gestig om die Union Center te neem, Williams ’ 1st Division het na die Union Right verhuis en Butterfield ’s 3rd Division het die Union Left opgeneem. Toe die soldate van die Unie na die Konfederale lyn vorder, het die lug oopgegaan en 'n hewige reënbui met donderweer en weerlig uitgesak. Williams ’ 1st Division was die eerste om die Konfederale lyne te bereik en het groot verliese gely. Ongeveer 800 mans verloor binne die eerste paar minute. Die oorblywende afdelings het 'n soortgelyke lot gely met 'n totale verlies van ongeveer 1600. Baie is vasgevang onder so 'n hewige vuur dat hulle skuiling gesoek het in 'n diep kloof op die slagveld en nie kon terugtrek totdat die duisternis val nie. Hulle het later die kloof die “Hell Hole ” genoem. Hierdie term is ook gebruik om die algemene gebied en toestande langs die Dallas, New Hope, Pickett ’s Mill -lyn te beskryf. Howard ’s IV Corps is opgeroep om Hooker ’s Corp te ondersteun, maar het te laat gekom om 'n invloed op die geveg te kan hê. Die Unie -leër het toe begin met die verskansingsproses.

Tydens die geveg het die Konfederale Generaal Johnston 'n koerier na Stewart gestuur om te vra of hy ondersteuning nodig het. Stewart het met selfvertroue geantwoord, en my eie manne sal die pos beklee, en hulle het dit gedoen. Na berig word, het hy tydens die hitte van die geveg heen en weer langs die lyn gery om sy manne bymekaar te bring. Konfederale verliese was ongeveer 300 tot 400. Die skermutseling duur die volgende dag voort.

U kyk wes langs die heuwel van die begraafplaas met die New Hope -kerk op die agtergrond. Die Confederates of Stovall ’s Brigade het die tou in die begraafplaas gehou en uit respek geweier om daar te vestig. Hulle het in die openbaar geveg. Van die Konfederale lyn na die noorde, waar die federale troepe op pad was. Hierdie heuweltop was deel van die Konfederale lyn en dien vandag as 'n rusplek vir verlore Konfederale soldate. Kyk suidwaarts na die begraafplaas. Die Konfederale lyn sou langs die lae heuwel in die boonste deel van die begraafplaas gewees het. Dit is die gebied wat die federale soldate sou moes oorsteek om die Konfederale lyne te bereik. Ten tye van sy stryd sou dit meer oop en waarskynlik plaasgrond gewees het. Deel van die Hell Hole, 'n kloof tussen die federale en konfederale lyne waarheen baie federale soldate teruggetrek het. Baie het hier gesterf of moes tot in die nag in die voorblad van die kloof bly om te kan oorleef om terug te keer na hul eie lyne.

Deel van die Hell Hole, 'n kloof tussen die federale en konfederale lyne waarheen baie federale soldate teruggetrek het. Baie mense het hier gesterf of moes tot in die nag in die voorblad van die kloof bly om te kan oorleef om terug te keer na hul eie lyne.

Deel van die Hell Hole, 'n kloof tussen die federale en konfederale lyne waarheen baie federale soldate teruggetrek het. Baie mense het hier gesterf of moes tot in die nag in die voorblad van die kloof bly om te kan oorleef om terug te keer na hul eie lyne.

Konfederale grondwerke agter en aan die kant van die New Hope -kerk. Die monument op die agtergrond is ter herinnering aan die 150ste herdenking van die slag by die New Hope Church. Die grondwerk met New Hope Church in die agtergrond. Die begraafplaas is oorkant die pad aan die ander kant van die kerk.


Geen hoop op sukses nie

Gaan in: Brigadier -generaal Alpheus Williams se 20ste afdeling van die Korps styg op 25 Mei 1864 na die gevestigde Konfederate by die New Hope Church. 'Onthou 'n Yankee -veteraan.

(Harpers Weekly, 2 Julie 1863)

Verkwistende federale aanvalle op die New Hope Church tydens die Atlanta -veldtog het 'n skewe Konfederale oorwinning tot gevolg gehad

Die generaal -majoor William Tecumseh Sherman het 'n reputasie verwerf as 'n vaardige strateeg en flankmarser teen sy Konfederale teenstanders tydens die optog van 1864 na Atlanta. Maar toe hy sy troepe tot geveg in Georgië verbind, was dit altyd in frontale aanvalle wat alles behalwe kunstig was. By die New Hope -kerk, op 25 Mei, het hy sy pad na 'n nederlaag verswak deur aan sy offisiere te sê dat daar nie 'twintig rebelle' is nie, terwyl daar in werklikheid 4000 veteraanvegters op hul plek was en gereed was om dit met hul vyande te verslaan. Dit is nie 'n baie vleiende verhaal van die Noordelike oorlogsheld nie, een wat gewoonlik onder die mat gevee word. Hier is hoe dit gebeur het.

In die lente van 1864 het Sherman, as hoof van die Militêre Afdeling van die Mississippi, bevel gegee oor 110 000 troepe naby Chattanooga, Tenn. Genl. James B. McPherson se weermag van die Tennessee, en majoor -generaal John M. Schofield se weermag van die Ohio, wat eintlik slegs twee infanteriedivisies was.

Luitenant -generaal Ulysses S. Grant het Sherman beveel om na Georgië te marsjeer en die Konfederale Weermag van Tennessee te verslaan. Die leër, onder bevel van generaal Joseph E. Johnston, het einde April 55 000 troepe getel, met twee infanteriekorps onder bevel van luitenant -generaal. William J. Hardee en John B. Hood. Sherman het dus 'n 2-tot-1 numeriese meerderwaardigheid geniet toe hy sy magte op 6 Mei laat optrek het. Nadat die Konfederate na Resaca teruggetrek het, het die twee partye op 14 tot 15 Mei stryd teen mekaar begin. Toe die Unie -infanterie weer aan die linkerkant van Johnston flank en dreig om sy toevoerlyn af te sny, die Western & amp; Atlantic Railroad terug na Atlanta, marsjeer die suidelike leër suidwaarts deur Calhoun en Adairsville. Johnston kon nie op 20 Mei die stryd voer nie, maar steek die Etowahrivier oor.

Johnston het sy toevlug by die Allatoona-pas gestop, by die gaping van 175 voet in die Allatoonaberge waardeur die Western & amp Atlantic Railroad geloop het. Daar het hy ingegrawe in die hoop dat Sherman sou aanval. Maar Cump ken die formidabele terrein uit sy weermagdiens van die 1840's, en nadat hy sy troepe 'n paar dae gegee het om te rus en weer te voorsien, marsjeer hy vir die eerste keer in die veldtog weg van die Westelike en Atlantiese Oseaan. Met die doel om die rebelle met 'n wye sweep na die suidweste van hul hoë grond af te flank, het hy sy troepe opdrag gegee om gereed te wees om op 23 Mei te vertrek, met waens wat 20 dae se voorraad het.

Twee weke na die veldtog handhaaf Sherman numeriese superioriteit. Op die 21ste het hy die stafhoof, Henry W. Halleck, in Washington aangestuur wat hy verwag het om die Etowah -rivier oor te steek met "80 000 vegtende manne". Johnston het sy eie verliese gely, maar dit is meer as goedgemaak deur ten minste 14.500 versterkings wat garnisoensoldate uit Mobile en die Savannah-Charleston-gebied insluit, maar die belangrikste luitenant-generaal Leonidas Polk se weermag van Mississippi-drie infanteriedivisies wat het in wese Johnston se derde korps geword.

War Is Hell: "Ek beskou die dood en vermorsel van 'n paar duisend mans as 'n klein affêre, 'n soort oggendstrokie," het majoor William T. Sherman in Julie 1864 aan sy vrou geskryf. (Library of Congress )

Die troepe van die Unie het vroeg op 23 Mei opgeruk en die Etowah daardie dag op verskeie plekke oorgesteek, vertraag waar rebelle -kavallerie brûe verbrand het. Terwyl sy doelwit Sherman Dallas, 'n landelike kruispad, ongeveer 25 myl suidwes van Allatoona, opgeraap het. Toe sy magte daar kom, het hy gedink die vyand sal moet terugval. Noordelike soldate was verlig dat hulle sou beweeg en nie aanval nie. 'Allatoonaberge', het 'n Ohioan opgemerk, 'is nie 'n ding om vierkantig teen te hardloop nie.'

Johnston se kavallerie het hom op hoogte gehou van die Federale se beweging. Aangesien die Dallas -gebied die doel van Sherman was, het die Konfederale bevelvoerder beveel dat Hardee en Polk se korps op 23 Mei weswaarts moet marsjeer. Hood bly by Allatoona agter en kyk na moontlike vyandige rivieroorgange.

Op 24 Mei het Thomas 'Army of the Cumberland op die mees direkte suidelike roete na Dallas opgeruk. Schofield was aan sy linkerkant, McPherson aan die regterkant. Brigadegeneraal Edward McCook se kavallerie het voor Thomas se infanterie gery en met die Konfederale kavallerie gesukkel. Daardie dag nader Hardee Dallas as links van Johnston se mag. Deur hard te marsjeer, het die Suidlanders Sherman se magte tot hul objektiewe punt geslaan.

Cump is gedwing om dit te besef toe Union -kavaleriste wat McPherson se optog dek, gevangenes van Hardee's Corps ingebring het. Daar was meer ontstellende nuus op die 24ste. 'N Versending wat by 'n gevangene Rebel -koerier geneem is, het onthul dat Johnston sy magte na Dallas verskuif het. 'Hierdie inligting is onmiddellik na die hoofkwartier gestuur', het een van Thomas se personeellede gesê, 'so vroeg het Sherman van Johnston se planne verneem.'

Hardee se aankoms in Dallas het Sherman se wye maneuver van die spoorlyn effektief geblokkeer. Vanuit Hardee se posisie het die korps van Polk noordoos gestrek en Hood se infanterie het Allatoona op die 24ste verlaat en op pad na die nuwe lyn. Daardie aand stop hulle 'n paar kilometer van die New Hope Church af, 'n klein kruispad Metodistebyeenkoms vier kilometer noordoos van Dallas. Die volgende oggend, 25 Mei, het Hood sy vordering na New Hope voortgesit. Die Konfederate bereik dit omstreeks 10:00 die afdelings van Hood op 'n effense rant van links na regs: maj. Thomas C. Hindman's, Peter Stewart's, in die sentrum by die kerk, en Carter L. Stevenson's. Hood's Corps vorm dus die reg van die Army of Tennessee met Stevenson's Division op die verre flank. Johnston se lyn van ses myl was teen die middag in plek.

Sherman het sy manne op die 25ste laat suidoos marsjeer in 'n wye front. In die middel was die Army of the Cumberland se drie korps, en Thomas se bevele het sy troepe gevra om na Dallas te marsjeer. Hooker se 20ste korps was op pad vanaf Burnt Hickory met drie afdelings. Van hulle het brig. Genl John W. Geary’s het die sentrum gehou. Geary en sy manne was om 07:00 op en beweeg terwyl hulle die Pumpkin-wingerdstreek nader, het Rebel-perderuiters die brug gebrand. Die Federale het die vuur geblus, die brug gered en omstreeks 10:00 hul opmars hervat. Maar Geary het die verkeerde pad ingeslaan. In plaas van Dallas was hy op pad na die New Hope Church. Thomas keur die ompad goed.

Die oggend het die Konfederale wagte op Elsberry -berg Yankee -stofkolomme opgemerk wat uit die noorde gedra het. Generaal Hood stuur kolonel Bushrod Jones se 32ste/58ste Alabama en 'n bataljon skerpskutters in Louisiana as skermutselinge aan. So 'n kilometer suid van die spruit kom die voorkant van Geary se voorkant teë. Hood het spoedig verskeie ander regimente beveel om die sterkte van die Unie te ontwikkel en dit terug te hou terwyl hy sy lyn versterk. '' 'N Skerp betrokkenheid' 'het gevolg, berig Geary later, waarin hy versterkings na vore gebring het om die rebelle te verdryf. Geary stop en ontplooi. Generaals Thomas en Hooker was saam met hom en Hooker het genl.maj Daniel Butterfield's en brig. Genl Alpheus Williams se afdelings. Thomas beveel sy ander korps om voort te gaan.

Konfederate wat met die Yankees uit die brandweer terugkom, het 'n gevangene saamgebring wat die verdeling van die afdeling van Geary en die hele korps van Hooker saamgevat het. Die Rebelle was gereed. Die dag tevore het Hood 'n algemene bevel aan sy troepe uitgevaardig. 'Die luitenant-generaal wat beveel, wil aan die offisiere en soldate van sy bevel sê' dat hulle land in die komende geveg van hulle 'n oorwinning verwag. '

Toe die lyn eers uitgelê is, het Hood se troepe ietwat onverskillig versterk. Stewart's Division sal waarskynlik die swaarste van 'n aanval dra, aangesien die pad wat Geary se kolom geneem het, direk na die New Hope Church gelei het. Stewart het sy vier brigades saamgestel: brig. Gens. Alpheus Baker's Brigade aan die regterkant, Henry Clayton's in die middel, Marcellus Stovall aan die linkerkant en Gibson's in reserwe. Hoewel hy 'n geveg verwag het, het generaal Stewart later geskryf dat Clayton en Baker se troepe slegs 'n paar stompe opgestapel het. Volgens Stewart was die Georgiërs van Stovall 'sonder verdediging', behalwe vir die regop grafstene in die kerkhof.

Om die lyn te versterk, is drie batterye artillerie opgeneem en op hul plek gerol. Iewers na die middag ry generaal Johnston langs die posisie. 'Hy het ons vertel dat die vyand' daar buite 'was, net drie of vierhonderd meter,' onthou luitenant Bromfield Ridley van Stewart se personeel.

Dit was inderdaad so, maar dit het tyd geneem om op te kom. Die land was goed beboste, slegs met 'langspaadjies en bergpaaie' geperforeer, soos generaal Williams dit beskryf het. Williams het sy afdeling gelei op 'n vinnige opmars van vyf myl om Geary te nader. Butterfield het ook aangekom, wat Hooker toegelaat het om die aanval te beplan wat generaal Sherman nou beveel het.

Sherman het op 23 Mei vertrek en geglo dat Johnston, gedwing om Allatoona, terug te val na Marietta, 15 myl na die suide. In plaas daarvan het hy verneem dat die leër van Johnston nou sy pad by Dallas geblokkeer het en dat Thomas se magte vandag, 25 Mei, vertraag het voor vyandige weerstand.

Luitenant -kolonel Henry Stone, een van Thomas se personeelbeamptes, loop Sherman vas, “afgeklim, langs die pad, met groot ongeduld”, soos hy later vertel het. Cump was ontsteld dat sy troepe nie meer vordering maak nie. Toe Stone hom meedeel dat Williams op pad was om Geary te help, het die bevelvoerende generaal 'n koevert gegryp, 'n paar instruksies vir Thomas neergeskryf en 'ietwat toetsend' vir hom gesê: 'Laat Williams oral ingaan sodra hy opstaan. . Ek sien nie nou waarvoor hulle wag nie. Daar was vandag nog nie twintig rebelle nie. ”

Thomas voel dat Sherman nie lus is vir twyfel nie. Hy het die bevel deurgegee aan Hooker, wat teen 17:00 uiteindelik sy troepe in vorming gehad: Williams aan die regterkant, Butterfield links en Geary agter. Die infanterie het in kolomme brigades geplaas - wat agter mekaar beteken. Hierdie smaller front het aan bevelvoerders beter beheer oor hul troepe gegee, veral op beboste terrein. Boonop het diepgaande aanval 'n vinniger uitbuiting van sukses beloof as die aanval die vyandelike lyn sou breek. Die nouer voorkant het verdedigers egter ook voordeel gebring. Alhoewel Hooker se korps Stewart's Division-ongeveer 16,000 tot ongeveer 4,500-oorweldigend groter was as die twee-brigade-front van Williams en Butterfield, was dit eintlik korter as dié van Stewart, wat die Suidlanders kans gegee het om verlammende vuur te verlam. Die grootste nadeel van kolomvorming was egter dat aanvallers in die agterste geledere, agter hul kamerade, nie kon skiet nie.

Generaal Williams het die voorskot omstreeks 17:00 beveel. Sy troepe het kontak gemaak met die Rebel pickets en hulle teruggery. Die Federale druk deur die bos toe stormwolke bo -oor hulle kom. 'Die bome het die mans 'n bietjie beskerming gegee', het 'n beampte gesê, 'maar dit was 'n ernstige beproewing vir mans om deur te gaan.' Op 'n stadium het hulle in 'n diep kloof neergedaal - die 'helgat', soos dit genoem word - dan moes hulle uitklim om voort te gaan. Toe hulle die vyandelike werke op die hoë grond wat voorlê, nader, kom hulle onder groot vuur. Butterfield het in die stryd aan die linkerkant aangesluit, en Geary het gekom om Williams te versterk.

Maar die Unie -infanterie het nooit naby hul doel gekom nie. Een federale onthou dat sy lyn tot 60 meter verder gegaan het, "toe ons stilstaan ​​omdat ons soveel mans verloor het en so ongeorganiseerd geraak het tydens die optog deur die hout en kwas dat die stukrag van ons aanklag weg was." Konfederale artillerie was bloedig effektief. Kolonel John Coburn, wat een van Butterfield se brigades gelei het, beskryf dit so: 'Die vyand het 'n ontsaglike vuur van artillerie op ons ingestroom. Skille, druiwe-skote, houers, spoorpaadjies en elke dodelike missiel het om ons gereën. ” Ten minste een Noordelike regiment, volgens 'n offisier, "het in wanorde agteruit gejaag."

Die infanterie van die Unie het nooit hul doel bereik nie

Kolonel Robert Beckham, Hood se artilleriehoof, het persoonlik toesig gehou oor die vuur van sy vuurwapens. 'Hulle het in elke houer behalwe die agterkant 'n houer en flenters in ons gegooi,' het Williams later gekla. Daarna het Geary geskryf dat "houer en dop van die vyand swaarder was as in enige ander veldslag." Kolonel Archibald McDougall van die 123ste New York was een van die slagoffers. 'Na 'n ontlading van hul battery hoor ek 'n geskree net agter my,' het sersant Rice Bull in sy dagboek aangeteken, 'terwyl ek omdraai, sien ek hoe die kolonel wankel en val.' Agterlangs is hy 'n maand later aan sy wonde dood.

Na twee uur was die aanranding van Hooker verby en reën het begin val. Die Federale wat dit kon doen, het teruggetrek. Sommige het vashou aan swak posisies en uitgeruil geweer vuur ver in die duisternis. Die skermutseling het die volgende dag voortgeduur, maar die harde geveg was verby.

Hooker het sy slagoffers van die Slag van New Hope in totaal gesetel met 1,664 dood, gewond en vermis. Alpheus Williams se afdeling het meer as die helfte gedra, met 870 die res in die afdelings van Geary (376) en Butterfield (418).

'N Veteraan -kenteken van die 20ste korps. (Heritage Auctions, Dallas)

Hooker ’s Ironclads

Die Union Army of the Cumberland se 20ste korps was saamgestel uit soldate wat hul gevegstande gesny het in die Eastern Theatre in die 11de en 12de korps van die Army of the Potomac. Na die bloedverlating van Gettysburg, is albei korps weswaarts gestuur om die beleg van Chattanooga te help verlig, en hulle sal daarna in die Weste bly. Op 4 April 1864 kombineer 'n bevel van genl.maj. William T. Sherman die twee organisasies formeel in die 20ste korps met genl.maj. Joseph Hooker as bevelvoerder. Luitenant -kolonel Charles Morse van die 2de Massachusetts onthou dat toe die 12de Korps se bevelvoerder, majoor genl Henry Slocum sy afskeidsbevel uitgereik het, hy probeer om die mans aan te spreek, maar "was so geraak dat hy skaars kon praat, dat die trane oor sy wange loop ... ” Morse stoically wrote, “Well, the old institutions are broken up, and we must bear it as philosophically as possible.” The Union soldiers bore the change well. The Army of Tennessee respected the 20th Corps, and nicknamed its troops “Hooker’s Ironclads” for their fighting ability. Hooker, however, was not destined to remain in command of the corps. The tension between Sherman and Hooker that manifested after the fight at New Hope Church came to a head after the July 22 Battle of Atlanta. When “Fighting Joe” did not get command of one of Sherman’s armies after the death of Maj. Gen. James McPherson in that fight, he resigned and Maj. Gen. Alpheus Williams took command of the 20th Corps. – D.B.S.

Joe Johnston placed his loss on May 25 as “about 450 killed and wounded.” General Stewart reported 300-400 casualties from his repulse of Hooker’s assault. Baker’s lightly engaged brigade lost perhaps 45 men, Gibson’s in reserve, maybe 75. Clayton’s four regiments tallied 172 casualties. General Stovall’s biographer posits 18 killed, 122 wounded. Major John W. Eldridge’s artillery battalion had 43 men killed and wounded. The Confederate losses, around 475—contrasted with the enemy’s 1,664—clearly marks the Battle of New Hope Church as a Confederate victory.

Hooker’s formation had negated his numerical advantage. Even a Confederate observed that the enemy’s formation meant that “the rear lines were exposed to the same danger as the front lines, but could not fire on account of the front lines being in the way.”

Rough terrain impeded the attackers. A member of the 3rd Wisconsin wrote that “the country was heavily timbered, and underbrush so obscured the view that it was impossible to see in any direction more than a few yards.” More important, Southerners held the high ground, and many were protected by log earthworks on a site of their choosing. As Stewart observed, “our position was such that the enemy’s fire passed over the line to a great extent.”

Confederate artillery was another factor. One Southerner claimed that their guns fired 1,560 rounds during the two-hour engagement. Dr. H.Z. Gill, surgeon in chief for Williams’ division, later reported, “our men suffered severely, especially from his grape and canister, at short range.”

57th Alabama flag (Courtesy Alabama Department of Archives and History)

The Itch

Campaigning in the rough, wooded region of North Georgia was not easy for either army. During the movements that led to New Hope Church, Quartermaster Sergeant Joel D. Murphree of the 57th Alabama wrote his wife of the travails he faced, and exhibited a sarcastic sense of humor as he did so: “Ursula, there is no chance to keep clean in the army while on the tramp as we have been for the last two weeks. I am as dirty as a hog and nearly as lousey…I must say something or you might think I had found a wife up here for the present, and have laid you on the shelf. No such good luck however, in fact I have been in no situation for sweetheart hunting. I have been torment equal to Job of old until last week. I have been afflicted with Diarrhea, Itch and Piles and part of the time lousey, but I thank the Lord for His blessing I am now clear of all. After a general and thorough greasing for about a week for the itch I yesterday washed off and put on clean clothes from the skin out.” – D.B.S.

At one point in the battle, the concerned Johnston had sent a message asking Stewart if he needed help. “My own troops will hold the position,” he answered calmly. They did, pouring murderous musketry against the enemy ahead. A spirit of jocularity even caught on among Stewart’s men as they laid down their volleys. When the division commander rode behind the firing line, his son, Lieutenant Robert C. Stewart, called out, “Now, father, you know you promised mother that you would not expose yourself to-day!” The men in the ranks took up the cry, laughing and repeating it down the line.

The Confederate success was a comparatively small one. But after several weeks of giving up ground, any good news was welcome to the home front. The Yankees’ attacks, the Atlanta Intelligencer beamingly announced, “were met firmly and repulsed with great slaughter.” Those in the ranks could be even more effusive. “Both officers and men never performed their duty better,” reported Captain Rufus Asbury of the 52nd Georgia, “they were determined to teach the invader that they were fighting freemen, who knew their rights and would dare maintain them.”

Foiled On The Flank: Sherman had hoped to swing around the left flank of the Army of Tennessee and get a clean, open route to Atlanta. Joe Johnston, however, skillfully withdrew his men and shifted them to the southwest to block the Union troops and set up the Battle of New Hope Church. At that fight, portions of Lt. Gen. John B. Hood’s Corps, many protected by earthworks, threw back assaults by the 20th Corps, despite being outnumbered 16,000 to 4,500. (Map Graphics © DFL Group 2017)

Johnston’s announcement to Richmond, telegraphed on the 28th, was more reserved: “On the afternoon of the 25th Major General Stewart was attacked by Hooker’s corps, which he repulsed with considerable loss.” Sherman was equally laconic, mentioning to McPherson that night that Hooker “had a pretty hard fight.” In his campaign report, Sherman credited Hooker with having driven back the Confederate skirmishers to New Hope Church. But the Rebels, “having hastily thrown up some parapets,” stood their ground “and a stormy, dark night having set in, General Hooker was unable to drive the enemy from these roads.”

Sherman had no reason for malediction against the 20th Corps commander, but after the battle, he met Hooker and berated him for taking too long to bring up Williams and Butterfield. He believed the delay had given the Confederates time to bring up reinforcements.

After a few days’ more fighting along the Dallas–New Hope lines, Sherman got his forces moving back to the Western & Atlantic Railroad, and during June he again repeatedly outflanked the Rebel army. After Johnston retreated across the Chattahoochee he was relieved of command, but Sherman’s capture of the prize city on September 2 helped President Abraham Lincoln win a second term and thereby helped the North to finally win the war.

William T. Sherman’s historical reputation basks in the capture of Atlanta—overshadowing the tactical errors he committed along the way. Writing of Hooker’s corps on May 25, he later wrote, “I ordered it to attack violently and secure the position at New Hope Church.” Somewhere in the annals of Sherman’s glorious career must be found an occasional page or two reminding students that even great generals can blunder, ordering their men into frontal attacks that are bound to fail.

Stephen Davis is author of several books, including What the Yankees Did to Us: Sherman’s Bombardment and Wrecking of Atlanta. He is currently working on a book about how the Atlanta Intelligencer covered the war.


After Johnston retreated to Allatoona Pass on May 19–20, Sherman decided that he would most likely pay dearly for attacking Johnston there, so he determined to move around Johnston's left flank and steal a march toward Dallas. Johnston anticipated Sherman's move and shifted his army into Sherman's path, centering a new line at New Hope Church. Sherman mistakenly surmised that Johnston had a token force and ordered Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker's XX Corps to attack. Advancing with his three divisions in parallel routes, Hooker pushed the Confederate skirmishers back for three miles, before coming to Johnston's main line.

Difficult terrain prevented Hooker from coordinating his corps' attacks effectively, causing his men to suffer severe casualties, especially from canister and shrapnel. On May 26, both sides entrenched, and skirmishing continued throughout the day. At the end of the battle, Confederate Captain Samuel T. Foster reported that 703 Union soldiers had been killed, as well as 350 taken prisoner. The next day, the Union troops concentrated their efforts in the area towards the northern end of the Confederate line, resulting in the Battle of Pickett's Mill.

Much of the New Hope Church battlefield is today privately owned and is located at the intersection of Bobo Road and Hwy 381 (Dallas Acworth Hwy) in Dallas. The Civil War Trust, a division of the American Battlefield Trust, and its partners have acquired and preserved five acres of the battlefield. [1]

John Wadsworth Vodrey, a grandson of noted American potter Jabez Vodrey, was killed in the battle while serving with the 46th Pennsylvania Infantry.


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Stopped at New Hope Church on Gen. Joseph Johnston’s left flank on May 25-26, 1864, Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman attacked Johnston’s right at Pickett’s Mill on May 27. The next day, # OnThisDay May 28, 1864, Lt. Gen. William J. Hardee’s corps probed the Union defenses, held by Maj. Gen. John A. Logan’s XV Corps and Maj. Gen. Grenville Dodge’s XVI Corps, both entrenched near Dallas on Sherman’s right. Light skirmishing devolved into heavy fighting, with each side pouring more men into the fight. The Confederate forces were eventually repulsed, though both sides suffered heavy casualties. Both armies remained around Dallas and skirmished heavily for three days. Sherman, looking to outmaneuver Johnston again and resupply his army, left the area on June 1 and moved his army back to the Western and Atlantic Railroad. For the rest of June, the armies fought a series of skirmishes around Marietta, just 20 miles north of Atlanta.

BATTLEFIELDS.ORG

Dallas

• June 2, 1864, the right of Confederate General Johnston’s line, a short distance east of (County Line Road) road was held by Bates division of Hardee’s Corps, after being pressed back by federal 23rd corps June 3, Walker’s Division of Hardee’s corps, prolonged Bates’s line N. E. endeavoring to hold the positions, but seizure of road 1.5 miles N. E. by Hovey’s division (1st Div.) 23rd Corps forced Johnston to abandon his Dallas New Hope line and withdraw east. Georgia Historical Commission sign at Due West Road and County Line Road.
• On June 2st, General Schofield 23rd Corps, attacked the far east end of the confederate line (east end of Pickett’s Mill Park). He reports moving his Corps in a three Division front from Pickett’s Mill Creek, in two lines, Hascall on the left, Cox in the center and Hovey on the right. He was relieved by the 14th Corps from his defensive location, on the westside of Pickett’s Mill State Park. His Commanders reported on a laborious march through dense undergrowth pushing the confederate east. Striking an intrenched line strongly held at Burnt Hickory and County Line Road. A sharp action ensued, and they drove the Confederates across Allatoona Creek. He added that he lost several fine officers during the engagement. From: War of the Rebellion Official Records, Ser. I, Vol. XXXVIII Part 2, page 512
• On 02 June 1864 General Sherman moved B/Gen. Alvin Hovey’s First Division of the 23rd Corps, by the flank in two lines north on County Line Road before the enemy’s works (area of Brookstone County Club), toward the extreme left (North) of our army, during which movement, our lines were warmly engaged by the enemy, but the firmness of my men held the rebels at bay”. This movement extended his line north of Allatoona Church on County Line Road. From: War of the Rebellion Official Records, Ser. I, Vol. XXXVIII Part 2 page 542
Page 8
• June 2, 1864, the right of Johnston’s Dallas-New Hope line, a short distance east of (County Line Road) road was held by Bates division of Hardee’s Corps, after being pressed back by federal 23rd corps June 3, Walker’s Division of Hardee’s corps, prolonged Bates’s line N. E. endeavoring to hold the positions, but seizure of road 1.5 miles N. E. by Hovey’s division (1st Div.) 23rd Corps forced Johnston to abandon his Dallas New Hope line and withdraw east. Georgia Historical Commission sign Due West Road and County Line Road.

• June 2 – 4 1864 Gen. Hoods A. C. was posted 1 mile west & Hardee’s A. C. was aligned along Dallas/Acworth Road north 1.5 mile to Burnt Hickey Road Confederate Center & right. These corps withdrew along with the rest of Johnston forces, when the federal 23rd corps seized the Dallas – Acworth Road near old Allatoona Church 2.5 miles northeast June 3. From Georgia Historical Commission sign, County Road & Due West Road
• June 2nd, Colonel Fullerton 4th Army Corps: The enemy tried General Woods (3rd Div.) front this am and tonight tried Major General Stanley (1st Div.) front. War of the Rebellion, ser. 1, vol 38, part 1

• On the east end of Pickett’s Mill State Park, Gen. Sherman placed ten cannons facing south, to Due West Road, and controlling the south end of County Line Road, Due West Road, and today’s Route 92. (Easy to see the emplacements today)

June 3rd, 1864 Rogers House Burnt Hickey Rd. and County Line Rd. Cobb Cty.
• June 3, 1864 Gen. Sherman to Gen. Thomas: General Hovey’s Division supported by Gen. Butterfield, 20th Corps reached the much talked about Acworth Road today, passing the enemy’s flank. War of the Rebellion, ser. 1, 38, 4 page 392


Battle of New Hope Church / Hell’s Hole 25 May 1864

In mid May 1864, General William Tecumseh Sherman was picking his way down North Georgia. His counterpart, General Joseph E. Johnston had just reluctantly retreated from Cassville, Georgia to the Allatoona Gorge in the hopes of luring Sherman into a tight killing zone. Johnston’s only worry was that the position at Allatoona was too good. Unbeknownst to Johnston, Sherman knew the position was too strong to attack head on. Sherman had spent a lot of time in the area as a young officer and had spent much time around the Etowah Indian burial mounds nearby. Sherman decided to swing west and go directly after the strategic crossroads around Dallas, Georgia.

After a few days rest, the Union forces moved south. General Joseph Hooker was in the van of the middle column and began a pursuit of a small band of Confederate cavalry which was acting as a screen for Johnston’s forces to the south. “Fighting Joe” Hooker lived up to his name and went fast and hard at the Confederates under General John Bell Hood. Hooker had hoped to catch the Rebels off guard and press home and advantage. Hood had other ideas. Taking his cue from his cavalry screen, Hood had begun entrenchments and selecting defensive positions. The first of Hooker’s assaults led by Brigadier General John W. Geary was thrown back when it encountered an undetected enfilade Confederate position which hit them hard. Hooker persisted with two more Divisions and the battle was enjoined.

Hood’s middle was held by Major General Alexander P. Stewart’s Division and they bore the brunt of Hooker’s onslaught for several hours in the afternoon. The battle raged with such ferocity that Johnston became worried that Stewart might relinquish the position. Stewart, a Tennessean, held firm even though some of Hooker’s men got close. With a fierce thunderstorm brewing and setting in, Hooker made one last throw of the dice and pulled Geary out of reserve through dense wood to push through a perceived advantage. Stewart’s artillery which had been so effective now opened up with even more canister rounds and caused the veteran Geary to claim that it was the hottest he had experienced with his command. The Union forces were praised for the courage and coolness, but the day was no to be theirs. With the drenching from the rain and the gloom of the stormy evening setting in, the Union forces settled down in their positions and awaited daylight. The battle has been called New Hope Church, but the soldiers knew it by “Hell’s Hole.”

The next day would bring probing for weakness all along the line, two days later, the fighting would continue near Pickett’s Mill.

Next time you are buzzing down I-75 from Chattanooga to Atlanta, jump off at Cartersville for a great little circular ride that takes in Allatoona Lake, The New Hope and Pickett’s Mill Battlefields and a couple of mountainous switchback roads near Dallas, Georgia.


Battle of New Hope Church Memorial

South side
Dedicated May 25, 2014 by the
Gen William J. Hardee Camp #1397
Sons of Confederate Veterans
and patriotic citizens who
generously contributed during
the Sesquicentennial of
The War Between the States

East side
Battle of New Hope Church
On Wednesday, May 25, 1864 Federal Maj Gen Joseph Hooker s XX Corps of the Army of the Cumberland advanced southward to New Hope Church, crossing the bridge over Pumpkinvine Creek at Owen s Mill 3 miles to the North

The 3 divisions of Hooker's Corps were formed into columns of brigades for the assault, with Williams first, followed by Butterfield s, then Geary s. About 5:00 p.m., the Federals began their advance against Confederate Maj Gen Alexander Stewart's Division of Lt Gen John B. Hood's Corps. Stewart s three brigades were deployed

from left to right with Stovall's GA Brigade (including Companies A and F of the 40th GA infantry from Paulding County) on the left in the cemetery. Clayton's AL Brigade was in the center, Bakers AL Brigade on the right, and Gibson s LA Brigade held in reserve. To Stewart's Division left was Maj Gen Thomas Hindman s Division, and to his right Maj Gen Carter Stevanson's Division.

Eldridge's Battalion of Confederate artillery consisted of Stanfords MS Battery, Fenner s LA Battery and Oliver's Eufaula, AL Battery. The artillery delivered a devastating fire that quickly thinned the attacking Federals, who attacked without artillery support. As darkness fell, a thunderstorm struck and the battle ceased.

Gen Hooker reported 1,665 Federal casualties.
Confederate losses were about 450

Erected 2014 by the Gen William J Hardee Camp #1397 Sons of Confederate Veterans and patriotic citizens.

Topics. This memorial is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. A significant day of the year for for this entry is May 31.

Ligging. 33° 57.36′ N, 84° 47.448′ W. Marker is in Dallas, Georgia, in Paulding County. Memorial is on Bobo Road south of Dallas Acworth Highway (Georgia Route 381), on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 44 Bobo Road, Dallas GA 30132, United States of America. Touch for directions.

Other nearby markers. Minstens 8 ander merkers is binne loopafstand van hierdie merker. Dedicated to the Confederate Soldiers (within shouting distance of this marker) Atlanta Campaign (within shouting distance of this marker) New Hope Church Phase of Atlanta Campaign (within shouting distance of this marker) Battle of New Hope Church

(within shouting distance of this marker) a different marker also named Battle of New Hope Church (within shouting distance of this marker) The March of Hardee s Corps, May 23-25, 1864 (within shouting distance of this marker) Polk s March to Lost Mountain (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line) New Hope Battlefield (about 500 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Dallas.

Also see . . .
1. Photos from the May, 2014 dedication of the memorial. (Submitted on June 5, 2018, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
2. Wikipedia article on the Battle of New Hope Church. (Submitted on June 5, 2018, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)


May 28th, 1864: Battle of Dallas, Georgia

After suffering heavy losses and gaining no ground since the Battle of New Hope Church on May 25th, General Sherman decided to begin withdrawing from the Dallas-New Hope line and make his way back to the railroad where the supply trains could reach him. Sherman had ordered General McPherson to begin moving his Army of the Tennessee, who were entrenched in Dallas, back to the east and toward the railroad near Acworth.

Confederate General Johnston was unsure of Sherman’s intentions and his troop movements. He ordered General Hardee to do a reconnaissance by force to try and ascertain the strength of McPherson’s position. General Hardee selected Bate’s Division supported by Jackson’s Cavalry to carry out the mission. General Bate’s was going to have just one brigade attack and if they found the Federal lines to be weak they would signal the remainder of the units to attack. The first brigade in made fairly good headway and then was repulsed by heavy fire. They found the Federals still heavily entrenched and still in place. Even though McPherson had given orders to begin moving out, his units in this section of the line had not started their movement. The signal to attack was not given. In the turmoil and uncertainty of combat, Lewis’ Kentucky Orphan Brigade thought they had missed the signal. He sent an officer down the line to see if the other unit had already attacked, when the officer arrived he found their portion of the line empty and assumed they had moved forward to attack. They had only moved out of their works a short distance in order to be more ready for the attack when the signal came. After hearing the report from the officer, Lewis orders the his Orphan Brigade to attack. Upon seeing this the Florida Brigade began their attack on the left of the line while Lewis was on the right of the line. They were supported by an artillery battery. Both brigades fought hard and made it close to the Federal lines. They were met with heavy fire from fully entrenched Union soldiers. When Bates realized the Federal troops were still in position and still there in full force, he called off the attack. The orders to retreat were late reaching the Orphan Brigade and for a period of time they were fighting their way forward unsupported.

The outcome of this battle is sort of the opposite of what happened at Pickett’s Mill. The Confederate losses were around 1600 and the Federal losses were around 400. Lewis’ Orphan Brigade suffered over 50% losses.

Federal troops under the command of Brig. Gen. Davis marched into Dallas on the May 26th, 1864 via this road. They had left Resaca on May 16th and marched to Rome and then marched from Rome to Dallas. Upon entering Dallas, they entrenched along what is now Hwy 92 to the east of the city. Henderson House. This home served as General McPherson’s Headquarters during the occupation and battle at Dallas. General Sherman visited McPherson here as well. The home was also used as a hospital and wounded southern soldiers that had been captured were left here in the care of the home owners. Currently it houses a law office and the current occupant showed a box of bones that had been found in the cellar. It was very obvious that they were human remains and they had very clean cuts and appeared to have been from amputations. To the west of Dallas the right of the Federal lines moved along this low hill and made a short salient angle to the north west (camera right) to protect their flank. This view is looking south and from here we would be looking at the back the Federal line. The left of the Confederate lines ended here at what is now Paulding County High School. There was low hill here, but the construction of the school has changed the landscape significantly. From this angle we would be looking into the faces of the front lines of the Confederates. The remnants of Confederate trenches used by the famous Kentucky Orphan Brigade located on a ridge to the east of the center of Dallas. Ellesbury Mountain is located just east of Dallas on Dallas – Acworth Hwy. In a late effort to support Bate’s Division as they attacked the Federal Lines, Cheatham’s Division was sent over Ellesbury Mountain to attack the Federal lines in their front. The Confederate line from New Hope Church reached the eastern flank (far to camera left) of the mountain.


Kyk die video: newhope church. 42. Dr. Benji Kelley