Catherine Osler

Catherine Osler

Catherine Taylor is gebore in Bridgewater, Somerset, in 1854. Haar ma, Caroline Taylor, was 'n stigterslid van die Birmingham Women's Suffrage Society. In 1873 trou sy met Alfred Clarkson Osler, 'n welgestelde glasvervaardiger en lid van die Birmingham Liberal Association.

In 1881 stig Catherine Osler die Birmingham Ladies 'Debating Society. Vier jaar later is sy aangestel as sekretaris van die Birmingham Women's Suffrage Society. In 1888 was sy die voorsitter van 'n konferensie van die Women's Liberal Federation wat in Birmingham gehou is.

Osler was lid van die uitvoerende komitee van die National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies en sy was gekant teen die militante beleid van die Women's Social and Political Union (WSPU). In 'n artikel in Die algemene oorsaak sy val die optrede van die WSPU aan.

Catherine Osler bedank in 1909 as president van die Women's Liberal Federation in protes teen die regering se beleid om met geweld voedselhonger-gevangenes te voed. Haar seun, Julian Osler, was lid van die Men's League For Women's Suffrage. Haar twee dogters, Nellie en Dorothy, was lede van die NUWSS.

Herbert Asquith en sy regering van die Liberale Party weier steeds om wetgewing te ondersteun. Tydens sy jaarlikse partykonferensie in Januarie 1912 het die Arbeidersparty 'n resolusie aangeneem wat hom daartoe verbind om stemreg vir vroue te ondersteun. Dit word weerspieël in die feit dat alle Arbeids -LP's tydens 'n debat in die Laerhuis op 28 Maart vir die maatreël gestem het. Kort daarna het Henry N. Brailsford en Kathleen Courtney as verteenwoordigers van NUWSS met die Arbeidersparty onderhandel.

In April 1912 het die NUWSS aangekondig dat hy voornemens was om kandidate van die Arbeidersparty te ondersteun in parlementêre tussenverkiesings. Die NUWSS het 'n verkiesingsbestrydingsfonds (EFF) gestig om hierdie Arbeidskandidate te ondersteun. Catherine Osler, 'n jarelange ondersteuner van die Liberale Party, het mildelik tot die EEF bygedra.

In Julie 1914 het die NUWSS aangevoer dat die regering van Asquith alles moontlik moes doen om 'n Europese oorlog te vermy. Twee dae nadat die Britse regering op 4 Augustus 1914 oorlog teen Duitsland verklaar het, verklaar Millicent Fawcett dat hy alle politieke aktiwiteite opskort totdat die konflik verby is. Alhoewel die NUWSS die oorlogspoging ondersteun het, het dit nie die WSPU -strategie gevolg om betrokke te raak by die oorreding van jong mans om by die gewapende magte aan te sluit nie.

Tydens die Eerste Wêreldoorlog was Catherine Osler 'n lid van die uitvoerende gesag van die Burgerkomitee, wat as kontrole -komitee vir die uitdeel van toelaes opgetree het om die nood wat deur die oorlog veroorsaak is, te verlig.

Catherine Osler sterf in 1924.


Merk: Wet op die voorstelling van die mense

Die Wet op die Verteenwoordiging van die Mense het uiteindelik op 6 Februarie 1918 koninklike toestemming ontvang. Dit beteken dat vroue ouer as dertig wat huishoudings was, vroue van huishoudings, besetters van eiendom van £ 5 of meer jaarlikse waarde, of universiteitstudente, nou kon stem. In Maart 1918 het die Women Workers, Quarterly Magazine van die Birmingham -tak van die National Union of Women Workers bevat 'n artikel deur Catherine Osler, president van die Birmingham Women's Suffrage Society (BWSS). [1] Catherine, met die titel 'Laastens!', Het besin oor die veldtog om stemme vir vroue te verseker, iets waarmee sy nou betrokke was sedert haar ouers die BWSS in 1868 gestig het. Catherine het president geword van die organisasie in 1901. Hoewel dit beslis 'n prestasie was gevier is, was die kwalifiseringsvoorwaardes 'nie alles wat u kon begeer nie - verre daarvan! Hulle voldoen nie aan die oorspronklike en onveranderde eis van suffragiste om "die stem op dieselfde voorwaardes as wat dit aan mans toegestaan ​​is of mag word nie". Dit laat nog steeds nie -verteenwoordigende klasse vroue toe wat tot die waardevolste, onontbeerlikste werkers vir hul land en vir hul genote behoort.

Catherine Courtauld Osler (1854–1924) deur Edward Steel Harper II, 1917-18 © Birmingham Museums Trust

Catherine oorweeg ook die breër veldtog en die opofferings wat baie vroue gemaak het 'sommige het inderdaad oneindig meer as dit gewaag - het 'n ernstige belediging, mishandeling, marteling, die dood self verduur in die vasberadenheid om die wêreld se aandag op vroue te vestig verkeerd ... die verbysterende veldtog van die militante afdeling ... het nou 'n nagmerrie -herinnering geword, maar een wat in die geskiedenis sal oorleef '.

Birmingham het vanaf 1909 'n paar baie ernstige militante voorvalle deur suffragette uitgevoer, waaronder brandstigting (veral die vernietiging van die Northfield -biblioteek), kerkversteurings, vensterslaan en die afsny van 'n skildery. Dit was ook waar die eerste gevalle van gewelddadige toevoer van suffragette plaasgevind het, by Winson Green Gaol in September 1909 nadat 'n aantal vroue gearresteer is vir hul protes tydens 'n besoek aan die stad deur premier Asquith. In die artikel erken Catherine ook die gevestigde wortels van die veldtog, terug na die 1860's, en verklaar dat 'dit nie was omdat redes 'n rede sou wees nie, maar dat die volk 50 jaar lank sou wees geduldig en onophoudelik opgevoed tot die oortuiging van sy geregtigheid en geregtigheid, dat die oorlogstoestande sy advokate in staat gestel het om die laaste poging te maak wat die oorwinning meegebring het ... 'n groot skeidsgrens het uit die geledere van vroue self verdwyn en dat ons voortaan verder skouer aan skouer '. [2]


Catherine Osler

Mevrou Catherine Osler is in die raad van direkteure van die North Shore Credit Union en Canuck Place Children's 's Hospice. Osler was voorheen werksaam as president en uitvoerende hoof van TEC Canada.

Sekretaris en direkteur by Canuck Place Children's 's Hospice

Verhoudingswaarskynlikheid: sterk

Mede-stigter en besturende vennoot by Vistara Capital Partners Ltd.

Verhoudingswaarskynlikheid: sterk

Voormalige uitvoerende hoof van PEER 1 Network Enterprises, Inc.

Verhoudingswaarskynlikheid: sterk

President by North Shore Studios Management Ltd.

Verhoudingswaarskynlikheid: sterk

Voormalige vennoot by KPMG LLP

Verhoudingswaarskynlikheid: sterk

Stigter en president van FDC Capital Partners

Verhoudingswaarskynlikheid: sterk

Visepresident, Westelike Streek by Bell Business Markets

Verhoudingswaarskynlikheid: sterk

President by SuperPages Canada, Inc.

Verhoudingswaarskynlikheid: sterk

Head-Media Relations by TEC Canada

Verhoudingswaarskynlikheid: sterk

Bate- en aanspreeklikheidsontleder by North Shore Credit Union

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Vladimir Vladimirovich Poetin

Vladimir Vladimirovich Poetin

TEC Canada is 'n private onderneming met sy hoofkwartier in Calgary, AB, wat 'n forum bied vir lewenslange leer aan Kanadese sakeleiers.

North Shore Credit Union, deel van Westminster Savings Credit Union Ltd., is 'n Kanadese onderneming in Noord -Vancouver, BC. Die firma bedryf 'n krediet -unie. Prospera Credit Union (British Columbia), nou 'n filiaal van Westminster Savings Credit Union Ltd., het North Shore Credit Union op 17 April 07 verkry.

Canuck Place Children 's Hospice bied pediatriese palliatiewe sorg. Dit bied kliniese sorg, uitstel sorg, telefoonondersteuning, ontspanningsterapie, berading, lewensversorging en opvoeding en kuns. Die onderneming is in November 1995 gestig deur Brenda Eng en het sy hoofkwartier in Vancouver, Kanada.


Adviesraad

Dr Lynn Tanner

STIGTER EN UITVOERENDE VOORSITTER

Ons stel die een voor wat alles begin het - wat TEC Canada betref. Met meer as vyf en dertig jaar se toewyding aan TEC, is Lynn steeds daagliks betrokke. Sy leeftyd ervaring is 'n groot aanwins vir die uitvoerende span van TEC en die Kanadese sakeleiers wat hy mentor. Hy is 'n dinamiese leier met 'n breedte van kennis en jare lange sweet om dit te ondersteun.

Lynn het 'n doktorsgraad in organisatoriese verandering aan die Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs aan die Syracuse Universiteit behaal. Terwyl hy 'n akademiese loopbaan volg, handhaaf hy 'n privaat Gestaltterapie -praktyk en stig hy sy eie konsultasiefirma. Sy toewyding om akademiese besigheidsteorie in die praktyk te bring, was nog altyd 'n integrale deel van sy professionele sukses.

In 1985 stig Lynn TEC Canada en bou dit op tot die land se mees gesogte ontwikkelingsonderneming vir uitvoerende leierskap. Die stigting van TEC pas presies by een van Lynn se belangrikste passies - generatiewe burgerskap. Sy visie vir TEC is om Kanadese sakeleiers te help om hul talente en vermoëns te benut om die groei van hul besighede te maksimeer, winsgewende ondernemings te skep waar werknemers trots is om te werk, die volgende generasie produkte en dienste te ontwikkel en uiteindelik 'n meer welvarende Kanadese samelewing te bou.

Lynn glo dat die keuse om deel te wees van die TEC -gemeenskap is om jouself te konfronteer en jouself te dwing om te leer, kreatief te wees en inisiatief te neem. ”

Catherine Osler

Direkteur, Raad van Adviseurs

Die fondamente van die TEC -nalatenskap is vierkantig geanker deur die hoeksteenleierskap van Catherine Osler. As president van TEC in 2009, uitvoerende hoof in 2014 en nou dien as direkteur van die Raad van Adviseurs wat advies aan die uitvoerende span lewer, was Catherine se rol in TEC deurslaggewend deur die jare.

Catherine ontmoet dr. Tanner vir die eerste keer in 1988 as 'n jong entrepreneur met 'n vinnig groeiende onderneming. Sy het vinnig 'n lid geword van sy jarelange TEC-groep, en in die volgende vyftien jaar het Catherine die verstand gebruik wat sy daar gekry het om haar onderneming te omskep in een van die voorste kommunikasieondernemings in Wes-Kanada, om dit deur 'n samesmelting te lei en deel te neem aan dit in die openbaar . 'N Bewys van die krag van TEC se afrigtingsproses:' Ek dink nie ek sou die selfvertroue of insig gehad het om dit te doen sonder 'n uitvoerende afrigter van die TEC nie, 'onthul sy.

Catherine se ondernemingservaring en sakekundigheid het haar 'n eerstehandse begrip gegee van die behoeftes en probleme waarmee TEC-lede te kampe het. In 2000 vervul sy haar begeerte om terug te gee aan die volgende generasie Kanadese sakeleiers deur 'n TEC -voorsitter te word, en uiteindelik gaan sy die leiding neem by die organisasie.

Catherine se ryk en uiteenlopende professionele agtergrond sluit in die stigting van twee bekroonde korporatiewe en beleggerskommunikasie-ondernemings, Titian en Parallel Strategies, waar sy die krag van betekenisvolle gesprekke en hul vermoë om organisasies te verander, aanskou. Deur altyd haar passie te volg om vroue in die sakewêreld te bemagtig om hul volle potensiaal te verwesenlik, was Catherine mede-stigter van die konsultasiefirma Syncresse Partners Inc., wat fokus op die ontwikkeling van vroulike leiers.

Mark Terrill

Direkteur, raad van adviseurs, voorsitter van TEC Canada

Hy is net so deel van die geskiedenis as wat die geskiedenis deel van hom is. Mark Terrill is die langste lid van die oorspronklike TEC Canada-uitvoerende hoof en het die afgelope 25 jaar ongelooflike veranderinge gesien en voortgedryf.

Nadat hy 35 jaar in die versekeringsbedryf was, drie verskillende ondernemings begin en opgebou het, weet Mark hoe dit is om 'n aandelebelegging te belê. Hy brei uit en smelt Thompson & amp saam met 'n ander firma, en begin die volgende dag met 'n nuwe onderneming en smelt uiteindelik die onderneming saam met Jones Brown, wat hy daarna as uitvoerende hoof lei.

Mark hou daarvan om ander te ondersteun in hul ontwikkeling, veral die individue wat gehelp het om sy ondernemings suksesvol te maak. Hy gaan voort met sy betrokkenheid by TEC, nie net as 'n raadslid nie, maar ook as voorsitter. Mark is toegewyd aan die TEC -proses, "Omdat ek weet dat dit werk - dit is verweef in elke aspek van my besigheid en my persoonlike lewe."

David Coe

Direkteur, raad van adviseurs

Op die hoogtepunt van sy loopbaan, word David Coe erken as een van die beste uitvoerende hoofde van Kanada. Hy bring meer as 40 jaar besigheidskundigheid na sy huidige rolle as direkteur van die TEC -adviesraad en voorsitter van die TEC. Gedurende sy 16 jaar as bedryfshoof en toe uitvoerende hoof van Dairyland/Agrifoods International Co-operative, het hy die onderneming gegroei van 'n twee-aanlegbedryf tot 'n nasionaal gemerkte onderneming met aanlegte van kus tot kus. Hy is veral effektief om organisasies by te staan ​​wat groot veranderinge ondergaan.

As 'n veteraan TEC -voorsitter van 'n uitvoerende hoof vir meer as 'n dekade, het David sy ervaring benut om lede van 'n uiteenlopende verskeidenheid ondernemings te help, van gesinsorg tot groot ondernemings. Hy beskryf die waarde van die TEC -ervaring as 'verantwoordelik vir die suksesvolle groei van die lede se besighede, maar ook vir die persoonlike groei van die lede. Dit verbeter hul lewens en verhoudings. Ek was deur die jare lid van baie verskillende organisasies, en ek het nog niks gesien wat die doeltreffendheid van die TEC -ervaring benader nie. ”

Todd Millar

President en uitvoerende hoof, voorsitter van TEC Canada

Todd Millar is geen vreemdeling vir die ontwikkeling van leiers nie. Hy was vyf jaar as 'n voorsitter van TEC Canada, en daag die uitvoerende hoofde en eienaars van klein sake uit en ondersteun hulle om hul persoonlike en professionele lewe na die volgende vlak te neem. Todd bring nou sy vars idees en kragtige leierskapsvaardighede na sy rol as president en uitvoerende hoof van TEC Canada. Hy is daartoe verbind om nou saam met die TEC Canada -voorsitters regoor die land saam te werk om die lidmaatskapbasis uit te brei en Kanadese sakeleiers te beïnvloed.

Todd is 'n uitvoerende afrigter, skrywer en spreker en bring 'n indrukwekkende loopbaan van 25 jaar in senior uitvoerende poste in petroleum-, telekommunikasie- en advertensiebedrywe. As president van SuperPages Canada het hy 'n belangrike rol gespeel in die suksesvolste private -ekwiteitstransaksie in die geskiedenis van Bain Capital, deur SuperPages Canada vir $ 1,9 miljard te verkry en in minder as 'n jaar die bates vir $ 2,6 miljard verkoop. Hierdie prestasie weerspieël Todd se vermoë om die regte spanne saam te stel, inspirerende leierskap te bied en 'n lonende omgewing te skep.

Todd beliggaam die tipe mense wat by TEC betrokke is, hy is 'n lewenslange leerder, vrywilliger en lid van die gemeenskap. Hy brei sy kennis uit na die raadsaal toe hy na die basiskamp van Mount Everest klim. Die lewens- en leierskaplesse wat Todd op die reis geleer het, en gedurende sy loopbaan het hom die Everest -model laat bou: 'n nuwe manier om van bo af na die lewe te kyk. Voorheen was hy ook president van die wêreld se grootste hokkievereniging, Hockey Calgary. Hy was betrokke by 'n aantal vrywilligersorganisasies, soos die Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation, die Calgary Stampede en die National Adoption Association.


Cynnwys

Ganed Catherine Courtauld Taylor in Bridgwater op 26 Chwefror 1854 en in Edgbaston. Ons kan ook die volgende kenmerke: William en Catherine Taylor, 'n lid van Gymdeithas Etholfraint en Merched, Birmingham (Birmingham Women's Suffrage Society), ers ei sefydlu. Catherine oedd eu merch hynaf ac etholwyd hi'n swyddog o'r gymdeithas, in drysorydd ac in 1885 fe'i hetholwyd yn ysgrifennydd. [1] [2] [3] [4]

Priododd Alfred Osler en 'n oed in die hoofkwartier van F & amp; C Osler in Birmingham, en ons kan ook 'n kritiese kain in 'n kritiese kain kry en 'n godidog hynny sy'n hongian kandelare gwerthwyd hwy i bob rhan o'r byd. Roedd Alfred Osler is ook bekend as Rhyddfrydwyr.

In 1888 het die Amerikaanse Federasie en die verskaffing van 'n handelsmerk in Birmingham en 'n gofynnwyd en 'n Catherine Osler 'n suksesvolle rol gespeel. [5] Yn 1903, etholwyd hi'n Llywydd Cymdeithas Etholfraint y Merched, Birmingham. [6] Bedair blynedd yn ddiweddarach cyfarfu'r Emansipasie Unie in Birmingham en 'n goeie Osler en gadeirio sesiwn lle rhannodd ei huchelgais i gael menywod en gymryd rhan mewn llywodraeth leol.

Gwrthwynebai gweithredoedd treisgar, milwriaethus rhai aelodau o fudiad y swffragét ac ysgrifennodd yn feirniadol iawn o weithredoedd rhai o aelodau o Undeb Gwleidyddol a Chymdeithasol y Merched (die Vroue se Sosiale en Politieke Unie). Dit is ook 'n goeie manier om 'n goeie trekker te kry en 'n gyna charcharorion benywaidd. [5] Yn wir, yn 1909, oherwydd polisi'r llywodraeth Ryddfrydol o orfodi merched oedd ar ympryd i fwyta, ymddiswyddodd fel llywydd Cymdeithas Ryddfrydol y Merched, Birmingham. [4]

In 1911, ymunodd Osler gyda Phwyllgor Gweithredol Undeb Cenedlaethol Cymdeithasau Etholfraint y Merched (NUWSS). [3]

In 1919, fel gwerthfawrogiad o'i gwaith dros ferched, derbyniodd radd Meistr gan Brifysgol Birmingham. Comisiynwyd, hefyd, darlun olew ohoni gan Edward S. Harper. [3]


Women at War #4: Catherine Courtauld (1878-1972)

Dit is die vierde in 'n reeks plasings wat die vrouegeskiedenismaand vier. Ons bied wonderlike, plaaslike vroue aan wat 100 jaar gelede plaaslik gewoon het, en hulle beywer hulle vir stemreg vir vroue en ondersteun die oorlogspoging.

Catherine Courtauld het saam met haar suster Sydney Renee in Great Missenden gewoon, wat albei toegewyde suffragiste en unitariërs was. Soos ander lede van die tekstielfamilie Courtauld, gebruik Catherine haar rykdom om maatskaplike hervorming te ondersteun deur gemeenskapshospitale, opvoedkundige trusts en liefdadigheidsfondse. Sy gebruik haar kunsvaardighede en lidmaatskap van die Artists Suffrage League om die Suffragistiese boodskap te bevorder deur poskaarte en plakkate in die media te publiseer, wat nasionaal bekend geword het.

Amersham se Women at War -projek word ondersteun deur die National Lottery Heritage Fund.


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Catherine Osler - Geskiedenis

Hierdie webwerf is so ontwerp dat u een van die twee kaarte met die onderstaande skakels kan oopmaak. Die nommers op die kaarte stem ooreen met die onderstaande genommerde beelde deur op 'n nommer onder die kaart te klik, skakel u na die ooreenstemmende prent in die onderstaande lys. U is natuurlik ook vry om deur die inskrywingslys te blaai en slegs op die kaart te kyk as u die ligging van die webwerf wil vind. As u op die klein prentjie langs elke inskrywing op die lys klik, word 'n groter kopie van die prent oopgemaak. Dit is verkieslik om die skakels eerder as die knoppies van u blaaier te gebruik, aangesien eersgenoemde u terugbring na die presiese posisie op die lys waaruit u gekom het. Geniet die toer.

Skakels na beelde Liens aux illustrasies

In Osler se tyd was Montreal 'n hawestad en 'n terminale vir treine. Dit was die senuweesentrum van die Kanadese ekonomie en 'n stad van kontraste, met uiterste rykdom en uiterste armoede. Naby die hawe was die oorvol woonbuurte waar tifus, witseer en pokke algemeen was. Die kindersterftesyfer was hoog, en Montreal se sterftesyfer was jare lank hoër as enige ander stad op die Amerikaanse vasteland. In teenstelling met die lot van die armes, woon die rykes in die Square Mile, aan die kant van Mount-Royal, in pragtige herehuise met groot tuine. Die stad het 'n bevolking van 90 000, 60% Frans en 40% Engels. Die samelewing is oorheers deur 'n Engels -elite, meestal Skotte.

Die stad was omring deur velde en die topografie van die gebied het vrugteboorde (meestal appel) laat blom. In die winter was Montreal se opvallendste gebreke in sneeu versteek. Die sneeu het agt tot tien voet hoog gestapel in die strate waar die slee, met hul bontjas en hul klokke, reisigers deur die yskoue gedra het. Dit was 'n stad wat bekend was vir sy vrolikheid. Die handel het gedurende die winter vertraag terwyl sneeu en ys die St. Lawrence -rivier bedek het, en daar was genoeg tyd vir ontspanning

(1) St. John The Evangelist Church

[ongeveer 1896]. Notman Photographic Archives, McCord Museum of Canadian History. Kerk wat Osler bygewoon het.

Hy was deurdrenk van die wysheid van Plato, Marcus Aurelius en sir Thomas Browne, en hy het die Bybel beter geken as baie geestelikes. & quot
Francis J. Shepherd in: & quotSir William Osler Memorial Number, Appreciations and Reminiscences & quot Montreal, 1926, p. 153.

As student was Osler 'n gereelde bywoner van hierdie kerk, 'n hoë kerk van die Anglo-Katolieke tradisie. Francis J. Shepherd in 'n toespraak onthou dat Osler altyd kerklike neigings gehad het en was gedompel in die wysheid van Plato, Marcus Aurelius en sir Thomas Browne en 'n diepgaande kennis van die Bybel gehad het. Terwyl hy 'n student was, was hy altyd diens by 'n naburige rituele kerk voor ontbyt. Dit is die moeite werd om te onthou dat Osler vroeër in sy lewe, as 'n jong man in Ontario, na Trinity College gegaan het om teologie te studeer en eers later sy studierigting in medisyne verander het, beïnvloed deur professor Bovell. Daar is geen prente of illustrasies van die eerste kapel nie. Dit was 'n baksteen kapel wat in 1860 gebou is op St. Urbain op die suidwestelike hoek van Dorchester (nou Ren & eacute-L & eacutevesque). Dit kon 350 mense huisves en was toegerus met stoele. Sommiges het dit minagtend genoem & quotthe church with the kitchen stoele & quot.

Die kerk het oorvol geword en daar is besluit om 'n ander kerk op te rig op St. Urbain, hoek van Ontario (nou Pr & eacutesident-Kennedy) wat die nuwe tuiste van die gemeente geword het in 1878. Ons kan nie seker wees dat Osler nog steeds 'n vurige kerkganger was toe hy het in 1875 uit Europa teruggekeer en dat hy gereeld die nuwe kerk bygewoon het. Hy het uit Londen geskryf "Ek het die afgelope tyd baie laag geword en is bevrees dat vaders Johnson en Wood verskrik sal wees." Vader Wood was die stigter van die kerk en Osler was aan hom verbonde, veral in die priester se diepe kommer oor die armes en die armes siek & quot. Een ding is seker, Osler bly in kontak met Vader Wood en help selfs met die reël van 'n gedenkvenster vir dr William Wright, wyle professor in Materia Medica aan die McGill Medical School. Dit is die barmhartige Samaritaan -venster wat nog in die kerk te sien is.

Die eerste kapel het agtereenvolgens 'n kapel geword vir die Derde Orde van die Franciskane, en daarna die Metodistekerk, voordat dit in 1912 gesloop is om plek te maak vir winkels. In 1953 is die terrein onteien om die straat te vergroot. Dit was op wat nou Boul is. Ren & eacute-L & eacutevesque voor Complexe Guy-Favreau.

(2.1) Montreal Algemene Hospitaal

Gravure deur T. Haberer, Canadian Illustrated News, 14 November 1874. [ca 1874].

Toe ek in 1870 met kliniese werk begin, was die Montreal Algemene Hospitaal 'n ou kokkus- en rottegeboude gebou, maar met twee waardevolle bates vir die studente-baie akute siektes en 'n groep ywerige onderwysers. & quot
William Osler, "The Medical Clinic", British Medical Journal, 3 Januarie 1914.

Die Montreal -hospitaal het in 1821 tot 1955 op hierdie terrein gestaan. Osler was die eerste patoloog van die MGH en hy het baie materiaal verkry vir die eerste uitgawe van sy beroemde beginsels en praktyk in medisyne in die afdelings en die patologiese afdeling van die hospitaal. Hy het lykskouings gedoen in 'n aparte gebou met slegs 'n houttafel en 'n stoof. Hy het ook baie lykskouings voor studente uitgevoer. In 1875 word hy aangestel as dokter in die pokkelhospitaal, wat 'n aparte afdeling in die gebou was (later het die stad 'n spesiale hospitaal vir pokke en ander aansteeklike siektes gehad). Osler het self pokke opgedoen, maar omdat hy ingeënt is, was dit 'n ligte geval. Osler word in 1879 as dokter in die hospitaal aangestel, waar hy en dr. George Ross kliniese medisyne geleer het. Hulle onderrigmetode was aktief betrokke by die studente wat gevalle waargeneem en aangemeld het. Marian Osborne (suster van W. W. Francis) het in haar herinneringe aan Osler gesê dat hy altyd vir sy studente gesê het: "Vergeet nooit die regte van die pasiënte nie."

Daar bly nie veel oor van die ou Montreal General Hospital nie. Slegs die twee vleuels wat oorspronklik agter in die hospitaal was, bly vandag oor. Die besluit om die hospitaal te verskuif, is geneem om uitbreiding moontlik te maak en om nader aan die McGill -kampus en hul kliënte te wees, die Engelse bevolking van die stad wat weswaarts verhuis het. Die huidige MGH is op die hoek van des Pinslaan en C & ocircte-des-Neiges. Die oorspronklike deure van die ou MGH kan by die ingang van die hospitaalbiblioteek gesien word. In 1955, toe die hospitaal verskuif is, is die hoofgebou vernietig om die boulevard te verbreed, en die res van die geboue is toe beset deur die H & ocircpital Saint-Charles-Borrom & eacutee, nou die Centre d'h & eacutebergement et de soins de longue dur & eacutee Saint-Charles-Borrom & eacutee.

Geboue wat nog aan die westekant van St. Dominique -straat staan, is 'n kenmerk van Osler se tyd.

(2.2) Montreal Algemene Hospitaal

Tekening deur Gordon Trehts, 1895. Osler Library Archives

(2.3) Montreal Algemene Hospitaal

[ongeveer 1890]. Notman Photographic Archives, McCord Museum of Canadian History.

(3) Universiteits-inhospitaal

University Lying-In Hospital (Montreal Maternity) [ca 1900] in: & quotThe Royal Victoria Montreal Maternity Hospital 1843-1943 & quot deur Caroline V. Barrett/John. R. Fraser, Montreal, 1943, p.9. Mediese studente het hier klasse bygewoon.

Die University Lying-In Hospital was geleë aan die oostekant van St. Urbain, onder Dorchester (nou Ren & eacute-L & eacutevesque). Dit is in 1843 gestig en het verskeie plekke beset voordat dit in 1852 na St. Urbainstraat 93 verhuis het. Die hospitaal was gerieflik geleë vir die mediese studente, tussen die Mediese Skool en die Montreal Algemene Hospitaal. Die hospitaal wat op die foto verskyn, het geen teken getoon nie, wat verstaanbaar is, aangesien die klientel ongetroude meisies, prostitute en arm getroude vroue was. In die tyd van Osler was dr Duncan MacCallum, wat professor in verloskunde was, in beheer van die hospitaal tot 1883 toe hy opgevolg is deur dr. Arthur A. Browne, 'n ander vriend van Osler. Die hospitaal is gestig om die middele vir die bevordering van die verloskundige wetenskap in verband met die McGill Medical School te bekostig en liefdadigheidsdienste te lewer. Later, in 1905, is 'n nuwe hospitaal (die Maternity Hospital) op die hoek van St. Urbainstraat en Prins Arthur gebou. Die gebou word nou bewoon deur die Institut Thoracique de Montr & eacuteal (Chest Diseases Institute).

(4) St. Urbainstraat 48

St. Urbainstraat, geneem uit LaGaucheti & egravere [1860]. Notman Photographic Archives, McCord Museum of Canadian History. As student het Osler op 48 gewoon, die huis aan die regterkant met die bord, hoek van Vitr & eacute, in die middel van die foto.

As student het Osler in St. Urbainstraat 48 saam met Harry P. Wright van Ottawa en Arthur A. Browne gewoon. Daar was ook nog vyf van Osler se goeie vriende uit Ontario wat saam met hom medisyne studeer. Osler het naby sy kerk, die MGH en die Mediese Skool gewoon. Die onderste gedeelte van St. Urbainstraat was tipies van die werkersklaskwartiere van die negentiende eeu in Montreal. Die straat was gruis met hout sypaadjies. Dit is eers in 1875-1876 dat sypaadjies in sommige van die hoofstrate, insluitend Ste. Catherine, Dorchester, Sherbrooke en Union.

(5) McGill Mediese Skool

McGill Medical School in C & ocirct & eacute Street [1871]. Osler Library Archives, McGill University. Van 1851 tot 1872 was die McGill Medical Faculty gehuisves in C & ocirct & eacute Street, die straat wes van St. Urbain. Die Palais des Congr & egraves staan ​​nou op sy plek.

In 1852 was die McGill -universiteitskampus aan die buitewyke van die stad. Om nader aan die Montreal General Hospital te wees, is besluit om die McGill Medical School te skuif na 'n klein baksteen gebou omring deur 'n grasperk in C & ocirct & eacute Street. Maar toe Osler in 1870 in Montreal aankom, het die stad gegroei, die strate is ontwikkel en die Mediese Skool was besig om terug te keer na die McGill -kampus. Die laaste stap het plaasgevind in 1872, nadat Osler gegradueer het. Die deel van C & ocirct & eacute Street waarop die Mediese Skool gestaan ​​het, het verdwyn met die bou van die Ville-Marie snelweg.

Toe Osler die skool bywoon, was dit langs die beroemde teater van die tyd, die Theacute & acirctre Royal, geleë. Die owerhede by McGill was senuweeagtig oor die nabyheid van hul skool aan hierdie teater. In sy herinnerings het Shepherd geskryf "Hoe gereeld het ons ons disseksie, wat dan in die aand van 8 tot 10 gebeur het, weggesteek en teen halfprys na die kuil van die Theatre Royal verdaag as daar iets goeds was."

(6) Ottawa Hotel

Ottawa Hotel [1874]. Notman Photographic Archives, McCord Museum of Canadian History. Osler het verskeie geleenthede by hierdie hotel bygewoon.

St. James Street was in die negentiende eeu die Wall Street van Kanada. Al die finansiële instellings was daar. Saterdagmiddae in die winter het die straat menigtes in pels geklee, langs die straat geloop om te sien en om gesien te word. Naby die hoek van McGillstraat was daar restaurante en hotelle soos die Ottawa Hotel en die Terrapin waar Osler gewoonlik geëet het - "In 1874-76 eet ek (gewoonlik saam met Arthur Browne) in die Terrapin, St. James Street of by die Ottawa Hotel & quot ( Cushing, p. 160). Die gebou wat eens die Ottawa -hotel was, is nog steeds daar, maar word nou deur winkels en besighede beset. Daar was 'n ander restaurant, die Queens, wat naby geleë was. Dit was die plek van die "aandete" wat deur mediese studente gehou is. Elke nuweling moes sy voet betaal ('n vaste bedrag) en die geld wat ingesamel is, is gebruik om die drank en die blomme te betaal. Die huischirurge van die hospitaal is genooi en daar was baie toesprake. Shepherd onthou dat hierdie aandete so onbetwisbaar en onstuimig geword het dat dit vasbeslote was om matige etes te begin. & Quot

Toe Osler se broer, die finansierder Edmund Boyd Osler, Montreal besoek het, het Osler gereeld saam met hom en sy invloedryke vriende en sakevennote Donald A. Smith (later Lord Strathcona), R. B. Angus, Duncan McIntyre en George Stephen (later Lord Mount Stephen) geëet.

(7) 20 Ste. Radegonde, Victoria Square

20 Ste. Radegonde, tweede huis regs van die YMCA op die hoek, Victoria Square [1875]. A. Henderson, Notman Photographic Archives, McCord Museum of Canadian History. Osler se kantoor van 1874 tot 1875.

Victoria-plein was aan die westekant van die straat, noord van St. Antoine-straat, wat vandag 'n groen ruimte net suid van die snelweg Ville-Marie is. Die plek was 'n hooimark, maar teen 1880 het dit 'n kommersiële sentrum geword. It was known by several names including Haymarket and Commissioners Square, before it became Victoria Square to commemorate the opening of the bridge in 1860. At the end of the nineteenth century, the square was considered "public breathing space". Osler's office was on the west side, the fourth address north of the YMCA. Osler took a room when he came back from Europe to work at McGill as Professor of the Institutes of Medicine. He did not however receive many patients there as he did not want to have a private practice.

(8) 26 Beaver Hall Terrace

26 Beaver Hall Terrace, between Dorchester and Belmont [ca 1860]. Notman Photographic Archives, McCord Museum of Canadian History. Osler rented a room in a house on the right of the photo from 1875-1877.

Osler's room was in the fifth house above Belmont Street. At that time, the street was known as "the Harley Street of Canada". Osler wrote that in October 1875, he moved from Ste. Radegonde to 26 Beaver Hall Hill where he roomed with Mr. Thomas King, an Englishman. Many other doctors and colleagues had their offices on this street. Among them were William E. Scott, Professor of Anatomy G. E. Fenwick, Professor of the Principles and Practice of Surgery G. P. Girdwood, Professor of Practical Chemistry Joseph Morley Drake, an emeritus professor and Francis John Shepherd when he was a demonstrator of anatomy. T. G. Roddick also had an office there from 1878-81 (44 Beaver Hall) and Alexander D. Blackader, instructor in children's diseases, rented the same office in 1882.

The street was named after Beaver Hall, the residence of wealthy fur trader Joseph Frobisher. A plaque at 1089 Beaver Hall marks the spot.

(9) 37 Beaver Hall Hill, Metropolitan Club

37 Beaver Hall Hill, Metropolitan Club [1891] in: Dominion Illustrated (Special Issue), Montreal, 1891, p.152. Osler became a member and attended regularly between 1875-1881.

The Metropoliton Club was just up and across the street from Osler's residence. Osler became a member during the fall of 1875 and was a frequent visitor for five or six years. He also belonged to a dining club composed of Roddick, Buller, Wilkins, A. A. Browne, Alloway, Blackader, Pettigrew, as well as William A. Molson, Shepherd, Ross, Macdonnell and Gardner, young practitioners whose lives centered on college and hospital life (Life and Times of F.J. Shepherd, p. 100). They gathered once a month and Osler's tendency for practical jokes enlivened their dinners.

(10) The Montreal Veterinary College

[ca 1895]. Notman Photographic Archives, McCord Museum of Canadian History.

"At the Veterinary School he was a great power and, aided by Duncan McEachern, F.R.V.C.S., he did much to introduce scientific methods of teaching at the same time improving his knowledge of comparative pathology."
Francis J. Shepherd in: "Sir William Osler Memorial Number, Appreciations and Reminiscences" Montreal, 1926, p. 154.

Duncan McEachran, a graduate of Edinburgh Veterinary College,opened the Montreal Veterinary College in 1866. It was there that Veterinary Pathology was taught for the first time in North America. There was a close association with the Medical Faculty of McGill University. Eventually, the Montreal Veterinary College became formally affiliated with McGill University, as the Faculty of Comparative Medicine and Veterinary Science. "Osler taught at the Veterinary College from 1876 to 1884. He applied Virchow's methods of autopsy technique and of scientific inquiry to the teaching of human and veterinary pathology. Osler also undertook investigations into various diseases of domestic animals, at the request of McEachran, who doubled as Chief Veterinary Inspector for the Dominion Department of Agriculture". Examples of these diseases include hog cholera, Pictou cattle disease, and the contagious character of Bovine Tuberculosis. James Bovell, Osler's mentor, had encouraged Osler to study internal parasites in the dissecting room of the Ontario Veterinary College. It was his first contact with veterinarians. Bovell "no doubt played a large part in forming Osler's ideas with regard to the ubiquity of disease in both man and animal" (Leon Z. Saunders). It was Osler and Wesley Mill's suggestion that the Veterinary College, on becoming a Faculty of McGill, be named "The Faculty of Comparative Medicine". Osler was deeply interested in comparative pathology and was Vice-President of the Montreal Veterinary Medical Association. The building at 1181 Union Street dates from about 1870.

(11) Natural History Museum

[ca 1910]. Notman Photographic Archives, McCord Museum of Canadian History.

"He also took a keen interest in the Natural History Society and in the Microscopical Club of Montreal. At the meeting of both he was a regular attendant and a frequent contributor."
A. D. Blackader in: "Sir William Osler Memorial Number, Appreciations and Reminiscences" Montreal, 1926, p. 161-162.

Osler was a regular attendant of the Natural History Society of which he became a member in October 1874. He made frequent contributions to it, notably his long deferred paper on the "Canadian Fresh-water Polyzoa". Many of his colleagues were members Principal Dawson of McGill was the President of the Society. It seems that at the time Osler joined the Natural History Society, "he looked upon his medical work more or less from the standpoint of a naturalist". He made much use of his microscope. With some younger members of the Society, he formed a "junior body of a combined scientific and social character", The Microscopical Club. He was made the first President and the meetings were held at the residences of the members. Duncan McEachran claimed that it was Osler's first introduction as a young man to Montreal social life.

The author Samuel Butler, when visiting Montreal, went to the Museum and wandered into the attic and found a statue of the naked Discus Thrower. It was stowed prudishly in a corner. It inspired one verse of his famous "Psalm of Montreal". When he asked why it was there, a taxidermist answered that it was vulgar because it had no clothes. And the taxidermist talked a lot and mentioned that his brother did all of Mr. Spurgeon's printing. (Mr. Spurgeon was one of London's most popular preachers). It inspired Butler to write a poem on what he thought was Montreal's cultural backwardness:

Stowed away in a Montreal lumber room
The discobolus standeth and turneth his face to the wall
Dusty, cobweb-covered, maimed and set at naught,
Beauty crieth in an attic and no man regardeth
0 God! 0 Montreal!

The discobolus is put here because he is vulgar
He has neither vest nor pants with which to cover his limbs
I, Sir, am a person of most respectable connections
My brother-in-law is haberdasher to Mr. Spurgeon
0 God! 0 Montreal!

In fact, many plaster casts of Greek statues were exhibited in the Natural History Museum in the beginning, but as the Society's collections grew, priority was given to specimens of natural history. The Natural History Society presented the statues to the Montreal Art Association when they built a museum in 1881, where the statues were displayed.

(12) Union Avenue

Union Avenue [ca 1875], Notman Photographic Archives, McCord Museum of Canadian History, Montreal. At 47 Union lived Robert Palmer Howard, Osler's mentor, teacher and colleague. George Ross, Osler's friend and colleague, also lived on Union at #49 .

47 Union Avenue - Robert Palmer Howard's House. Robert Palmer Howard was Osler's mentor in Montreal. Osler dedicated his textbook The Principles and Practice of Medicine to Palmer Howard, W. A. Johnson, and James Bovell. Palmer Howard taught the Theory and Practice of Medicine, becoming Dean of the Faculty of Medicine in 1882 and Chairman of the Medical Board. He was an attending physician to the MGH and an inspiring teacher whose lectures were always up to date. Osler considered him "an ideal teacher…I have never known one in whom was more happily combined a stern sense of duty with the mental freshness of youth" (The Student Life, 1905). Osler said "When in September, 1870, he (Bovell) wrote to me that he did not intend to return from the West Indies I felt I had lost a father and a friend but in Robert Palmer Howard, of Montreal, I found a noble step-father, and to these two men, and to my first teacher, the Rev. W. A. Johnson, of Weston, I owe my success in life - if success means getting what you want and being satisfied with it." (Aequanimitas). Howard's library was always at Osler's disposal. They shared an interest in pathology. Osler was also very fond of Howard's children and took them under his wing after Mrs. Howard's death: Muriel married Dr. Eberts, surgeon at the MGH Campbell, who was also Osler's godson and was the godfather of Revere, became a doctor and married Ottilie, daughter of Dr. Harry Wright of Ottawa (a match set up by Lady Osler) and Marjorie married Dr. T. B. Futcher (from the Johns Hopkins Hospital). Osler also maintained links with Jared, the son of R.P. Howard from his first marriage, who married the only child of Lord Strathcona. The Oslers entertained lifelong ties with them, and considered them as their own children, especially after Revere's death. Campbell Palmer Howard finished his career in Montreal as Professor of Medicine at McGill University and Physician-in-Chief at the Montreal General Hospital, positions which his father had once occupied.

49 Union Avenue - George Ross's House. George Ross, along with Francis J. Shepherd, was Osler's closest friend. Osler used to say that "as a young man in Montreal there were two doors I never passed - 47 and 49 Union Avenue - going up [Union Avenue] I called on Dr. Palmer Howard, and if he was not in or was engaged, I called on Dr. George Ross going down, the reverse. Any growth in virtue as a practical clinician I owe to an intimate association with these two men, in whom were combined in rare measure enthusiasm and clear vision". Ross was house surgeon at the Montreal General Hospital and taught medical jurisprudence at McGill. He is said to have greatly influenced Osler. Shepherd wrote that "Osler, his great friend, owed much to Ross for his clinical methods". Ross was part of the Social Club. He travelled to London with Osler in 1878 to study clinical medicine. He died in 1892, aged only 47.

61 Union Avenue - William A. Molson's House. William A. Molson was Osler's colleague at the Montreal General Hospital and also a member of their social club which included Ross, Roddick, Buller, Rodger, Gardner, Alloway, Browne, Blackader, Pettigrew, and Shepherd. In 1879, Molson and Ross took on the editorship of the Canada Medical and Surgical Journal. Molson was the target of many of Osler's pranks. A famous hoax involved Osler submitting a fake article to the journal, signed Egerton Y. Davis, on native tribes of Great Slave Lake. It was not published. Molson (of the well-known brewing family) married Dr. Francis Shepherd's sister. Osler often visited them in their summer villa to Memphremagog.

Dr. Duncan MacCallum, Professor of Midwifery, was also Howard's neighbour. Many other doctors lived on Union Avenue, including Dr. Hingston, from the Hotel-Dieu and Dr. Gardner. There is a plaque for Jefferson Davis, the leader of the Confederate states on the Bay store which stands on the site of the house of Davis' friend John Lovell with whom he stayed while in Montreal.

(13) 80 Union Avenue

80, Union Avenue, western corner of Burnside (now de Maisonneuve), House of Thomas Roddick in: H.E. MacDermot "Sir Thomas Roddick: his Work in Medicine and Public Life" Toronto, 1938, p. 80.Osler and Dr. James Stewart lived in Roddick's house while he was in Europe in 1883.

Roddick, who introduced Lister's antiseptic system to Montreal in 1877, bought this house in 1880 at the time of his marriage. In 1883, Osler and Dr. James Stewart lived together in Roddick's house while he was in Europe. Roddick continued to live there until 1906, when he moved to Sherbrooke Street on the occasion of his second marriage. But even then, he kept the house as his office and as a home for his sisters. Union Avenue from Ste. Catherine to Sherbrooke was one of the few streets to have flagstone sidewalks.

(14) House on Ste. Catherine Street

[190]. Archives de la Banque Laurentienne. Osler lived immediately to the right of this house which was identical.

"He was then living with Dr. Buller on St.Catherine Street in the ordinarily built-in city house with a front and back room on each three floors, the back parlour on the first floor being Buller's consulting room, the front room a waiting room, used in the morning as a breakfast room. The second floor room was Osler's consulting room, library and office the other rooms were used as bedrooms. Osler said that I was to become the third member of the family"
Edmund J.A. Rogers in: "Sir William Osler Memorial Number, Appreciations and Reminiscences" Montreal, 1926, p. 167.

As it is today, Ste. Catherine St. was a commercial street, and many medical colleagues lived on it. Dr. Frank Buller, the ophthalmologist, was the landlord of the building. E.A.J. Rogers lived on the third floor and later George Cantlie and Henry Vine Ogden. The wife of the famous "King" Cook was their housekeeper. "King" Cook became the janitor of the McGill Medical School, and was well-known to staff and students for his conversations which were frequently interspersed with "me and the Dean". When Dr. Buller married and moved to Dorchester St., the m nage broke up.

(15) 66 McGill College Avenue

66 McGill College Avenue [ca 1869], Notman Photographic Archives, McCord Museum of Canadian History. The house of Marian Osler Francis (W. W. Francis' mother) and Jennette Osler, his cousins.

This was the address of the Francis family. Osler's cousins Jennette Osler and Marian Osler Francis were the daughters of Edward Osler, an English surgeon and elder brother of William Osler's father. Marian was married to George G. Francis, an agent for the West Canada Mining Co. Almost everyday, Osler would join them for 5 o'clock tea. Marian had many children, among them Marian Osborn, the poet, and William Willoughby Francis, Osler's godson, who was one of the editors of the Bibliotheca Osleriana and the first librarian at the Osler Library. Marian was considered a very bright and intelligent woman. "Jennette was serious and highly intelligent while Marian was a sparkling beauty with an ebullient personality." Osler attended a lecture by Oscar Wilde with her in 1882. "Osler was indebted to both of them since Jennette trained him in the elements of literary style while Marian taught him the fundamentals of oratory." Osler lived there for a time after leaving 1351 Ste.Catherine.

(16.1) McGill Campus

McGill Campus [1873-1880], Notman Photographic Archives, McCord Museum of Canadian History.

The memorial gates were erected by Lady Roddick in 1925. (Sir Thomas Roddick died in 1923). In the 19th century, the Montreal Snow Shoe-Club (les Tuques Bleues) started their tour at the gates of McGill University, Members tramped across the campus, up McTavish, across Pine Avenue, then up the mountain path just west of Ravenscrag.

In the 1850's, the campus served as a pasture for cows before it was fenced. The main gates to the campus are visible at the right, front of the picture the Roddick Gates had not yet been built. The trees on either side of the drive leading from the gates are today much larger and there are many more buildings on the campus. However, the Arts Building (in the centre of the picture) and the open grass on either side of the drive remain today.

(16.2) McGill Harvard Football Game

[1875]. Notman Photographic Archives, McCord Museum of Canadian History.
Montreal Cricket Club Grounds. 12 Nov., 1875

This grass area was the site of many football (i.e. soccer) games in which Osler took part while he was a student. "Football matches between medicine and arts were a yearly occurrence. Osler was always a member of our medical team. The game then was started by placing the ball in the centre of the field, and one from each team at a signal ran for the first kick. Our team always chose Osler and, moreover, he always reached the ball first" (J.B. McConnell). His athletic activities were curtailed by osteomyelitis in a tibia following an injury.

(16.3) McGill Medical Building (on the campus)

Medical building on campus [1890-1900]. Osler Library Archives, McGill University.

In 1872, McGill erected a building just east of the Arts Building for the Faculty of Medicine. The University being no longer out in the country, the Faculty of Medicine decided to return to the campus. The building had a neo-Classical facade and was built of Montreal limestone. This is where Osler began his brilliant career as a teacher. Osler organized the first class of histology at McGill. It was a voluntary class, held on Saturday afternoons in the cloak-room in the basement of the medical building.

1907 was a tragic year for McGill as two fires occurred. On April 5th, the Macdonald Engineering Building burned down and the April 16th fire destroyed the building of the Faculty of Medicine. The only part to survive, still used today as part of the James building, was an addition constructed in 1894. Lord Strathcona, always a friend to the University, offered to erect a new building on a new site - the Strathcona Medical Building. Later, in 1922, a new Biology Building was erected on the site of the original building. In 1965, the Department of Biology moved and the building was renovated and became the James Administration Building.


Medical Students Essay Awards 2015

Pam and Rolando Del Maestro with Steph A. Pang (holding medal), Zhuyin Xu, and Christian Dabrowski. Photo: Owen Egan.

We are happy to announce that the winning essays from this year’s Pam and Rolando Del Maestro William Osler Medical Students Essay Awards are now available on our website, along with reflective pieces written by the students on their research experience.

First place went to Steph A. Pang for her essay entitled, “Man and his Health Pavilion: An Architectural Reinterpretation of the Patient-Doctor Relationship.” She was mentored by Prof. Annmarie Adams of the McGill School of Architecture and the Osler’s Library’s Board of Curators. She was presented with the Osler Library Board of Curators’ Medal during the Osler Banquet hosted by the McGill Osler Society on November 4.

Second place was awarded to Zhuyin Xu for her essay, “Diffusion of Medical Innovations: Minimally Invasive Surgery in China,” written under the mentorship of Prof. Thomas Schlich of the Department of Social Studies of Medicine.

Third place went to Christian Dabrowski for his essay, “Between Commitment and Contentment: the Story of Norman Bethune in Montreal.” He was mentored by Dr. Nicholas Whitfield of the Department of Social Studies of Medicine.

Congratulations to this year’s winners!

The Pam and Rolando William Osler Medical Students Essay Contest gives undergraduate medical students the opportunity to explore any theme of interest to them in the history, social studies, sociology, ethics, and humanities of the health sciences. It also provides them with the chance to be mentored by an expert in their topic drawn from the Library’s Board of Curators or elsewhere to complete their project, and to use the rich resources of the Osler Library and other libraries at McGill.To find out more about the contest, please visit our informational page.

The stained glass window in the Osler Room depicts the staff and serpent, symbols of healing associated with the Greek god Asclepius, and a held-out book representing the university.
It was designed by architect Percy Nobbs.


A life-long connection to Osler

McGill’s medical history is fascinating. We have to make sure we preserve it and make it accessible in its myriad forms. It is what makes us unique. After all, if you don’t know where you’ve been, you will not know where you are going. ” -Pam Miller

Pamela Miller and Professor Shigehesa Kuriyama of Harvard University at the Osler Library. Photo: Paul Fournier

To mark the recent retirement of Pamela Miller, History of Medicine Librarian, Osler Library, Med-e News is commemorating her 15 years of service and essential contributions to not only the Osler Library, but to McGill University as a whole.

Although Pam Miller states that her career path was “definitely not a straight line,” a common thread seems to weave its way through her professional experience and is indicative of a love of history and a flair for archival work. After completing post-graduate training at University College London’s School of Librarianship and Archives and working for a year at the Hudson’s Bay Archives in London, England, she returned to Montreal, married and started a family with her husband Carman Miller, Professor of History at McGill. She began working part time at the archives of the McCord Museum in 1971, where she eventually became Curator of Archival Collections and ran the museum’s library.

Although the archives and library temporarily closed due to budgetary restrictions, it wasn’t long before Pam’s talent and dedication were sought out by two different McGillians. “Shortly after [leaving the McCord Museum], I was invited by June Schachter, Osler Librarian and Dr. William Feindel, Curator of the Penfield Archive, to help work on their archival projects. Neither one of them was aware that the other was making the same plans! I’ve been fortunate to have been here ever since,” she recollects with amusement. She worked simultaneously as an archivist for the Osler Library and for the Penfield Archive from 1996-1999 before taking on the role of Acting History of Medicine Librarian at the Osler Library from 1999-2002, and then History of Medicine Librarian from 2002 to May 2011.

It is clear that for Pam Miller, her job stems from a deep passion, as she lovingly describes the library’s many changes over the years. “In the early days,” she says, “when the library was in the Strathcona Building, the Osler librarian, W.W. Francis, used to work in the Osler Room and would welcome visitors and talk about medical history. That was memorable for the lucky ones who met him.”

Pam Miller at the Osler Library. Foreground: Dr. Abraham Fuks, former Dean of the Faculty of Medicine of McGill University. Photo: Paul Fournier

When the library moved to the McIntyre Building in 1966, the mandate of the library changed and expanded from being a rare book library to include a circulating collection dedicated to the history and social studies of medicine. “From Osler’s collection of 8,000 books, we now have over 90,000 rare and in-print books, 350 metres of archives and about 600 artifacts,” she explains.

The seed of Pam’s dedication to the Osler Library was planted early on. “My father gave me a copy of A Way of Life when I was quite young so I’ve been aware of his philosophy of life for decades,” she says. Osler seems to have inspired her personal philosophy and vision for the library. “Osler was a communicator,” she says. “In his day people communicated through books, through the written word, through teaching, through example. As we take advantage of the electronic age, there will be a lot more wonderful projects, more student groups, more seminars, more exhibitions and more international collaborations which promise to be lots of fun. The important thing is to keep communicating.”

When asked if there are any specific collections that hold special meaning for her, she replies quickly with “Osler’s archives.” She explains. “His student notebooks, pathology reports and research notebooks are particularly moving because they display the iron self-discipline that was at the core of everything he accomplished,” she says.

Pam expresses her deep gratitude for the donors who help encourage the growth of the library’s collections, initiating vital projects. “The generosity of our Board of Curators and donors is truly amazing. They fund most of our book purchases and all of our projects, from conservation to on-line cataloguing, to exhibitions. We could not survive without their support.”

While looking forward, Pam knows it is also important to look back. “McGill’s medical history is fascinating,” she says. “We have to make sure we preserve it and make it accessible in its myriad forms. It is what makes us unique. After all, if you don’t know where you’ve been, you will not know where you are going.”

She hopes that the library will eventually expand to see an Osler librarian endowed and an archivist brought on staff. “We do a tremendous amount with a tiny staff. We need to grow to be able to exploit our full potential,” she explains.

To her successors and those interested in a career as an archivist, Pam imparts some wise words of wisdom. “Be kind to your researchers and listen to their projects. It’s a two-way street. We help them and in return, they inform us. Also, given the opportunity one should hire staff smarter than oneself, and then support them to the hilt.”

Even though she intends to spend more time gardening and playing music after retirement, Pam won’t stray too far from the history of medicine. She plans to continue working on the Neuro History project by consulting on the production of an inventory of all the archival material relating to Neurology and Neurosurgery at McGill, and she has also been invited to be second vice-president of the American Osler Society.


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