Herbert Ingram

Herbert Ingram

Herbert Ingram is op 27 Mei 1811 in Boston, Lincolnshire, gebore. Nadat hy by die plaaslike vryskool opgelei is, het hy 'n vakleerling in die drukbedryf geword. Toe Ingram sy opleiding voltooi het, verhuis hy na Londen waar hy as 'n geselsdrukker werk.

In 1832 stig Ingram sy eie druk- en koerantbedryf in Nottingham. As koerant het hy opgemerk dat die verkope in seldsame gevalle dat koerante houtsnitte insluit. Hy het dus tot die gevolgtrekking gekom dat dit moontlik sou wees om 'n goeie wins te maak uit 'n tydskrif wat 'n groot aantal illustrasies bevat.

Ingram verhuis terug na Londen en bespreek die saak met sy vriend, Mark Lemon, die redakteur van Pons, het hy besluit om sy eie tydskrif te begin. Met Lemon as sy hoofadviseur, die eerste uitgawe van die Geillustreerde London News verskyn op 14 Mei 1842. Die tydskrif het ses sent gekos en het sestien bladsye en twee en dertig houtsnitte.

Ingram was 'n sterk liberaal wat sosiale hervorming voorgestaan ​​het. Hy het aangekondig in die Geillustreerde London Newsdat die kwessie van die tydskrif "met die Engelse armes" sou wees en dat die "drie wesenlike elemente van bespreking met ons die swak wette, die fabriekswette en die werking van die mynstelsel sou wees". Die tydskrif was 'n onmiddellike sukses en die eerste uitgawe het 26 000 eksemplare verkoop. Binne 'n paar maande verkoop dit meer as 65 000 eksemplare per week. Vir advertensies is hoë pryse gehef en Ingram verdien binnekort £ 12 000 per jaar uit hierdie uitgewery.

In 1856 word Ingram die liberale kandidaat in 'n tussenverkiesing in sy tuisstad Boston. Met hulp van sy vriend Mark Lemon en Douglas Jerrold by Pons, en van die span by die Geillustreerde London NewsIngram bepleit 'n beleid van sosiale hervorming. Ingram het aan die mense van Boston gesê dat hulle 'n 'verteenwoordiger' nodig het wat tegelyk die produk en die verpersoonliking van die progressiewe gees van die eeu is. Die kiesers reageer op die boodskap van Ingram en hy wen 'n oorweldigende oorwinning. Verskeie dagblaaie het egter aangeval Pons en die Londen Illustrated News vir die rol wat hulle gespeel het in die oorwinning van Ingram.

In 1860 is Ingram saam met sy oudste seun na Amerika om materiaal vir die Geillustreerde London News. Op 8 September was Ingram aan boord van die Lady Elgin, toe die skip gesink is nadat dit met 'n ander vaartuig aan die Michiganmeer gebots het. Herbert Ingram, sy seun, en byna al die passasiers het verdrink.


Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900/Ingram, Herbert

INGRAM, HERBERT (1811–1860), eienaar van die 'Illustrated London News', is op 27 Mei 1811 in Boston, Lincolnshire, gebore en is opgelei aan die Boston -vryskool. Op veertienjarige ouderdom het hy by Joseph Clarke, drukker, Market Place, Boston, geleer. Van 1832 tot 1834 werk hy as 'n geselsdrukker in Londen, en vestig hom ongeveer 1834 in Nottingham as drukker, boekhandelaar en koerant, in vennootskap met sy swaer, Nathaniel Cooke. In geselskap met sy maat koop hy kort daarna 'n kwitansie vir 'n pille by T. Roberts, 'n apteker in Manchester, en 'n skoolmeester in diens om die geskiedenis daarvan te skryf. Ingram beweer dat hy 'n afstammeling van Thomas Parr, bekend as Old Parr, ontvang het, wat na bewering tot die ouderdom van honderd twee en vyftig geleef het, die geheime metode om 'n groentepil voor te berei waaraan Parr se lewensduur toegeskryf word (Mediese omsendbrief, 23 Februarie 1853, pp. 146–7, 2 Maart, pp. 167–8). Hoofsaaklik om die pil te adverteer wat sy eienaars in 1842 na Londen verwyder het.

Intussen het Ingram 'n geïllustreerde koerant geprojekteer. Hy het lankal opgemerk hoe die vraag na die 'Weekly Chronicle' in die seldsame gevalle toe dit houtsnitte toeneem toeneem, en op 14 Mei 1842 het hy en sy maat die eerste nommer van die 'Illustrated London News' vervaardig. Hulle oorspronklike ontwerp was om te maak dit was 'n geïllustreerde weeklikse rekord van misdaad, maar Henry Vizetelly, wat op die koerant werksaam was, het Ingram oorreed om dit 'n meer algemene karakter te gee. Die Bow Street -polisieverslae is egter deur Crowquill geïllustreer. Die eerste nommer van die koerant, gepubliseer teen ses sent, bevat sestien gedrukte bladsye en twee-en-dertig houtsnitte, en ses-en-twintigduisend eksemplare is versprei. Die beste kunstenaars en skrywers van die dag is in diens geneem. Frederick William Naylor Bayley, bekend as Alphabet Bayley, of Omnibus Bayley, was die redakteur, en John Timbs was die werkende redakteur. Die koerant het geleidelik in openbare guns gevorder en het gou 'n oplaag van ses-en-sestigduisend eksemplare gehad. Die Groot Uitstalling van 1851 gee dit 'n verdere impuls, en in 1852 word 'n kwartmiljoen eksemplare van die sjielingsgetal wat die begrafnis van die hertog van Wellington illustreer, verkoop. Met Kersfees 1855 is die eerste nommer met gekleurde afdrukke uitgebring. Vir advertensies is hoë pryse gehef, en die gemiddelde wins op die koerant het 12 000 gewordl. n jaar. Die sukses van die onderneming het Andrew Spottiswoode, die drukker van die koningin, 'n mededingende koerant, die 'Pictorial Times', begin waarin hy 20 000 verloor hetl., en verkoop dit dan aan Ingram, wat dit daarna saamgesmelt het in 'n eie onderneming, die 'Lady's Newspaper'. 'n Ander mededinger was die 'Illustrated Times', begin deur Henry Vizetelly op 9 Junie 1855, wat ook in Ingram se hande gekom het , en in 1861 opgeneem in die 'Penny Illustrated Paper'. Op 8 Oktober 1857 koop hy by George Stiff die outeursreg en aanleg van die 'London Journal', 'n weeklikse geïllustreerde tydskrif oor verhale en romanses, vir 24 000 liter. (Ingram v. Stiff, 1 Oktober 1859, in The Jurist Reports, 1860, v. Bl. ek. pp. 947–8). Ingram, op 1 Februarie 1848, begin opgewonde oor die sukses van die 'Illustrated London News', en begin met die 'London Telegraph', waarin hy voorstel om daagliks soveel nuus as drie ander tydskrifte te verskaf as die ander vaktydskrifte. Die koerant is die middag gepubliseer om latere intelligensie as die oggendkoerante te verskaf. Dit het begin met 'n roman 'The Pottleton Legacy' deur Albert Smith, maar die bespiegeling was nie winsgewend nie, en die laaste nommer verskyn op 9 Julie 1848.

Ingram en Cooke het, behalwe die uitgee van koerante, baie boeke uitgebring, hoofsaaklik geïllustreerde werke. In 1848 is die vennootskap ontbind en die boekuitgewersvertakking van die onderneming is deur Cooke oorgeneem. Van 7 Maart 1856 tot sy dood was Ingram M.P. vir Boston. In 'n bose uur maak hy kennis met John Sadleir [q. v.], M.P. vir Sligo, 'n junior heer van die tesourie, en hy het Sadleir onskuldig toegelaat om sy naam te gebruik in verband met bedrieglike maatskappye wat Sadleir en sy broer James, hoofsaaklik in Ierland, begin het. Na die selfmoord van Sadleir op 16 Februarie 1856, is dokumente in sy papiere gevind wat Vincent Scully, voorheen lid van Sligo, in staat gestel het om teen Ingram 'n vordering te eis vir die verlies wat hy as gevolg van Sadleir se bedrog (Law Mag. En Law Review, Februarie 1862, pp. 279–81). Die uitspraak was teen Ingram, maar die regter en die jurie was dit eens dat sy eer onbelangrik was. Hy verlaat Engeland saam met sy oudste seun in 1859, deels vir sy gesondheid, en deels om illustrasies te gee van die toer van die prins van Wallis in Amerika. In 1860 besoek hy die belangrikste stede van Kanada. Op 7 September het hy by Chicago aan boord van die stoomboot Lady Elgin gegaan vir 'n uitstappie deur Lake Michigan na Lake Superior. Op 8 September is die skip in 'n botsing met 'n ander vaartuig gesink, en hy en sy seun, met byna al die passasiers en bemanning, het verdrink. Ingram se lyk is gevind en begrawe in die Boston begraafplaas, Lincolnshire, op 5 Oktober. 'N Standbeeld is opgerig ter herinnering aan Ingram in Boston in 1862. Hy trou op 4 Julie 1843 met Anne Little of Eye, Northamptonshire.

Sy jongste seun, Walter Ingram (1855–1888), word 'n offisier van die Middlesex -jeomanry en bestudeer militêre taktiek met groot sukses. Aan die begin van Lord Wolseley se ekspedisie na Khartoum in 1884, het Ingram in sy stoomlansering die Nyl bestyg, by die brigade van sir Herbert Stewart aangesluit tydens sy opmars oor die woestyn, was verbonde aan Lord Charles Beresford se vlootkorps en het deelgeneem aan die gevegte van Abu Klea en Metammeh, waarna hy sir Charles Wilson en lord Charles Beresford die Nyl vergesel het tot binne sig van Khartoum. Sy dienste is in 'n versending genoem, en hy is beloon met 'n medalje (sir C. Wilson, Van Korti na Khartoum, 1886, bl. 120 Times, 11 April 1888, p. 5). Hy is op 6 April 1888 deur 'n olifant vermoor tydens 'n jagekspedisie naby Berbera, aan die ooskus van Afrika.

[Mackay se Veertigjarige herinneringe, 1877, ii. 64–75 Jackson's Pictorial Press, 1885, pp. 284–311, met portret Hatton's Journalistic London, 1882, pp. 24, 221–39, met portret Bourne's English Newspaper Press, 1887, ii. 119–124, 226–7, 235, 251, 294–8 Grant's Newspaper Press, 1872, iii. 129–32 Andrews se Britse joernalistiek, 1859, ii. 213, 255–6, 320, 336, 338, 340 Boekverkoper, 26 Sept. 1860, p. 558 Gent. Mag. November 1860, pp. 554–6 Jaarboek, 1860, pp. 154–6 Times, 24 Sept. 1860, p. 7, 27 Sept. 10 Illustrated London News, 29 September 1860, p. 285, 6 Okt. bls. 306–7, met portret, 26 September 1863, bl. 306, 309, met uitsig op standbeeld Boston Gazette, 29 Sept. en 6 Okt. 1860.]


Die dood van meneer Herbert Ingram op die Lady Elgin

. ".. Meneer Herbert Ingram, M.P., het Liverpool Donderdag laas verlaat na Kanada deur Noord -Amerika, vergesel van sy seun, meester H. Ingram." .

DIE GEILLUSTREERDE LONDONNUUS

Saterdag 29 September 1860, Vol. XXXVII ---- No. 1052

DOOD VAN MNR. HERBERT INGRAM,

"Met 'n bewende hand en 'n hartseer hart kondig ons die dood aan van mnr. Herbert Ingram, M. P., die stigter en eenmansaak van die ILLUSTRATED LONDON NUUS, wat saam met sy oudste seun, Herbert, aan die Michiganmeer omgekom het in die treurige ramp op die 8ste inst. Uitgeput oor die vermoeidheid van die sakewêreld en die moeite van 'n lang parlementsitting, het mnr. Ingram tydens die reses besluit om 'n besoek aan die Amerikaanse vasteland te maak, en om saam met sy seun 'n dapper en intelligente seuntjie van vyftien te soek. , daardie ontspanning wat hy so nodig gehad het. Hy vaar op 9 Augustus uit Liverpool in die Noord -Amerika en land betyds in Quebec om te sien hoe hy die Lower St. Wallis. Dit was hier waar meneer Ingram afskeid geneem het van die geselskap van vriende wat by sy landing hom bygewoon het en gesê het dat hy rustiger wil wees en na die waterval van Niagara gegaan het, waar hy 'n paar dae gebly het, geniet die grootsheid van die natuurskoon rondom hom met die grootste waardering. In een van die vele kenmerkende briewe wat hy van hom ontvang het, sê hy: --- Goddank, ek het die watervalle van Niagara besoek. Dit lyk asof die nadenke daarvan verhef word, terwyl dit my kalmeer en te midde van die wonders van die skepping, vergeet ek die werklikhede en ergernisse van die lewe. Vanuit Niagara het mnr. Ingram na Chicago gegaan, waarna hy eers voorgestel het om oor die Prairies te reis en die Mississippi na New Orleans te volg, en daarna na New York, maar meer veral na Boston, wat ou verenigings van die geskiedenis hom bepaal het maak die slotsom van sy verblyf in die Verenigde State. In die laaste brief wat hy van hom ontvang het en dateer uit Chicago op 7 September, verklaar hy egter dat hy besluit het om Lake Superior te besoek en sy verblyf in Amerika te verleng, met die voorneme om einde Oktober na Engeland terug te keer. Hy verlaat Chicago om middernag op 7 September, vergesel van sy seun --- en ons lesers ken die hartseer vervolg van die verhaal. Daar moet egter bygevoeg word dat sy lyk ongeveer sestien myl van Chicago af aan die wal gespoel het, en op die oomblik dat een van sy vriende, mnr. Hayward, op die toneel aangekom het. Elke poging is aangewend om die lewe te herstel, maar tevergeefs. Mnr. Hayward verklaar in 'n brief met die grootste gevoel dat mnr. Ingram se aangesig by die dood volkome kalm en vreedsaam was. "

"Herbert Ingram, wat in Boston gebore is, was in die nege-en-veertigste jaar van sy ouderdom. In die stad begin hy 'n aktiewe loopbaan, op elfjarige ouderdom, as drukker, en as leerling en komponis het hy daar baie gedoen 'n goeie, harde dag se werk. Hy het dus probeer om by te staan ​​in die ondersteuning van sy gesin, wat, oud en hoogs gerespekteer, vergelykende rykdom geniet het. Vir die belange van Boston, as sy geboortedorp, het hy 'n groot deel van die arbeid van sy onvermoeibare aard. Die suiwer water wat die burgers drink --- die gas wat hulle aansteek --- die spoorlyn, wat onlangs oopgemaak is, wat hul stad verbind met die mid-distrikte van Engeland --- en vele ander werke wat nou bly die indruk van sy kweekhand en sorgsaamheid. In Boston, soos baie van sy vriende weet, was hy van plan om die aand van sy dae deur te bring en te rus van sy vele werk op sy erf in Swineshead Abbey. Boston was met reg trots op hom, en deur al die vele fases van sy bedrywige lewe herken sy verdienste, en het hom ontevrede sy vertroue gegee. Hy is drie keer agtereenvolgens as sy verteenwoordiger teruggekeer na die parlement, en altyd deur die meerderheid van die beslissendste en onmiskenbaarste.

'Sy oorskot, wat na verwagting binne 'n paar dae in Engeland sal aankom, word in Boston begrawe.

"Vrede tot die as van so 'n waardige en so uitstekende man-'n vriendelike eggenoot, 'n toegeeflike ouer, 'n getroue vriend en 'n goeie burger!

"As stigter van hierdie koerant het hy 'n ander tydperk ontstaan ​​in die verspreiding van kennis en in die popularisering en bevordering van kuns. Hy het 'n nuwe manier van verbeterde opvoeding bekendgestel, 'n nuwe masjinerie om in foto's te beskryf, as sowel as deur beskrywing, net soos dit verbygaan, die geskiedenis van die wêreld. Hierdie koerant was die voorwerp van sy grootste sorg en grootste trots. Net gister het ons onder sy mees gewaardeerde dokumente 'n oorblyfsel gevind, met sy eie hand ingeskryf, blykbaar maar 'n rukkie voor hy uit Engeland vertrek het: ---
'Eerste nommer van die ILLUSTRATED LONDON NUUS
--- H. Ek '

"Die ILLUSTRATED LONDON NUUS sal in die toekoms uitgevoer word op die beginsels wat hy nog altyd bepleit het, en op die manier wat die stigter daarvan aanvaar en goedgekeur het. Die Journal sal voortgaan met die sorg van diegene wat hy self gekies het, en in wie hy lank die hoogste vertroue gehad het. Dit sal natuurlik die bekwame hulp van die skrywers en kunstenaars wat tot dusver tot die gewildheid van die koerant gelei het, bystaan. Dit sal voortgaan ten bate van sy gesin (sy weduwee is die eenmansaak) en daar kan op elke poging staatgemaak word om te verseker dat die ondersteuning waarvoor wyle mnr. Ingram so vurig en so suksesvol gewerk het, verseker word. Die publiek het inderdaad reeds 'n mate van versekering hieroor gebied in die talle medelye van meegevoel en simpatie wat sy treurfamilie uit hierdie graafskap en uit Amerika ontvang het. "

DIE GEILLUSTREERDE LONDONNUUS

Saterdag, 29 September 1860,
Vol. XXXVII ---- No. 1052
-Bladsy 285, Kolom 3-

VERLIES VAN DIE "DAME ELGIN" OP MICHIGAN -MEER

"Laat op die aand van Vrydag, die 7de inst., Vertrek die Lady Elgin uit Chicago met vierhonderd mense aan boord, op 'n uitstappie langs Lakes Michigan en Superior. Die wind waai hard uit die noordooste en 'n swaar see was maar die partytjie was gelukkig. Daar was musiek en dans in die salon, en almal het as 'n huweliksklok vrolik gegaan toe daar kort na twee die oggend van die 8ste 'n skielike ongeluk kom. Dertig kilometer van Chicago af en tien myl van die land af, van Waukegan af, kom die skoener Augusta, wat elf knope per uur maak, op die gedoemde skip neer, slaan haar op die middelskep -gang, en laat toe haar seile sit, en die wind vars waai. in 'n halfuur sak die stoomboot in driehonderd voet water en van die vierhonderd mense aan boord is nie honderd gered nie. Onder die verdrinkte is meneer Herbert Ingram, die eienaar van hierdie Journal, en sy oudste seun.

'' N Klerk van die noodlottige vaartuig sê: ---

'Een van die passasiers gee die volgende bykomende besonderhede: ---

'Die bevelvoerder, kaptein Wilson, wat deurgaans op 'n galante manier opgetree het, net honderd voet van die oewer af toe hy omkom.

"Kaptein Malott, van die skoener Augusta, sê: ---

'John Vorce, eerste stuurman op die skoener Augusta, lewer die volgende bewyse rakende die botsing: ---

'Die Chicago Journal van 8 September sê: ---

'Die tromspeler van die Milwaukee Life Guard is deur middel van sy trommel gered: ---

"Die jurie wat in Chicago toegelaat is om die oorsaak van die onlangse verskriklike ramp aan die Michiganmeer te ondersoek, het met hul werk begin. Verskeie persone wat aan boord van die noodlottige stoomboot was, is ondersoek, en hulle getuienis is geneig om die skuld te gee vir die voorval. indien enige, op die skoener Augusta, en die getuienis van die twee maats van die skoener lei tot dieselfde gevolgtrekking.Die stoompot se ligte, blykbaar, is ten minste tien minute voor die botsing ontdek, wat beslis tyd genoeg was om te hê het diegene aan boord van die Augusta in staat gestel om alle voorsorgmaatreëls teen ongelukke te tref.

"[Gravures van die Lady Elgin en die Augusta, van foto's wat pas uit Chicago ontvang is, sal in ons volgende nommer verskyn.]"

DIE GEILLUSTREERDE LONDONNUUS

Saterdag, 6 Oktober 1860,
Vol. XXXVII ---- No. 1053
-Bladsy 306-

[let op: op hierdie bladsy, 'n gravure, uit 'n foto van John Watkins, van "wyle meneer Herbert Ingram, M.P. vir Boston"]

DIE GEILLUSTREERDE LONDONNUUS

Saterdag, 6 Oktober 1860,
Vol. XXXVII ---- No. 1053
-Bladsy 307-

"DIE DAME ELGIN" EN DIE "AUGUSTA".

"Die Lady Elgin was 'n Kanadese boot en is ongeveer nege jaar gelede gebou. Sy was 'n boot van 300 voet lank en 1000 ton las, en het die reputasie van vinnigheid gehad, wat haar 'n gunsteling gemaak het by uitstappers en reisigers Voordat die Grand Trunk Railway van Kanada voltooi is, het Lady Elgin die Kanadese posse langs die noordelike oewer van die mere vervoer, en na die voltooiing daarvan is sy verkoop aan die Chicago -firma Hubbard en Co., deur wie sy sedertdien was besit en wat haar in die Lake Superior- en Michigan -pos met pos, passasiers en vrag laat werk het. Haar mees westelike hawe was Bayfield, op Lake Superior, en die oostelike eindpunt van haar reis was Chicago. Bayfield is ongeveer 100 myl oos van die hoof van die navigasie op die Superior-meer. Daar is kopermyne daar en by die meeste hawens langs die oewer van die groot meer waarna die stoomboot gebruik het. Die Lady Elgin het gewoonlik drie jaarlikse uitstappies gemaak op Lake Superior, vanaf C hicago, en sy het haar lot ontmoet terwyl sy die laaste van haar drie uitstappies vir die huidige jaar aangepak het. Die kaptein van die ongelukkige stoomboot was die heer John Wilson, wat haar beveel het sedert sy van eienaarskap verander het en 'n gewilde en gewilde meester was onder passasiers en plesierreisigers aan wie hy bekend was. Hy het aansienlike ervaring in die navigasie van die mere gehad, aangesien hy dit al tien jaar lank besig was. Hy verlaat 'n gesin om sy skielike en onverwagte afsterwe te betreur.

"Die Augusta-skoener, die vaartuig wat die Lady Elgin vasgeloop het, is in besit van mnr. George W. Bissell, van Detroit, en onder bevel van kaptein Malott. Sy het nie onbeskaamd ontsnap tydens die botsing nie, al haar kopversnelling, jibboom, Dit was inderdaad veronderstel dat die vaartuig sou vul, en daar is seil ingeneem en die anker is uit vrees vir hierdie resultaat weggeruim. Kaptein Malott is ondersoek, en sy getuienis, volgens die tydskrifte in Chicago, het bykans geen ruimte gelaat om te twyfel dat die betreurenswaardige ramp 'n situasie was waaroor hy ten minste geen beheer gehad het nie.
"Volgens die beste gesag was die aantal persone aan boord van die Lady Elgin toe sy Chicago verlaat het 393, insluitend die bemanning. Hiervan word 114 as gered aangemeld. Dit sal 279 verlore laat, waarvan die lyke van slegs 67 herstel tot by die 14de ult. "

[let wel: bo -aan die kort artikel van hierdie bladsy (p.307), 'n gravure, "uit 'n foto deur S. Alschuler," van "The lake stoomboot Lady Elgin", terwyl sy op die dag by haar kaai lê voordat sy verlore was.]

[let op: en onder die artikel, dieselfde bladsy (p.307), is 'n gravure, "uit 'n foto deur S. Alschuler," van "The schooner Augusta" in die hawe in Chicago na haar botsing met die Lady Elgin.]

DIE GEILLUSTREERDE LONDONNUUS
Saterdag, 13 Oktober 1860,
Vol. XXXVII ---- No. 1054
-Bladsy 329, naby onderaan Kolom 2-

[Buitelandse en koloniale nuus Verenigde State]

. ".. Die jurie van die lykskouing in die Lady Elgin -ramp het hul uitspraak teruggegee. Hulle verag die owerhede van Lady Elgin omdat hulle te veel passasiers aan boord gehad het, maar lê die hoofskuld van die ramp op die beamptes van die skoener Augusta en verklaar dat tweede stuurman van die vaartuig onbevoeg. " .

DIE GEILLUSTREERDE LONDONNUUS
Saterdag, 13 Oktober 1860,
Vol. XXXVII ---- No. 1054
-Bladsy 337, Kolom 3-

. "VERKIESING VIR BOSTON .--- Dinsdag se koerant bevat 'n kennisgewing van die speaker van die volksraad dat die dood van mnr. Herbert Ingram, ontslape lid van Boston, aan hom gesertifiseer is onder die hande van twee lede van die volksraad, sal die regte heer heer aan die einde van veertien dae na die invoeging van die kennisgewing 'n nuwe besluit uitreik vir die verkiesing van 'n lid om vir die genoemde stad te dien. " .

DIE GEILLUSTREERDE LONDONNUUS
Saterdag, 13 Oktober 1860,
Vol. XXXVII ---- No. 1054
-Bladsy 345, Kolomme 1 en amp 2-

DIE BEGRAFNIS VAN MNR. HERBERT INGRAM,
M.P. VIR BOSTON.

'Die sterflike oorskot van hierdie geklaagde heer is gister week begrawe in die nuwe begraafplaas in Boston, Lincolnshire, wie se inwoners getuig van hul diepe respek vir die oorledene deur bedags heeltemal af te sien en die lyk van hul geëerde stadsman tot sy finale te vergesel rusplek 'onder die mense vir wie hy so lief was'. Ons kopieer die volgende verslag van die Manchester Examiner en Times oor die verwydering van mnr. Ingram se oorskot van Chicago na hierdie land en van hul begrawe in sy geboorteland: ---

"Slegs veertien dae het verloop sedert die eerste nuus hierdie land bereik het van die verskriklike ongeluk aan die Michiganmeer, waardeur hierdie heer en sy oudste seun, met 'n paar honderde ander mense, hul lewens verloor het. Op die oomblik blyk dit dat sy oorskot was reeds aan boord van die stoomboot wat hulle na Engeland vervoer het, onder toesig van mnr. WD Stansell, die sakeagent van die ILLUSTRATED LONDON NUUS. Van hierdie tydskrif is dit amper onnodig om ons lesers daaraan te herinner dat Ingram die eienaar was. Mnr. Ingram en sy seun het op 'n plesierreis gereis en was nogal onbewaak toe die ramp die stoomskip waarin hulle passasiers was, getref het. Geen persoon wat met hulle verbind was, was bewus daarvan dat hulle toe in die omgewing van Lake Michigan was nie, en hul besoek daaraan was 'n skielike en onverwagte afwyking van die roete wat mnr. Ingram voorheen opgelos het. Die eerste aanduiding van hul verlies wat enigeen van mnr. Ingram se vriende ontvang het, is vervat in die gewone koeranttelegramme wat op 10 op Toronto verskyn het. Toronto is ongeveer 700 myl, of 'n spoorwegrit van vyf en twintig uur, van Chicago af, waarvandaan die hartseer nuus gekom het. Mnr. Stansell was destyds toevallig in Toronto en was in werklikheid op die punt om mnr. Ingram in Niagara te ontmoet, volgens die afspraak van die heer. Hy vertrek onmiddellik op sy lang reis om die waarheid van wat hy gelees het, vas te stel. Hy het Dinsdagaand Chicago bereik, en enige hoop wat mnr. Ingram of sy seun moontlik kon ontsnap, het onmiddellik verdwyn. Die liggaam van mnr. Ingram het in die Briggs House Hotel in Chicago gelê. So gou as moontlik nadat die oorskot geland is, is alles in hul sorg geneem om dit in 'n toestand te identifiseer.
"Die inwoners van Chicago is diep geraak deur die verskriklike gebeurtenis waardeur so 'n groot aantal mense omgekom het, en was veral beïndruk deur die weemoedige lot van mnr. Ingram en sy seun, so ver weg van hul huis en Van al hulle verbintenisse. Onder diegene vir wie die vriende van die oorledene 'n spesiale verpligting het vir vriendelike dienste, kan ons die heer Frans, die bestuurder van die Briggs House Hotel, mnr. Wilkins, die Britse konsul in Chicago en mnr. Hayward, 'n inwoner Engelsman.

"Nadat hy drie dae daar gewag het, tevergeefs in die hoop dat die liggaam van mnr. Ingram se seun herstel kon word, het mnr. Stansell die Vrydagaand, 14 September, met die lyk uit Chicago vertrek na Engeland. Die oorskot van mnr. Ingram is van die hotel na die stasie van die Great Western Railway begelei deur 'n optog van meer as 800 van die Britse inwoners in die buurt, voorafgegaan deur 'n groep musiek wat 'The Dead March in Saul' speel. Die hele lede van die St. George's Society of Chicago was bygewoon, en mnr. Stansell het 'n skriftelike simpatieboodskap aan mnr. Ingram se geteisterde familielede in Engeland ontvang. Ons is bevoordeel met 'n afskrif van die dokument wat is as volg:---


"Chicago, Illinois, VS, 14 September 1860.

Geagte Meneer, --- By die vertrek uit ons stad op u weemoedige reis, begeer die lede van die St. George's Weldadige Vereniging van Chicago dat u saam met ons die bedroefde familie van ons oorlede landgenoot ons innige simpatie met hulle in die nood moet saamdra waarmee dit die Almagtige God behaag het om hulle te besoek, en alhoewel dit nie in ons vermoë is om hul ongeluk in die onherstelbare verlies wat hulle opgedoen het, te versag nie, of om die verdriet wat die onvermydelike gevolg van hierdie groot ramp moet wees, te verlig kan en doen, ernstig en vroom, die Groot Beskikker van alle gebeure bid om die troosbalsem oor hulle gewonde geeste te stort en mag Hy wat die wind na die geskeurde lam wemel, vir hulle 'n man en 'n vader wees, totdat hulle weer sal wees verenig in die boonste en beter wêreld, waar die goddelose ophou om bekommerd te wees en waar die vermoeide rus vind.

Namens die St. George's Benevolent Association,
Francis Hudson, president. "

"Die oorskot van mnr. Ingram is met die Great Western Railway na Detroit geneem, en daarna met die Grand Trunk -lyn na Toronto. Hulle het Quebec op die 20ste bereik en die volgende dag aan boord van die stoomskip na Engeland vervoer.
"Die Boheemse stoomboot met die lyk het die nag van die tweede oomblik by Liverpool aangekom. Die lyk is geland en afgelewer by die vriende van die oorledene, wat in Liverpool gewag het, om half twee Woensdagweek Onder die here wat daar was om dit te ontvang, was mnr Nathaniel Wedd, van Boston, 'n oom van mnr. Ingram mnr. E. Watkin, van Manchester, 'n ou en vertroulike vriend mnr. J. Parry, van Sleaford en mnr. GC Leighton (bestuurder), mnr. S. Read (kunstenaar), mnr. Plummer en mnr. Clapham, van die ILLUSTRATED LONDON NUUS. Die lyk, wat geïdentifiseer is, is uiteindelik in die kis geplaas vir teraardebestelling, en is Donderdagoggend na Boston verwyder. Dit is in 'n lykswa vervoer, wat in die eerste plek aan die trein van die Great Northern en Sheffield Companies gekoppel was, wat die Lime-straat-stasie om 08:45 na Manchester verlaat het, en vandaar deel uitgemaak het van 'n spesiale trein wat London-road verlaat het stasie om tien uur en het om 13:50 by Boston aangekom, op die presiese tyd wat in die reëlings gespesifiseer is. Die roete was deur die Sheffield -lyn na Retford, vandaar deur die Great Northern na Barkstone Junction, en vanaf daardie plek oor die Boston- en Sleaford -spoorweg, waarvan die onderneming mnr. Ingram die grootste eienaar was, en van die begin af die voorsitter was.
'Behalwe die here wat die begrafniswa van Liverpool na Boston vergesel het, is dit by Manchester ontmoet deur George Wilson, SP Robinson en Bradford, uit Newall's-geboue en 'n deel van die afstand het die begeleier ook ingesluit mnr. S. Lees en mnr. T. Roberts, van Manchester. Die Sleaford -stasie is met rou gehang, en die trein is daar ontmoet deur 'n groot groep mense, waaronder die predikant (eerwaarde J. Yarburgh) en vele invloedryke inwoners van die plek. By die Boston-stasie was baie honderde mense bymekaar, wat deur die strate van die stad die roukarretjie begelei het wat die lyk na die woning van mnr. Wedd vervoer het. Onder alle klasse van die bevolking van Boston, en sonder enige onderskeid as gevolg van teenkanting van politieke standpunte, was daar 'n onomwonde erkenning van 'n ernstige openbare verlies wat by die afsterwe van mnr. Ingram gely is. Sy mede-stadsmens en kiesers wou dus ten volle in payin deel. g die laaste treurende eer aan 'n heer wie se welwillendheid van geaardheid en gehegtheid aan die plek van sy geboorte hulle herhaaldelik geleenthede gehad het om te waardeer. Sonder om die belangrike voordele van mnr. Ingram op te som, kan ons noem dat die stad sy onderneming en vrygewigheid te danke het aan die huidige oorvloedige watervoorsiening, en ook die vestiging van gaswerke. Die plaaslike trots was so algemeen in die besit van meneer Ingram as 'n verteenwoordigende man dat dit byna voldoende was om sy terugkeer na die parlement te verseker, toe hy uiteindelik die eer versoek het en dit was hoofsaaklik die sentiment van persoonlike agting en agting vir hom wat alle opposisie teen sy verkiesing aborsief gemaak het.
"'N Vergadering van die stadsraad van Boston is Maandag gehou, waarop mnr. JC Little, die burgemeester, voorsitter was toe 'n resolusie van die volgende eenparig aangeneem is oor die voorstel van mnr. Clegg, gesekondeer deur meneer Alderman. Pak: ---

'Dit is miskien onnodig om te sê dat die natuurlike gevoelens van die mense van Boston, soos uiteengesit deur die lede van sy korporasie, geen ontmoedigende erkenning kan bied van diegene wat die naaste met die oorledene verbind is nie en die seremonie van begrafnis was: daarom bygewoon met omstandighede wat die publieke simpatie op gepaste wyse uitdruk.
"'N Baie indrukwekkende en lang optog is gereël om die oorskot van mnr. Ingram te vergesel na hul laaste rusplek, 'n gewelf in die nuwe begraafplaas by Skirbeck. Dit is ongeveer 'n kilometer van die middestad af, waarvandaan die optog is. het in die volgende volgorde begin: ---


"Die artillerie- en geweervrywilligers het om twaalfuur op die mark ontstaan, gevolg deur die Vrymesselaars, Oddfellows, Bosbouers en ambagsmanne. In hierdie volgorde het die optog vier voor die brug oor die brug, in Bridge-straat, om Liquorpond- straat, en het die begrafnis gelei vanuit die huis van mnr. Nathaniel Webb [sic]. By die vergaderlokale het die artillerie en gewere oopgemaak om die stadsraad en landdroste tussen hulle en die res van die optog toe te laat. Ander vriende van mnr. Ingram , en diegene wat hierdie eerbetoon aan sy nagedagtenis wou bewys, het die rouklaers gevolg: By aankoms by die begraafplaaskapel het die optog gestop en sy geledere geopen om die rouklaers, die geestelikes en godsdiensbedienaars, die stadsraad en Magistrates, to enter the chapel, after which the rest of the procession, under the direction of the Artillery and Rifle Corps, formed in three sides of a hollow square around the grave.

"During the progress of the funeral all the shops and places of business were closed, some of them (including the extensive ironworks of Mr. Tuxford) for the entire day. The streets were lined with thousands of people, who followed the procession up to the gates of the Cemetery. The carriages in the procession were seventeen in number. About fifty of the staff of the ILLUSTRATED LONDON NEWS teenwoordig was. Among the clergymen were the Rev. Mr. Blenkin, Vicar of Boston, who officiated at the Cemetery the Rev. Mr. Oldrid, the Rev. Mr. Pettedden, and the Rev. Mr. Barker, of Rickmansworth.
"At the conclusion of the service at the Cemetery the procession formed again for return in the same order as it came, except that the carriages now took the lead. The remainder of the cortege accompanied them back to Mr. Wedd's residence, after which it marched round Liquorpond-street, up West-street and Bridge-street, to the Market-place, where it dispersed.

"It is calculated that there were upwards of ten thousand persons in the streets to witness the procession and funeral, and that more than two thousand persons marched in procession. All the vessels in port, including a French ship, kept their colours half-mast high from the time Mr. Ingram's remains arrived in Boston until the funeral was over."

THE ILLUSTRATED LONDON NEWS
Saturday, November 3, 1860,
Vol. XXXVII ---- No. 1058
-- Page 416, Column 3 --

[Country News Election Intelligence]

. ".. At the nomination at Boston, on Monday, for the election of a member in place of the late Mr. Herbert Ingram, the show of hands was in favour of Mr. Tuxford, the Liberal candidate but the polling on the following day resulted in the election of Mr. Malcolm, the Conservative candidate, by a large majority, the numbers at the close of the poll being---Malcolm, 533 Tuxford, 313.--. " .

THE ILLUSTRATED LONDON NEWS
Saturday, November 10, 1860,
Vol. XXXVII ---- No. 1059
-- Page 441, Column 3 --

"Anecdote of the Late Mr. Herbert Ingram M.P.----The Quebec correspondent of the Montreal Gazette says:---"I heard, the other day, that Mr. Ingram, the lamented late proprietor of the ILLUSTRATED LONDON NEWS, was in the Crown Lands Office here-- (poor fellow, he was inquiring about half a township which he proposed buying for his son)-- when, on looking through one of the collections of wood, he espied a bit of whitethorn.

'What' he exclaimed, 'is there whitethorn of that size in Canada? I would buy almost as much as could be furnished me, for box in England is getting scarce, and whitethorn is the best of substitutes for wood engravers.' This just illustrates the way in which mines of riches exist among us, or whose very existence we hardly dream until we find we have destroyed them. Bass wood, button wood, white (or tulip-tree) wood, curly birch, and other kinds of timber, which used to be thought valueless, are now beginning to form articles of considerable consumption and export."

THE ILLUSTRATED LONDON NEWS
Saturday, December 15, 1860,
Vol. XXXVII ---- No. 1064
-- Page 553, Column 2 --

[Country News]
. "The memorial of the late Mr. Herbert Ingram at Boston, it is decided, will consist of a white marble stature ten feet high (from the studio of Mr. Munro), on a pedestal of polished granite, at the base of which will be a fountain composed of a bronze female figure pouring water from a vase. The estimated cost is £2000." .


Old Boston

Standing on a stone plinth high above Boston Market Place is a statue of Herbert Ingram.

He was born in 1811, the son of a local butcher who died when Herbert was still an infant. He and his sister were brought up by their mother in some poverty, but he received a rudimentary education at Laughton's Charity School which in Herbert's day operated in the south-west chapel of St Botolph's, he then moved on to the much larger National School in Pump Square.
He was apprenticed to Joseph Clarke, a tradesman with premises in the Market Place. Clarke was primarily a printer, but supplemented his income with a handy side-line as a chemist and druggist, making up his own prescriptions. Herbert was acutely ambitious, and set out to learn every aspect of the printing trade.
Realising his chance of making his fortune in Boston was slim he set off for London. At the age of twenty-one he found work as a machine printer, and dedicated himself to working harder than anyone else in the trade.
He became friendly with Nathaniel Cooke, a well-educated lad from a good family, who later married his sister. Nathaniel had the literary ability which Herbert lacked - he never did master how to construct a grammatical sentence - but the two young men made a good team. Herbert had the drive and he was a born entrepreneur.

Their combined savings were enough to start a provincial business in Nottingham, where they set up as printers, newsagents and stationers. Remembering Joseph Clarke's side-line back in Boston, Herbert also devoted a corner of the shop to an agency for pills.
The partners were fortunate to come across a descendant of Thomas Parr, who had lived to the incredible age of 152. Old Thomas claimed that the secret of his longevity was a vegetable pill supplied from the recipe of Dr Snaith, back in Boston. Somehow Herbert Ingram managed to purchase the recipe, and the sale of Parr's Life Pills soon became a real bonus.
How many of the two partners' clients lived to a ripe old age history conveniently does not record, but with profits from the pills they were able to move back to London and set up a printing business in the heart of the city. Herbert Ingram's next venture was to take up an idea from a member of his staff called Marriott, and to found an illustrated weekly newspaper.
Ingram held a sincere belief that an understanding of topical news should not be the prerogative of the well-educated and the wealthy. If pictures could supplement the text, he argued, it would not be necessary to be literate in order to know what was going on in the world. So he ignored those who dismissed the idea as preposterous or a mere gimmick, and founded the 'Illustrated London News' in 1842, selling for sixpence a copy. He thus became a newspaper proprietor at the age of thirty-one, and it was certainly the first paper of its kind.


Modern Mexican History (Classic Reprint)

Extent of Mexico Mexico colonial and contemporary the northern boundary under Spain Treaty of 1819 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo Gadsden Purchase southern boundary in modern times conflicts with Central American states.

Physical features The Isthmus of Tehuantepec plateaus of Yucatan, Oaxaca, Puebla, and Anahuac low hot coastal plains Excerpt from Modern Mexican History

Extent of Mexico Mexico colonial and contemporary the northern boundary under Spain Treaty of 1819 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo Gadsden Purchase southern boundary in modern times conflicts with Central American states.

Physical features The Isthmus of Tehuantepec plateaus of Yucatan, Oaxaca, Puebla, and Anahuac low hot coastal plains eastern and western Sierras. Lower California. The great barrancas or natural gorges of the north: Cobre, Batopilas, San Carlos.

Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com

This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works. . meer


1888, April 6: Curses of the Ingram Mummy

In an 1896 issue of The Strand magazine of London, England, an extrodinary tale was told about the final fate of Herbert Ingram, who had assisted Lord Charles Beresford in the 1884-1885 Soudan War.

Ingram had taken his own steam launch out to Egypt to volunteer for the Gorden Relief Expedition which was to travel up the Nile to assist British forces trapped in Khartoum. As a sort of souvenir of his Egyptian adventures, Ingram bought a mummy for £50 from the English Consul at Luxor, and had it shipped home from Cairo.


The Ingram Mummy, ca. 1888.
[ Larger version here ]

The mummy was that of a priest of Thetis, and a representitive from the British Museum was asked to decipher and translate the inscriptions on the mummy's case. The inscription set forth that whosoever disturbed the body of this priest should himself be deprived of decent burial: he would meet with a violent death, and his mangled remains would be "carried down by a rush of waters to the sea." The curse was found to be amusing, and soon forgotten.

Some time after sending the mummy home, Mr. Ingram and Sir Henry Meux were elephant-shooting in Somaliland, when one day the natives brought in a great chunk of dried earth, saying it was the spoor of the biggest elephant in the world. The temptation was too much for the two sportsmen, so they tracked the elephants. When they spotted the herd, Sir Henry realized he had left his elephant gun back at the camp Ingram gratiously offered his own gun for the knight to use, leaving himself with a comparatively impotent smallbore rifle. While Sir Henry followed the bull of the herd, Ingram focused on downing one of the cows. By galloping his horse by the elephant, he was able to shoot and run away, so as to hopefully take her down with a large number of small shots. but as he was watching the elephant and not his course, he was swept from his saddle by the drooping bough of a tree. The wounded elephant was on him almost the very moment he hit the ground, and Ingram was trampled to death despite his Somali servant shooting the elephant in the ear with his rifle.

For days the elephant would let no one approach the spot, but eventually Mr. Ingram's remains were reverently gathered up and buried for the time being in a ravine. However, the body was never seen again for, when an expedition was afterwards dispatched to the spot, only one sock and part of a human bone were found these pitiful relics were subsequently interred at Aden with military honors. It was discovered later that the floods caused by heavy rains had washed away Mr. Ingram's remains, thereby fulfilling the ancient prophecy — the awful threat of the priest of Thetis.

The author of the article then informed his readers that the mummy was now in the possession of Lady Valerie Meux, and that her husband, Sir Harry, had the tusks of the elephant that killed Ingram.

Right and Wrong

The Strand magazine appears to be the earliest printing of the account. and where everyone else got it from. The article is a twelve-page, illustrated interview with Lord Charles Beresford [ 1846-1919 ], and the brief account of Ingram's death and the circumstances around it fill a page and a half. The details were supplied to the author by both Lord Beresford and by Sir William Ingram [ 1847-1924 ], brother to the deceased man and Lord Beresford later repeated the story in 1914 when he published his memoirs. All of which is odd, by the way, because anyone who took a moment to research it would have found one big problem with the story as it exists.

Lieutenant Walter Herbert Ingram, son of the Herbert Ingram who founded the London Illustrated News and who was often also called 'Herbert' (blykbaar) did in fact find and bring home a mummy from Egypt. Later in life. soos in several years later. he was in fact trampled to death, on April 6, 1888, by an elephant which then stood near his body for several days, and his body was indeed buried in a shallow place and subsequently washed away. Ingram had given the mummy to Lady Meux in 1886. two years voor he was trampled to death. The supposed curse of the mummy was only mentioned in print daarna his spectacular death.

It is unlikely that a curse was ever presented to Ingram or anyone he knew before his death, because the representative from the British Museum would likely have been their resident Egyptologist at the time, Dr. E.A. Wallis Budge. Though Budge didn't print anything about any initial examination of the mummy, after Lady Meux received the mummy from Ingram, she allowed Dr. Budge to do a full inspection of it. Dr. Budge published a translation of all of the hieroglyphics on the case and mummy itself in 1893. three years before The Strand published the story of the mummy's curse. Budge's translation gave the mummy's name as Nes-Amsu, second prophet of the god Amsu, and showed that the mummy's case had many classic exortations to the gods of Egypt to recognize Nes-Amsu as a good man and to help him find a good place in the afterlife. but it doesn't contain any form of curse aimmed at those who touch his body.

So, in short, two years after Walter Ingram gave the mummy to Lady Meux, he was trampled to death while hunting with her husband and this was blamed on a curse that didn't exist on the case of the mummy Lady Meux possessed. I mean, regtig, after two years with the mummy, you'd have expected Sir Henry and Lady Meux to have been victims if there was a curse, right?

The Legend. What, AGAIN.

In early to mid 1911, newspapers worldwide carried the nuut 'true story' of the curse of the mummy of Nes-Amsu. Lady Meux had died on December 20, 1910, and, among other interesting clauses in her last will and testament, she bequeathed her extensive collection of Egyptian antiquities -- over 1,700 objects in all -- to the British Museum with the stipulation that they must take the whole collection, or none of it (it was to be sold off as separate pieces if they chose not to accept). Presumably, Dr. Budge was thrilled he still worked as the head of the Egyptian antiquities department at the museum. The newspapwers, however, asserted that "believers in the supernatural" were concerned about what would happen to the institution if it took the cursed mummy of Nes-Amsu into its collection.

The story of the mummy's curse was repeated in the newspapers, lest anyone doubt the danger. of course, it was a different story than the previous one, but few likely noticed.

In this new story, the mummy was first acquired by Walter Ingram, who bought it while serving in one of the Nile campaigns. due to a misunderstanding, Ingram had paid the dealer less than was expected, and in his wrath the dealer had heaped an ancient curse upon Ingram's head. After the mummy was brought to England, Ingram gave it to Lady Meux for her growing collection of Egyptian antiquities and when the hieroglyphics on the case were translated, they were found to contain the following curse: "If any person of any foreign country, whether he be black man, or Ethiopian, or Syrian, carry away this writing, or it be stolen by a thief, then whosoever does this, no offering shall be presented to their souls, they shall never enjoy a draught of cool water, they shall never more breathe the air, no son and no daughter shall arise from their seed, their name shall be remembered no longer upon earth, and most assuredly they shall never see the beams of the Disc. " i.e. the Sun God 1 .

Naturally, Ingram's death by elephant attack two years later was then implied to have been due to either the mummy's new curse, or the Egyptian dealer's uttered curse (take your pick!). In addition it was pointed out that when Sir Henry Meux died in 1900, it brought the Meux Baronetcy to an end for he and the Lady Meux had never had children, "another clause of the curse therefore being fulfilled." So, naturally, it was expected that the curse -- which for some reason steeds wasn't in Budge's translation of the heiroglyphics, and somehow let Lady Meux live for twenty-four years -- would be bad luck for the British Museum when they inheirited the mummy.

Nobody had to worry, however. for reasons never stated, the trustees of the British Museum decided to decline the bequest, and so Lady Meux's collection was put up for auction and sold piece by piece instead. Still the newspapers warned prospective buyers of the newly updated curse, only now it was claimed that the new translation was from a papyrus buried with the mummy, and not from the mummy itself or its case. It was also implied by at least one paper that Ingram may have given the mummy to Lady Meux in an attempt to pass the curse to someone else before it hit him. The warnings didn't prevent Nes-Amsu from being sold at auction to an unknown buyer, and the current whereabouts of the mummy are unknown. luckily, Budge made and published his study of the artifact before it vanished into a private collection 2 .

The legend got one more boost before it finally, quietly, was forgotten. On May 14, 1925, Henry Rider Haggard passed away at the age of 68. Haggard was the well-known author and creator of such memorable characters as the African adventurer Allan Quatermain and the enigmatic Ayesha, also known just as "She." About a year after his death, Haggard's memoirs -- Days of My Life -- was published in both book form, and serialized in The Strand Magazine of London. One of Haggard's best friends was none other than Dr. E.A. Wallis Budge of the British Museum, to whom Haggard had dedicated one of his earlier books, Môrester. Being that Haggard couldn't resist a good story, and that a good story had already attached itself to Budge, it was natural that Haggard would have to at least mention the mummy. After summing up the basic details of the events above, Haggard wrote that he had asked Budge if he believed in curses:

" He hesitated to answer. At length he said that in the East men believed that curses took effect, and that he had always avoided driving a native to curse him. A curse launched into the air was bound to have an effect if coupled with the name of God, either on the person cursed or on the curser. Budge mentioned the case of Palmer, who cursed an Arab of Sinai, and the natives turned the curse on him by throwing him and his companions down a precipice, and they were dashed to pieces. Budge added: 'I have cursed the fathers and female ancestors of many a man, but I have always feared to curse a man himself. 3 "


Herbert Ingram anniversary celebrations 'not priority'

Herbert Ingram is credited with bringing fresh water, gas and the railways to Boston and transforming the town into a large industrial centre.

Victorian Cemetery Trust Chairman Jonathon Brackenbury said more needs to be done to celebrate his achievements.

The council said its current priority was maintaining services.

The son of a butcher, Ingram went on to become Boston's MP in 1856.

"He was instrumental in Boston expanding enormously in the 1840s and 1850s from a sleepy market town into a large industrial centre and would have been as well known as Alan Sugar or Richard Branson if he was alive today," said Mr Brackenbury.

Ingram, who founded the London Illustrated News - the first newspaper to have pictures - "deserves to be honoured a little bit more as one of the most famous Bostonians", he added.

In a statement the council said: "While Boston Borough Council recognises the important place Herbert Ingram MP had in the history and development of Boston, the current climate - when the council's priority is maintaining essential services - does not allow for the council to fund a commemoration event."

Herbert Ingram's life and achievements, especially in relation to Boston borough, will be recorded on the council's website and in a special feature in the council's monthly electronic newspaper, the Boston Bulletin, on the anniversary date - 27 May.


The Illustrated London News

Ingram moved back to London, and after discussing the matter with his friend, Mark Lemon, the editor of Pons, he decided to start his own magazine – The Illustrated London News. The first edition appeared on 14 May 1842. Costing sixpence, the magazine had 16 pages and 32 woodcuts and targeted a broadly middle-class readership. It included pictures of the war in Afghanistan, a train crash in France, a steam boat explosion in Canada, and a fancy dress ball at Buckingham Palace. That pictorials were viewed as being as important as text for reporting was clear from the first issue, which stated that the aim was to bring within the public grasp ". the very form and presence of events as they transpire and whatever the broad and palpable delineations of wood engraving can achieve, will now be brought to bear upon every subject which attracts the attention of mankind".

Ingram was a staunch Liberal who favoured social reform. He announced in The Illustrated London News that the concern of the magazine would be "with the English poor" and the "three essential elements of discussion with us will be the poor laws, the factory laws, and the working of the mining system". Despite arguing the case for social reform, the paper claimed to be nonpartisan. Its first editorial had stated, "We commence our political discourse by a disavowal of the unconquerable aversion to the name of Party." However, this may have been no more than a desire to gain the widest possible readership, because as time progressed, the paper displayed its Whig inclination. It showed moderation and caution in its reportage and this extended to that of the Irish Famine, which was largely sympathetic, even if not quite able to denounce the inadequacy of government policy or the ideas of prevailing economic or political orthodoxy. It had none of the overt negative stereotyping found in the most acerbic Pons cartoons. Overall, it shoed an attitude that England had a responsibility towards the victims of what was largely interpreted as a natural disaster.

The magazine was an immediate success, and the first edition sold 26,000 copies. Within a few months, it was selling over 65,000 copies a week. High prices were charged for advertisements, and Ingram was soon making £12,000 a year from this publishing venture. Encouraged by the success of The Illustrated London News, Ingram decided in 1848 to start a daily newspaper, the London Telegraph. When Andrew Spottiswoode started a rival paper, the Pictorial Times, Ingram purchased it and merged it with the Geillustreerde London News. In 1855, Ingram took over another rival, the Illustrated Times.

Ingram employed leading artists of the day to illustrate social events, news stories, and towns and cities. The whole spectrum of Victorian Britain was recorded pictorially in The Illustrated London News for many decades special events were important to its success. The magazine did very well during the Great Exhibition of 1851 and the edition that reported the funeral of the Duke of Wellington in 1852 sold between 150,000 and 250,000 copies, according to various accounts. Illustrations came from all corners of the globe. By 1855, Ingram was using colour and had artists in Great Britain and continental Europe racing to the scene of stories to capture the drama in print. The Crimean War caused a further boost to sales. By 1863, after Ingram's death, The Illustrated London News was selling over 300,000 copies a week, far higher than other journals. For example, newspapers such as the Daaglikse nuus sold 6,000 copies at this time, and even the largest-selling newspaper, Die tye, only sold 70,000 copies.

The Illustrated London News is still published today. Alison Booth, current editor, said: "He was very inventive and far-sighted and his legacy of bringing pictures to journalism can still be seen on the front pages of newspapers and magazines all over the world. The Illustrated London News had many imitators, but none came close. His first edition featured a great fire in Hamburg, Germany, and drawings portrayed the horror for readers. The popularity of the paper soared and attracted the most talented artists."

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14/02/75 Statue of Herbert Ingram

Statue. 1862 by Alexander Munro, with an allegorical figure
cast by Elkington. Statue in stone, on pink granite plinth,
with niche to front with bronze female figure pouring
invisible water from a vase, possibly a reference to Ingram's
work in bringing a new water supply to Boston. Ingram, who
died in 1860, founded the Illustrated London News in 1842 and
was MP for Boston.


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The founder of one of the most successful newspapers in his time, a parliamentarian and reformer, Herbert Ingram is one of Boston’s most respected sons.

Herbert Ingram was born in Paddock Grove, Boston in 1811, the son of a butcher and was educated at Laughton’s Charity School and the public school in Wormgate.

On leaving school at the age of fourteen, he was apprenticed to Joseph Clark, the local printer. When he completed his apprenticeship he moved to London to work as a journeyman printer. In 1834 he started his own printing and newsagents business in Nottingham in partnership with his brother-in-law, Nathaniel Cooke. As a newsagent he noticed that when newspapers included woodcuts, sales increased. A business idea formed in his mind but he did not have sufficient funds to start the venture.

However, he eventually met a descendant of Thomas Parr who, it was claimed, had lived to the age of 152 and attributed his longevity to a vegetable pill of his own creation. Ingram bought the recipe to this pill and set about creating a story around the legend of Thomas Parr. The pills were marketed as Parr’s Life Pills and sold together with an explanatory leaflet entitled, ‘The Life and Times of Thomas Parr who lived to be 152.’

The pills were a huge success and provided the capital to launch the pictorial newspaper. Emboldened by this success, Ingram moved back to London and after a discussion with the editor of Punch, he decided to start his own magazine,

The Illustrated London News (ILN). The first edition appeared on 14th May 1842, priced at six old pence. The magazine had sixteen pages and thirty-two woodcuts and was aimed at a broadly middle class readership. It included images of the war in Afghanistan, a train crash in France, a speed-boat explosion in Canada and a fancy dress ball at Buckingham Palace. The pictures were regarded as being as important as the text and the magazine declared its intent to ‘bring to the public, the very form of events as they transpire.’

Ingram was a staunch liberal who favoured social reform and although the magazine claimed to be non-partisan, his reformist views were there for all to see. The magazine was an immediate success, the first edition selling 26,000 copies. Within a few months it was selling 65,000 copies a week. Rival papers started up but Ingram saw them off and bought them out. He employed leading artists of the day to illustrate the big news stories and social events from around the world.

The magazine did very well during the great exhibition of 1851 and the edition that reported the funeral of the Duke of Wellington in 1852 sold 250,000 copies. By 1855 Ingram was using colour and soon the ILN was selling over 300,000 copies a week, when The Times sold only around 70,000.

In 1856 Ingram became the Liberal candidate in a by-election in Boston and with the help of Punch and the ILN won an overwhelming victory. In Parliament, he was instrumental in bringing the railways to Boston and forged new links to the rest of the country. He also played a major part in supplying fresh piped water to the town, a move which was met with rejoicing and brass bands when the taps were turned on for the first time.

In 1860 Ingram went to the USA with his eldest son. On 8th September they were aboard the Lady Elgin on Lake Michigan when the ship collided with another vessel and sank. Herbert Ingram, his son and hundreds of other passengers were drowned. Ingram’s body was brought back to Boston where it was buried in the cemetery on Horncastle Road. Today, there is a statue of Ingram in the Market Place in front of Boston Stump.


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