Viëtnam webwerf

Viëtnam webwerf

Met hierdie gedeelte van die webwerf kan u onderhoude voer met mense wat by die Viëtnam -oorlog betrokke was. Lees die biografieë deur en vind mense met wie u 'n onderhoud vir u projek wil voer. Stuur u vrae deur die e -posfasiliteit aan die einde van elke biografie te gebruik.

Onderhoude

Sersant Paul Mahar: Ek is gebore op die 24ste Junie 1947 in Genève, York. Ek is 'n oorgeplante stadskind. Ek is grootgemaak in New York en New Jersey. Ek woon nou in die noorde van Idaho en woon sedert 1979.

Ek het in my meer as dertig jaar se werk baie verskillende beroepe gehad. Ek het gewerk met plastiese spuitgietmasjiene en houtbewerkingsmasjiene. Ek was ook baie jare gelede 'n voorskoolse onderwyser, wat ek baie geniet het.

Ek het van November 1966 tot Desember 1967 in Viëtnam gedien by Alpha en Delta Company van die tweede bataljon sewe en twintigste infanterie (Wolfhounds) van die 25ste afdeling. Ek was gestasioneer in Cu Chi, ongeveer twintig kilometer noord van Saigon of wat nou bekend staan ​​as Ho Chi Minh -stad.

Ek het verskyn in People Magazine (21 Maart 1994) en ondervra deur Tom Brokaw vir 'Now With Tom Brokaw' in Augustus van dieselfde jaar. Ek het '15 minute roem' behaal omdat ek in Vietnam in die plek van 'n ander man gedien het sonder die voordeel van militêre opleiding. (U kan die People Magazine -artikel in die Pathfinder -afdeling van People Magazine op die internet vind.) Ek was 'n gevegs veteraan vir my hele diens in Viëtnam. Ek het meer as twintig tonnels binnegegaan, gelukkig genoeg dat ek nog nooit lewendig 'n ander hoender ontmoet het nie, wat my saggies amper doodgeskrik het.

Ek het goeie vriende in Vietnam verloor, van wie ek vandag nog baie dink, ek beskou die Viëtnam -oorlog as 'n edele saak wat om baie redes misluk het - een is die politieke klimaat - baie mense het gedink dat die VSA geen sake in Vietnam het nie en sodoende die wil om doelwitte te bereik wat nooit volledig gedefinieer is nie, ontken. Dit was moeilik vir Amerikaners tuis om 'n saak te ondersteun toe seuns en dogters "gestrem" by die huis kom sonder om te verstaan ​​waarom ons in die eerste plek daar was. Die Verenigde State was gedurende die laat sestigerjare en vroeë sewentigerjare baie onstuimig. Ek het die rang van sersant (E-5) in Vietnam bereik en is trots op my diens. E -pos [email protected]

Majoor Nick Romaine: Ek is gebore in Los Angeles, Kalifornië in 1940. Ek het op 19 -jarige ouderdom by die Amerikaanse weermag aangesluit. Nadat ek die opleiding voltooi het, was ek aangestel as Tweede Luitenant in die Infanterie en is ek in die 4de Infanteriedivisie in Fort Lewis, Washington, aangewys. Ek het talle pligte as infanteriebeampte uitgevoer. Toe ek 'n senior luitenant was, het ek bevel gekry oor 'n infanteriekompanie. Toe ons die Verenigde State in 1966 aan boord van 'n skip verlaat, het ons 185 soldate aan my Kompanie toegewys. Teen die einde van ons jaar was daar 33 van my mans wat in Viëtnam dood is, en almal behalwe een is minstens een keer gewond. Alle kompanie -bevelvoerders is gereeld geroteer, sodat almal 'n kans sou kry om 'n bevelvoerder te wees. Toe ek my kompanie verlaat, kon ek voortgaan om saam met my bataljon te dien, waar my primêre pligte was om lugaanvalle van hoëprestasie-vegvliegtuie en bombardemente van B-52-bomwerpers en talle ander soorte vliegtuie te koördineer en aan te vra. Die meeste soldate wat in my geselskap was, is opgestel. Aangesien ons saam opgelei en saam ontplooi het, het ons 'n baie goeie eenheid gehad. Ons het mekaar goed geken, wat 'n pluspunt was toe ons in die stryd beland het. Die slegte hiervan was dat ons een van ons dood is toe een van ons dood is. Dit was asof 'n stukkie van ons hart verskeur is. Diegene van ons wat teruggekeer het, ly aan 'n toestand genaamd PTSD (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder). Die meeste van ons het op verskillende tye na die Verenigde State teruggekeer omdat ons gewond was en toe ons uit die hospitaal ontslaan en uit die weermag ontslaan is, het ons na die vier winde gestrooi. Ons het sedertdien probeer om mekaar op te spoor en ons het nou 72 in kontak met mekaar. Ons Eerste Sersant, terloops, is bekroon met die Erepenning. Ons nasies se hoogste toekenning vir dapperheid.

Ek het in 1967 na die Verenigde State teruggekeer en onderrig in die infanterie aan die Army Intelligence School gegee. In 1970 keer ek terug na Viëtnam, waar ek as senior bataljonadviseur van 'n Viëtnamese veldwagterbataljon aangewys is (Army Rangers is soortgelyk aan kommando's). Ek en my sersant was die enigste Amerikaners in hierdie eenheid. My sersant is tydens een operasie dood en dit was ongeveer ses weke voordat 'n plaasvervanger na my gestuur is. Ek het die heeltyd nie 'n ander Amerikaner gesien nie, alhoewel ek wel met hulle op die radio gepraat het. Ons was gereeld in kontak met die vyand en dit was 'n baie stresvolle jaar. Ek kon fisies oorleef en het huis toe gekom en na veertien jaar diens uit die weermag gekom. Ek het nog nege jaar in die reserwes voltooi en is nou afgetree. Stuur 'n e -pos na [email protected]_aol.com

Onderoffisier Joseph T. Miller: Ek is gebore in Chicago, Illinois, op 22 Desember 1942. Hy is grootgemaak in 'n werkersgesin en het Katoliek grootgemaak. Toe hy in 1960 aan die hoërskool studeer, het Joe 'n rukkie in 'n pakhuis gewerk totdat hy besluit het om in April 1961 by die Amerikaanse vloot aan te meld, nie lank na sy agtiende verjaardag nie.

Tydens basiese opleiding by die Great Lakes Naval Training Center van April tot Junie 1961, is Joe gekies om in die intelligensieveld te werk. Hy is uiteindelik gestuur om Chinees-Mandaryns te leer in Monterey, Kalifornië, 'n studie wat hy in Mei 1963 voltooi het. Teen hierdie tyd het Joe gevorder na E-4, 'n onderoffisier derde klas. Joe is na die Naval Security Group Detachment net buite Taipei, Taiwan, geplaas, waar hy verkeersanalise vir die National Security Agency opgedra is.

Terwyl hy op Taiwan was, het Joe ontmoet en verlief geraak op 'n Taiwanese vrou. Dit was nie aanvaarbaar vir iemand wat 'n 'Top Secret Crypto' sekuriteitsklaring gehad het nie, en daarom is Joe as 'n 'veiligheidsrisiko' van die intelligensiewerk verwyder en aan boord van die vliegdekskip USS Ticonderoga gestuur in Junie 1964. Terwyl hy aan boord van die Ticonderoga geplaas is , het die "insidente" in die Golf van Tonkin plaasgevind (31 Julie-5 Augustus 1964).

Aangesien Joe 'n paar van die intelligensiewerkers ken wat tydelik by die USS Maddox ingedeel was as deel van hierdie spioenasie -operasie teen Noord -Viëtnam, was hy ontsteld toe die president die Amerikaanse volk die leuen vertel dat die Maddox op 'n "roetine -patrollie" was. internasionale waters. " Dit het Joe se beurt teen die Amerikaanse oorlog in Viëtnam begin.

Joe se houding teenoor oorlog het toegeneem gedurende sy oorblywende vier jaar in die Amerikaanse vloot, sodat hy teen die tyd dat hy in Februarie 1968 ontslaan is (as E-5, onderoffisier tweede klas), besluit het om aktief betrokke te raak by die protesbeweging teen die oorlog. Joe het in 1970 by Vietnam Veterans Against the War (VVAW) aangesluit, en was voorheen deel van ander organisasies teen oorlog. Joe bly steeds lid van VVAW, en hy dien tans as een van die vier nasionale koördineerders van die organisasie.

Miller het 'n BA in Politieke Wetenskap, 'n MA in Asiatiese Studies en 'n PhD in Politieke Wetenskap, alles behaal nadat hy die diens verlaat het. Hy dien tans as die voorgraadse akademiese adviseur vir alle hoofvakke in die politieke wetenskap aan die Universiteit van Illinois, en hy gee kursusse in politieke teorie, internasionale betrekkinge, Amerikaanse regering en 'n kursus oor die politiek van die Viëtnam -oorlog. Stuur 'n e -pos aan [email protected]

T/Sers. Dan Decker: Ek het in Oktober 1966 by die Lugmag aangesluit, basies by Lackland AFB, TX, tegniese skool as spesialis in traagheidsnavigasiestelsels by Keesler AFB, mej. My eerste operasionele plig was by Seymour Johnson AFB, NC, met die 4de Tactical Fighter Wing -werk op F-4D-vegvliegtuie. In Januarie 1968 is ons TDY gestuur na Kunsan AB, Korea, in reaksie op die vang van die USS Pueblo. Na ses maande van vervelige gate in die Koreaanse lug en die Amerikaanse sabel ratel, keer die 4de terug huis toe, onthef deur 'n National Guard-uitrusting van Florida-vlieënde F-100-vliegtuie.

In Januarie 1970 is ek na Udorn RTAFB, Thailand, met die 432ste taktiese verkenningsvleuel oorgeplaas. Die 432ste vlieg RF-4C's van die 11de en 14de Tactical Reconnaissance Squadrons, F-4Ds van die 13de en 555th Tactical Fighter Squadrons en C-130Es van die 7de Airborne Command and Control Squadron. Die basisse in Thailand is jare lank deur die regering op versoek van die Thaise regering geheim gehou en omdat ons volgens verdrag nie veronderstel was om daar te wees nie, maar dit is uiteindelik erken in die oorlog. My bevele het gesê ek gaan na Top Secret; Ek het geen idee gehad waar dit was nie. Ons regering het nooit erken dat die basisse in Laos en Kambodja bestaan ​​nie, maar dit was daar, en dit het aansienlik bygedra om die aantal name op die muur op slegs 58,000 te hou.

'N Verbasende kenmerk van veterane in die Viëtnam-oorlog wat nie in die land gedien het nie, is 'n gevoel van skuld en ontoereikendheid. Ek is lid van die Thailand-Laos-Kambodja-broederskap, 'n organisasie van veterane in Viëtnam. Saam het ons besef hoe belangrik ons ​​diens in Thailand en die ander lande in Indochina is. Ons missies teen die Ho Chi Minh -roete het duisende Amerikaanse lewens in Suid -Viëtnam gered. Die poging om ons krygsgevangenes by Son Tay te repatrieer, is van my basis af geloods terwyl ek daar was. Deur 'n wonderwerk het die vlieglyn selfs besiger geword as normaalweg en nog meer vliegtuie gehou tydens die aanval. Ek het destyds in Maintenance Debriefing gewerk en kon met al die vlieëniers praat toe hulle terugkom.

Ek het in die lugmag gebly na Viëtnam totdat ek uiteindelik afgetree het in 1986. Ek het op 'n groot aantal vliegtuie gewerk, waaronder F (RF) -4C/D/E, C-130's, KC-135A/R, B-52G/ H, B-1B, A-10A, CH (HH) -53C/E, en ander. Dit was 'n opwindende en baie lonende loopbaan. Na my aftrede as T/Sgt, is ek terug na die kollege en studeer in 1989 met 'n BA in saamgestelde sosiale studies en 'n MA in geskiedenis in 1996. Ek het 15 jaar hoërskool sosiale studies in Texas geleer, as pensioenaris afgetree. skoolonderwyser, en nou gee ek universiteitsklasse in die Amerikaanse regering en die Texas -regering aan die Austin Community College in Fredericksburg, Texas. Stuur 'n e -pos aan [email protected]

Sersant Robert Wheatley: Ek is gebore in Indianapolis, Indiana, op 12 Maart 1946. Ek was een van diegene wat 'n 'Baby Boomer' genoem word. My pa, soos baie ander jong mans van sy ouderdom, het in die Tweede Wêreldoorlog gaan veg. Ek is gebore in die jare na sy terugkeer nadat die oorlog gewen is - saam met die miljoene ander wat in die naoorlogse baby -boom gebore is. Pa was saam met die 8ste lugmag in Engeland gestasioneer as 'n masjienskutter op 'n B-24-bomwerper. Ek het altyd baie trots gevoel dat hy in die oorlog gedien het, en ek het altyd geweet wanneer en as my tyd kom, ek in sy voetspore sal volg. Ek was nie 'Gung Ho' daaroor nie. Eintlik het ek gehoop dat die tyd nooit sou aanbreek nie. Maar dit was so, dit was my plig as 'n man en as 'n Amerikaner om die taak aan te pak.

Net toe ek in 1964 die hoërskool voltooi het, het my tyd inderdaad aangebreek. Ek het in Mei daardie jaar gegradueer en werk gekry by 'n kitskosplek. Ek het net tyd gemerk, totdat ek besluit het waarheen ek met my lewe wil gaan. Ek het aansoek gedoen en is aanvaar vir die Butler -universiteit in Indianapolis, maar ek was nie gereed om dadelik na die universiteit te gaan nie, sonder om te weet watter veld ek wou betree. Omtrent daardie tyd het die opbou van troepe in Viëtnam vinnig begin toeneem. Amerika verbind hom tot iets wat baie groter is as net 'n adviesrol in Viëtnam - ons het daartoe verbind om gevegstroepe in te stuur - met honderde duisende. Ek het verskeie keuses gehad wat ek kon maak. Ek kan voortgaan om by die universiteit in te skryf en deur 'n uitstel van die universiteit beskerm te word. Ek kon wag en niks doen nie. Of ek kan inskryf. Eintlik was daar 'n ander opsie - om die land te verlaat. Ek het berigte gehoor van sommige wat in Kanada vertrek het om die ontwerp te ontduik. Maar dit was nie 'n voorgereg vir my nie. Ek sou dit nie eers begin oorweeg nie. Ek was 'n Amerikaner, deur God! En ek sou my verpligting nakom, net soos my pa in sy eie tyd gehad het.

Ek kon sien dat as ek niks doen nie, die keuse vir my gemaak sou word. Ek sal waarskynlik opgestel word, waarskynlik om in die infanterie te beland. Omdat my pa in die Army Air Corps was, het ek die keuse gemaak om by die Air Force aan te meld. Die inskrywing van die lugmag was langer as die konsep - vier jaar, vergeleke met twee jaar vir die konsep. Selfs daarby het ek gedink ek het 'n beter kans om die oorlog in die lugmag te oorleef. En buitendien kon ek daar 'n vak of vaardigheid aanleer wat ek moontlik in die burgerlike lewe goed sou kon gebruik nadat my werwing opgestaan ​​het. Ek het op die stippellyn geteken en is op 29 November 1964 saam met 'n vriend van die hoërskool opgeneem.

Ons het saam basiese opleiding ondergaan by die Lackland Air Force -basis, buite San Antonio, Texas. Nadat die ses weke basies klaar was, het ek en my vriend geskei, om nooit weer te ontmoet nie, totdat ons albei ons aanmeldings vir 4 jaar voltooi het. Hy is gekies vir die vliegtuigmeganiese skool. Maar omdat ek die goeie taaltoets behaal het toe ons deur die basiese toets gegaan het en omdat die lugmag destyds baie tolke nodig gehad het, is ek gekies vir opleiding in Chinese Mandaryns. Waarom Chinees? Die Chinese en die Sowjet -kommuniste het groot hoeveelhede militêre wapens aan die Noord -Viëtnamese voorsien, en mense was nodig om na die Chinese radiokommunikasie te luister en dit vir intelligensie te vertaal. Die werk vereis Top Secret Security goedkeuring. In 1965 het ek die Defense Language Institute in die Presidio van Monterey in Monterey, Kalifornië, bygewoon. Dit was tien maande van die intensiefste opvoeding wat denkbaar was. Ons is onderrig deur inheemse Chinese instrukteurs, en ons moes slegs Chinees praat gedurende die skooltyd, behalwe waar dit nodig was om met nie -Chinese sprekers te kommunikeer. Teen die tyd dat ons vertrek het, was ons vlot in Mandaryns en het ons kennis van 8 ander Chinese dialekte gehad.

Na die taalskool het ek 'n toer van een jaar op Okinawa deurgebring by 'n klein radio -luisterpos op 'n plek met die naam Onna Point. Ek was gelukkig om nie 'n opdrag in Suidoos -Asië te hê nie! Daardie jaar op Okinawa was 'n betreklik veilige jaar, alhoewel ek so lank op 'n klein eiland in die middel van die uitgestrektheid van die Oos -Chinese See was, het ek die state baie laat verlang en waardeer. Nadat 12 maande van die toer van 13 maande verby was, het ek bevele ontvang om my verblyf daar te beperk vir herbetaling na afdeling 4 van die 6922 sekuriteitsvleuel. Die laaste jaar van my inskrywing sou tog in Suidoos -Asië wees. Afdeling 4 was êrens in die land Thailand, naby die grens met Laos. Met die opdrag het promosie na sersant en die pligte van 'n onderoffisier gekom. Ek sou 'n skof toesighouer wees met die verantwoordelikheid vir ongeveer 15 mans in die afdeling Chinese stemondervang. En ek sou die jaar deurbring om te luister na Chinese militêre lugvervoer, met voorraad van Beijing, die Chinese kommunistiese hoofstad, na Hanoi, die hoofstad van Noord -Viëtnam.

Die meeste van die Amerikaanse bedrywighede in Thailand is om verskeie redes geheim gehou. En baie mense, selfs Vietnam -veterane, was nie bewus van wat daar aangaan nie. Min mense in die Verenigde State was bewus daarvan dat ons selfs basisse in Thailand het, nog minder in Laos of Kambodja. As gevolg hiervan word sommige veeartse wat in Thailand gedien het, as valse oorlogsveterane beskou. Maar die operasies uit Thailand, Laos en Kambodja het gehelp om die lewens van ontelbare duisende van ons troepe in Viëtnam te red. Baie duisende bombarderings- en gevegsondersteuningsmissies is uit Thailand gevlieg, en dit het 'n groot rol gespeel in die oorlog. Sonder hulle sou daar ongetwyfeld nog baie name op die Vietnam War Memorial in Washington, DC, verskyn.

Alhoewel Thailand relatief veilig was, in vergelyking met Viëtnam, was daar selfs voorvalle van guerrilla -hinderlaag op die platteland en aanvalle op ons lugbasisse. Die Udorn -lugbasis, net langs ons, is in Julie daardie jaar deur sappers getref. Twee Thaise omtrekwagte is dood in die aanval, en minstens twee Amerikaners is gewond, een van hulle noodlottig, deur 'n tas wat deur een van die sappers ontplof is. Onder die stropers wat doodgemaak is, was 'n Noord -Viëtnamese weermagoffisier, 'n kaptein. En een NVA -troep is lewendig gevang. Dit was duidelik dat die Noord -Viëtnamese die kommunistiese opstandelinge in Thailand, Laos en Kambodja, sowel as die Viet Cong in Suid -Viëtnam regstreeks gehelp het.

Ek het tien maande in Thailand deurgebring toe ek bestellings ontvang het wat my toer daarheen beperk het. Ek sou huis toe gaan en ses weke te vroeg terugkeer na die burgerlike lewe! Vreemd genoeg was ek verskeur toe dit tyd was om te gaan. Ek het Thailand en sy mense liefgehad, en ek was mal daaroor om te vertrek, net soos ek wou huis toe gaan toe ek die eerste keer aankom. Dit was 'n verskynsel wat baie veeartsenykundige veeartse ondervind het, en dit was heeltemal onverwags. Dit het die terugkeer van die huis net so moeilik gemaak as om die huis te verlaat.

Ek was nog altyd trots op my diens, ondanks die ongewildheid van die oorlog en die gevolg daarvan. Ek beskou dit as 'n voorreg om te dien. Ek glo nog steeds dat ons 'n edele doel gehad het om daar te wees - om die mense van Suidoos -Asië te red van 'n aanval van kommunisme. Dit is net erg wanbestuur. Wat ook al iemand sê oor Amerika se betrokkenheid daar, die manier waarop die oorlog bestuur is, of die tragiese uitkoms van die oorlog, dit verminder nie die edele doel vir my nie. Stuur 'n e -pos aan [email protected]

Sersant Keith Rohring: Ek het van Januarie 1964 tot November 1967 by die Amerikaanse Lugmag gedien - toe ek 60 dae te vroeg ontslaan is om in Januarie 1968 terug te gaan na die universiteit. ontslag uit die USAF. Ek woon tans sedert 1997 in Albuquerque, New Mexico.

Ek het bedien op 'n plek hard aan die Mekongrivier met die naam Nakhon Phanom (ook bekend as NKP, AKA Naked Fanny) 450 myl noord en oos van Bangkok. Die basis was 'n wegspringplek vir klandestiene bedrywighede in Laos en Kambodja - ek is geensins goed vertroud met die onderwerpe nie.

Die NKP-basis was ook 'n 'radiobaken' vir B-52-vlugte van en na U-Tapao in Thailand en Anderson AFB op Guam in die Stille Oseaan. Dit het triangulasie verskaf met "Krieket", 'n lug C -111 of C -121 wat effens suid en oos van NKP rondgevlieg het - die meeste vliegtuie (20 plus jare voor GPS - mense) - kon uitvind waar hulle was deur ou lang verlore manuele berekeningsmetodes.

NKP het ook 'n aanvulling van soek -en -reddingseenhede gehad - toe ek daar was, was die helikopters baie minder georganiseerd en gewoonlik "geleen" van georganiseerde eenhede by ander Amerikaanse basisse. Nabyheid aan die Ho Chi Minh-roete het beteken dat NKP die beste basis was om propelleraangedrewe (stadig bewegende) aanvalsvliegtuie op te stel-soos A-26's en A-1E's. Dit was ook die gerieflikste plek om ligte Cessna-tipe vliegtuie, FAC's (Forward Air Controllers), te vlieg in eenhede soos die OV-1 en OV-2 Bird Dogs, en later die OV-10's-tweelingmotor, veel groter en slegte weer vliegbare vliegtuie.

My taak was om verskillende rekeningkundige, betaalstaat- en finansieringsaktiwiteite uit te voer. Dit sluit in die opruiming van grond vir behuising op die basis, aangesien die bevolking ontplof het gedurende die maande wat ek daar was. Ek het ook baie geld na Bangkok gehaal om Thaise baht op te haal om Thaise werkers te betaal, en Amerikaanse dollars om Amerikaners te betaal - militêr en "ander". Ons het NIE MPC (Militêre Betaalsertifikate) gebruik soos in die meeste ander lande gebruik nie - insluitend Suid -Viëtnam. Ek het petroleum-, olie- en smeermiddelvoorraad uitgevoer totdat ek iemand anders opgelei het om dit te doen. Ek het honderde en honderde hektaar grond skoongemaak - deur Thaise arbeiders te gebruik om die werk te doen. Ek het hulle drie sent per uur vir 'n arbeider betaal, vyf sent vir 'n spanleier (20 mense) en tien sent per uur vir die "no -show" neefs van die provinsiehoof.

Ek sal bereid wees om al hierdie aktiwiteite te bespreek, sowel as 'n aantal 'voorvalle' wat verband hou met vliegtuigongelukke wat byna onverpoos is - wat my nog steeds spook. Daar was ook 'n Live Tiger Incident! Daar was 122 mm -vuurpyle wat die aanloopbaan by DaNang opblaas terwyl ons besig was om te ry na Saigon. Daar was die Nui Ba Den (Black Virgin Mountain) vuurvuurvoorvalle. Vliegtuie met gebarste romp; vlieg deur boomtoppe in 'n C-130. En meer, baie meer.

My broer Kevin M Rohring, 19 jaar oud, privaat, USMC, met 2de span, Charlie Company, 3de peloton, 1ste bataljon, 5de regiment, 1st Marine Division, was KIA in Viëtnam op 27 Maart 1967 - hy het "in die land" aangekom terwyl ek verlaat Suidoos -Asië in November 1966. Ek het teruggekeer vanaf my permanente diensstasie in Tokio, Japan, na Buffalo, NY, om my jonger broer te begrawe, en daarna teruggekeer na Japan om die laaste 9 maande van my 4 -jarige USAF -werwing te voltooi. Kevin se naam is op paneel 17 Oos by "The Wall" - ook bekend as die Vietnam Veteran's Memorial in Washington DC. Ek het met 'n paar van Kevin se USMC -maats gepraat en kontak onderhou.

Ek het 'n filosofie oor die Viëtnam -oorlog. Dit het oor dekades verander. Ek ly PTSD in 'n groot mate - wat blyk dat dit lelik is as woede en woede, 'n nie -gewelddadige vertoning van verbale woede as 'n simptoom. Ek probeer om uit die woede te werk - maar het net begin. Stuur 'n e -pos aan [email protected]

Luitenant D. Shackman: Ek is gebore in Augustus 1944 in 'n klein boeregemeenskap in die suidooste van Kansas. My vormingsjare was om op plase en in plaaslike sake te werk. My fantasie vanaf 6 -jarige ouderdom was om 'n soldaat te wees. Ek beny die seuns wie se vaders teruggeroep is na diens in Korea of ​​veterane van die Tweede Wêreldoorlog was. Toe ek die hoërskool voltooi het, het ek op 17 -jarige ouderdom die diens aangeneem. 'N Deel van die rede was my begeerte om 'n soldaat te wees, en 'n deel was om te ontsnap van die verveling van 'n klein boerderydorpie. Ek is aanvanklik opgelei as 'n lichte infanterist. Ek het die lewe gehaat. Dit was blink stewels en geklee in swaar gestyfde uniforms net om hulle vuil en nat te maak om rond te hardloop en formasies te oefen. Toe die geleentheid opduik om uit hierdie lewe te kom, het ek daaraan gespring. Ek het nog nooit van Vietnam gehoor nie, maar daar was openinge vir my MOS (Military Occupational Specialty). Vrywilligers is gesoek en ek is weg. Ek het die eerste 8 maande gewerk met wat ons Ruff Puffs genoem het, van die Regional Force/Popular Force -eenhede. Dit was deeltydse soldate wat opgelei is om hul huise en gemeenskappe te beskerm. Ek glo die ekwivalent in Engeland is die Home Guard. Ek was ontsteld oor die opdrag omdat die soldate nie wou baklei nie. Ek het geen ander keuse gehad as om te bly nie, die Verenigde State het op die oomblik nie groot soldate in Vietnam gehad nie. Ek is gewond en het die res van my diens in die hospitaal deurgebring.

Ek het universiteit toe gegaan en binne 3 jaar gegradueer. Ek het ook 'n kommissie ontvang en as tweede luitenant weer in die weermag aangegaan. In plaas daarvan om infanterie te wees, was ek nou veldartillerie. Ek is terug gestuur na Vietnam met die 1st Air Cavalry Division in 1969. Na die voltooiing van hierdie toer is ek opgelei in ballistiese missiele en is ek na Duitsland waar ek drie jaar lank diens gedoen het. In 1973 het die weermag 'n RIF (Reduction in Force) gehad. Aangesien ek een van die te veel kapteins was, is ek vrygelaat van aktiewe diens. Van 1974 tot 1992 werk ek as fotograaf by 'n groot korporasie op die gebied van lugvaart. Ek was weereens vasgevang toe daar vrede oor die hele wêreld ontstaan ​​het. Sedert 1993 is ek betrokke by motorverkope. Ek het by die reservaatkomponente gebly en in 1992 uit die weermag getree. Ek is trots op my diens in Vietnam. Ek het my werk gedoen soos ek dit gesien het, ek het pyn en lyding aan beide kante gesien. Ek het niks gedoen gedurende die tyd wat ek daar deurgebring het nie, waaroor ek my skaam. Stuur 'n e -pos aan [email protected]

Navy Corpsman: Michael Lerp: Ek is gebore in Baltimore Maryland. In 1966 het ek by die Amerikaanse vloot aangesluit. Nadat ek 'bootcamp' voltooi het, het ek die USN Naval Hospital Corps School in Great Lakes IL bygewoon. In Julie 1969 nadat ek by 'n aantal diensstasies gedien het, is ek na die Field Medical Service School in Camp Pendleton, Kalifornië, gestuur. Dit is waar Navy Corpsman geleer het oor Marine Corp se taktiek en gevorderde noodhulp op die veld. Die United States Marine Corp het nie sy eie dokters, verpleegkundiges, tandheelkundige tegnici, geestelikes of korpsman nie. As deel van die vloot het die mariniers vlootpersoneel ingespan om hierdie opdragte deur die geskiedenis te voltooi.

Na die voltooiing van hierdie skool van agt weke is ek by die 2de peloton van die Golf Company 2de Bataljon 26ste Marines aangewys. Toe ek 21 was, was ek een van die oudste lede van my peloton. My peletonmaats was gemiddeld 18 jaar oud, en dit was aanvanklik vir my ietwat kommerwekkend omdat ek van hierdie jongmense moes staatmaak om my deur 'n diens te lei. My peloton was gemiddeld tussen 50 en 60 mariniers, en saam met 'n ander korpsman was my taak om na die gewondes om te sien, om na die siekes om te sien en sanitêre prosedures toe te pas. Ek het saam met die mariniers gaan patrolleer, geslaap waar hulle geslaap het, geëet wat hulle geëet het en in die algemeen geleef onder omstandighede wat heeltemal teenoor die van ander personeel van die vloot was.

Die gewondes: Dit was my plig om eerstehulp te verleen aan die mariniers wat deur vyandelike optrede of ongelukke beseer is. Verder was dit my plig om die erns van hul beserings vas te stel en te besluit of hulle na 'n hospitaal gestuur is vir behandeling. Ek het 'n 'Unit One' saamgeneem, wat die verpakking bevat wat medisyne, verbande, binneaarse oplossings en ander toerusting bevat. Hierdie pak geweeg ongeveer twintig pond. By baie geleenthede het ek noodhulp onder vuur gedoen. Die moeilikste vir my was om te bepaal wie eerste behandel sou word en wie laas behandel sou word as meer as een marinier gewond was. Ons duimreël was om eers mense te behandel wat lewensgevaarlike wonde gehad het, maar 'n kans op oorlewing gehad het nadat hulle behandel is. Diegene wat geringe beserings opgedoen het, is behandel en laastens om diegene wat min kans het om te lewe, te behandel. Dit was die moeilikste deel van my werk.

Die siekes: Ons het meer mense gehad wat siek as gewond was. Malaria, koors, infeksies en so meer was algemeen. My taak was om vas te stel wie onder die siekes deur 'n mediese dokter gesien sou word. Alhoewel ek nie saamgestem het met die redenasie van die betrokkenheid van die Amerikaanse regering in Vietnam I voordat ek na Vietnam gegaan het nie, het ek daarheen gegaan om die siekes en gewondes te versorg. Navy Corpsman was amptelik nie-vegters, maar nadat ek ervaring opgedoen het, het ek op 'n hinderlaag gestaan ​​en kyk hoe ek die M-60-masjiengeweer en die M79-granaatlanseerder afvuur. Alhoewel ek 'n 45 kal. pistool, het ek 'n M16 -geweer gedra. Ek het alles in my vermoë gedoen om seker te maak dat "My Marines" hul toer bereik. In ruil daarvoor het die mariniers alles in hul vermoë gedoen om my te beskerm en my lewe makliker te maak.

In 1970 is ek gewond en na die 1st Medical Marine Hospital in DaNang gestuur en daarna na die Verenigde State geneem vir verdere behandeling. Baie van die mariniers waarmee ek gedien het, is doodgemaak, en om hierdie jongmense die dood te sien kom, is 'n las wat ek die res van my lewe sal dra. Tot vandag toe vertel vriende my dat ek 'n bietjie van my in Vietnam agtergelaat het. Hiermee stem ek in, om goeie vriende te verloor, is om 'n deel van jou self te verloor. Stuur 'n e -pos aan [email protected]

Korporaal Mike Toliver: Ek is gebore op 1 Oktober 1949 in Albuquerque, New Mexico, VSA. Omdat ek gebore en grootgeword het in 'n gebied van min mense en baie wilde ruimtes, het ek vroeg begin belangstel in die natuur, wat manifesteer in 'n belangstelling in skoenlappers wat ek tot vandag toe het. Ek was 'n redelik gewone student wat grootgeword het, en het eintlik die hoërskool gehaat. Toe ek in 1967 aan die hoërskool studeer, wou ek nie universiteit toe gaan nie, en dit was wat my ouers wou hê ek moes doen. Ek het eerder 'n vae begeerte gehad om by die weermag aan te sluit en 'my deel te doen'.

Toe ek 18 word, in Oktober 1967, besluit ek dat ek by die U.S. Marine Corps sal aansluit, deels omdat ek voel ek het iets om te "bewys". Dus, in Desember 1967, het ek aangesluit. Op 5 Januarie 1968 het ek 'n bootkamp in San Diego, Kalifornië, aangemeld. Na basiese opleiding, infanterie -opleiding en opleiding as radio -operateur (my militêre spesialiteit), is ek op 25 Junie 1968 na Vietnam gestuur. Daar het ek by die 3de Bataljon, 1st Marine Regiment, 1st Marine Division aangesluit. Ons werk rondom Da Nang in die noorde van Suid -Viëtnam. Die gebied waarin ons was, was meestal 'n sanderige kusvlakte, met rysvelde en klein dorpies wat die landskap besigtig. Ons het meestal die gebied gepatrolleer op soek na die vyand. Ons grootste gevaar was booby -lokvalle, veral handgranate met die versekering verwyder (sodat hulle onmiddellik sou ontplof), vasgemaak aan dun, byna onsigbare draaddrade. Ons het ook af en toe oor die landmyn in die pad gehardloop, en af ​​en toe artillerie -rondtes en vliegtuigbomme wat gerig is om te ontplof as iemand op hulle trap of 'n tripdraad struikel. Af en toe sou ons kontak met die vyand maak, en 'n brandstryd sou ontstaan. My aandeel hieraan was oor die algemeen beskikbaar vir die bevelvoerders sodat hulle met verskillende dele van hul bevel kon kommunikeer. Net af en toe het ek eintlik by die skietery betrokke geraak.

Ek het my 13 maande gedien (marines het 13 maande toere gehad, alle ander dienste het slegs 12 maande toere gehad) sonder om myself te beskadig, en slegs af en toe vir iemand wat ek geken het. Ek het kortliks oorweeg om uit te brei om my werwing in Vietnam te voltooi, want ek wou nie 'n klomp Mickey Mouse in die Verenigde State verdra nie. Ek besluit egter dat dit waarskynlik beter was om 'n bietjie spoeg en poetsmiddel vir 6 maande te verduur as om die risiko te loop om vir 4 maande op te blaas. Ek verlaat Vietnam dus op 19 Julie 1969, presies op die tyd dat die Amerikaanse ruimtevaarders op die maan geloop het. Ek het 'n kort verlof by die huis gehad (baie vreemd), en toe het ek my inskrywing by die Santa Ana Helicopter -basis in Kalifornië voltooi en op 10 Desember 1969 van aktiewe diens ontslaan.

In Januarie 1970 het ek begin studeer aan die Universiteit van New Mexico. In Mei 1970 het die troepe van die National Guard 4 studente in Kent State in Ohio vermoor, en ons kampus het gek geraak - die New Mexico National Guard is ingeroep en 11 studente het 'n bajonet gemaak en die staatspolisie het op die kampus gekom en meer as 100 studente gearresteer. Nogal vreemd vir 'n gevegsveearts. Daarna het ek my biologie -graad voltooi, na die Universiteit van Illinois gegaan om insekte te bestudeer, my meestersgraad en Ph.D. in U. Illinois, het my toekomstige vrou daar ontmoet en 'n werk gekry om biologie aan die Eureka College te onderrig (president Reagan se alma mater). Sedertdien het ek my in die akademiese lewe gevestig, 'n dogter gehad (wat nou nege is). Elke jaar herleef ek Vietnam weer as ek 'n lesing oor die oorlog in ons Western Civilization & Culture-kursus gee (wat alle studente van Eureka moet volg). In werklikheid herleef ek byna elke dag van my lewe 'n aspek van 'Nam'. Stuur 'n e -pos aan [email protected]

Earl Martin: Ek was ongeveer ses jaar in Vietnam. (1966-60, 73-75 en 1993.) Gedurende daardie tyd was ek nie in militêre diens nie, maar het ek as gewetensbeswaarmaker gedien en saam met Viëtnamese boere hulp verleen, en

in die skoonmaakvelde van onontplofte ammunisie. Toe die revolusionêre magte in 1975 oorneem, het ek nog vier maande in die land gebly. Ek het 'n boek geskryf met die titel oor die ervaring Die ander kant bereik (Kroonuitgewers).

Ons het naby My Lai in die provinsie Quang Ngai gewoon. I visited My Lai various times during the war and again at their 25th anniversary on March 16, 1993. It was quite moving. I was asked to address the gathered crowd of farmers and students in Vietnamese. A moment to be remembered. Email [email protected]

John C. Ratliff: I was in college in the years, 1964-66, when I decided to enlist in the US Air Force rather than be drafted. I was taking fairly difficult course work, and not maintaining the grades I needed to be exempt from the draft. In January 1967 I enlisted in the USAF, and went to Basic Training.

During Basic Training, volunteers were requested to join an elite group known as "Pararescue." I had heard of this group, as I had been in a Search and Rescue Explorer Scout post (part of the Boy Scouts of America). So I volunteered and went through the intensive 8-month training. This training included:

Preconditioning training (running and swimming); Parachute Jump School at Ft. Benning, Georgia; U.S. Navy Underwater Swimmers' School in Key West, Florida; Survival School in Washington State; Medical School in Texas; Mountain Climbing School in Georgia; Jungle Survival School in Panama; Pararescue Transition School in Florida.

I served first in Okinawa and Korea, then in Bermuda and finally in Florida. I had several interesting missions during that time; our missionwas to rescue people from accident scenes, especially from aircraft crashes. I also was a part of the world-wide rescue force for Apollo 13.

My enlistment was just about up when I decided that I had not seen everything, and extended my enlistment to go to DoNang, Vietnam. I then almost immediately worked to get out of Vietnam on an "early out" forreturning to school. I served in the 37th Aerospace Rescue and Recovery Squadron in DaNang between October 21 1970 and June 9, 1971. I had a couple of missions while there, including one in which we pulled two pilots out of the mountains about 45 miles from Hanoi.

I graduated from Oregon State University in 1975, married a gal I met there from Hong Kong in 1977, taught for a year at Oregon Institute of Technology, then was a training officer, and for 18 years and a month worked for a state-owned insurance company (workers's compensation insurance) before being fired about a year and a half ago. I've been trying to get a job since (without success), and now am setting up a consulting company and contemplating the future. I think that some of my Vietnam experience contributed to my termination, as I would not bend when I felt that deep principals were involved (things like keeping commitments, honesty, providing only true figures to upper management).

I have since found a position, and for over 3 years have worked as Senior Environmental Health and Safety Engineer with Etec Systems, An Applied Materials Company. We have now moved to the Portland, Oregon area. This is one story that is having a happy ending. If one looks long and hard enough, there are employers out there who will hire a person who has been fired.

My advise to your students is to keep with their values, and don't compromise their ideals or their moral code. It worked for me in Vietnam, and it worked again finding this position.

My wife is a hospital pharmacist, and we have two boys, now 22 and 20 years old and enjoying college at two different universities. Both are doing very well, in mechanical engineering and computer science. One is going to Oregon State University, the other is a Junior in High School. I look forward to communicating with people who are interested in the Vietnam War. Email [email protected]

Lieutenant Gerald Ney: Gerald Alan Ney, born February 18, 1945 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, the first of 2 boys & 2 girls; while father stationed at radar installation near Victorville, California in the Mojave Desert. Ancestry is German, Swiss, English, French, Dutch & Scotch. Twelve years of School Sisters of Notre Dame in grade school & high school. Confirmation name: "George". Was cub scout, boy scout, altar boy & newspaper boy (5 years, 10 months). Played accordion 2nd through 8th grades & French Horn in high school band and university orchestra. Add in glasses, corduroy pants, love of classical music, good grades, poor athlete, and being a "good kid" during high school, I wasn't just a square, but a cube.

In November '62, Kennedy called up the Wisconsin National Guard for the Berlin crisis. Fast approaching draft age, this was a wake up call. By the time I entered the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee [UWM], I figured we were going to get into a war someplace soon (probably Germany and/or Cuba), and that it would be better to go in as an officer than a private. When US Army ROTC (Reserve Officer Training Corps) made its pitch to the freshman males, I signed up. At the beginning of my junior year, I signed a contract, in exchange for a stipend for books, by which Uncle Sam owned my bod. Dropping out of school after that would have meant immediate induction into the Army as a private.

Meanwhile joined Alpha Phi Omega National service Fraternity, Newman Student Association (Catholic students' group named after John Henry Cardinal Newman of UK), International Club, Pershing Rifles (a military fraternity fielding drill teams), Scabbard & Blade Honorary Military Fraternity & Gamma Theta Upsilon Honorary Geography Fraternity. Or as my dad put it: "Can the Vice-Chancellor spare two hours to cut the grass this Saturday?". Switched majors from Meteorology to Geography after some disastrous encounters with calculus.

Attended ROTC summer camp at Fort Riley, Ks. in JUL & AUG 1966. A bit flabby and overweight, with a tendency to deliberately try and see all angles in tactical situations that demanded quick decisions, I came out 296th of 297 (297 was sent home). Graduated mainly on the strength of taking whatever they dished out and coming back for more.

In April '67, if my memory serves me, was part of the honor guard for the first UWM grad killed in Vietnam. Watching the young widow, the six of us made a pact not to get married till after we went to Vietnam. As far as I know all did so. In May '67, the presentation, of the US flag to that same widow at the ROTC Chancellor's Review, was used as the signal to start the first major antiwar demonstration at UWM. As student election commissioner was one of about a dozen ROTC

cadets singled out to have daisies placed in their rifles. Unlike later years' demonstrations there was no trouble.

Upon graduation with a BS in Geography, commissioned a 2Lt in Army Military Intelligence (6/4/67). Active duty at Fort Benning, 11/26/67 for Infantry Officer's Basic ("to get an appreciation of the problems of the infantry officer") followed 2/15/68 by Aerial Surveillance Officer's Course at Fort Holabird in Baltimore, Maryland. Five months later, after 30 days leave, arrived at Cam Ranh Bay in Vietnam and assigned as OIC (officer in charge) of the aerial imagery section of the 172nd MI (Military Intelligence) Co., 173rd airborne brigade at LZ English, Binh Dinh Province, II Corps. Spent the next year in that job, with trips to Saigon & Qui Nhon for training classes, and one to Bao Lac on detached duty for 19 days in February '69. Spent much of off-duty time on court-martial duty.

Flew 39 hand-held photo missions, using an Asahi Pentax 35mm w/200mm lens in anything available to fly. Fortunate to have only been shot at once by the enemy on these versus twice by our own 105mm howitzers. Of course there was the routine dozen nightly mortar shells for several days at a stretch and the occasional perimeter probes. Still I didn't have a bad year compared to many others.

After Vietnam, stationed at Fort Carson, Co. from August '69 to July '71, working first in the same job, then as S-2 (Staff Intelligence Officer) successively in an Infantry Battalion and a Field Artillery Group, then as a supply officer. Met my wife through a folk Mass group in Colorado Springs and got married 6 weeks before separating from the service. Found my Geography degree and experience as an officer meant zero on the job market.

Thanks to the supply officer position, eventually landed a job with the Navy as an inventory manager at the Aviation Supply Office (now renamed Navy Inventory Control Point {NAVICP} - Philadelphia); which I've worked for since October '72. All years since in Philly, except SEPT '77 to JUN '79 at NAS (Naval Air Station) Alameda, California as a field representative.

Married now 26 years, with 2 boys 25 & 24 and a girl 19. Didn't become active in veterans' affairs till 1985. Wasn't burying myself in the woodwork like many Vietnam Vets, but was just bound up in keeping my family's heads above water. Currently and a life member of Vietnam Veterans of America (VVA), Association of the 173rd Airborne Brigade & Vietnam Helicopter CrewMembers of America (VHCMA). Also a member of Catholic War Veterans (CWV). Past president of my VVA & 173rd chapters, VVA state council delegate & chapter education committee chairman (go into schools & teach on the war), 173rd delegate to United Veterans Council [assistant chaplain] & to Philadelphia Vietnam Veterans Memorial Fund. EMail [email protected]


A Guide to the United States’ History of Recognition, Diplomatic, and Consular Relations, by Country, since 1776: Vietnam

Relations between citizens of the United States and residents of what is today the Socialist Republic of Vietnam began during the 19th century, when that region was a colony of the French Empire. For decades interactions were primarily of a commercial nature, with a few other areas of non-official contact. Formal relations began only after Vietnam gained its independence from France following World War II.


WOLFHOUNDS FOREVER!

This web site is dedicated to all the brave men that served in the 2/27 Wolfhounds C co 2nd platoon and ALL the men who served in Charlie Company during 1965- 1971. Our platoon was rich with heroes, and men willing to give their all. We honor our brothers that gave the ultimate sacrifice of their lives and we are ever grateful for everyone's service. Many died, even more were wounded and we never left anyone behind.

Our goal is to locate as many brothers as possible and have everyone attend. The picture pages are a result of many men sending in pictures to contribute to our web site. This web page is our testament to each other that "All gave some, some gave all". With that in mind, it is now our mission to locate every man who served in the 2nd platoon and reunite ourselves once more. We shared an experience that will forever cast us as brothers.

If you served with us, and would like to contribute any information to this site please contact me, John "BIG JOHN" Quintrell at: [email protected]

If you remember FSB Crocket, Reed, Jackson, Diamond I, II, III, going into Cambodia, the Hobo Woods, Iron Triangle, Michelin Rubber Plantation, Fu Cong Bridge, Trang Bang, Tay Ninh, Dodge City (the night the 101 Airborne was decimated while we acted as blocking force), Cu Chi when the chinook choppers were blown up by sappers, then we need to hear from you. It has been nearly 42 years since most of us have given great thought to our Vietnam Service. Please let us know where you are. Welcome home brothers.


Naval Air Reconnaissance (EW) History Index

Early Years, World War Two.
Early pioneers
Howard Lorenzen, NRL Scientist
Ref: 001 Howard Otto Lorenzen
CPO Jack Churchill
PO1 Robert Russell
Conducted first trials (Cast Mike) of Electronic
Counter Measures in the South Pacific. Aircraft utilized (piggyback), USAAF B-17, Navy PBY, and PB4Y.

Early Aircraft
World War Two
B-17, PBY, PB4Y
Ref: 002 Early Aircraft
Ref: 003 Early Cast Mike Aircraft

Fifties Era Aircraft
PB4Y-2, P4M-1Q, TV-2, A3D-1Q, P2V-5F, F9F-8T.
Ref: 004 Early VQ Aircraft in the 50s
P4M-1Q Configuration
Ref: 005 P4M Layout
A3D-1Q Configuration
Ref: 005a A3D-1Q Layout

VQ-1 Lineage
VC-11, NAS Miramar, CA, Special Projects Division/Com Unit 38C, NS Sangley Point, VW-1Detachment Alpha, VW- 3A Detachment Alpha, ECMRON ONE (VQ-1), Sangley Pt. and Iwakuni and Fleet Air Reconnaissance Squadron One (VQ-1), Atsugi.

Known patches of unit evolution.
Ref: 005b VQ-1 Logo Evolution

Melvin Davidow, P4M pilot, discusses the first pilots that would form Special Projects, and the TRANSPAC of the aircraft to Sangley, Point, Republic of the Philippines.
Ref: 006 In the beginning.

Robert Bublitz, P4M pilot, discusses operations in Special Projects, relationship with VW parent squadrons and everyday life.
Ref: 007 To Speak of Many Things

Pete Bohley, P4M Radioman, discusses life at Sangley Point in the early 50s, operations flying the P4M-1Q.
Ref: 008 Pete Bohley early VQ-1

VQ-2 Lineage

VP-26 Det. A, Naval Patrol Force/ ComUnit 32G, Port Lyautey, French Morocco. VW-2 Det. Alpha, Port Lyautey, French Morocco, ECMRON TWO, Port Lyautey and Naval Station, Rota, Spain.

Recollection 0f Port Lyautey

John F. Hewson, P4M-1Q pilot, discusses early life and operation at Port Lyautey, French Morocco.
Ref: 009 Early VQ-2

Robert Ottensmeyer, P4M-1Q evaluator, describes his first hand account of the ditching of a P4M off Nicosia, Cyprus and a description of the P4M-1Q.
Ref: 010 A Sad Day in the Cold War

Loss of PB4Y-2 from VP-26 Det. A, which was shot down by Soviet fighters off Latvia.
Ref: 011 Shoot Down PB4Y 1950

1 June 1955
VW-3 Det Alpha becomes ECMRON ONE (VQ-1), with LCDR E. R. Hall as first Commanding Officer.
Ref: 012 1st VQ-1 CO
Ref: 012a Original ECMRON One Plankowner Certtificate

ECMRON-ONE moves from Sangley Point to Marine Corps Air Station, Iwakuni, Japan in late 1955.

LTJG Park discusses Sangley Point operations and the move to Iwakuni, Japan.
Ref: 013 William Park’s History

Hugh Ward’s account of P4M-1Q losing an engine as in, “Falling off of the aircraft!”
Ref: 015 LT Hugh Ward

Bill Langland, a P4M-1Q plane captain, describes taking CO’s dog to Iwakuni on a P4M.
Ref: 016 A Dog Story on the move to Iwakuni

1 September 1955

VW-2 Det. Able becomes ECMRON TWO (VQ-2) at Port Lyautey. CDR Kalin, first Commanding Officer.
Ref: 017 First CO VQ-2/Officers of VW-2A

Adron Joyner discusses VQ-2 in the Fifties.
Ref: 017a VQ-2 In the Fifties

1956
VQ-1 P4M-1Q shot down by CHICOM Migs off Shanghai on 22 August, 1956. Sixteen brave sailors lost. Crew list and some details of shoot-down are in the reference.
Ref: 018 Shoot Down P4M-1Q

Ens. Harry Sunder’s sworn deposition on the events of 22 August 1956 when P4M-1Q was shot down off Shanghai.
Ref: 018a Harry Sunders Statement

VQ-1 and 2 receive Douglas A3D-1Q aircraft.

Stars and Stripes chronicle the first arrival at MCAS Iwakuni. Photographs of first A3D-1Q arriving in Port Lyautey.
Ref: 019 First A3D-1Q

1958
ECMRON TWO moves from Port Lyautey to Naval Station, Rota, Spain.

Adron Joyner describes life at Port Lyautey just before the move to Rota, Spain.
Ref: 019b Life in Port Lyautey in the late 50s

Operation, “Blue Bat”, Lebanon Crises of 1958
Adron Joyner describes VQ-2 participation.
Ref: 019c Operation “Blue Bat.”

VQ-1 receives the Lockheed TV-2 Shooting Star jet trainer.
Ref: 019d TV-2 in VQ-1

1959
Both squadrons receive Lockheed P2V-5F aircraft.
Ref: 019e P2V-5F in VQ Squadrons

VQ-2 also had a P2V-3, ostensibly for training but in actuality it was used for logistics and liberty runs. It was affectionately called the “Toonerville Trolley.”
Ref: 020 Tony Musco describes a liberty run.

P2V-5F were utilized to gathering ICBM intelligence, primarily at Incirlik, Turkey (VQ-2) and Shemya, Alaska.VQ-1).

Recollection by Don Gibbs flying crew on P2V-5F at Incirlik.
Ref: 021 Recollection and photographs.

Recollection of Chuck Christman configuring P4M/A3D-1Q /P2V -5F at Shemya, Alaska.
Ref: 022 A3D-Q, P4M-1Q and P2V-5F

1959
VQ-1 P4M-1Q (PR-9) shot up over the Sea of Japan by North Korean fighters. Makes emergency landing at Miho, Japan. Pictures and details from the incident are in references.
Ref: 023 Attack on P4M-1Q, PR-9
Ref: 023a Eye witness account of attack by Robert Harrelson.

US Army Operations with VQ

Special Activities Detachment Two (SAD-2, Rota)
Ref: 025 Army SAD at VQ-2

A3D-2Q/EA-3B, WV-2Q/EC-121M, EP-3B, EP-3E,

F9F-8T (P2V-5F left early 1960)

VQ-1 moves from Iwakuni, Japan to Atsugi, Japan.
Ref: 029 Atsugi Pictures

VQ-1 and 2 are re-designated, Fleet Air Reconnaissance Squadrons (FAIRECONRON)

1961
On 4 January 1961, VQ-1 WV-2Q, PR-24, BUNO 135747, was attacked by Chinese fighter aircraft. In the ensuing evasive actions, the upper radome left the aircraft.
Ref: 031a PR-24 sans upper radome.

1962
VQ-2 loses an EC-121M over Germany, all hands perish.

Accident contributed to failure of the aft cargo door.
Ref: 032 Accident over Germany

1963
Early EA-3B involvement in Vietnam
Ref: 033 EA-3B Pilot Ted Cunningham’s participation.

Gulf of Tonkin Incident and the acceleration of VQ-1’s involvement in Vietnam.

1965
EC-121M BRIGAND and Big Look comes on the line in VQ-1’s electronic arsenal.
Ref: 033a Alan Cranston’s recollection.

VQ-1 Det Bravo started at USAF Base, DaNang, Republic of Vietnam.

Allan Prevette describes first permanent EC-121M Detachment at DaNang, Republic of Vietnam on 3 September 1965.
Ref: 034 Start of Det. Bravo

Sidney Wood’s account of VQ operations in Vietnam from an Intelligence Officer’s viewpoint.
Ref: 036 VQ-1 in Vietnam

Douglas Sherbourne’s follow on account of VQ operations in Vietnam from an Intelligence Officer’s viewpoint.
Ref: 037 VQ-1 in Vietnam follow on.

Robert E. Morrison’s History of NAVCOMMSTA PHIL Support Det, DaNang describes the NSG role in Vietnam operations.
Ref: 038 038 History of Det Bravo DaNang

1966
Mike Palmer’s recollection of VQ-1 Special Projects and Civilian Elmer Akerberg, Electronic Engineer.
Ref: 039 Elmer Akerberg

1967
Richard Bukowski’s recollection of the rocket attack that destroyed VQ-1 enlisted quarters July 15,1967.
Ref: 040 Rocket attack at DaNang

1969
April 15, 1969, PR-21, EC-121M, BUNO 135749, shot down by North Korean MiG fighters.
Ref: 041 Shoot down of PR-21
Ref: 041a Recap of events of the shoot down and rescue attempts.

VQ-1 receives two EP-3B Batrack aircraft.
Ref: 042 EP-3B

March 16, 1970, PR-26, EC-121M, BUNO 145927, crashed on landing at DaNang Airbase, Republic of Vietnam. Twenty-three perish and eight survive the crash.
Ref: 043 Crash of PR-26

1971
VQ-1 changes home port from NAS Atsugi, Japan to NAS Agana, Guam. VW-1 and VAP-61 are dis-established and become part of VQ-1.
Ref: 044 VW-1 and VAP-61

1972
VQ-1 participates in Son Toy, North Vietnam raid to free US POWs.
Ref: 046 Son Toy Raid

1973
VQ-1 Det Bravo (Vietnam) disestablished

Last EA-3B combat flight flown from DaNang, RVN
Ref: 047a Last Flight from Vietnam

1974
EC-121M aircraft are retired from VQ-1 and 2

1975
Recollections of an EP-3B Flight Engineer on 1 May 1975 mission to Vietnam.
Ref: 48a A May 1975 EP-3B flight to Vietnam and subsequent events.

A VQ-1 manned listening post was set up on Arote Point, near Naval Station, Guam. It was dubbed PR-29.

Robert “Bob” Fritzius, OINC PR-29

Chuck Christman, Special Projects Civilian.

Ron Williams, CPO in charge of setting up.
Ref: 049 A Thumbnail History of PR-29

1983
1 October 1983 Russian Shoot down of Korean Air Flight 007
Ref: 050 KAL B747 Shoot down

1985
23 January VA-3B 142672 lost at sea. CO of VQ-1 and eight others perished.
Ref: 051 1985 loss of VA-3B Triple Sticks

Late 1980s an early 1990s

2001
April 1 Eleven Days of Heroism, Inflight Collision of PR-32 and Chinese Fighter.
Ref: Eleven Days of Heroism. EP3 in Hainan.


Geskiedenis

Vietnam Veterans of America (VVA) is the only national Vietnam veterans organization congressionally chartered and exclusively dedicated to Vietnam-era veterans and their families.

By the late 1970s, it was clear the established veterans groups had failed to make a priority of the issues of concern to Vietnam veterans. As a result, a vacuum existed within the nation’s legislative and public agenda. In January 1978, a small group of Vietnam veteran activists came to Washington, D.C., searching for allies to support the creation of an advocacy organization devoted exclusively to the needs of Vietnam veterans. VVA, initially known as the Council of Vietnam Veterans, began its work. At the end of its first year of operation in 1979, the total assets were $46,506.

Council members believed that if the nation’s attention was focused on the specific needs of Vietnam veterans, a grateful nation would quickly take remedial steps. However, despite persuasive arguments before Congress, which were amplified by highly supportive editorials printed in many leading American newspapers, they failed to win even a single legislative victory to bring new and needed programs into creation to help Vietnam veterans and their families.

It soon became apparent that arguments couched simply in terms of morality, equity, and justice were not enough. The U.S. Congress would respond to the legitimate needs of Vietnam veterans only if the organization professing to represent them had political strength. In this case, strength translated into numbers which meant membership. By the summer of 1979, the Council of Vietnam Veterans had transformed into Vietnam Veterans of America, a veterans service organization made up of, and devoted to, Vietnam veterans.

Hindered by the lack of substantial funding for development, the growth of membership was at first slow. The big breakthrough came when the American hostages were returned from Iran in January 1981. It was as if America went through an emotional catharsis that put the issues of the Vietnam era on the table for public discussion. The question was asked why parades for the hostages but not for Vietnam veterans? Many veterans complained about the lack of recognition and appreciation for past national service. Vietnam-era veterans wanted action in the form of programs that would place the latest generation of veterans on the same footing as veterans from previous wars.

Membership grew steadily, and for the first time, VVA secured significant contributions. The combination of the public’s willingness to talk about the Vietnam War and the basic issues that it raised, as well as the veterans themselves coming forward, was augmented by the nation’s dedication of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in November 1982. The week-long activities rekindled a sense of brotherhood among the veterans and a feeling that they shared an experience that was too significant to ignore.

In 1983, VVA took a significant step by founding Vietnam Veterans of America Legal Services (VVALS) to provide assistance to veterans seeking benefits and services from the government. By working under the theory that a veteran representative should be an advocate for the veteran rather than simply a facilitator, VVALS quickly established itself as the most competent and aggressive legal-assistance program available to veterans. VVALS published the most comprehensive manual ever developed for veteran service representatives, and in 1985, VVALS wrote the widely acclaimed Viet Vet Survival Guide. In the nineties, VVALS evolved into the current VVA Service Representative program.

The next several years saw VVA grow in size, stature, and prestige. VVA’s professional membership services, veterans service, and advocacy work gained the respect of Congress and the veterans community. In 1986, VVA’s exemplary work was formally acknowledged by the granting of a congressional charter.

Today, Vietnam Veterans of America has a national membership of over 85,000, with over 650 chapters throughout the United States, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam and the Philippines. VVA state councils coordinate the activities of local chapters. VVA places great emphasis on coordinating its national activities and programs with the work of its local chapters and state councils and is organized to ensure that victories gained at the national level are implemented locally.

VVA strives for individual and group empowerment and locally originated action to assist veterans and other needy members of their communities. These volunteer programs offer unique and innovative services to an ever-widening population. They include: support for homeless shelters substance-abuse education projects and crime-prevention campaigns sponsorship of youth sports, Boy Scouts/Girl Scouts, Big Brothers/Big Sisters and relief to other communities affected by natural disasters and chronic poverty.

VVA is governed by a national board of directors and by national officers — 24 women and men democratically elected by VVA delegates, are sent by their respective chapters to biennial conventions. VVA’s essential purpose is to promote the educational, economic, health, cultural, and emotional readjustment of the Vietnam-era veteran to civilian life. This is done by promoting legislation and public-awareness programs to eliminate discrimination suffered by Vietnam veterans.

VVA’s government-relations efforts combine the three ingredients essential to success in the legislative arena — lobbying, mobilizing constituents, and working with the media — to achieve its ambitious agenda. Legislative victories have included the establishment and extension of the Vet Center system, passage of laws providing for increased job-training and job-placement assistance for unemployed and underemployed Vietnam-era veterans, the first laws assisting veterans suffering from Agent Orange exposure, and landmark legislation (i.e., Judicial Review of veterans claims) permitting veterans to challenge adverse VA decisions in court. All were enacted largely as a result of VVA’s legislative efforts.

VVA helps to provide greater public awareness of the outstanding issues surrounding Vietnam-era veterans by disseminating written information on a continual basis through a weekly electronic publication. The VVA Veteran ®, VVA’s award-winning newspaper, is mailed to all VVA members and friends of the organization. In addition, self-help guides on issues such as Agent Orange and Post-traumatic Stress Disorder are published and made available to anyone interested.


55. The Vietnam War


These young soldiers were members of the U.S. 1st Air Cavalry. This picture was taken in 1965, during the first military engagements between U.S. and North Vietnamese ground forces.

The Vietnam War was the second-longest war in United States history, after the war in Afghanistan.

Promises and commitments to the people and government of South Vietnam to keep communist forces from overtaking them reached back into the Truman Administration. Eisenhower placed military advisers and CIA operatives in Vietnam, and John F. Kennedy sent American soldiers to Vietnam. Lyndon Johnson ordered the first real combat by American troops, and Richard Nixon concluded the war.

Despite the decades of resolve, billions and billions of dollars, nearly 60,000 American lives and many more injuries, the United States failed to achieve its objectives.

One factor that influenced the failure of the United States in Vietnam was lack of public support. However, the notion that the war initially was prosecuted by the government against the wishes of the American people is false. The notion that the vast majority of American youths took to the streets to end the Vietnam War is equally false. Early initiatives by the United States under Truman, Eisenhower, and Kennedy received broad support.

Only two members of the United States Congress voted against granting Johnson broad authority to wage the war in Vietnam, and most Americans supported this measure as well. The antiwar movement in 1965 was small, and news of its activities was buried in the inner pages of newspapers, if there was any mention at all. Only later in the war did public opinion sour.

The enemy was hard to identify. The war was not fought between conventional army forces. The Viet Cong blended in with the native population and struck by ambush, often at night. Massive American bombing campaigns hit their targets, but failed to make the North Vietnamese concede. Promises made by American military and political leaders that the war would soon be over were broken.

And night after night, Americans turned on the news to see the bodies of their young flown home in bags. Draft injustices like college deferments surfaced, hearkening back to the similar controversies of the Civil War. The average age of the American soldier in Vietnam was nineteen. As the months of the war became years, the public became impatient.

Only a small percentage of Americans believed their government was evil or sympathized with the Viet Cong. But many began to feel it was time to cut losses. Even the iconic CBS newscaster Walter Cronkite questioned aloud the efficacy of pursuing the war.

President Nixon signed a ceasefire in January 1973 that formally ended the hostilities. In 1975, communist forces from the north overran the south and unified the nation. Neighboring Cambodia and Laos also became communist dictatorships. At home, returning Vietnamese veterans found readjustment and even acceptance difficult. The scars of Vietnam would not heal quickly for the United States.

The legacy of bitterness divided the American citizenry and influenced foreign policy into the 21st century.


Relief

Vietnam’s principal physiographic features are the Annamese Cordillera (French: Chaîne Annamitique Vietnamese: Nui Truong Son), extending generally from northwest to southeast in central Vietnam and dominating the interior, and two extensive alluvial deltas formed by the Red (Hong) River in the north and the Mekong (Cuu Long) River in the south. Between these two deltas is a long, relatively narrow coastal plain.

From north to south the uplands of northern Vietnam can be divided into two distinct regions—the area north of the Red River and the massif that extends south of the Red River into neighbouring Laos. The Red River forms a deep, relatively wide valley that runs in a straight northwest-southeast direction for much of its course from the Chinese border to the edge of its delta. North of the Red River the relief is moderate, with the highest elevations occurring between the Red and Lo (Clear) rivers there is a marked depression from Cao Bang to the sea. In the Red River delta and in the valleys of the region’s other major rivers are found wide limestone terraces, extensive alluvial plains, and low hills. The northeast coast is dotted with hundreds of islands composed mostly of limestone.

Compared with the area north of the Red River, the vast massif extending southwest across Laos to the Mekong River is of considerably higher elevation. Among its outstanding topographic features is Fan Si Peak, which at 10,312 feet (3,143 metres) is the highest point in Vietnam. South of the Black (Da) River are the Ta P’ing, Son La, and Moc Chau plateaus, which are separated by deep valleys.

In central Vietnam the Annamese Cordillera runs parallel to the coast, with several peaks rising to elevations above 6,000 feet (1,800 metres). Several spurs jut into the South China Sea, forming sections of the coast isolated from one another. Communication across the central ranges is difficult. The southern portion of the Annamese Cordillera has two identifiable regions. One consists of plateaus of approximately 1,700 feet (520 metres) in elevation that have experienced little erosion, as in the Dac Lac Plateau near Buon Me Thuot. The second region is characterized by heavily eroded plateaus: in the vicinity of Pleiku, the Kontum Plateau is about 2,500 feet (760 metres) above sea level and in the Da Lat area, the Di Linh Plateau is about 4,900 feet (1,500 metres).


M1967 Individual Load-Carrying Equipment

The M1967 Individual Load Carrying Equipment (called Modernized Load Carrying Equipment MLCE) did not differ much from the M1956 Lightweight Load-Carrying Equipment, and did not immediately replace it since all items were interchangable. The crucial change was that the M1967 equipment used new matierals:

  • nylon replaced all remaining cotton webbing items
  • aluminum or plastic replaced steel or brass hardware, where possible
  • "Hook and Pile" fasteners (Velcro) were used wherever practical to replace zippers or snaps

On the equipment belt, the classic metal tab closure was replaced by the black metal, quick release "Davis buckle". Ammo pouches also got a plastic clip fastener and were made shorter to match the 5.56mm ammunition clips for the M16 rifle. The M1967 nylon intrenching tool cover with plastic clip fastener was provided for the new tri-fold tool. The back pack and other components had small improvements and changes in addition to the changes in materials. The First Aid Case/Compass Pouch was styled the same as the M-1956 with the same keeper and snap but made of nylon (NSN 8465-00-935-6814). This form was carried forward unchanged to become the LC-1 Alice pouch and was still being procured in 2005. [Thanks to Jarkko Lahtinen for help with this section.]


Christianity in Vietnam

The first Catholic missionaries visited Vietnam from Portugal at the beginning of the 16th century. The earliest missions did not bring very impressive results. Only after the arrival of Jesuits in the first decades of the 17th century did Christianity begin to establish its positions within the local population. Between 1627 and 1630, Fathers Alexander de Rhodes and Antoine Marquez of the French Province converted over 6,000.

The French missionary priest and Bishop of Adran Pigneau de Behaine ( Vietnamese: Bá Đa Lộc) played a key role

in Vietnamese history towards the end of the 18th century. He had come to southern Vietnam to proselytise. In 1777, the Tay Son brothers killed the ruling Nguyen lords, and Nguyen Anh was the youngest member of the family to have survived, and he fled into the Mekong Delta region in the far south, where he met Bishop Pigneau who became his confidant. Bishop Pigneau hoped that by playing a substantial role in a Nguyen Anh victory, he would be in position to lever important concessions for the Catholic Church in Vietnam, helping its expansion in South East Asia. From then on he became a politician and military strategist. At one stage during the civil war, the Nguyen were in trouble, so Bishop Pigneau was dispatched to seek French aid. He was able to recruit a band of French volunteers. Bishop Pigneau and other missionaries acted as business agents for Nguyen Anh, purchasing munitions and other military supplies. Bishop Pigneau also served as a military advisor and de facto foreign minister until his death in 1799. From 1794, Bishop Pigneau took part in all campaigns. He organized the defense of Dien Khanh when it was besieged by a vastly superior Tay Son army in 1794. Upon Bishop Pigneau's death, Gia Long's funeral oration described the Frenchman as "the most illustrious foreigner ever to appear at the court of Cochinchina".

Early Nguyen Dynasty

By 1802, when Nguyen Anh conquered all of Vietnam and declared himself Emperor Gia Long, the Roman Catholic Church in Vietnam had 3 dioceses:

Diocese of Eastern North Vietnam: 140,000 members, 41 Vietnamese priests, 4 missionary priests and 1 bishop.

Diocese of Western North Vietnam: 120,000 members, 65 Vietnamese priests, 46 missionary priests and 1 bishop.

Diocese of Central and South Vietnam: 60,000 members, 15 Vietnamese priests, 5 missionary priests and 1 bishop.

Gia Long tolerated the Catholic faith of his French allies and permitted unimpeded missionary activities out of respect to his benefactors. The missionary activity was dominated by the Spanish in Tonkin and French in the central and southern regions. At the time of his death, there were six European bishops in Vietnam. The population of Christians was estimated at 300,000 in Tonkin and 60,000 in Cochinchina.

Later Nguyen Dynasty

The peaceful coexistence of Catholicism alongside the classical Confucian system of Vietnam was not to last. Gia Long himself was Confucian in outlook. As Crown Prince Nguyen Phuc Canh had already died, it was assumed that Canh's son would succeed Gia Long as emperor, but in 1816 Nguyen Phuc Dam, the son of Gia Long's second wife, was appointed instead. Gia Long chose him for his strong character and his deeply conservative aversion to westerners, whereas Canh's lineage had converted to Catholicism and were reluctant to maintain their Confucian traditions such as ancestor worship.

Lê Văn Duyệt and many of the high-ranking mandarins opposed Gia Long's succession plan. Lê Văn Duyệt and

many of his southern associates tended to be favourable to Christianity, and supported the installation of Nguyen Canh's descendants on the throne. As a result, Lê Văn Duyệt was held in high regard by the Catholic community. According to the historian Mark McLeod, Duyệt was more concerned with military rather than social needs, and was thus more interested in maintaining strong relations with Europeans so that he could acquire weapons from them, rather than worrying about the social implications of westernization. Gia Long was aware of the fact that Catholic clergy were opposed to the installation of Minh Mang because they favoured a Catholic monarch (Canh's son) that would grant them favors. Minh Mang began to place restrictions on Catholicism. He enacted "edicts of interdiction of the Catholic religion" and condemned Christianity as a "heterodox doctrine". He saw the Catholics as a possible source of division, especially as the missionaries were arriving in Vietnam in ever-increasing numbers. Duyet protected Vietnamese Catholic converts and westerners from Minh Mang's policies by disobeying the emperor’s orders.

Minh Mang issued an imperial edict, that ordered missionaries to leave their areas and move to the imperial city, ostensibly because the palace needed translators, but in order to stop the Catholics from proselytizing. Whereas the government officials in central and northern Vietnam complied, Duyet disobeyed the order and Minh Mang was forced to bide his time. The emperor began to slowly wind back the military powers of Duyet, and increased this after his death.

Minh Mang ordered the posthumous humiliation of Duyet. This resulted in the desecration of his tomb, the execution of sixteen relatives, and the arrests of his colleagues.

Duyệt's son Le Van Khoi, along with the southerners who had seen their and Duyệt's power curtailed, revolted against Minh Mang. Khoi declared himself in favour of the restoration of the line of Prince Canh. This choice was designed to obtain the support of Catholic missionaries and Vietnamese Catholics, who had been supporting the Catholic line of Prince Canh. Le Van Khoi further promised to protect Catholicism.

In 1833, the rebels took over southern Vietnam, with Catholics playing a large role. 2,000 Vietnamese Catholic troops fought under the command of Father Nguyen Van Tam.

The rebellion was suppressed after three years of fighting. The French missionary Father Joseph Marchand, of the Paris Foreign Missions Society was captured in the siege, and had been supporting Khoi, and asked for the help of the Siamese army, through communications to his counterpart in Siam, Father Taberd. This revealed the strong Catholic involvement in the revolt. Father Marchand was executed.

The failure of the revolt had a disastrous effect on the Christians of Vietnam. New restrictions against Christians followed, and demands were made to find and execute remaining missionaries. Anti-Catholic edicts to this effect were issued by Minh Mang in 1836 and 1838. In 1836-1837 six missionaries were executed: Ignacio Delgado, Dominico Henares, Jean-Charles Cornay, José Fernández, François Jaccard, and Bishop Pierre Borie.

The Church Today

After the persecution had ended and the rise of Catholics to power during the turbulent 1960s, the Catholic population rose to near 6%[1]. After the Vietnam War ended, the population still rose despite a large number of Catholic escaped abroad. Today, even with the lack of financial support and religious tolerance, Catholism in Vietnam is still growing along with the world's Catholic population, which has reached 1.147 billion[3]. Pope Benedict XVI created another diocese in southern Vietnam[2].


Vietnam Website - History

Welcome to the Vietnam Veterans for Factual History website. Our mission is to provide facts from professional historians, eyewitnesses, and participants in the Vietnam War to correct the historical record of the War wherever that correction is warranted.

As veterans, many of whom who served in the conflict and have remained very conscious of its history, we have become concerned that the 1978 prediction of Guenter Lewy has proven to be all too accurate. 35 years ago he wrote “Mythology, half-truth and falsehood concerning events in Vietnam abound and, unless corrected, will enter the textbooks for the mis-education of our children.”

His prediction has proven to be all too accurate, and far too much of the literature about the war has been filled with exaggerations, inaccuracies, opinions presented as facts, and sometimes simple falsehoods. In recent years, historians, many of them being veterans of the Vietnam war, have written more accurately about the war’s events. The newer work is often done with information gathered from the records of the communist protagonists, and these contributors are referred to as “revisionists”. This is in contrast to the early and still prevalent writings in academia, originally by professors who had been part of the antiwar movement and now by a newer generation trained by those predecessors.

We started out as a group of veterans, historians, and other interested parties who came together recently in reaction to conferences dominated by those with clear antiwar biases. We have committed ourselves to set the record straight, with very factual approaches to those historical events. However this project is more than open to anyone for whom publishing the true history of the war in SE Asia is important. First among them would be the surviving Vietnamese who fought and suffered for their country – then those Americans who served outside of South Viet Nam’s borders, or who were involved as diplomats, reporters, civil servants, or in any other capacity during that time, or those younger people who find this history of great interest all are eagerly welcomed to this alliance. All are encouraged to bring their knowledge and experience of the history to light, as well as whatever questions they have or suggestions to help in fulfilling our mission. United we are bound to achieve more in serving this good cause.


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